['əʊnli]     ['oʊnli]    
  • adv. 只有;仅仅;刚刚
  • adj. 最好的;唯一的;出众的
  • conj. 但是;除非;然而;毕竟



adv. (副词)
  1. 不料,反而,结果却
  2. 只,只有,仅仅
  3. 才,刚刚
  4. 只能
  5. 仅在…情况下
  6. 只不过
  7. 仅…而已
  8. 愈加
  9. 竟然
adj. (形容词)
  1. 最好的,独一无二的
  2. 唯一的
  3. 仅有的,区区
  4. 最适当的,最合适的
  5. 无可匹敌的
  6. 独生的
conj. (连词)
  1. 不过,但是,可是
  2. 要不是,除非,若非
  3. 除了...
n. (名词)
  1. 独生子女


adj. (形容词)
  1. [A]唯一的,仅有的 with no others in the same group or of the same type
  2. [A]最好的,独一无二的 the best
adv. (副词)
  1. 只有,才 nothing more than; with no one or nothing else added or included
conj. (连词)
  1. 〈非正〉 只是,但是 except that; but


  1. being the only one; single and isolated from others;

    "the lone doctor in the entire county"
    "a lonesome pine"
    "an only child"
    "the sole heir"
    "the sole example"
    "a solitary instance of cowardice"
    "a solitary speck in the sky"

  2. exclusive of anyone or anything else;

    "she alone believed him"
    "cannot live by bread alone"
    "I'll have this car and this car only"

  1. and nothing more;

    "I was merely asking"
    "it is simply a matter of time"
    "just a scratch"
    "he was only a child"
    "hopes that last but a moment"

  2. without any others being included or involved;

    "was entirely to blame"
    "a school devoted entirely to the needs of problem children"
    "he works for Mr. Smith exclusively"
    "did it solely for money"
    "the burden of proof rests on the prosecution alone"
    "a privilege granted only to him"

  3. with nevertheless the final result;

    "He arrived only to find his wife dead"
    "We won only to lose again in the next round"

  4. in the final outcome;

    "These news will only make you more upset"

  5. except that;

    "It was the same story; only this time she came out better"

  6. never except when;

    "call me only if your cold gets worse"

  7. as recently as;

    "I spoke to him only an hour ago"



用作副词 (adv.)
  1. This colt is only two months old.
  2. He had only a few coppers with him.
  3. You're only a child in his eyes.
  4. This is only an exercise in composition.
  5. His hair became gray when he was only forty.
  6. The news only reached me a moment ago.
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. She says Italy is the only place to go for a holiday.
  2. Our only resort is to inform the police.
  3. He is the only survivor of the plane crash.
  4. Aubert was not only an artist of versatility, but he was also an outstanding sculptor.
用作连词 (conj.)
  1. The book is likely to be useful, only it's rather expensive.
  2. Only bad weather can defeat us now.
  3. The merchandise is well made,only we can't use it.
  4. I can't possibly do that;I'm only flesh and blood.


用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Practice is the only way to learn a language well.
  2. The only French city she enjoyed was Paris.
  3. They were the only two men at that time.
  4. She's the only woman for the job.
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. Only the lawyer can understand this agreement .
  2. “You pay her only 20 dollars per week.”“Yes, but she works only a few hours a week.”
  3. They reached the company out of breath only to be told they were fired.
  4. I rushed to the door, only to discover that it was locked and barred.
  5. Sap passes right through the aphides' bodies, only getting a little thicker and sweeter.
  6. Only in this way can we wipe out the enemy troops.
  7. If you give her money, she'll only waste it.
  8. You'll only tell Father, won't you?
用作连词 (conj.)
  1. You may use these tools, only you must replace it after use.
  2. We'll wait for you.Only hurry up!
  3. She would attend the party, only she has nothing to wear.


用作副词 (adv.)
If only
    (表示强烈的愿望) 但愿,真希望(expressing a strong wish)
only too
    很,完全,非常very; completely
用作连词 (conj.)
only that
    除了…,只是,要不是因为…except for; but for the fact that



  • I was a delicate boysmy parents' only.

    出自: J. Betjeman
  • The onliest thing to do is to get up and see.

    出自: T. Callender
  • The police novel..permits privacy only to explode and smash privacy.

    出自: G. K. Chesterton
  • If Violet had only kept her mouth shut I could have fixed it.

