research

  基本词汇  
[rɪ'sɜːtʃ]     [rɪ'sɜːrtʃ]    
  • n.研究;调查
  • v.研究;调查
researchable researcher researched researched researching researches
new

research是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 研究,调查,探究,探讨,考察
  2. 探索,仔细搜索,探寻
  3. 探测
  4. 追究
  5. 学术
  6. 调研工作,研究工作
  7. 探索精神
  8. 研究能力
v.(动词)
  1. 调查,研究,探讨,探究
  2. 作(学术)研究, 从事…的研究
  3. 追究
  4. 分析

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]研究; 探讨 careful study or investigation, especially in order to discover new facts or information
v.(动词)
  1. vi. 做研究,探究,研究,探讨 do research
  2. vt. 从事…的研究,为…而做研究 do research on or for sth

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
research : 调查, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
research : 调查, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
research : 研究 ...
在 《外教社人口学英语词典》 中查看更多...
research : 调查, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
research : 研究, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

名词 research:
  1. systematic investigation to establish facts

  2. a search for knowledge;

    "their pottery deserves more research than it has received"

动词 research:
  1. attempt to find out in a systematically and scientific manner;

    "The student researched the history of that word"

  2. inquire into;

    "the students had to research the history of the Second World War for their history project"
    "He searched for information on his relatives on the web"
    "Scientists are exploring the nature of consciousness"

research的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. We all support his scientific research.
    我们都支持他的科学研究。
  2. Research indicates that men find it easier to give up smoking than women.
    研究表明,男人比女人更容易戒烟。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. They have been researching the effects of the drug on mice.
    他们一直在研究老鼠对这种药物的反应。
  2. He needs to research about the coffee market.
    他需要对咖啡市场进行调查。
  3. We should get down to research more earnestly.
    我们一定要更加认真的调查。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Research has shown that women live longer than men.
    研究表明妇女比男子活得长。
  2. He happened on the perfect solution to the problem just as he was about to give up his research.
    正当他要放弃自己的研究时,他偶然发现了解决这个问题的最佳方案。
  3. The assembly of doctors discussed the latest medical research.
    在医生大会上讨论了一个最新的医学科研项目。
  4. The doctors stuck to their research until they discovered how to cure the disease.
    医生们继续他们的研究工作,直到找到了治疗这种疾病的方法为止。
  5. The scientist abandoned his research for lack of fund.
    由于缺乏资金,这位科学家放弃了他的研究工作。
  6. He has done much research on the cause of this disease.
    他对这一疾病的起因做了很多研究。
  7. Every facility is given for original research.
    为创造性的研究提供了一切方便。
  8. His experiments have laid a solid basis for further research.
    他的实验为进一步研究打下了坚实的基础。
  9. The results of the research are to be published soon.
    这项研究的结果即将发表。
  10. He made two items of research last year.
    去年他做了两项研究工作。
  11. Despite the difficulties he threw himself into the research.
    尽管困难重重,他还是全身心投入了调查研究。
  12. He is carrying out a research into the causes.
    他正在调查起因。
  13. They're carrying out a research into the causes of the disease.
    他们正对这一疾病的病因进行探索。
  14. He is doing research on Japanese literature.
    他正在研究日本文学。
  15. They requested assistance from the research institute.
    他们向那个科研所请求帮助。
  16. They carried on their research work in a systematic and well organized manner.
    他们系统地、有条不紊地进行着科研工作。
  17. Mark occupied himself in writing his research paper.
    马克忙于写他的研究报告。
  18. She is pursuing her linguistic researches.
    她在从事语言学的研究。
  19. My researches into adventure holidays were very fruitful.
    我在琢磨让假期过得有刺激性,在这一点上已大有收获。
  20. He has made scientific researches on atom for ten years.
    他从事原子科学研究已十年。
  21. His researches on Mars are contained in a book recently published.
    对于火星的研究他写在最近出版的一本书里。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. We have been researching for three years with no results.
    我们已研究了三年,但没有什么结果。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The specialist is researching the disease of the blood.
    这位专家正在从事血液病的研究。
  2. The scientist researched the cause of the disease.
    那位科学家研究过这种疾病的起因。
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. This book has been very well researched.
    这本书已被很好地研究过。
  5. The historical background to the play had been carefully researched.
    这出戏的历史背景已仔细研究过了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
research into (v.+prep.)
  1. 就…研究 do research into (a problem, etc.) research into sth

