just

  基本词汇  
[dʒʌst]     [dʒʌst]    
  • adv.刚才;仅仅;正好;正是;简直
  • adj.公平的;公正的;适当的;精确的
justly justness
new

just是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 刚才,方才,刚刚
  2. 仅仅,只是
  3. 正好,恰好,正要
  4. 非常
  5. 此时,那时,眼下
  6. 只不过
  7. 勉强地,差一点就
  8. <口>实在,绝对
adj.(形容词)
  1. 合理的,有充分根据的
  2. 正义的,正直的,公正的
  3. 恰当的,适当的,合适的
  4. 公平的,公道的
  5. 应得的
  6. 正确的,精确的
  7. 正当的
  8. 合法的
n.(名词)
  1. 贾斯特(音译名)

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 正好,恰好 exactly
  2. 只是,仅仅 only; no more than
  3. 刚才,方才 only a short time ago; only now and not sooner
  4. 勉强地 almost not; hardly
adj.(形容词)
  1. 公道的; 公正的; 公平的 acting or being in accordance with what is morally right and proper; fair
  2. 合理的,有充分根据的 reasonable; well-founded

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
just : 公正的, 公 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
just : 公正的, 正 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. used especially of what is legally or ethically right or proper or fitting;

    "a just and lasting peace"
    "a kind and just man"
    "a just reward"
    "his just inheritance"

  2. fair to all parties as dictated by reason and conscience;

    "equitable treatment of all citizens"
    "an equitable distribution of gifts among the children"

  3. free from favoritism or self-interest or bias or deception; conforming with established standards or rules;

    "a fair referee"
    "fair deal"
    "on a fair footing"
    "a fair fight"
    "by fair means or foul"

  4. of moral excellence;

    "a genuinely good person"
    "a just cause"
    "an upright and respectable man"

Adverb:
  1. and nothing more;

    "I was merely asking"
    "it is simply a matter of time"
    "just a scratch"
    "he was only a child"
    "hopes that last but a moment"

  2. indicating exactness or preciseness;

    "he was doing precisely (or exactly) what she had told him to do"
    "it was just as he said--the jewel was gone"
    "it has just enough salt"

  3. only a moment ago;

    "he has just arrived"
    "the sun just now came out"

  4. absolutely;

    "I just can't take it anymore"
    "he was just grand as Romeo"
    "it's simply beautiful!"

  5. only a very short time before;

    "they could barely hear the speaker"
    "we hardly knew them"
    "just missed being hit"
    "had scarcely rung the bell when the door flew open"
    "would have scarce arrived before she would have found some excuse to leave"

  6. exactly at this moment or the moment described;

    "we've just finished painting the walls, so don't touch them"

