strike

  基本词汇  
[straɪk]     [straɪk]    
  • n.罢工;打击;殴打
  • v.打;撞;罢工;划燃
struck struck / stricken striking strikes
new

strike是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 罢工
  2. 罢课
  3. 发现
  4. 【军】攻击,空袭,袭击
  5. 打击,殴打
  6. 走运,意外成功
  7. 击,打
  8. 罢市
  9. 进行一次空袭的一群飞机
  10. 报时
  11. 钟声
  12. 【棒】击球失败
  13. 正球,好球
  14. 【滚木球】第一球撞倒全部木柱
v.(动词)
  1. 攻击,打,殴,击,进攻
  2. 撞,撞击
  3. 碰,触
  4. 冲击
  5. 侵袭,袭击
  6. 弹奏,奏出
  7. 咬,咬伤
  8. 拆除
  9. 罢工
  10. 抓,抓伤
  11. 照在,照到
  12. 传到
  13. 打出
  14. 压出
  15. 删掉,取消
  16. 降下
  17. 使穿透,使深入
  18. 偶然发现,突然发现
  19. (使)突然想起
  20. 使处于特定状态
  21. 被鸣报
  22. 被划着
  23. 被点燃
  24. 被听到
  25. 咬饵
  26. 行进
  27. 击出(火星)
  28. 触礁,搁浅
  29. 下帆
  30. 刺穿, 戳进
  31. 降旗

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 打,击 hit
  2. vt. 攻击,袭击; 侵袭 attack, especially suddenly; (of disaster, disease, etc.) afflict (sb/sth)
  3. vt. & vi. 敲响; 报时; 擦出 make or put into action by hitting
  4. vt. 偶然发现(矿藏等) discover (a material or place)
  5. vi. 罢工 stop working because of disagreement
  6. vt. (突然)产生于(某人的)脑海中 occur to sb's mind
  7. vt. 给…以(深刻)印象 have an effect on; affect with
  8. vt. 取下; 降低 lower
n.(名词)
  1. [C] 罢工〔课,市〕 a time when no work is done because of disagreement, e.g. over pay or working conditions, etc.
  2. [C] 袭击,攻击 an attack, especially by aircraft whose bombs hit the place attacked
  3. [C] 突然发现; 走运 success in finding especially a mineral in the earth

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
strike : 走向 ...
在 《外教社人类学英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 罢工 ...
在 《外教社社会学英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 打, 攻击, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 打击, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 罢工 ...
在 《外教社管理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 铸造 ...
strike :  罢 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 罢工 ...
在 《外教社经济学英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 打, 攻击, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 走向 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 罢工 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 结算 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
strike : 罢工 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 插穗生根; ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a group's refusal to work in protest against low pay or bad work conditions;

    "the strike lasted more than a month before it was settled"

  2. an attack that is intended to seize or inflict damage on or destroy an objective;

    "the strike was scheduled to begin at dawn"

  3. a gentle blow

  4. a score in tenpins: knocking down all ten with the first ball;

    "he finished with three strikes in the tenth frame"

  5. (baseball) a pitch that the batter swings at and misses, or that the batter hits into foul territory, or that the batter does not swing at but the umpire judges to be in the area over home plate and between the batter's knees and shoulders;

    "this pitcher throws more strikes than balls"

  6. a conspicuous success;

    "that song was his first hit and marked the beginning of his career"
    "that new Broadway show is a real smasher"
    "the party went with a bang"

Verb:
  1. deliver a sharp blow, as with the hand, fist, or weapon;

    "The teacher struck the child"
    "the opponent refused to strike"
    "The boxer struck the attacker dead"

  2. have an emotional or cognitive impact upon;

    "This child impressed me as unusually mature"
    "This behavior struck me as odd"

  3. hit against; come into sudden contact with;

    "The car hit a tree"
    "He struck the table with his elbow"

  4. make a strategic, offensive, assault against an enemy, opponent, or a target;

