only

  基本词汇  
['əʊnli]     ['oʊnli]    
  • adv.只有;仅仅;刚刚
  • adj.最好的;唯一的;出众的
  • conj.但是;除非;然而;毕竟
new

only是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 不料,反而,结果却
  2. 只,只有,仅仅
  3. 才,刚刚
  4. 只能
  5. 仅在…情况下
  6. 只不过
  7. 仅…而已
  8. 愈加
  9. 竟然
adj.(形容词)
  1. 最好的,独一无二的
  2. 唯一的
  3. 仅有的,区区
  4. 最适当的,最合适的
  5. 无可匹敌的
  6. 独生的
conj.(连词)
  1. 不过,但是,可是
  2. 要不是,除非,若非
  3. 除了...
n.(名词)
  1. 独生子女

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. [A]唯一的,仅有的 with no others in the same group or of the same type
  2. [A]最好的,独一无二的 the best
adv.(副词)
  1. 只有,才 nothing more than; with no one or nothing else added or included
conj.(连词)
  1. 〈非正〉 只是,但是 except that; but

行业释义

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only : 唯 ...
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英英释义

Adjective:
  1. being the only one; single and isolated from others;

    "the lone doctor in the entire county"
    "a lonesome pine"
    "an only child"
    "the sole heir"
    "the sole example"
    "a solitary instance of cowardice"
    "a solitary speck in the sky"

  2. exclusive of anyone or anything else;

    "she alone believed him"
    "cannot live by bread alone"
    "I'll have this car and this car only"

Adverb:
  1. and nothing more;

    "I was merely asking"
    "it is simply a matter of time"
    "just a scratch"
    "he was only a child"
    "hopes that last but a moment"

  2. without any others being included or involved;

    "was entirely to blame"
    "a school devoted entirely to the needs of problem children"
    "he works for Mr. Smith exclusively"
    "did it solely for money"
    "the burden of proof rests on the prosecution alone"
    "a privilege granted only to him"

  3. with nevertheless the final result;

    "He arrived only to find his wife dead"
    "We won only to lose again in the next round"

  4. in the final outcome;

    "These news will only make you more upset"

  5. except that;

    "It was the same story; only this time she came out better"

  6. never except when;

    "call me only if your cold gets worse"

  7. as recently as;

    "I spoke to him only an hour ago"

only的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. This colt is only two months old.
    这只小雄驹只有两个月大。
  2. He had only a few coppers with him.
    他身边只有几枚铜币。
  3. You're only a child in his eyes.
    在他眼里你仅仅是个孩子。
  4. This is only an exercise in composition.
    这仅仅是一篇习作。
  5. His hair became gray when he was only forty.
    他刚刚四十岁时,头发就变得灰白了。
  6. The news only reached me a moment ago.
    我刚刚得到这个消息。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. She says Italy is the only place to go for a holiday.
    她说意大利是度假的最隹去处。
  2. He is the only survivor of the plane crash.
    他是那次飞机失事唯一的幸存者。
  3. Aubert was not only an artist of versatility, but he was also an outstanding sculptor.
    欧贝赫是位才艺出众的全方位艺术家,更是一位杰出的雕刻家。
用作连词 (conj.)
  1. The book is likely to be useful, only it's rather expensive.
    这本书可能有用,只是相当贵。
  2. Only bad weather can defeat us now.
    除非天公不作美,不然我们赢定了。
  3. The merchandise is well made,only we can't use it.
    这种商品做工精致,然而我们不能用。
  4. I can't possibly do that;I'm only flesh and blood.
    我干不了那桩事,我毕竟是人嘛。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Practice is the only way to learn a language well.
    学好一门语言的唯一途径就是实践。
  2. The only French city she enjoyed was Paris.
    巴黎是她唯一喜欢的法国城市。
  3. They were the only two men at that time.
    当时就只有他们两人。
  4. She's the only woman for the job.
    她是最适合做这一工作的人。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. Only the lawyer can understand this agreement .
    只有那律师才懂得这份协议。
  2. “You pay her only 20 dollars per week.”“Yes, but she works only a few hours a week.”
    “你每星期才付给她20美元。”“是的,可她每星期只工作几小时。”
  3. They reached the company out of breath only to be told they were fired.
    他们上气不接下气地赶到公司,不料却被告知他们被开除了。
  4. I rushed to the door, only to discover that it was locked and barred.
    我冲到门边,却发现门已被锁死了。
  5. Sap passes right through the aphides' bodies, only getting a little thicker and sweeter.
    汁液直接流过蚜虫的身体,结果只是变得更稠、更甜。
  6. Only in this way can we wipe out the enemy troops.
    只有这样我们才能消灭敌军。
  7. If you give her money, she'll only waste it.
    如果你把这笔钱给她,她只会把它浪费掉。
  8. You'll only tell Father, won't you?
    你只会把这件事告诉爸爸,不是吗?
用作连词 (conj.)
  1. You may use these tools, only you must replace it after use.
    这些工具你可以使用,不过你用完之后得重新放好。
  2. We'll wait for you.Only hurry up!
    我们等你,可是你得快点。
  3. She would attend the party, only she has nothing to wear.
    她要去参加舞会,可是没什么衣服好穿的。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
If only
  1. (表示强烈的愿望) 但愿,真希望(expressing a strong wish)

    If only she could marry me! 她要是能嫁给我就好了。

only too
  1. 很,完全,非常very; completely

    It's only too true. 这完全是事实。

    It is only too true that she cannot be relied upon. 她不可靠竟是真的。

    Tom was only too pleased to come. 汤姆非常愿意来。

用作连词 (conj.)
only that
  1. 除了…,只是,要不是因为…except for; but for the fact that

    I should come, only that I'm ill. 要不是因为我病了,我就来了。

    He is a good student, only that he is a little lazy. 他是一个好学生,只是有点懒。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • I was a delicate boysmy parents' only.

