major

  基本词汇  
['meɪdʒə(r)]     ['meɪdʒər]    
  • adj.较多的;主要的;严重的;(音乐)大调的
  • n.成年人;主修(科目);陆军少校;举足轻重者
  • v.主修
majored majored majoring majors
new

major是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 较多的,较大的,较优的
  2. 主要的,重要的,重大的
  3. 成年的,年长的
  4. 较大范围的
  5. 一流的
  6. 主修的
  7. 【逻】大前提的
  8. 【音】大调的,大音阶的
  9. 疾病严重的;有生命危险的;有风险的
n.(名词)
  1. 成年人,已到法定年龄者
  2. 少校,陆军少校
  3. 主要公司
  4. 主修学生,专科生
  5. 【逻】大前提,大名词
  6. 【音】大调,大音阶,大音程
  7. 专修科目,主修科目
  8. 重要人物,地位优越者
v.(动词)
  1. <美>主修,专攻,专门研究

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. [A]较大的,主要的 greater when compared with others in size, number, importance, or seriousness
n.(名词)
  1. [C]少校 an officer of middle rank in the British or US army or marines orthe US airforce
  2. [C]专业; 主修科目 a chief or special subject at a university
v.(动词)
  1. vi. 主修,专攻 study as the chief subjects when doing a university degree

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
major : 主要的, 主 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
major : 较重要的, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
major : 较重要的, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
major : 主 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
major : 大调 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a commissioned military officer in the United States Army or Air Force or Marines; below lieutenant colonel and above captain

  2. British statesman who was prime minister from 1990 until 1997 (born in 1943)

  3. a university student who is studying a particular field as the principal subject;

    "she is a linguistics major"

  4. the principal field of study of a student at a university;

    "her major is linguistics"

Adjective:
  1. of greater importance or stature or rank;

    "a major artist"
    "a major role"
    "major highways"

  2. greater in scope or effect;

    "a major contribution"
    "a major improvement"
    "a major break with tradition"
    "a major misunderstanding"

  3. greater in number or size or amount;

    "a major portion (a majority) of the population"
    "Ursa Major"
    "a major portion of the winnings"

  4. of the field of academic study in which one concentrates or specializes;

    "his major field was mathematics"

  5. of a scale or mode;

    "major scales"
    "the key of D major"

  6. of greater seriousness or danger;

    "a major earthquake"
    "a major hurricane"
    "a major illness"

  7. of full legal age

  8. of the elder of two boys with the same family name;

    "Jones major"

Verb:
  1. have as one's principal field of study;

    "She is majoring in linguistics"

major的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The city holds the major portion of the population in the country.
    那个城市聚集了全国大部分人口。
  2. Popular education is one of our major objectives.
    民众教育是我们的主要目标之一。
  3. This quartet represents a major new trend in modern music.
    这首四重奏的曲子反映了现代音乐中一种主要的新趋向。
  4. We have encountered major problems.
    我们已遇到重大的问题。
  5. The safe disposal of nuclear waste is a major problem.
    安全处置核废料是个大问题。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Majors should take more responsibilities and be more intelligent in handling personal relations.
    成年人要承担更多的责任,在处理人际关系中也要变得更急灵活。
  2. Captain is an inferior rank to major.
    上尉是低于少校的一个官阶
  3. An oil-producing country is considered as one of the majors.
    产油国被认为是世界上的重要国家之一。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. She majored in maths and physics at university.
    她在大学期间主修数学和物理。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. There are major and minor principles in everything, and the minor principles are all subordinate to the major.
    事情有大道理,有小道理,一切小道理都归大道理管着。
  2. Seek common ground on major questions while reserving differences on minor ones.
    求大同存小异。
  3. The major part of the town was ruined by the earthquake.
    这城镇的大部分已被这次地震造成一片废墟。
  4. The output of 13 major products has increased by a wide margin.
    十三项主要产品的产量都有大幅度增长。
  5. The two major dancers are level with each other.
    两个主要舞蹈演员长得一般高。
  6. Scientists think they have broken through in their attempt to find the causes of many major diseases.
    科学家们认为,他们在探索主要病症的病因方面有了新的进展。
  7. They suffered some major setbacks during the fighting.
    在这次战斗中,他们遭到了严重挫折。
  8. The car needs major repairs.
    这辆汽车需要大修。
  9. The year went out with the news of a major earthquake in Peru.
    那年年终,传来了秘鲁发生大地震的消息。
  10. Lack of experience does not constitute a major hindrance to progress.
    经验缺乏并不是进步的主要障碍。
  11. They were understood to have reviewed all major foreign policy issues.
    据了解,他们讨论了所有重大的外交政策问题。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. A major precedes a captain in rank.
    少校军阶高于上尉。
  2. The two majors were degraded for disobeying orders.
    这两个少校因不服从命令而被降级。
  3. The major has to answer for the discipline of his company.
    少校应对其连队的纪律负责。
  4. She was lifted from a captain to the rank of major.
    她从上尉提升为少校。
  5. The Major of Gary demanded obedience from his men.
    加里少校要求士兵服从他的指挥。
  6. The sergeant major inspects the barracks every day.
    军士长每天视察营房。
  7. He called himself a major.
    他自称是少校。
  8. Major, order the men to blaze away.
    少校,命令士兵连续射击。
  9. Mathematics is my major.
    我的专业是数学。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
major in (v.+prep.)
  1. 主修,专攻 specialize in a certain subject. major in sth

