enjoy

  基本词汇  
[ɪn'dʒɔɪ]     [ɪn'dʒɔɪ]    
  • v.享受;喜欢
enjoyable enjoyably enjoyment enjoyed enjoyed enjoying enjoys
new

enjoy是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 欣赏,喜爱
  2. 享有,享受;利用
  3. 乐于
  4. 经历
  5. <古>与(女人)性交
  6. 享受…的乐趣
  7. 尽情享受

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 喜欢; 欣赏 get happiness from; appreciate (view, etc.)
  2. vt. 享有,享受 possess or use sth good
  3. vt. 玩得快乐,过得快活 be happy; experience pleasure

英英释义

Verb:
  1. derive or receive pleasure from; get enjoyment from; take pleasure in;

    "She relished her fame and basked in her glory"

  2. have benefit from;

    "enjoy privileges"

  3. get pleasure from;

    "I love cooking"

  4. have for one's benefit;

    "The industry enjoyed a boom"

  5. take delight in;

    "he delights in his granddaughter"

enjoy的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Now that I am free, I can enjoy music for a while.
    既然有空,我可以享受一下音乐。
  2. They enjoy the fruits of their hard labor.
    他们享受自己辛勤努力的成果。
  3. How did you enjoy the concert?
    你喜欢那场音乐会吗?

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Mary received the gift from her friend and she enjoyed it very much.
    玛丽收到了她朋友寄来的礼物,她十分喜欢它。
  2. The party was dull at first, but Robert's humour soon broke the ice and then everyone enjoyed it very much.
    晚会最初开得很沉闷,但是罗伯特诙谐的谈吐顿时使气氛活跃起来,大家都玩得很开心。
  3. Dancing is a dull business,I've never learned to enjoy it.
    跳舞这玩意儿无聊得很,我就不喜欢。
  4. The new play was good and everybody enjoyed it.
    这个新编的剧目很好,人人都很欣赏它。
  5. We enjoyed the concert very much.
    我们非常喜欢那台音乐会。
  6. Mary does not enjoy parties, and usually keeps herself aloof from the other guests, not joining in conversation.
    玛丽不喜欢参加晚会,而且常有意避开其他客人,不与他们聊天。
  7. She enjoys the life of a student at the university.
    她喜欢大学里学生的生活。
  8. All over the world men and women, boys and girls enjoy sports.
    全世界的男女老少都喜爱运动。
  9. Did you enjoy your trip?
    您对这次旅行感到愉快吗?
  10. If you come in with us, we're sure to enjoy your company.
    假如你加入我们,我们一定非常欢迎。
  11. We sat down to study and enjoy this singular spectacle.
    我们坐下来观赏这奇异的景色。
  12. They all went to enjoy the cherry blossoms.
    他们都去观赏樱花了。
  13. Let me enjoy the football game a few minutes.
    让我欣赏几分钟的足球赛。
  14. She enjoyed the music for less than five minutes before she was wanted on the phone.
    她听了不到5分钟的音乐,就有人来电话找她。
  15. She pored over the picture book in silence, enjoying the colours.
    她静静地看着画册,欣赏着那些图画的色彩。
  16. He spent a whole month just kicking around the countryside, enjoying the peace and quiet.
    他在乡下随意闲游了整整一个月,享受着宁静的生活。
  17. We walked along the path, enjoying the glow of the rising sun.
    我们沿着小路行走,欣赏着色彩艳丽的朝霞。
  18. The painting is organized about a young reaper enjoying his noonday rest.
    这幅画的画面设计成一个年轻的割禾人在午间休息。
  19. She is someone who loves people and enjoys life.
    她才是那种热爱人民、热爱生活的人。
  20. The old woman has always enjoyed very good health.
    那位老妇人一直享有健康之福。
  21. From his remarks,I inferred that he hadn't enjoyed his holiday.
    从他的话中我推断他的假期过得不愉快。
  22. Yes, we enjoyed the holiday and brought away happy memories of the island.
    是的,我们度过了愉快的假日,那个岛屿给我们留下了美好的记忆。
  23. The single child of a couple enjoys free medical care.
    独生子女享受免费医疗。
  24. They are entitled to enjoy many advantages and privileges.
    他们有资格享有许多优惠和特权。
  25. This will prevent them from abusing their power and enjoying special privileges.
    这就可以防止他们滥用权力,享受特权。
  26. Citizens enjoy freedom of speech.
    公民享有言论自由。
  27. In our country women enjoy equal rights with men in political life as well as in family life.
    在我国,妇女在政治和家庭生活上享有和男人同等的权利。
  28. The Constitution defines that women enjoy exactly the same rights as men.《
    宪法》规定妇女享有与男子完全相同的权利。
  29. He enjoyed a certain prestige among the students.
    他在学生中享有一定的声望。
  30. They enjoyed their fill of happiness and freedom for the first time.
    他们第一次饱尝着自由和幸福。
  31. I feel that we enjoy great advantages from the inventions of others.
    我觉得我们每个人都在享用别人的发明所带来的巨大益处。
  32. They are the first to bear hardships, the last to enjoy comforts.
    他们吃苦在前,享乐在后。
  33. Chinese citizens enjoy the freedom to believe in religion and the freedom not to believe in it and to propagate atheism.
    中国公民有信仰宗教的自由和不信仰宗教、宣传无神论的自由。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. I enjoy galloping over the fields.
    我喜欢在田野中策马飞奔。
  2. I enjoy collecting new idioms.
    我喜爱收集新的习语。
  3. I enjoy reading the Chinese classics.
    我喜欢读中国名著。
  4. In her spare time she enjoyed reading novels or going to the park.
    在她空闲时间里她喜欢看小说或到公园走走。
  5. Little boys enjoy reading picture books.
    小男孩喜爱看连环画。
  6. She enjoys lounging around the pool.
    她喜欢绕水塘漫步。
  7. The children enjoyed hiding in the bushes.
    孩子们喜欢隐藏在灌木丛中。
  8. The children enjoyed relating their imaginary adventures to the visitors.
    孩子们喜欢给来访者讲他们想象出来的冒险。
  9. Children enjoy kicking piles of dead leaves around.
    孩子们喜欢把一堆堆的落叶踢得到处都是。
  10. The boys enjoy kicking a football about a field.
    孩子们喜欢在场地上踢足球。
  11. The children enjoy growing flowers from seed.
    孩子们喜欢用花籽种植花卉。
  12. The children enjoyed playing by the sea, kicking up the sand into each other's faces.
    孩子们喜欢在海边玩耍,把沙子踢到伙伴的脸上。
  13. He enjoys boating and swimming.
    他喜欢划船和游泳。
  14. Painting is something that I really enjoy doing.
    绘画才是我真正喜欢做的事。
  15. Most students enjoy asking questions in English.
    大多数学生喜欢用英语问问题。
  16. After supper he enjoyed taking the children out for long walks.
    晚饭后他喜欢带孩子出去做远距离散步。
  17. Jenny enjoyed talking to you about old times.
    珍妮很高兴和你叙旧。
  18. He enjoys giving advice to his students.
    他乐于给他的学生出主意。
  19. You seem to enjoy finding fault with my work.
    你好像很喜欢挑我工作的毛病。
  20. Members of Parliament enjoy fencing with each other on questions which they disagree.
    下院议员喜欢就意见相左的问题进行辩论。
  21. 用于be ~ed结构
  22. Shopping is enjoyed by most women.
    大多数女性喜欢购物。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
enjoy oneself (v.+pron.)
  1. 过得快活,感到愉快 be happy; experience pleasure enjoy oneself