    "The Germans struck Poland on Sept. 1, 1939"
    "We must strike the enemy's oil fields"
    "in the fifth inning, the Giants struck, sending three runners home to win the game 5 to 2"

  5. indicate (a certain time) by striking;

    "The clock struck midnight"
    "Just when I entered, the clock struck"

  6. affect or afflict suddenly, usually adversely;

    "We were hit by really bad weather"
    "He was stricken with cancer when he was still a teenager"
    "The earthquake struck at midnight"

  7. stop work in order to press demands;

    "The auto workers are striking for higher wages"
    "The employees walked out when their demand for better benefits was not met"

  8. touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly;

    "Light fell on her face"
    "The sun shone on the fields"
    "The light struck the golden necklace"
    "A strange sound struck my ears"

  9. attain;

    "The horse finally struck a pace"

  10. produce by manipulating keys or strings of musical instruments, also metaphorically;

    "The pianist strikes a middle C"
    "strike `z' on the keyboard"
    "her comments struck a sour note"

  11. cause to form (an electric arc) between electrodes of an arc lamp;

    "strike an arc"

  12. find unexpectedly;

    "the archeologists chanced upon an old tomb"
    "she struck a goldmine"
    "The hikers finally struck the main path to the lake"

  13. produce by ignition or a blow;

    "strike fire from the flintstone"
    "strike a match"

  14. remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line;

    "Please strike this remark from the record"
    "scratch that remark"

  15. cause to experience suddenly;

    "Panic struck me"
    "An interesting idea hit her"
    "A thought came to me"
    "The thought struck terror in our minds"
    "They were struck with fear"

  16. drive something violently into a location;

    "he hit his fist on the table"
    "she struck her head on the low ceiling"

  17. occupy or take on;

    "He assumes the lotus position"
    "She took her seat on the stage"
    "We took our seats in the orchestra"
    "She took up her position behind the tree"
    "strike a pose"

  18. form by stamping, punching, or printing;

    "strike coins"
    "strike a medal"

  19. smooth with a strickle;

    "strickle the grain in the measure"

  20. pierce with force;

    "The bullet struck her thigh"
    "The icy wind struck through our coats"

  21. arrive at after reckoning, deliberating, and weighing;

    "strike a balance"
    "strike a bargain"

