rather

  基本词汇  
['rɑːðə(r)]     ['ræðər]    
  • adv.相当;宁愿;有点儿
  • int.<英口> 好呀
new

rather是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 相当,颇
  2. 宁愿,宁可,更喜欢
  3. 更确切地讲,更准确地说
  4. 有点儿,稍微
  5. 而不是
  6. 反而,相反,倒不如
  7. <英>确是如此,当然
  8. 在某种程度上
n.(名词)
  1. 选择

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 在一定程度上,颇 to a certain extent; fairly
  2. 或多或少 to a moderate extent; quite

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
rather : 相当, 颇, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adverb:
  1. on the contrary;

    "rather than disappoint the children, he did two quick tricks before he left"
    "he didn't call; rather (or instead), he wrote her a letter"
    "used English terms instead of Latin ones"

  2. to some (great or small) extent;

    "it was rather cold"
    "the party was rather nice"
    "the knife is rather dull"
    "I rather regret that I cannot attend"
    "He's rather good at playing the cello"
    "he is kind of shy"

  3. more readily or willingly;

    "clean it well, preferably with warm water"
    "I'd rather be in Philadelphia"
    "I'd sooner die than give up"

  4. to a degree (not used with a negative);

    "quite tasty"
    "quite soon"
    "quite ill"
    "quite rich"

rather的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. I would rather stay at home.
    我宁可呆在家里。
  2. I would rather fail than cheat in the examination.
    我宁愿考不及格,也不愿意考试作弊。
  3. These shoes are rather too big.
    这双鞋有点太大了。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. This book is rather too easy for this boy.
    这本书对于这个孩子来说太简单。
  2. I reckon that he is rather too old to marry again.
    我认为他的年龄太大,不太适于再结婚。
  3. I have a rather bad cold.
    我得了重感冒。
  4. He is driving rather fast.
    他车子开得相当快。
  5. This restaurant is rather more expensive than that.
    这家餐厅的收费比那家贵得多。
  6. I rather thought he'd stay here.
    我认为他应该留在这儿。
  7. I was rather surprised at her behaviour.
    我对她的行为感到十分惊奇。
  8. That's rather the impression I wanted to give.
    那正是我要给人们的印象。
  9. That's rather a nuisance.
    那简直讨厌极了。
  10. She's got a rather good voice.
    她的嗓子不错。
  11. We've been having the rather cold weather.
    近日来天气相当冷。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
but rather
  1. 〈正〉相反地oppositely

    The patient was no better but rather grew worse. 病人的情况不但没有见好,反而恶化了。

or rather
  1. 〈正〉更确实地,更确切地说more truly; more accurately

    I met him very late on Friday night, or rather, early on Saturday morning. 我在星期五深夜见到他,更确切地说是在星期六凌晨。

rather than
  1. (要)…而不…,与其…倒不如…prefer...to... ...rather than...

    We'll have the meeting in the classroom rather than in the auditorium.我们与其在教室里开会,不如在礼堂开会。

    They thus increased their annual grain production rather than diminished it.他们这样增加了而不是减少了粮食年产量。

  2. 宁可,宁愿more willingly rather than v-ing

    Rather than being punished, he should be rewarded.他该受奖励而不应该受惩罚。

    rather than to-/ v

    Rather than travel by air,I'd prefer to travel a week on a big liner.我宁愿乘大船走一个星期,也不愿意乘飞机旅行。

would〔had〕 rather
  1. 宁愿,宁可more willingly would〔had〕 rather...than...

    I'd rather play football than play basketball.我宁愿踢足球而不想打篮球。

    I would rather have the small one than the big one.我宁愿要小的,不要大的。

    would〔had〕 rather to-/ v

    I would〔had〕 rather go out tonight, if you don't mind.如果你不介意的话,我宁愿今晚出去。

    He would rather sacrifice his life than see damage done to state property.他宁可牺牲自己的生命,也不肯看到国家财产受到损失。

    would〔had〕 rather (that)-clause

    We had rather the matter were not made public.我们宁愿这事不公开。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • When Duncan is asleepsWhereto the rather shall his day's hard journey Soundly invite him.

    出自:Macbeth,Shakespeare
  • Dry weather may cause them come..rather.

