nearly

  核心词汇  
['nɪəli]     ['nɪrli]    
  • adv.几乎;差不多;密切地
new

nearly是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 几乎,差不多,大约
  2. 将近,接近,近似
  3. 密切地,亲密地
  4. 节俭地,吝啬地
  5. 快,快要

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 几乎,差不多 almost; not quite or not yet completely

英英释义

Adverb:
  1. (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; all but;

    "the job is (just) about done"
    "the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"
    "we're almost finished"
    "the car all but ran her down"
    "he nearly fainted"
    "talked for nigh onto 2 hours"
    "the recording is well-nigh perfect"
    "virtually all the parties signed the contract"
    "I was near exhausted by the run"
    "most everyone agrees"

  2. in a close manner;

    "the two phenomena are intimately connected"
    "the person most nearly concerned"

nearly的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. Nearly all of them kept aloof from such doctrines.
    他们几乎都不接受这种教条。
  2. That fever nearly finished him off.
    那场热病几乎送了他的命。
  3. He plays golf nearly every weekend.
    他差不多每个周末都打高尔夫球。
  4. They sat so close that their heads nearly touched.
    他们坐得那么近,头都差不多碰到一起了。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. He can nearly swim.
    他差不多会游泳了。
  2. I was nearly killed in the accident.
    我在这场事故中险些丧命。
  3. The wind was so strong that people were nearly blown away as they waited for buses.
    风刮得很厉害,等候公共汽车的人们几乎要被风吹走。
  4. Joe had a close call when his motorbike nearly collided with a lorry.
    乔的摩托车差点同卡车相撞,他侥幸地躲过了。
  5. I was nearly drowned last night, but was fortunate enough to be saved.
    我昨天夜里差一点淹死,真走运,有人把我救了。
  6. He was nearly driven mad by his troubles.
    他差一点被烦恼事逼疯了。
  7. Suddenly the car in front of us drew out and nearly caused an accident.
    我们前面的小汽车突然横穿了出来,险些造成车祸。
  8. The car is pretty nearly new.
    这部汽车几乎是全新的。
  9. Strange thoughts float through my mind when I am nearly asleep.
    我快睡着时产生一种奇怪的念头。
  10. Cars, trucks and buses produce exhaust nearly as harmful as the factories.
    汽车、卡车和公共汽车排出的废气和工厂的废气差不多同样有害。
  11. The patient, who had been asleep for nearly three hours, began to move his body.
    病人睡了将近3小时,才开始动一动身体。
  12. Now that they've decided to build a shopping centre, nearly a hundred local people are going to be booked out of their homes.
    既然他们现在已经决定要建立一个购物中心,那么将近100名当地的居民就要被赶出自己的家园。
  13. After nearly one year, the bike he lost was returned to him.
    差不多过了一年,他丢失的那辆自行车又回到他手里了。
  14. You're nearly twenty, yet you keep saying silly things like that.
    你已经快20岁了,还老是说出那样傻乎乎的话来。
  15. She was quite surprised when she was told that she owed them nearly twenty pounds.
    当通知她欠了他们近20英镑时,她感到十分诧异。
  16. Time is nearly up.
    时间差不多到了。
  17. She stood nearly outside the door.
    她几乎站在了门外。
  18. We'd better stop at the garage to fill up, we're nearly out of petrol.
    汽油快用光了,我们最好在汽车修理厂停车加油。
  19. Nearly all of the people believed him because he was a very good man.
    因为他是个很好的人,几乎所有的人都相信他。
  20. Nearly every building was damaged in the earthquake.
    在那次地震中几乎每座建筑物都遭到了破坏。
  21. I used to go out nearly every night but I decided to cut it out because I couldn't really afford it.
    我以前几乎每晚外出,但现在已不是这样,因为我实在抽不出时间。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
not nearly
  1. 远非,完全不 far from; much less than

    There isn't nearly enough time to learn all these words. 要把这些新词都学会了,时间远远不够。

    I have 20 pounds, but that will not be nearly enough for my journey. 我有20英镑,可是作我的旅费还差得很远。

    You will find him quite reasonable. He is not nearly so black as he is painted. 你会发觉他是非常通情达理的,他绝不像别人所说的那样坏。

词汇搭配

用作副词 (adv.)
动词+~ ~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • His liveries, his cognizance, his feats of arms..were nearly watched.