strike的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The dockers are coming out on strike for higher wages.
    码头工人将举行罢工要求增加工资。
  2. The coalminers have been out on strike for several weeks now.
    煤矿工人已罢工了几个星期。
  3. The strike has delivered a heavy blow to the management.
    这场罢工给资方以一个沉重打击。
  4. His spirits sagged after that strike.
    受到打击后他有点萎靡不振了。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He offered to strike the boy with his cane.
    他威胁要用手杖打那个男孩。
  2. He struck the man a blow at the chin.
    他一拳打在男子的下巴。
  3. Be careful not to strike your head against the mantel.
    小心不要使你的头撞到壁炉架。
  4. His words incited them to strike.
    他的话煽动他们罢工。
  5. I am sure the bus drivers will strike.
    我相信公共汽车司机会罢工的。
  6. The girl struck a match to light a cigarette.
    那女孩划火柴点燃一根烟。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Strike while the iron is hot.
    趁热打铁。
  2. The lightning struck again.
    雷电再次闪击。
  3. My heart struck heavily when it was my turn to answer the questions.
    当轮到我回答问题时,我的心怦怦直跳。
  4. I didn't hear the clock strike.
    我没有听到报时钟声。
  5. These damp matches won't strike.
    这些湿火柴划不着。
  6. Davy, we are going to strike.
    戴维,我们要罢工了。
  7. What's more, lots of teachers have struck too.
    此外,大批教师也参加了罢教。
  8. The children struck in all the schools there.
    那里所有学校的孩子都罢课了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Who struck the first blow?
    谁先动手的?
  2. Why did you strike him?
    你为什么打他?
  3. In all our travelling, we never saw an adult strike a child.
    在我们整个旅行中,我们没有看到一个大人打孩子。
  4. He apologized to Martin for striking him.
    他向马丁道歉,说不该打他。
  5. Bells don't ring till you strike them.
    钟不敲不响。
  6. I left immediately the clock struck twelve.
    钟一敲十二点我就走了。
  7. The huge clock of the Customs House strikes the hours.
    海关的大钟每小时都敲点报时。
  8. He struck the table angrily.
    他气愤地敲了敲桌子。
  9. The ship struck a rock and started to sink.
    轮船触礁,开始下沉。
  10. He struck the ball beautifully.
    他击的那一球非常出色。
  11. They struck the enemy in the rear.
    他们从后方打击敌人。
  12. Our troops struck the enemy camp at night.
    我们的部队夜间袭击了敌营。
  13. The fighter-bombers returned safely after striking their targets.
    战斗轰炸机在攻击目标后安全返回。
  14. The blight struck the crop.
    庄稼枯萎了。
  15. A hurricane struck the city.
    飓风袭击了该城市。
  16. Don't strike a match if you smell gas.
    闻到煤气味就别划火柴。
  17. The Royal Mint will strike a commemorative gold coin.
    英国皇家造币厂将铸造一种纪念金币。
  18. As I watched them, an idea struck me.
    我看着他们时,产生了一个想法。
  19. Suddenly a happy thought struck her.
    她突然想起一个很妙的想法。
  20. The first thing that struck me was the numerous charts that covered the walls.
    首先给我留下深刻印象的是墙上有大量图表。
  21. A thing that struck me was the great number of bicycles on the streets.
    给我印象很深的是街上自行车非常多。
  22. It was obvious that his speech was striking a chord among the group.
    显然,他的讲演拨动了那些人的心弦。
  23. The suggestion at once struck a younger worker.
    这个建议立刻引起一个比较年轻的工人的注意。
  24. We submitted a request that more lights (should) be installed on our street.
    我们提交了要求在我们居住的街道上增加路灯的申请报告。
  25. The negotiators failed to strike a compromise.
    谈判者们未能达成妥协。
  26. He was reluctant to strike such an undignified pose before his girlfriend.
    他不愿意在女友面前摆出这种有失尊严的姿态。
  27. After tramping for miles through the forest, we finally struck the road.
    在森林里拖着沉重的脚步行走了数英里之后,我们终于找到了那条大路。
  28. The gardener struck some cuttings.
    园丁插栽了一些剪枝。
  29. 用于be ~ed结构
  30. He was struck by a lightning.
    他被雷电击中了。
  31. The boat was struck by a torpedo and sank.
    这艘船被鱼雷击中,沉没了。
  32. Even in the summertime we might be struck by blizzards.