    Enjoy yourself!好好玩吧!

    I hope you'll enjoy yourself.我希望你们能玩得高兴。

    It's about time you cast off that feeling of gloom and began to enjoy yourself.该是你摆脱忧愁的情绪,开始快活的时候了。

    How did you enjoy yourselves at the ball?你们在舞会上玩得怎样?

    We enjoyed ourselves during the holidays.我们在假期玩得非常高兴。

    We enjoyed ourselves at the last ball.在最近的一次舞会上我们玩得很痛快。

    After a few drinks we loosened up and began to enjoy ourselves.喝了几杯之后我们不再拘束,开始热闹起来。

    On my last visit to Beijing I enjoyed myself to the full.上次去北京旅游,我玩得开心极了。

    Everybody enjoyed himself to the full.大家都玩得十分痛快。

    Everybody seems to be enjoying himself there.每个人在那儿好像都玩得很快乐。

    During the festival, young people enjoy themselves.节日期间,年轻人过得很愉快。

    He enjoyed himself with wine and women.他沉溺于酒色之中。

    enjoy oneself v-ing

    He always enjoys himself making fun of others.他总是喜欢以开别人的玩笑来取乐。

    They enjoyed themselves playing chess.他们下棋娱乐。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Don't pretend you enjoyed lunch, for you loathed it.

