- 几乎,差不多 nearly; not quite
- 实际〔质〕上; 简直 virtually; practically
- (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; all but;
"the job is (just) about done"
"the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"
"we're almost finished"
"the car all but ran her down"
"he nearly fainted"
"talked for nigh onto 2 hours"
"the recording is well-nigh perfect"
"virtually all the parties signed the contract"
"I was near exhausted by the run"
"most everyone agrees"
- He slipped and almost fell.
- She was almost mad with grief when her son died.
- This event was almost simultaneous with that one.
- The bridge is almost 2 kilometres long.
- The girl was annoyed by his almost impudence.
In his blind haste he almost ran into the river.
I almost dropped the bulb.
The dry undergrowth was almost set alight by the hot sun.
I almost thought you meant it.
I almost thought that you were wrong.
He almost drowned.
We were late, and almost missed the train.
She has a bad cold, she's almost lost her voice.
She almost fell off her horse.
She almost burst into tears every time she saw a sad film.
I almost had an accident yesterday.
Fire almost destroyed the whole town.
So extreme was the tension, she had almost forgotten to breathe.
My high school English teacher was close to me.She was almost my best friend.
They were almost all shock workers.
In the hall it was almost dark.
The little room was almost bare of furniture.
He was almost dead.
She is almost well.
The bottle is almost empty.
At this time of morning, the street was almost empty.
He has played all the way in the football game and it's almost over.
He was very short-sighted, almost helpless without his glasses.
Nowadays the belief in magic is almost extinct.
Our work is almost completed.
The pain is almost more than she can bear.
The place changed a great deal and was almost unrecognizable.
It's almost certain to succeed.
Chemically, it is almost identical to limestone.
My studies were devoted almost entirely to contemporary literature.
A baby is almost completely helpless.
The seeds that had been sown were almost completely washed away by a sudden downpour.
It's a mistake they almost always make.
He is almost always busy.
It almost always rains a great deal in June.6
When death has once entered a house, it almost always returns there directly, as if it knew the door.
There is very little humour in his make-up, a trait that comes through in his almost always serious speeches.
It's almost time to go.
Hurry up, it's almost time for the train to leave.
Almost everybody spoke.
That book is in print, you can get a copy at almost any bookstore.
The band has been on the road for almost a month.
When the meeting finished at 3:00, we had still almost an hour at hand before our train left.
She is almost seven feet tall.
It's almost ten miles from here to the civic center.
The sea covers almost three-fourths of the earth's surface.
It is almost six o'clock.
He spent almost one thousand dollars a month.
A few years ago this city had almost no chemical industry.
There was almost no snow that winter.
We got almost no help from him.
Mary has made almost no mistakes.
There is almost no getting on with my work.
Almost nobody was present.
Almost no one believed him.
Almost no one took any rest.
She said almost nothing.
The company paid almost nothing for her loss.
There was almost nothing to eat.
He heard almost nothing about it.
There is almost nothing worth reading except Lu Hsun's works.
The speaker said almost nothing worth listening to.
We have almost nothing to do now.
They had almost nowhere to go.
It's almost impossible to climb up the cliff.
The suitcase was almost too heavy to lift.
The scratch was almost too minute to see.
I almost didn't go.
This is almost, but not quite, correct.
The electronic keyboard sounds almost like a piano.
“Have you finished?”“Almost.”
He is almost as tall as I am.
The old man stood on a pile of bricks almost as high as a house.
They are of different nationalities, with almost as many languages as there are students.
Thies giuers were almost Northmen.出自：R. Ascham
- almost no，almost nothing和almost never都指“几乎没有”，属美国英语，而英国人更习惯说scarcely/hardly any，scarcely/hardly anything和scarcely/hardly ever。不过两国人都不说almost not，因almost不可被not修饰，可以说nearly not；
It's nearly ten o'clock. (= perhaps 9.45)
It's almost ten o'clock. (= perhaps 9.57)
Jake is almost like a father to me.