    甚至在夏天,我们也可能受到暴风雪的袭击。
  33. The government decided that a one-pound coin should be struck.
    政府决定铸造1英镑面值的硬币。
  34. I was immediately struck by the idea.
    我立刻被那主意吸引住了。
  35. I was very much struck by London.
    伦敦给我留下了深刻的印象。
  36. Everyone was struck by their readiness to pass on all they knew.
    他们很愿意把自己的知识传给别人,这给每个人都留下深刻印象。
  37. Visitors to Beijing are usually struck by the great number of trees in the city.
    到北京访问的人通常都会感到北京的树特别多。
  38. I was particularly struck by a group of teen-age girls going through their basic skills.
    给我印象最深的是一群十多岁的练基本功的女孩子。
It ~s/ed+ n./pron. +that/wh-clause
  1. It strikes me that Cage is a good girl.
    我感到凯奇是很好的女孩子。
  2. It suddenly struck me that we ought to make a new plan.
    我突然想到,我们应该制订一个新的方案。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. He struck the boy a violent blow.
    他狠狠地打了那孩子一下。
  2. She struck her opponent a tremendous blow on the jaw.
    她猛击对手的下巴。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(as) n./adj.
  1. He strikes me as a conscientious man.
    我感到他是一个认真负责的人。
  2. She strikes me as a haughty girl.
    我感到她是个傲慢的女孩子。
  3. It struck me as the production of a professional writer.
    它使我感到这是一个职业作家的作品。
  4. He struck the fly dead at one blow.
    他一下子就把苍蝇打死了。
  5. The thunderous explosion struck a few deaf.
    轰隆隆的爆炸声把几个人的耳朵都震聋了。
  6. The news of his financial losses struck him dumb.
    他财务损失的消息使他目瞪口呆。
  7. The plan strikes me as ridiculous.
    我觉得这个计划荒谬可笑。
  8. The proposal struck me as unrealistic.
    我感到这个建议不现实。
  9. The request struck them as rather queer.
    他们感到这个请求很奇怪。
  10. There is something in their minds which strikes one as not quite right.
    他们头脑中有些东西显得不太正确。
  11. At the time, this did not strike me as odd.
    当时,这并没有使我感到奇怪。
  12. Their conversation struck him as rather commonplace.
    他们的谈话他听来感到平淡无奇。
  13. 用于be ~ed结构
  14. We were struck dumb by her sudden outburst of anger.
    她突然大发脾气,弄得我们都哑然失色。
S+~+ n./pron. +as v -ing
  1. He struck me as being a fool.
    他给我的印象是一个傻子。
  2. He strikes one as being somewhat lacking in humour.
    他使人感到有些缺乏幽默感。
  3. This activity strikes me as wasting time.
    这次活动给我的印象是在浪费时间。
其他 v -ing as Attrib.
  1. Take another striking example.
    再举一个突出的例子。
  2. These are striking proofs of this truth.
    这些就是这一真理的有力证明。
  3. These two brigades formed a striking contrast.
    这两个大队形成了鲜明的对比。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. A strike has shut down several car factories.
    罢工使好几家汽车厂停工。
  2. The strike has been called off.
    罢工已被取消。
  3. The strike didn't end until it was settled.
    罢工直到这件事被解决才结束。
  4. They will call a strike if they don't get more money.
    如果他们得不到更多的钱,他们将号召举行罢工。
  5. The union has ordered its members to work to rule, rather than call a total strike.
    工会命令其成员消极怠工,而不是要总求罢工。
  6. The threatened action by miners may set off sympathy strikes by transport workers.
    矿工扬言采取的行动可能引起运输工人的同情罢工。
  7. There was a strike.No public transport was running.
    那时正举行罢工,公用车辆都停开了。
  8. Altogether 1800 runs by trains and electric trains were brought to a halt by the strike.
    由于罢工,共有1800个班次的火车和电气火车停开。
  9. They are taking strike action.
    他们正在进行罢工。
  10. They made an air strike on the enemy's position.
    他们对敌军阵地进行空袭。
  11. The footballer took a strike at the goal.
    那个足球运动员飞脚射门。
  12. There was a gold strike here many years ago.
    许多年以前,这里突然发现金矿。
  13. They made a lucky strike.
    他们走运了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
strike against (v.+prep.)
  1. 撞到…上 (cause to) land with a blow against a hard object strike against sth