    出自:E. M. Forster

enjoy的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. enjoy后可接名词,代词,反身代词或动名词,但不能接不定式。

    I enjoy hunting.
    我很享受打猎。

  2. 一般来说,enjoy作为及物动词,后总是会带有一个宾语;
  3. 当我们要表示“玩的很愉快”时,可用enjoy oneself。

    We enjoyed the holidays.
    We enjoyed ourselves during the holidays.
    两句有相同的含义,指我们很享受我们的假期。

v.(动词)
  1. enjoy的基本意思是在感情和理智两方面对占有或使用某事物感到有乐趣和满足,即“以…为享乐”。这事物可以作用于感官(某人享…眼福),也可作用于心灵(玩得愉快)。
  2. enjoy只用作及物动词,可接名词、代词、动名词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. enjoy作“观赏”解时,后面可以接表示时间的状语。
  4. enjoy后面常接反身代词作宾语,表示“玩得快乐,过得快活”,其后多接动名词。
  5. enjoy的进行体使用并不广泛,但可以使用,例如:He is thoroughly enjoying himself.他彻彻底底地过得快快活活。The crowd must be enjoying the performance, they're laughing their heads off.观众肯定喜欢这个表演,他们都放声大笑。
  6. enjoy的主语偶尔可以为物。例如:That book enjoyed large sales.那本书的销量很大。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
enjoy, appreciate
这两个词都有“欣赏”的意思。其区别是:
1.appreciate指能鉴定其优劣,品评其价值,而enjoy则只是得到感官或精神上的乐趣或满足。例如:
She appreciated a work of art.她欣赏一件艺术品。
They all went to enjoy the cherry blossoms.他们都去观赏樱桃花了。
2.appreciate指对某物有较深的理解能力,而enjoy则不需要有较高的修养和理解水平。例如:
I think everyone enjoyed your wonderful party the other night.我想大家都欣赏那天晚上你举行的精彩的晚会。
I am incapable of appreciating classical music.我不会欣赏古典音乐。
3.appreciate还可用于感谢、感激,而enjoy则没有此义。例如:
I appreciate your help.我感激你的帮助。
I really appreciate your advice.真是感激你的忠告。
enjoy, like, love
这组词表示不同程度的“喜爱”“喜欢”。其区别是:
like表示一般意义上的“喜欢”, enjoy带有欣赏性质的“喜欢,喜爱”,且含“享受”之义,而love指炽烈的爱恋,感情比like深刻。例如:
Leave whenever you like.随便什么时候离开都可以。
I was learning and enjoying it like any child.我就像任何儿童一样学习着,享受着学习的乐趣。
He can't love but hate.他只能恨不能爱。
appreciate enjoy
这两个动词均含“欣赏”之意。
  • appreciate:appreciate多用于文学方面,强调对事物有深入的理解能力,且能鉴赏。
  • enjoy:enjoy普通用词,使用广泛,程度不及appreciate,多指从外界事物中得到喜悦与满足,领略到乐趣,享受意味强。
like love enjoy fancy adore prefer
这些动词都有“喜欢、喜爱”之意。
  • like:like最常用词,往往只表不太强烈的兴趣或关注,不带强烈的感情,除非另加修饰语。
  • love:love不但表示强烈的喜欢,而且含依恋之情,因此多用于能激起深厚情感的人或物。
  • enjoy:enjoy指对能提供感观或智力上满足或快乐的东西表示欣赏或喜爱。
  • fancy:fancy指喜爱投合自己心意、嗜好或欲望等的人或物。
  • adore:adore非正式用词,口语体,指非常喜爱,带强烈的感情色彩。
  • prefer:prefer指有选择性或偏向性的喜欢。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 舞会上你玩得非常愉快吗?

    Did you enjoy very much at the party?

    Did you enjoy yourself very much at the party?

    enjoy后面一定要有宾语,一般说到“嬉笑,玩得痛快”时,可以用enjoy oneself来表示。

  2. 我不喜欢在炎热的夏季旅行。

    I don't enjoy to travel in hot summers.

    I don't enjoy travelling in hot summers.

  3. 孩子们喜欢穿上妈妈旧时的衣服玩。

    The children enjoy that they dress up in Mother's old clothes.

    The children enjoy dressing up in Mother's old clothes.

    enjoy后面可接名词或动名词作宾语,不可接动词不定式或that从句。

  4. 朋友们请我去同他们一起过春节。

    My friends asked me to enjoy the Spring Festival with them.

    My friends asked me to spend the Spring Festival with them.

    表示“度假”“度节”可说 spend〔pass〕 the holiday〔festival〕,一般不说 enjoy the holiday〔festival〕。

  5. 她身体不健康。

    She enjoys poor health.

    She doesn't enjoy good health.

    She has bad health.

    enjoy所搭用的宾语在意义上具有好的一面。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:i don't enjoy to travel a lot.

    纠正:i don't enjoy travelling a lot.

    翻译:我不是很喜欢旅行。

    分析:enjoy后可接名词,代词,反身代词或动名词,但不能不接不定式。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期入进英语,直接源自古法语的enjoir:en (使得) + joir (开心),意为令人高兴;最初源自古典拉丁语的gaudere,意为高兴。

enjoy的相关资料:

正版词典

enjoy : 欣赏;喜爱 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • enjoy:enjoy vt. 享受...的乐趣, 欣赏, 喜爱v. 满意习惯用语enjoy oneself 享乐, 过得快乐[愉快] 尽情地玩…

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