    出自:J. Betjeman
  • The onliest thing to do is to get up and see.

    出自:T. Callender
  • The police novel..permits privacy only to explode and smash privacy.

    出自:G. K. Chesterton
  • If Violet had only kept her mouth shut I could have fixed it.

    出自:Scott Fitzgerald
  • Since he had only two suitcases, he carried them himself.

    出自:G. Vidal
  • He's not only got guts, but sensitivity as well.

    出自:J. Osborne
  • It seems like only yesterday you were down here.

    出自:J. Johnston
  • She had only maerird him for the hyphen in his name.

    出自:H. Secombe
  • Only a child would ask so many questions.

    出自:J. Simms
  • A cool room which got the morning sun only.

    出自:A. Brookner

only的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. only用作形容词表示“唯一的,仅有的”,可修饰单数名词,也可修饰复数名词。前面常加定冠词the或形容词性物主代词。
  2. 当only与另一个形容词或数词连用时, only要放在它们前面。
  3. only除用于表示“独生子女”外,一般不用在不定冠词an之后。
adv.(副词)
  1. only用作副词时,意思是“只,仅仅,才”。only还常用在名词短语之前,尤其是用在以数量词或数字起始的名词短语之前,起强调作用。
  2. only后可加动词不定式结构作结果状语,表示“不料,结果却”,多用于意外和不幸的场合。如果“only+动词不定式”的结构较长,可用逗号与前面的成分隔开。
  3. “only+ v -ing”结构也可用作结果状语,通常表示一个自然的或意料之中的结果,意为“结果(只)是”,其前一般用逗号与前面的成分隔开。
  4. only位于句首并修饰句子的状语时,后面的句子要倒装。
  5. only用于将来时常常预示着不好的或不如意的事情发生。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
only, single, sole
这三个词都有“唯一的”意思。其区别在于:
1.single的意思是“单一的,单个的”,指不伴随、不依傍、不参与其他事物。
2.only与单数可数名词连用时意思是“唯一的”,与复数名词连用时意思是“仅有的”。例如:
That is the only fault to be found with him.那是他身上挑得出来的唯一毛病。
We were the only women there.那儿的女生只有我们几个。
3.sole强调“单独的”,而且只考虑到单独的一个。例如:
The sole survivor of the crash was a little baby.这次撞车的唯一幸存者是一个婴儿。
He is the sales representative with sole responsibility for sales in the North East.他是负责东北地区销售业务的销售代表。
4.语义上, sole>single>only。
adv.(副词)
only, alone
这两个词意思相同,常常可以通用,例如:
He knew it was impossible to accomplish it by individual effort only〔alone〕.他知道只靠个人努力是不能完成那件工作的。
它们之间的区别是:
1.在句中的位置不同:alone通常要放在它所修饰的词语之后,而only却可置于其前。例如:
  • 只有他才能做这件事。
  • He alone can do it.
  • Only he can do it.
2.含义上也有区别:alone表示只此一个,别无其他,相当于exclusively; 而only则暗示所指的事物有所限制,相当于solely。例如:
  • Our farm alone sold 80,000 kilograms of wheat.
  • 单是我们农场就出售了八万公斤小麦。
  • Only our farm sold 80,000 kilograms of wheat.
  • 只有我们农场出售了八万公斤小麦。
  • 第一句暗指其他农场也出售了这么多甚至更多; 而第二句则暗指其他农场没有我们多。再如:
  • They alone sell cotton clothing.
  • 他们独家出售棉布服装。
  • They only sell cotton clothing.
  • 他们只售棉布服装。(不售丝绸)
下面三句的意思不同:
  • Only Mary liked Joe.
  • 只有玛丽喜欢乔。(别人不喜欢乔)
  • Mary only liked Joe.
  • 玛丽仅仅喜欢乔。(但不爱他)
  • Mary liked only Joe.
  • 玛丽只喜欢乔一个人。(不喜欢别人)
only single sole unique alone
这些形容词均可表示“唯一的”之意。
  • only:only普通用词,常可与sole换用,但侧重仅限于指定的人或物,而不需要更多。
  • single:single语气较强,强调仅此一个,再无第二个。
  • sole:sole语气强于only,指仅有一个或一群,只考虑这一个或这一群。
  • unique:unique非正式用词,侧重在一类中唯一无可匹敌、无与伦比的特征。
  • alone:alone着重专指某人或某物,而不是别的。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的anilc,意为仅有。

only的相关资料:

正版词典

only : 只,才,仅 ...
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