    My arm accidentally struck against the table.我的胳膊偶然撞到桌子上。

    The child's head struck against the wall.孩子的头撞在墙上。

    strike sth against sth

    He struck his head against the doorpost and fell to the ground in a faint.他的头撞到了门框上,倒在地上晕了过去。

  2. 为反对…而罢工 refuse to work to express opposition to sth strike against sth

    The women have threatened to strike against unequal pay.妇女们威胁说要罢工,反对不公平的待遇。

    They decided to strike against the dismissal of a colleague.他们决定罢工抗议解雇他们的同事。

    The workers struck against the company for better working conditions.工人们举行罢工要求公司改善他们的工作条件。

strike at (v.+prep.)
  1. 打击(某人、物) try to hit or aim a blow at sb/sth strike at sb/sth

    He struck at me repeatedly with a stick.他用棍子不断向我打来。

    They struck at the enemy from every conceivable angle.他们从一切能隐蔽自己的地方打击敌人。

    We struck at several of his units simultaneously.我们同时打击了他的几个部队。

    She found a chance to strike at Cage.她找到一个打击凯奇的机会。

    We avoided the enemy's main forces and struck at his weak spots.我们避开敌人主力,打击他们的弱点。

    We must go deeper and strike at the roots of the trouble.我们要深入下去,抓住问题的症结所在。

    Many of the newspapers struck at the government's latest plan.许多家报纸攻击政府的最新计划。

    strike blows at sth

    They have struck heavy blows at the new-colonialists.他们沉重打击了新殖民主义者。

    The Taiping revolution gave history a great push forward by striking blows at the imperialist and feudal forces.太平天国的革命狠狠打击了帝国主义和封建势力,从而大大推动了历史前进。

strike back (v.+adv.)
  1. 反击,回击 hit back strike back

    As he grows older he begins to strike back.当他年龄大一些时便开始反击。

    When he attacked me, naturally I struck back.他攻击我时我自然要进行还击。

    They were ordered to strike back.他们奉命反击。

strike down (v.+adv.)
  1. 打倒,撞倒 overthrowHe struck the hooligan down with his fist.他挥拳把那个流氓打倒。

    The racists attempted to strike down the opposition of the blacks by threatening to storm the town. 种族主义者扬言要袭击这个城镇,以把黑人的反抗压下去。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Jim was struck down by a bus in the middle of the main street. 吉姆在大街的当中被一辆公共汽车撞倒了。

  2. 袭击; 击毙 attack; kill常用于 be ~ed 结构

    I was struck down with fever a few weeks ago. 几星期前我发烧病倒了。

    The businessman was struck down with a heart attack in the middle of the meeting. 这位企业家在开会时因患心脏病而倒下。

    So many young men have been struck down in their youth in this terrible war. 在这场可怕的战争中,许许多多青年在他们风华正茂时倒下了。

    Kennedy was struck down by an assassin's bullet. 肯尼迪被刺客的子弹击中而身亡。

strike in (v.+adv.)
  1. 插嘴 interrupt strike in

    “I know where she was!”He struck in.“我知道她在哪儿!”他插嘴说。

strike off (v.+adv.)
  1. 砍掉; 打掉 cut downHe struck off the top of the stick with a knife.他用刀子砍掉了棍子的顶端。

    The boy was striking off all the flower heads with his stick. 那孩子用棍子把所有的花头都打掉了。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The king's head was struck off while the crowd cheered. 人群欢呼国王被砍了头。

  2. 划掉; 删去 remove a name from a listThe committee has decided to strike off his name from the list.委员会决定把他的名字从名单中除去。

    Strike off anything you think superfluous. 你感到多余的东西都要划掉。

    He took a pen and struck off two paragraphs. 他拿起笔划掉了两段。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    He used to be her doctor until he was struck off for immoral behaviour. 在他因行为不端而被取消医生资格前,他一直是她的医生。

    Before the law was changed, a British doctor might be struck off for procuring an abortion. 在原法律修改前,一个英国医生会因给人堕胎而被取消医生资格。

  3. 印刷 print用于 be ~ed 结构

    Another hundred thousand copies of the novel have been struck off since last year. 自从去年以来,那部小说又印了十万册。

strike on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 打到某处 punch on strike sb on〔upon〕 sth