- almost可用于修饰动词、形容词、副词、名词、代词、数词或介词等,有时还可用来代替全句。almost不能与not连用,但可与no, none, nobody, nothing, never等否定词连用,表示“几乎,差不多”。
- 为了避免意义含混不清或者不合逻辑, almost常常紧接在它所修饰词之前。修饰动词时一般置于主要动词之前,但要放在系动词、助动词和情态动词之后。almost不能置于句末。
He almost wept every time he was scolded.每次受责骂时,他几乎都要哭。(实际上他没有哭过)He wept almost every time he was scolded.差不多每次受责骂时,他都要哭。
- almost偶尔也可用作形容词,意为“几乎可算是…的”,在句中用作定语。例如：Cage is my almost sister.凯奇与我情同手足。Her almost smile disappeared.她脸上那一丝勉强的微笑消失了。
注意almost的翻译：如果英语动词(肯定式)所表达的内容是不希望发生的事,译为汉语时用肯定式和否定式均可,意思相同。例如He was almost drowned.可译为“他差一点没淹死。”也可译为“他差一点就淹死了。”但如果英语动词所表达的内容是希望发生的事,则英语用肯定式,汉语也译为肯定式,但事实却是否定的; 反之英语用否定式,汉语也译为否定式,但事实却是肯定的。例如：
I almost met him.我差点见到他。(其实没见到)I almost didn't meet him.我差点没见到他。(其实见到了)
- 一般说almost不和not连用,指的是不可说not almost,但almost not还是可以出现在否定句中的,如3.中的例句。
- almost, nearly
这两个词的共同意思是“几乎,差不多”。下列情况下常可互换：1.在一般肯定结构中。例如：There are almost〔nearly〕 enough people here to do the job.做这项工作,这些人手差不多够了。2.在表达时间时。例如：Well, it happened almost〔nearly〕 ten years ago.这差不多是十年以前的事了。3.在all, always, every等词前。例如：Almost〔nearly〕 every student spoke.几乎每个学生都发了言。He almost〔nearly〕 arrived late.他几乎总是迟到。其区别是：1.从含义上说, almost强调“十分接近”,而nearly强调“尚有不足”,所以在表示“想要做而没做成”“很可能发生但还未发生”时,要用nearly; 而表示“简直”“像”等意思时,要用almost。例如：I nearly committed a great error.我几乎犯了大错。Please wait a minute.I'm almost out of breath.请等一下,我简直喘不过气来了。It was almost like a dream.这简直就像一场梦。试比较以下两句：
- I nearly fell off my bike.
- I almost fell off my bike.
- He almost dreaded a visit to the doctor.他几乎害怕去看病。
- She almost wanted to leave here.她几乎想离开这里。
- We're nearly there.
- We're almost there.
- I'm nearly as clever as you.
- I'm almost as clever as you.
- It is nearly time for class.
- It is almost time for class.
- ［误］ Our cat understands everything— she's almost human.
- ［正］ Our cat understands everything— she's nearly human.
4.从语气上说, almost只是一般陈述; 而nearly则具有较明显的惊讶、抱怨等感情色彩。试比较以下两个句子：
- ［误］ My aunt almost sounds foreign.
- ［正］ My aunt nearly sounds foreign.
- It cost me almost a hundred yuan .
- It cost me nearly a hundred yuan .
5.与no, none, nothing等连用,只能用almost而不能用nearly; 反之,与not, never连用,只能用nearly而不能用almost(但美式英语可说almost never)。例如：There are not nearly enough people here to do the job.干这活儿,这些人手还远不够。We almost never traverse tortuous paths.(AmE)我们难得走弯路。6.在more than, too前用almost,不用nearly。例如：That's almost too much!那简直太过分了!This is almost more than we feared.这简直远远超过我们所害怕的情况。7.nearly可加very, pretty等修饰,而almost不可。
- It's almost 40 minutes' walk to the park.
- It's nearly 40 minutes' walk to the park.
- almost nearly about approximately around roughly
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的eallmst，意为部大分。
- almost:almost adv. 几乎, 差不多习惯用语almost never 几乎从来不almost nothing 几乎没有'A-'was never hanged (=A-never killed a…