    They researched into the causes of the disease.他们研究这病的起因。

    He is researching into the reading problems of young school children.他正在研究小学生的阅读问题。

    Scientists have spent years researching into the effects of certain chemicals on the human brain, and still have left many questions unanswered.科学家花了多年时间来研究某些化学物质对人脑的影响,但仍有很多问题得不到解答。

research on (v.+prep.)
  1. 研究; 探讨… do research on (a problem, etc.); discuss sth research on sth

    It is successful of us to research on the reform of farm tools.我们对农具改革的研究取得了成功。

    They researched on the effects of cigarette smoking.他们探讨了吸烟的后果。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He..despised Tom's researches into the subject.

    出自:B. Pym
  • A team..has researched the phenomenon of 'jet lag'.

    出自:Times

research的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. research是名词时,是可数的,但多用researchresearches,很少用a research
  2. research后面跟的介词有in,into和on,三者没有严格区别,但前两者后接较为抽象的事物,而on后接的事物比较具体;
  3. research是动词时,通常作不及物动词,后面接介词into。

    He is researching into the problem.
    他正在调查这个难题。

n.(名词)
  1. research的基本意思是“研究,探讨”,尤指对知识方面的新事物进行彻底调查、研究。research泛指“研究”时是不可数名词,不与不定冠词a连用,也不用于复数形式。
  2. research的复数形式可用于特指对某个具体问题的研究,但其前不能加数词或者many, several等词。
  3. research后可接介词in、on或into,表示研究或调查的对象或范围。
v.(动词)
  1. research主要指为了学术上或有创造性的长期认真研究而做的调查或查询,也指为了把已知晓的事实和规律落实到简要的文字上而做的研究,还可指做一般的、无足轻重的调查。
  2. research可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. research用作不及物动词时后接介词into或on表示“研究”的领域或方向。
  4. research和re-search是两个词,后者意为“再查找”。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
research in, research into, research on
这3者意思稍有不同:research in着重指对…学科的研究; research into指更深入地研究以弄个水落石出; research on着重指对特定问题的研究。
research, examination
这两个词都有“调查”的意思。其区别在于:examination指对人或物仔细查验以获得实际情况,而research则指对实际情况或第一手资料的研究或调查以揭示新的知识。例如:
You may conduct your research for the term paper in the library.你可以在图书馆里为写学期论文进行研究工作。
It will be found upon examination that someone must have made a mistake.一经调查,便会发现有人犯了错误。
v.(动词)
下列三句的意思相同:
  • They're researching in medieval history.
  • They're researching into medieval history.
  • They're researching on medieval history.
  • 他们正在研究中世纪历史。
inquiry investigation research survey
这些名词均有“调查”之意。
  • inquiry:inquiry普通常用词,指正式调查,也指一般的打听或查询。
  • investigation:investigation一般指有系统的调查以得到希望发现或需要知道的事。
  • research:research指科学工作者等为揭示自然规律或获取某个领域的新知识而进行长时间的调查研究。
  • survey:survey多指为写书面报告而进行的民意测验或调查。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 他的学术研究无法进行下去。

    His research was at the dead end.

    His researches were at the dead end.

    research表示“学术研究”时,如用在表示所有格的词之后,通常只能用复数形式。

v.(动词)
  1. 他们正在研究这种疾病的起因。

    They are researching of〔about〕 the causes of the disease.

    They are researching into〔in,on〕 the causes of the disease.

    表示“对(某问题)正在进行研究”可说be researching in〔into,on〕,其中介词不用of〔about〕。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:i am currently involved in an in-depth research upon single women travellers, both for those involved in travel for personal and business purposes.

    纠正:i am currently involved in research into single women travellers, whether travelling for personal or for business purposes.

    翻译:我现在正忙于研究单身女性旅行者,无论她们的旅行目的是私人的还是商务的。

    分析:research与upon的搭配错误;“无论”的表达方式错误,应用whether。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1577年进英入语,直接源自中古法语的recerche,意为仔细搜索的行为;最初源自古法语的recercher,意为找出,仔细搜索。

research的相关资料:

正版词典

research : 调查,研究 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • research:research n. 研究, 调查vi. 研究, 调查习惯用语research into 研究, 探讨…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词