    She struck him on the nose.她一拳打在他的鼻子上。

    He struck John on the shoulder.他击中约翰的肩头。

  2. 偶然想起; 偶然得到 think of sth suddenly strike on〔upon〕 sth

    He said he struck on the book in a secondhand bookstore.他说这本书是他偶尔在一家旧书店里买到的。

    I struck on the idea when at work yesterday.我昨天上班时突然想到这个主意。

    I've just struck on something which might be of use to us.我刚才想到一个办法可能会对我们有用。

    He struck upon the solution quite by accident.他偶然想出了这个解决方案。

    At this sight, he struck upon a happy idea .看到这景象,他想起了一个好主意。

strike out (v.+adv.)
  1. 自成一格; 创新 begin sth new and different strike out

    After working as an employee for many years,Bill suddenly decided to strike out and open his own shop.比尔当了多年雇员之后,突然决定要自己开店。

    Smith refused to live the tame easy life that he could have lived but struck out for himself.史密斯不愿过那种循规蹈矩、安逸舒适的生活而自己奋斗去了。

    strike out on sth

    He decided to strike out on his own.他决定单干。

    He quit his job and struck out on his own as a publisher.他辞去原来的工作,独自经营出版社。

  2. (游泳者)使劲划水; 朝某个方向走去 suddenly make up one's mind; strike water with one's arms in swimming strike out

    He struck out for the shore.他使劲向岸边游去。

    Without hesitation, he struck out towards the beach.他毫不犹豫地向海滩游去。

    He fell overboard and struck out towards the shore.他从船上掉进水里,便拼命向岸边游去。

    The explorers struck out for the desert.勘探人员精神抖擞地向沙漠进发。

    He decided to leave the path and strike out across the grass.他决定离开小路,从草地上穿过去。

  3. 用力打 hit out; strike a blow strike out

    The man lost his temper and struck out wildly.那人因发怒而大打出手。

    If the animal feels trapped, he will strike out wildly.如果野兽发现陷入困境,它就会拼命攻击。

    He's a man who strikes out with his fists whenever he's angry.他这个人一发怒就会挥拳打人。

  4. 删去; 划掉 remove sth written strike sth ⇔ out

    Strike out the old address and write in the new one.把旧的地址划掉,写上新的。

    He took a pen and struck out two paragraphs from his essay.他拿起笔把他的文章划掉了两段。

    Strike out the questions which do not apply to you.删除那些对你们不适用的问题。

  5. 拟出 plan strike sth ⇔ out

    He struck out a plan for himself for the next year.他已经为自己拟定了下一年的计划。

strike through1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 删去 remove sth strike sth through

    If there are any words you think not right, just strike them through.有什么词你认为不合适的,尽管删去好了。

strike through2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 划破; 照亮 bright strike through sth

    The light strikes through the darkness.那道光亮划破了黑暗。

strike up (v.+adv.)
  1. 开始演奏 begin playing strike up

    The band struck up when the guests of honour entered the hall.当贵宾步入大厅时,乐队奏起了乐曲。

    strike sth ⇔ up

    The orchestra struck up the National Anthem.管弦乐队奏起了国歌。

    As the actors began putting on their makeup, the band struck up a tune.演员开始化装时,乐队奏起乐曲。

    The musicians struck up the wedding march.乐师们奏起了婚礼进行曲。

  2. 开始(交谈); 建立起(友谊等) start to make a conversation, friendship, etc. strike up sth

    He struck up a lively conversation with his fellow passengers on the train.他在火车上跟旅伴们活跃地攀谈起来。

    Ordering a cup of tea,I struck up a conversation with the manager.我要了一杯茶,和经理攀谈起来。

    He'd strike up conversations with people to hear them speak in the local accent.他总找人们交谈想听当地的口音。

    Alice and I struck up a friendship immediately.我和艾丽斯立即建立了友谊。

    They struck up a friendship on their tour of Guangxi.他们是在广西游览时成为朋友的。

    It's easy to strike up a friendship with people you meet on holiday.在度假时遇到的人很容易和他们交上朋友。

    I struck up an acquaintance with him while on my trip to Sichuan.我是在去四川的路上和他认识的。

    I'd first struck up an acquaintance with him while waiting for a train.我和他初次相识是在一起等火车的时候。

