substitute

  常用词汇  
['sʌbstɪtjuːt]     ['sʌbstɪtuːt]    
  • n. 代用品;代替者;替补队员
  • vt. 代替;用 ... 代替;代以
substitutable substitutability substituted substituted substituting substitutes
new

substitute的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 代用品,代替品,代替物
  2. 代替人,代替者,替补者
  3. 候补员,预备去替换的人,替补(运动员) ,后补选手
  4. 收入(数)
  5. 【语法】代用词
  6. 【矿】转接器
  7. 短节
  8. 代替,接替
  9. 替身
  10. 待罪的羔羊
  11. 代理人
  12. 代理
adj. (形容词)
  1. 代替的,替代的
  2. 代用的
  3. 替补的
  4. 作为代理人的
  5. 作为代用品的
v. (动词)
  1. 用…代替,以...代替,用…替换,代以
  2. 由…接替,派…替代
  3. 【化】使取代,置换
  4. 作为...代理人,作...代理者,作代替者,接替
  5. 【化】取代
  6. 代替,代用
  7. 由…接替,派…替代

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 代替; 替换; 代用 put, use or serve as a substitute

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another

  2. an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced

  3. someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult);

    "the star had a stand-in for dangerous scenes"
    "we need extra employees for summer fill-ins"

Adjective:
  1. capable of substituting in any of several positions on a team;

    "a utility infielder"

  2. serving or used in place of another;

    "an alternative plan"

  3. artificial and inferior;

    "ersatz coffee"
    "substitute coffee"

Verb:
  1. put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items;

    "the con artist replaced the original with a fake Rembrandt"
    "substitute regular milk with fat-free milk"
    "synonyms can be interchanged without a changing the context's meaning"

  2. be a substitute;

    "The young teacher had to substitute for the sick colleague"
    "The skim milk substitutes for cream--we are on a strict diet"

  3. act as a substitute;

    "She stood in for the soprano who suffered from a cold"

substitute的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Water is not a proper substitute for wine.
    水不是酒的适当代用品。
  2. Is saccharin a good substitute for sugar?
    糖精是糖的良好替代品吗?
  3. We recommend this brand as a good substitute.
    我们推荐的新品种可以完全替代原来的产品。
  4. His friend Humboldt was his substitute.
    他的朋友洪堡接替了他。
  5. There's no substitute for parents.
    父母亲是没有别人可以代替的。
  6. Substitute Mario Goetze was the hero, as he scored the only goal with seven minutes to go.
    替补队员马里奥•格茨在比赛结束前7分钟踢进了全场唯一的一个进球,成为了英雄人物。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Only art can substitute for nature.
    唯有艺术能代替自然。
  2. You would substitute when the manager is away.
    经理不在的时候由你来代理。
  3. I had to substitute on a few things.
    有几项我不得不换一换。
  4. The coach substituted Smith for Jones.
    教练让史密斯上场,换下了琼斯。
  5. We substituted a red ball for blue to see if the baby would notice.
    我们用红皮球换下了蓝皮球,看这婴儿会不会发觉。
  6. They don't like potatoes, so we substitute rice.
    他们不喜欢土豆,所以我们代之以大米。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. She was dancing while someone substituted at the piano.
    她在跳舞,别人代她弹钢琴。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. If you can not go yourself, please find someone to substitute you.
    你如果不能亲自去,请找人代替你。
  2. They don't like potatoes, so we substitute rice.
    他们不喜欢土豆,所以我们代之以大米。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
substitute for (v.+prep.)
    用(某物)代替(他物),(使)代替(某人) use sth to replace (sth else);(cause to) take the place of sb
    substitute for sb

    I don't like to substitute for anybody.

    我不想替换任何人。

    He substituted for the worker who was ill.

    他代替了那个生病的工人。

    Peter substituted for the injured player.

    彼得替换那个受伤的运动员。

    I need someone to substitute for me at the meeting.

    我需要有个人替我参加会议。

    substitute sb/sth for sb/sth

    I substituted your name for mine on the list.

    我在名单上用了你的名字代替我。

    We substitute margarine for cream because cream is fattening.

    我们用人造黄油代替奶油,因为奶油会使人发胖。

    We substituted red balls for blue to see if the baby would notice.

    我们用红球代替篮球,观察婴儿是否注意到它们的区别。

    If you substitute the writer's work for your own, you could be in serious trouble.

    你要是用这作家的作品代替你自己的,那你可就要惹是非了。

    Another actor has been substituted for the famous player, who was refused permission to work in this country.

    那位名演员没取得在这个国家演出的许可,由另外一位演员替他。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Infatuation is customarily seen as..a fake substitute for love.

    出自: M. Bergmann
  • A London park offers no substitute for a country walk.

    出自: M. Seymour
  • The Duke crossed out the entry and substituted the name of a veteran.

    出自: E. Longford
  • The Egyptians adopted the rebus principlesa pictorial way of substituting pictures for words.

    出自:Times

substitute的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. substitute的基本意思是“代替”,指在需要时,把某事物用作代替者或用某事物替换某事物。
  2. 在美式英语中substitute只能用作及物动词,在英式英语中substitute可用作及物动词,也常用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语;用作不及物动词时,常接介词for。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古法语的substitut;最初源自拉丁语的substitutus,意为替代。

substitute的相关资料:

近反义词

【近义词】

临近单词

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