    She majored in maths and physics at university.她在大学里主修数学和物理。

    Are you majoring in English Literature?你是在专修英国文学吗?

    He majored in International Politics at Harvard University.他在哈佛大学主修国际政治。

    In college I majored in natural science. What was your major?上大学时我主修自然科学,你当时学什么专业?

    Brian majored in economics.布莱恩主修经济学。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~

经典引文

  • He kept us in his charge for the major part of the day.

    出自:R. K. Narayan
  • It's been a day of major catastrophes.

    出自:C. Hampton
  • It's a very young cast, with only two really major adult parts.

    出自:B. Reid

major的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. major表示“主要的”时,常指比一般的重要性再多一点点,或是有可能会产生不寻常的严重结果,如major railway accident(严重的铁路事故);
  2. 在美式英语中,major可指“在大学里所选的主科”。 也可指“选某科为主科的学生”。

    International Business is my major.
    国际贸易时我的主修课。

    I am a English major.
    我是以英语为主科的学生。

  3. major作不及物动词时,与介词in连用,表示“把……选读作主科”。

    He majored in mathematics.
    他把数学宣读作主科。

adj.(形容词)
  1. major的基本意思是“较大的,主要的”,指与其他事物相比,在大小、数量、范围、程度、重要性等方面较大。
  2. major在句中只用于名词前作定语。
  3. major没有比较级和最高级形式。
n.(名词)
  1. major的意思是“少校”,多指陆军、海军、空军中军衔低于中校高于上尉的官职,是可数名词。可用作称呼语。
  2. major的另一个意思是“专业”,指高等学校的一个系里根据科学分工或生产部门的分工把学业分成的门类,是可数名词。
v.(动词)
  1. major用作动词时意思是“主修,专攻”,主要用在美式英语中,多与介词in连用,罕用于被动结构。

词义辨析

chief principal main major leading capital foremost primary
这些形容词均含有“首要的,主要的”之意。
  • chief:chief指人时,表同类中职位最高,权力最大;指物时,表同类中最重要,价值最高。
  • principal:principal用于人时,指地位优于其他人;用于物时,指该物在大小、重要性等方面优于他物。
  • main:main通常只用于物。指在一定范围内,某物的重要性、体积或力量等超过其它物。
  • major:major指同其他人或其它物、问题等相比较,显得更加重要和突出。
  • leading:leading侧重指具有影响力或凝聚力。从而有主导和引导的作用。
  • capital:capital着重指因重要性、意义、优越或重大而名列同类之首。
  • foremost:foremost侧重指在行进或发展过程中居首位。
  • primary:primary通常不用于人。用于物时,指在重要性方面占第一位。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 她比我大。

    She is major than I am.

    She is older than I am.

    major不能与than同用。

v.(动词)
  1. 我主修英语,辅修法语。

    I majored English with a minor in French.

    I majored in English minor in French.

    major是不及物动词,作“主修”解时,其后多接介词in。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1400年左右进入英语,直接源自拉丁的语major,意为巨大的。

major的相关资料:

正版词典

major : 少校 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
major : 校级副官, ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
major : 较大的,较 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】
  • adj.(形容词) minor 

互动百科

  • major:简介 签约主流唱片公司,通过制造商通用的媒体流程在全国唱片店发行CD。 特点 相比INDIES时期,有了更多的人力,物力和预算,而与报纸,杂志和各大电台的关系渠道也更为宽广了。所以MAJOR后的音乐…

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