    出自:C. Butler

rather的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. rather than和more...than的比较:前者表示“与其……倒不如……”,后者表示“更……比起……”,注意词组more...than中的than前面不可以加上rather

    He depends on you rather than on me.
    He depends more on you than on me.
    他依赖你胜过依赖我。

  2. rather加形容词再加名词的结构中,冠词a置于rather前后都可以,如a rather big dog和rather a big dog(一只相当大的狗)两种表达都可以;
  3. had rather属于习惯用语,表示“宁愿,宁可”,主语短语中必须用had,不可以改成have,且一般其后面接不含to的不定式。

    I had rather stay with John than with Charles.
    比起查尔斯我宁可和约翰呆一起。

  4. had/would rather后一般接不含that所引导的从句,且从句用虚拟语气。had/would rather后还可接than,再加不含to的不定式,还要注意would rather后只可接动词原形。

    I would/had rather you paid me now.
    我宁愿你现在付钱给我。

    I would rather stay here than go on holiday.
    我宁愿呆在这里,也不愿意去度假。

  5. prefer to...rather than...表示“比起……更喜欢……做某事”,注意结构中than后直接加动词原形,而不是不定式to do。

    I prefer to work rather than remian idle.
    比起无所事事,我更喜欢工作。

  6. fairly,quite,rather以及pretty的比较:四个词均属于程度副词。Fairly一般修饰形容词与副词,表示很一般的程度。 quite一般修饰动词和名词,表示的程度要比fairly深一点。 rather一般修饰动词(尤其时感观动词)和名词,表示的程度比quite要更强烈一点,意为“比预期的还要多一些”。 pretty是非正式用语,修饰形容词与副词,表示的程度与rather相当。

    “How was the film?”
    “Fairly good. Not the best one I’ve seen this year.”

    “How was the film?”
    “Quite good. You ought to go.”

    “How was the film?”
    “Rather good. I was surprised.”

    “How’s things?”
    “Pretty good. You OK?”

adv.(副词)
  1. rather是程度副词,用来修饰原级或比较级形容词和副词、动词、分词或单数名词,意思是“有些”“相当”“多少地”,常用于负面含意。rather可和too连用,作程度状语,但此时不可以修饰比较级。
  2. rather用以减弱而不是加强其后所跟的词或词组的作用,如拒绝别人请求帮助时,显得比较客气,又如为了谦虚,可用这词使自己在引人注目的场面表现得乐而不狂。
  3. rather一般放在不定冠词前面,名词前有形容词时,也可放在不定冠词后面。
  4. 在英国口语中, rather还可用作感叹词,用于回答问题,语气较强,须重读。例如:Is it worth reading too?—Rather!这值得读吗?——当然啦!

词义辨析

adv.(副词)
rather, fairly
这两个词的共同意思是“相当”。其区别在于:
1.fairly主要用来修饰含有“好”的意思的形容词或副词,如good, well, attractive等; 而rather主要用来修饰含有“不好”的意思的形容词或副词,如bad, foolish, ugly等。例如:
The red shirt fits you fairly well.这件红色衬衣挺适合你穿。
2.如果被修饰的形容词或副词是中性的,如fair, cold, hot等,用fairly表示“赞同,赞赏”; 而用rather则表示“反对,不喜欢”。试比较:
  • 今天天气相当冷。
  • It is fairly cold today.(表示满意)
  • It is rather cold today.(表示不满意)
3.不定冠词可以放在rather之前或之后,但只能放在fairly之前。例如:
He is rather a stupid man.他是个相当蠢的人。
It is a rather good film.这是部很好的电影。
She is a fairly clever girl.她是个很聪明的女孩。
4.rather可以用在alike, like, similar, different等词和形容词比较级前,意思是“有点”; 而fairly不能这样用。例如:
The two brothers are rather alike.这两兄弟长得有点像。
5.当rather用来修饰含有“好”的意思的形容词或副词时,意思接近very,在语气上比fairly强。
6.rather可以放在like, enjoy, love, respect等动词前,表示一种出乎意料的喜欢,或用来加强语气; 而fairly不能这样用。例如:
He rather liked walking in the rain.他竟喜欢走在雨中。
rather than, better than
rather than强调通过选择而喜欢某物或情愿采取某行动; better than强调比较,不强调主观愿望或选择。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:they would rather to die than to surrender.

    纠正:they would rather die than surrender.

    翻译:他们宁愿死也不愿投降。

    分析:had/would rather后可接than,再加不含to的不定式,但要注意would rather后只可接动词原形。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的hroar,意为更迅速的,更早的。

rather的相关资料:

正版词典

rather : 相当,颇, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • rather:rather adv. 宁愿, 宁可, 更正确, 更合适, 有点, 相当习惯用语the rather that [because] 何况, 正因为...所以更加; 尤其是would[had] rath…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词