    It did not take her long to strike up acquaintances in her new school.她没花多少时间就在新学校里结识了一些人。

strike with (v.+prep.)
  1. 用…打 hit sb/sth with sth strike sb/sth with sth

    She struck me with her open hand.她打了我一巴掌。

    He was striking his dog with his whip.他用鞭子抽打狗。

    It's not easy to strike the ball with such a narrow piece of wood.用这么个窄木条打球是不容易的。

  2. 患(突发性病症) begin to suffer from (sth such as a disease), often suddenly strike sb with sth 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    Cage was struck with pneumonia in her youth.凯奇年轻时得过肺炎。

    Her brother was struck with heart disease when he was thirty.她哥哥30岁时得过心脏病。

  3. 为…所触动,被…所迷住 feel the effect of (a strong feeling) strike sb/sth with sb/sth 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    I was struck with wonder as I saw the train for the first time.我第一次看见火车时真是惊讶不已。

    Mary was greatly struck with the film star.玛丽完全被那位影星给迷住了。

用作名词 (n.)
be〔go〕 on strike
  1. 在〔开始〕罢工〔课〕 be engaged in〔start〕 an industrial or students' strike, etc.

    It was reported that half a million workers were on strike in that country. 据报道,在那个国家,有五十万工人举行了罢工。

    Students there were again on strike. 那儿的学生又在罢课了。

    The miners went on strike against the lack of food. 矿工们因缺乏食品而举行罢工。

come〔go〕 out on strike
  1. 举行罢工 be engaged in〔start〕 an industrial strike

    Instead of coming out on strike, the men decided to work to rule. 工人们决定不罢工而怠工。

    The shipbuilders went out on strike for better working conditions. 造船工人为更好的工作条件而举行罢工。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+副词+介词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Rather than the usual dog fighting, F19 goes for the silent strike.

    出自:CU Amiga
  • Impatient, she strikes straight down the steps to the..promenade.