    出自:Sir W. Scott

nearly的详细讲解:

词语用法

adv.(副词)
  1. nearly的基本意思是“几乎,差不多”,强调“尚有不足”,表示事情“想要做而没做成”“很可能发生但还未发生”的程度,可修饰名词、动词、形容词、副词和介词。
  2. nearly可用在all, every之类的词之前。
  3. nearly无比较级和最高级形式。
  4. not nearly的意思是“远非”,不可误解为“几乎不”。
  5. nearly一般要放在它所修饰的那个词或词组尽可能靠近的地方,否则,有可能会影响全句的意思。试比较:

    We nearly lost fifty cattle in the flood.我们在洪水中差点损失了50头牲口。(事实上并没有损失)We lost nearly fifty cattle in the flood.我们在洪水中损失了几乎50头牲口。(损失了不到50头牲口)

  6. nearly偶尔还可作“密切地,亲密地”解。例如:They are nearly related.他们是至亲。The matter concerns him nearly.这事与他密切相关。

词义辨析

adv.(副词)
nearly, almost
这两个词的共同意思是“几乎,差不多”。下列情况下常可互换:
1.在一般肯定结构中。例如:
There are almost〔nearly〕 enough people here to do the job.做这项工作,这些人手差不多够了。
2.在表达时间时。例如:
Well, it happened almost〔nearly〕 ten years ago.这差不多是十年以前的事了。
3.在all, always, every等词前。例如:
Almost〔nearly〕 every student spoke.几乎每个学生都发了言。
He almost〔nearly〕 arrived late.他几乎总是迟到。
其区别是:
1.从含义上说, almost强调“十分接近”,而nearly强调“尚有不足”,所以在表示“想要做而没做成”“很可能发生但还未发生”时,要用nearly; 而表示“简直”“像”等意思时,要用almost。例如:
I nearly committed a great error.我几乎犯了大错。
Please wait a minute.I'm almost out of breath.请等一下,我简直喘不过气来了。
It was almost like a dream.这简直就像一场梦。
试比较以下两句:
  • I nearly fell off my bike.
  • 我差一点没从自行车上掉下来。
  • I almost fell off my bike.
  • 我几乎从自行车上掉下来。
  • 另外,修饰表示思想感情的动词时,只能用almost。例如:
  • He almost dreaded a visit to the doctor.他几乎害怕去看病。
  • She almost wanted to leave here.她几乎想离开这里。
2.从程度上说, almost比nearly更接近。例如:
  • We're nearly there.
  • 我们快到了。
  • We're almost there.
  • 我们马上就要到了。
  • I'm nearly as clever as you.
  • 我快赶上你那么聪明了。
  • I'm almost as clever as you.
  • 我差不多和你一样聪明了。
  • It is nearly time for class.
  • 快到上课的时间了。
  • (如8点上课,现在是7:50)
  • It is almost time for class.
  • 差不多是上课的时间了。
  • (如8点上课,现在是7:58)
3.从使用场合上说,在有趋势向某个目标发展的情况下,两者可互换。而在没有这种趋势或根本不可能达到的场合下,则只能用nearly而不能用almost。例如:
  • 我们这只猫什么都懂,快赶上人了。
  • [误] Our cat understands everything— she's almost human.
  • [正] Our cat understands everything— she's nearly human.
  • 我姑姑说话简直像个外国人。
  • [误] My aunt almost sounds foreign.
  • [正] My aunt nearly sounds foreign.
4.从语气上说, almost只是一般陈述; 而nearly则具有较明显的惊讶、抱怨等感情色彩。试比较以下两个句子:
  • 差不多花了我一百元钱。
  • It cost me almost a hundred yuan .
  • (说说而已)
  • It cost me nearly a hundred yuan .
  • (太贵了)
  • It's almost 40 minutes' walk to the park.
  • 走到公园差不多要40分钟。(陈述事实)
  • It's nearly 40 minutes' walk to the park.
  • 走到公园差不多要40分钟哩!(太远了)
5.与no, none, nothing等连用,只能用almost而不能用nearly; 反之,与not, never连用,只能用nearly而不能用almost(但美式英语可说almost never)。例如:
There are not nearly enough people here to do the job.干这活儿,这些人手还远不够。
We almost never traverse tortuous paths.(AmE)我们难得走弯路。
6.在more than, too前用almost,不用nearly。例如:
That's almost too much!那简直太过分了!
This is almost more than we feared.这简直远远超过我们所害怕的情况。
7.nearly可加very, pretty等修饰,而almost不可。
almost nearly about approximately around roughly
这些副词均有“大约,差不多”之意。
  • almost:almost指在程度上相差很小,差不多。
  • nearly:nearly与almost含义基本相同,侧重指数量、时间或空间上的接近。
  • about:about常可分almost和nearly换用,但about用于表示时间、数量的“大约”时,实际数量可能多也可能少。
  • approximately:approximately多用于书面语,指精确度接近某个标准以致误差可忽略不计。
  • around:around多用于非正式场合,常见于美国英语。
  • roughly:roughly指按粗略估计,常代替about。

常见错误

adv.(副词)
  1. 我简直从来没见过她。

    I nearly never see her.

    I almost never see her.

    nearly不能和never, no, none, nothing, nobody, nowhere, no one连用; 但almost却可以和这些词连用。

nearly的相关资料:

正版词典

nearly : 将近,几乎 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • nearly:nearly adv. 几乎, 密切地习惯用语not nearly 绝不, 相差甚远, 远非pretty nearly 几乎, 差不多…

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