    出自: Scott Fitzgerald
  • Since he had only two suitcases, he carried them himself.

    出自: G. Vidal
  • He's not only got guts, but sensitivity as well.

    出自: J. Osborne
  • It seems like only yesterday you were down here.

    出自: J. Johnston
  • She had only married him for the hyphen in his name.

    出自: H. Secombe
  • Only a child would ask so many questions.

    出自: J. Simms
  • A cool room which got the morning sun only.

    出自: A. Brookner



adj. (形容词)
  1. only用作形容词表示“唯一的,仅有的”,可修饰单数名词,也可修饰复数名词。前面常加定冠词the或形容词性物主代词。
  2. only与另一个形容词或数词连用时, only要放在它们前面。
  3. only除用于表示“独生子女”外,一般不用在不定冠词an之后。
adv. (副词)
  1. only用作副词时,意思是“只,仅仅,才”。only还常用在名词短语之前,尤其是用在以数量词或数字起始的名词短语之前,起强调作用。
  2. only后可加动词不定式结构作结果状语,表示“不料,结果却”,多用于意外和不幸的场合。如果“only+动词不定式”的结构较长,可用逗号与前面的成分隔开。
  3. only+ v -ing”结构也可用作结果状语,通常表示一个自然的或意料之中的结果,意为“结果(只)是”,其前一般用逗号与前面的成分隔开。
  4. only位于句首并修饰句子的状语时,后面的句子要倒装。
  5. only用于将来时常常预示着不好的或不如意的事情发生。


adj. (形容词)
only, single, sole
  • 这三个词都有“唯一的”意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.single的意思是“单一的,单个的”,指不伴随、不依傍、不参与其他事物。
  • 2.only与单数可数名词连用时意思是“唯一的”,与复数名词连用时意思是“仅有的”。例如:
  • That is the only fault to be found with him.那是他身上挑得出来的唯一毛病。
  • We were the only women there.那儿的女生只有我们几个。
  • 3.sole强调“单独的”,而且只考虑到单独的一个。例如:
  • The sole survivor of the crash was a little baby.这次撞车的唯一幸存者是一个婴儿。
  • He is the sales representative with sole responsibility for sales in the North East.他是负责东北地区销售业务的销售代表。
  • 4.语义上, sole>single>only。
  • adv. (副词)
    only, alone
  • 这两个词意思相同,常常可以通用,例如:
  • He knew it was impossible to accomplish it by individual effort only〔alone〕.他知道只靠个人努力是不能完成那件工作的。
  • 它们之间的区别是:
  • 1.在句中的位置不同:alone通常要放在它所修饰的词语之后,而only却可置于其前。例如:
  • 只有他才能做这件事。
  • He alone can do it.
  • Only he can do it.
  • 2.含义上也有区别:alone表示只此一个,别无其他,相当于exclusively; 而only则暗示所指的事物有所限制,相当于solely。例如:
  • Our farm alone sold 80,000 kilograms of wheat.
  • 单是我们农场就出售了八万公斤小麦。
  • Only our farm sold 80,000 kilograms of wheat.
  • 只有我们农场出售了八万公斤小麦。
  • 第一句暗指其他农场也出售了这么多甚至更多; 而第二句则暗指其他农场没有我们多。再如:
  • They alone sell cotton clothing.
  • 他们独家出售棉布服装。
  • They only sell cotton clothing.
  • 他们只售棉布服装。(不售丝绸)
  • 下面三句的意思不同:
  • Only Mary liked Joe.
  • 只有玛丽喜欢乔。(别人不喜欢乔)
  • Mary only liked Joe.
  • 玛丽仅仅喜欢乔。(但不爱他)
  • Mary liked only Joe.
  • 玛丽只喜欢乔一个人。(不喜欢别人)
  • only,single,sole,unique,alone
  • 这些形容词均可表示“唯一的”之意。
  • only普通用词,常可与sole换用,但侧重仅限于指定的人或物,而不需要更多。
  • single语气较强,强调仅此一个,再无第二个。
  • sole语气强于only,指仅有一个或一群,只考虑这一个或这一群。
  • unique非正式用词,侧重在一类中唯一无可匹敌、无与伦比的特征。
  • alone着重专指某人或某物,而不是别的。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的anlic,意为仅有。
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