    出自:M. Gee

strike的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. A struck B表示“A打B一下”,而A struck at B表示“A做出打B的动作”,不一定打到B;
  2. 英美人都用on strike来表示“罢工”,但美国人更习惯说on a strike
v.(动词)
  1. strike用作动词的基本意思是“打”“击”“敲”,多指用手、拳、器具、武器、子弹等急速地、突然地敲击或击打,强调行为的有意性。其程度可从轻微的碰撞到毁坏性的撞击,也可用于表示时钟“敲响”。引申可表示“袭击”“划(火柴等)”“偶然发现(矿藏等)”“用冲压法制造(钱币、奖章等)”“罢工”“产生于(某人的)脑海中”“给…以(深刻)印象”“划去”“引起(感情、情绪等)”“使喜爱”“达成(交易等)”“铸造”“摆…姿态”“遇到”“扎根”“生根”等。
  2. strike既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。作“打,击”解时还可接双宾语,也可接以形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。作“给…以(深刻)印象”解时,还可接以as加名词、形容词或现在分词充当补足语复合宾语。strike用作不及物动词作“划(火柴等)”解时,其主动形式含有被动意义。
  3. 表示“敲击某人身体的某部位”或引申指“(灯光)照到脸〔身〕上”时,要用strike sb on〔in〕 the...结构。
  4. strike作“罢工”解时用作不及物动词,与介词for搭配表示“为…而罢工”,与 against 搭配表示“为反对…而罢工”。
  5. strike的现在分词striking可用作形容词,在句中作定语或表语,表示“突出的”“显著的”“鲜明的”等。
n.(名词)
  1. strike用作名词的基本意思是“罢工〔课、市〕”,通常是为了求得更高的工资或更好的工作条件而举行的以停止工作、学习或营业为表现形式的行动。strike还可表示“袭击,攻击”,尤指用飞机或导弹等进行“空袭”,还可用于足球比赛中前锋队员的“攻门或射门”。strike有时还可作“突然发现”解,其对象通常是矿藏、油田等,可用于比喻义。
  2. strike在句中可修饰其他名词,作定语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
strike, beat, buffet, hit, knock
这组词都可以表示“打”。其区别是:
1.buffet和beat都可指“有意地打”。knock和strike既可表示有意地“打”,也可表示无意地“撞”。例如:
  • We were buffeting a storm.
  • 我们正与暴风雨搏斗。
  • The fall knocked me senseless.
  • 那一次摔得我失去了知觉。
  • The child's head struck against the door.
  • 孩子的头撞在门上。
2.buffet表示连续猛击; beat指用棍、棒等连续击打; hit指对准某一目标去“打”; strike指徒手或持物一次性地打击。例如:
  • The waves buffeted the shore.
  • 浪拍打着海岸。
  • The missile hit the carrier but only dented the hull.
  • 这枚导弹击中了航空母舰,但只是把 舰体打凹了。
  • His fist struck home.
  • 他一拳正中要害处。
3.hit引申为“攻击”“抨击”“受打击”,也可以指精神上或感情上的“打击”; beat可指在游戏、竞赛或战争中击败对方,用作不及物动词时,可指心脏或脉搏的“跳动”; 而strike则可以用于时钟敲响。例如:
  • The reviewers hit his novel severely.
  • 评论家们对他的小说批评得很严厉。
  • This clock strikes on the hour.
  • 这个钟报时。
n.(名词)
be on strike, go (out) on strike
这两个短语的意义有所差别,用法也有所区别:前者通常译为“在罢工”,指一种状态,可与表示一段时间的状语连用; 后者往往译为“开始〔举行〕罢工”,强调一个动作的发生,不与表示一段时间的状语连用。例如:
  • 工人们罢工已持续了两周。
  • [误] The workers have went on strike for two weeks.
  • [正] The workers have been on strike for two weeks.
beat strike hit thrash whip
这些动词均含有“打”之意。
  • beat:beat普通用词,含义广泛,指连续打击。游戏、竞赛或战争中作打败解。
  • strike:strike普通用词,多指急速或突然一次猛击。
  • hit:hit普通用词,常与strike换用,侧重有目标的猛击,强调用力击中。
  • thrash:thrash侧重指用棍子或鞭子等痛打。
  • whip:whip多指用鞭子抽打。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 她打了我的头。

    She stuck me on my head.

    She stuck me on the head.

    表示“打中某人某部位”一般用“strike sb on〔in〕+某部位”的结构。

  2. 他划火柴点烟。

    He stuck a match for smoking.

    He stuck a match to smoke.

    一般用动词不定式来表示一次性具体的目的,而不用“for+ v -ing”结构。

  3. 钟在敲八点。

    The clock is striking at eight.

    The clock is striking eight.

    表示“钟敲…点时”, strike用作及物动词,后面直接接钟点数作宾语,而不必加介词at。

  4. 我觉得我们在那儿确实学到很多东西。

    It struck to me that we had really learnt a great deal there.

    It struck me that we had really learnt a great deal there.

    strike作“(某种想法)突然产生于(某人的)脑海中”解时,是及物动词,可直接接宾语,而不必加介词to。

n.(名词)
  1. 据报纸报道,工人们仍在罢工。

    It was reported in the newspaper that the workers were still on the strike.

    It was reported in the newspaper that the workers were still on strike.

  2. 店员开始罢工,要求增加工资。

    The shopmen went on the strike for higher pay.

    The shopmen went on strike for higher pay.

    be〔go〕 on strike表示“在〔举行〕罢工”,是固定用法, strike前没有定冠词the。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的tsrican,意为掠过。

strike的相关资料:

正版词典

strike : 皮肤 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
strike : 打,击;碰 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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缩略词

strike的相关缩略词,共有4

互动百科

  • strike:strike n. 罢工, 打击, 殴打vt. 打, 撞击, 冲击, 罢工, 打动, 划燃, 到达, 侵袭vi. 打, 打击, 罢工, 抓, 敲, 搏动, 打动, 穿透习惯用语air strike 空…

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