just的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. I am just teasing you; you need not be nervous.
    我仅仅是在跟你闹着玩,你不要紧张。
  2. I'm sorry, but I am just on my way out.
    很抱歉,我正好要出门。
  3. To our great joy, your goods arrived just in time.
    令我们欣喜若狂的是,你的物资来的正是时候。
  4. I am just starving.
    我真的要饿死了。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Our aim is a just and lasting peace.
    我们的目标是维持一个公平而持久和平的世界。
  2. Many Americans no longer viewed it as a just war.
    许多美国人不再认为那是一场正义的战争。
  3. You have received a just reward.
    你已得到了应有的报酬。
  4. We made a just assessment of the situation.
    我们对形势作了精确的评估。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. I have just had a tooth pulled out and my mouth is very sore.
    我刚拔了牙,嘴很疼。
  2. We've just arrived here, can you arrange for a car for us?
    我们新来乍到,你能给我们安排一辆车吗?
  3. I have just been appointed our firm's representative in Paris.
    我刚被委任为我们公司驻巴黎的代表。
  4. What he has just said does not accord with the views of the majority.
    他刚才所说的话与大多数人所持的观点不一致。
  5. He determined, come what may, to return the visit he had just received.
    他决定走了,不管怎样,一定要对刚才对他的拜访作一次回访。
  6. He's just coming.
    他马上就来。
  7. We're just going to start.
    我们很快就开始。
  8. I am just out of hospital.
    我刚刚出院。
  9. I am only just home from Oxford University.
    我刚从牛津大学回来。
  10. We just need a tent supported on a rigid framework.
    我们正需要一座用坚硬的架子支撑的帐篷。
  11. I was just passing, so I thought I'd blow in for a few minutes.
    我正好路过那儿,我想我应该进去看看。
  12. I was just going out when a call came through on the phone from Tom.
    我正要出去时,汤姆打电话来了。
  13. The two things are so opposed that they just cancel each other out.
    这两件事如此截然相反,以致起了相互抵消的作用。
  14. It is just 12 o'clock in the evening.
    现在正好是半夜12点。
  15. The rope is just long enough.
    绳子长度正够。
  16. That is just what he expected.
    那正好是他所期望的事。
  17. It's just an old rag I had in the closet.
    这只不过是我挂在壁橱里的一件旧衣服罢了。
  18. This is not the original picture, but just a copy of it.
    这不是那幅画的原作,只不过是幅复制品。
  19. You have to assimilate the facts, not just remember them.
    你要完全了解这些事实,不只是记得这些事实。
  20. Employing just one woman among fifty men is only taken recognition of equal rights for the sexes.50
    个男工中雇用了1个女工,此举只不过象征性地承认了男女平等。
  21. It’s just a routine medical examination, nothing to get worried about.
    这只是例行常规的身体检查,没有什么可担心的。
  22. He says he's just an ordinary man, living in an ordinary house, with ordinary hopes and fears.
    他说他只是一个普通人,住着平常的房子,怀着寻常的希望和恐惧。
  23. In his youth he lost several jobs, just because he dared to answer back.
    他年轻时,只因为敢于顶嘴而多次失业。
  24. You do not reply directly; you are just begging the question.
    你不直接回答,你只是在回避问题。
  25. There’s just an outside chance we’ll get the contract after all.
    说到底,我们得到那份合同的希望极其渺茫。
  26. There was only just room to brush past in the crowd.
    在人群中只有探着身子才能过去的空隙。
  27. In the heavy fog I could just see his face.
    在浓雾中我能依稀看见他的面孔。
  28. He just managed to pass the examination.
    他好不容易才考试及格。
  29. By the time I got to the airport, they were already calling my flight,I just barely made it.
    我到机场的时候,已经在叫我这个航班登机了,我好不容易才赶上。
  30. He only just answered the question.
    他勉强地回答了这个问题。
  31. We only just climbed up the top of the mountains.
    我们好容易才爬上了山顶。
  32. We have only just enough milk to last till Friday.
    我们现有的牛奶勉强可以维持到星期五。
  33. I only just caught the bus this morning.
    今天早晨,我刚好赶上公共汽车。
  34. There are only five minutes to go.You might just manage to get to the station, but you're cutting it rather fine.
    只有五分钟了,你可以赶到车站,但时间确实太紧了。
  35. I just can't believe my eyes.
    我简直不能相信我的眼睛。
  36. The food is just wonderful.
    这种食品太好吃了。
  37. His skill is just marvellous.
    他的技艺实在了得。
  38. The sentence just doesn't make sense.
    这个句子简直没有意义。
  39. It is just beautiful!
    这简直太漂亮了!
  40. The film was just marvelous!
    那电影简直棒极了!
  41. I really didn't know just what profession he practised.
    我不知道他究竟从事什么职业。
  42. Just who was the owner of the house?
    到底谁是这幢房子的主人?
  43. Just who is the pretty girl sitting beside you?
    坐在你旁边的那个漂亮女孩究竟是谁呀?
  44. Just how did you know she was a driver?
    你到底怎么知道她是个司机?
  45. My mother is just coming.
    我妈妈就要回来了。
  46. The door just opens.
    门就要开了。
  47. He came from France last week, just to see us.
    他上周从法国专程来看我们。
  48. Let's take more money than we think we'll need, just to be on the safe side.
    为稳妥起见,咱们带的钱要比想象中的需要得多一些。
  49. It was pleasant just to watch the girl with her bouncing energy and her happy laugh.
    看那个女孩生气勃勃开怀大笑的样子令人开心。
  50. It isn't enough just to cast your eyes over this blue-print; you should make a careful study of it.
    这份图纸单是草草过一眼是不够的,你得仔细地推敲推敲。
  51. Please wait just a few minutes; I'm going to clean myself up.
    请稍等几分钟,我洗一下就来。
  52. Just give me ten minutes to clean myself up; I'm covered in oil.
    我浑身沾满了油污,给我十分钟时间去清洗一下。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. It is a just but not generous decision.
    这是一个公正但并非宽容的决定。
  2. She has received a just reward.
    她得到了应得的回报。
  3. He was a just man, listening to both sides of every complaint.
    他是个公正的人,对每件控诉的事情都能兼听双方的意见。
  4. We resolutely support your just struggle for national liberation.
    我们坚决支持你们争取民族解放的正义斗争。
  5. There's no doubt that your just cause will triumph throughout the world.
    毫无疑问,你们的正义事业必将在全世界取得胜利。
  6. This is a perfectly just and proper measure of self-defence.
    这是完全合理和正当的自卫措施。
  7. We entirely support your just position on this matter.
    在这个问题上,我们完全支持你们的公正立场。
  8. The state must protect the just rights and interests of the people.
    国家必须保护人民的正当权利和利益。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. We hold that their proposal is just and reasonable.
    我们认为,他们的建议是合情合理的。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He is just in his dealings.
    他做生意公道。
  2. We hope to be just in our understanding of such difficult situations.
    我们希望对如此困难的局面应有一个公正的认识。
  3. We must deal with the matter seriously so as to be just to all the people concerned.
    我们必须认真处理这件事,做到对有关的人都公正。
It is/was+~+that-clause
  1. It is just that you should be rewarded.
    你们得到报酬是应该的。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
it is just as well
  1. 也是好事,倒也不错 it is a good thing

