- vt. 获得；学到；取得
- vt. 〈正〉获得; 得到 gain sth by your own efforts, ability or behaviour
- vt. 购得; 获得; 得到 obtain sth by buying or being given it
come into the possession of something concrete or abstract;
"She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"
"They acquired a new pet"
"Get your results the next day"
"Get permission to take a few days off from work"
take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect;
"His voice took on a sad tone"
"The story took a new turn"
"he adopted an air of superiority"
"She assumed strange manners"
"The gods assume human or animal form in these fables"
come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes);
"He grew a beard"
"The patient developed abdominal pains"
"I got funny spots all over my body"
locate (a moving entity) by means of a tracking system such as radar
win something through one's efforts;
"I acquired a passing knowledge of Chinese"
"Gain an understanding of international finance"
gain knowledge or skills;
"She learned dancing from her sister"
"I learned Sanskrit"
"Children acquire language at an amazing rate"
gain through experience;
"I acquired a strong aversion to television"
"Children must develop a sense of right and wrong"
"Dave developed leadership qualities in his new position"
"develop a passion for painting"
- We should try to acquire good habits.
- He will acquire the right to permanent residency here.
- We hope to acquire the knowledge in the happiness.
- One can never acquire enough experience.
- You must acquire great skills of perception.
- We should acquire more firsthand information.
- I've suddenly acquired a stepbrother.
- I managed to acquire two tickets for the concert.
- The company has just acquired new premises.
- The company has recently acquired new offices in central London.
- We acquired the shares for ￡1.75 each.
- He acquired a property.
- We should acquire more firsthand information.
- I tried to acquire the information I needed.
- The couple acquire a good reputation in art circles.
- Our firm has acquired an increasing prestige.
- He has acquired a reputation for dishonesty.
- How did she acquire her skill?
- She has acquired a good knowledge of English.
- You must work hard to acquire good knowledge of English.
- We must acquire advanced science and technology.
- How do you acquire so much knowledge of buying and selling of stocks in such a short time?
- We want people to acquire the habit of using public transport instead of their cars.
- I have recently acquired a taste for olives.
- I've never really acquired a taste for wine.
- Any drug user who shares a needle is at risk of acquiring AIDS.
- The business was acquired from Orion four years ago.
- How can such a large quantity of know-ledge be acquired?
- The ability to use a language can be acquired by the act of using the language.
- The habit is easily acquired but broken up with difficulty.
- His character acquired him a good name.
- Her manner acquired her universal odium.
- an acquired taste
养成的爱好a thing that you do not like much at first but gradually learn to like
- acquire a new lease of life 获得新生
- acquire an education 受教育
- acquire an understanding 取得谅解
- acquire a target 捕捉到目标
- acquire a taste for sth 开始喜欢某事物
- acquire a title of 得到…的头衔
- acquire bad habits 养成坏习惯
- acquire experience 获得经验
- acquire fame and wealth 获得名利
- acquire fluency in French 学会流畅地讲法语
- acquire good habits 养成好习惯
- acquire knowledge 获得知识
- acquire language 习得语言
- acquire mannerisms 形成独特风格
- acquire property 获得财产
- acquire supplies 获得供给品
- acquire the art of public speaking 获得讲演的艺术
- acquire the habit (of) 养成(做某事的)习惯
- acquire the information 获得信息
- acquire the right to do sth 取得做某事的权利
- acquire assiduously 持之以恒地积累
- acquire cruelly 粗鲁地获得
- acquire easily 轻易地取得
- acquire innocently 清白地获得
- acquire painfully 痛苦地获得
- acquire patiently 耐心地获得
- acquire quickly 迅速地获得
- acquire scientifically 科学地获得
- acquire sensibly 明显地获得
The gun..which he had acquired..at the sacrifice of actual food.出自： W. Faulkner
They had acquired piety table manners.出自： E. Birney
- acquire的基本意思是“得到”,可指“购得”“习得; 学到(知识)”“获得(名声,地位或名望)”“患上(疾病); 受到(感染)”等,含有“逐渐具有; 不断积累; 开始学会”等意味。acquire也可指不正当的“获得”。
- acquire是及物动词,其宾语多为抽象名词,如用实物则显得做作, acquire也可接双宾语。可用于被动结构。
His character acquired him a good name.
- acquire, achieve, attain, earn, gain, get, obtain, secure, win
- 这组词的共同意思是“取得; 获得”。其区别是：
- 2.achieve主要指取得成功、成就或实现预期目的; acquire主要指逐渐获得知识、能力、荣誉等; attain主要指达到重要目标或获得珍贵的东西; earn凭借功劳赚得或获得工资、报酬、荣誉、赞赏等; gain主要指获得或赢得有一定价值的东西; get指以各种方式获得各种所需或不需之物; obtain指获得所需之物或达到预期目的; secure指得到渴望或竞争性的东西; win指在竞争、比赛、争论或战斗中击败对手而赢得胜利或获得人们的爱戴〔好感〕等。
- 3.achieve指克服困难之后而获得; acquire, attain, earn指通过努力而获得; gain指通过巨大努力而获得; obtain多指通过长期努力而获得,有时也指无须经过努力; 其他各词不强调通过努力与否; get可指通过各种方式获得; earn还指凭借功劳而赚得; win还指通过作出优异成绩而赢得。
- 4.achieve强调结果; acquire强调量的增加; attain含有达到完美地步的意味; gain强调所获得之物能够造成的优势; obtain强调愿望得到满足; secure强调有把握或成功地获得。
- 5.get是这组同义词中的最常用词,可指主动争取,也可指被动接受,有时不一定需要很大努力就能获得; acquire指持续,慢慢地获得,强调过程; 而earn, gain都强调经过艰苦努力而获得的这一结果, gain比obtain所付出的努力还要大些; win则指在竞赛中或战斗中赢得或获得胜利,可以通过努力获得,也可以偶然获得。例如:
- He did not get what he had earned他未获得他应得到的东西。
- The ability to use a language can be acquired by the act of using the language.运用语言的能力,只能通过不断练习才能获得。
- She gained rich experience in teaching.她获得了丰富的教学经验。
- I've got your telegram.我已经收到了你的电报。
- We wished to obtain first-hand information.我们要能得到第一手情报就好了。
- Industry won him his success.勤奋使他获得了成功。
- 6.acquire的宾语多为知识、技能等; earn的宾语多为金钱、荣誉等理应得到的东西; obtain的宾语多为期望已久的东西; gain的宾语多为经验、利益、优势、好处等; 而win的宾语则为比赛、战斗等; get的宾语则比较广泛,即既可以是具体的东西,也可以是抽象的事物。例如:
- He got what he had earned.他获得了他应得到的东西。
- You must work hard to acquire good knowledge of English.你要用功,以便精通英语。
- Our firm has gained a good reputation.我们公司赢得了好名声。
- Then I'll go and get you a chair.我去给你拿把椅子来。
- At last, he obtained his father's pardon.他终于得到了父亲的原谅。
- They won the basketball match.他们打赢了这场篮球赛。
- 7.这组动词都可跟简单宾语。get, earn, gain, obtain, secure和win可跟双宾语; secure还可跟wh-从句; win还可跟含不定式的复合宾语。此外, gain和win有时还可用作不及物动词。acquire和attain常跟抽象名词。
- ☆ 15世纪中期进入英语，直接源自拉丁语的acquirere，意为寻求别的。
- acquirability n. 可得,可获得‖acquirable adj. 可得的,可获得的‖acquired adj. 后天的；获得的