    It is just as well that we didn't go out in this rain. 下雨天,我们没出去倒也是好事。

    I had a puncture so it was just as well I was carrying a spare wheel. 我的车胎被扎破了,幸好我还带了个备用车胎。

it would be just as well
  1. 是明智的 it is advisable

    It would be just as well to lock the door when you go out. 你出去的时候,最好锁上门。

just about
  1. 见about条。
just as one〔it is〕
  1. 不特意装饰或改变; 保持原样 without any special decoration or alteration

    Tell her to come to the party just as she is. 告诉她,就像现在这样来参加聚会就行。

    The trousers are rather long, but I'll take them just as they are. 这条裤子有点儿长,但我还是买下了。

just in case
  1. 以防万一 as a precaution

    It's usually not hard to get this kind of ticket, but start early, just in case. 买这种票平常并不难,但还是早点走,以防万一。

just like that
  1. 突然,冷不防地; 莫名其妙地 suddenly, without warning or explanation

    He walked out on his wife just like that! 他突然抛弃了妻子。

just now
  1. 刚才,刚刚 only a short time ago, a moment ago or so

    I saw him just now. 我刚刚看到他了。

    He said that another test would be needed, adding that preparations must be made just now. 他说需要再做一次试验,接着又说,必须立即做好准备。

    He caught me out just now with a question on English grammar. 他刚才问了我一个英语语法方面的问题,可把我难住了。

  2. 现在,此时 at this very moment

    Come and see me later, but not just now. 以后再来找我,现在别来。

    Good fruit is scarce just now, and costs a lot. 现时好水果很少,且价格昂贵。

  3. 立刻,正要 be about to do

    I'm going to the hospital just now. 我正要去医院。

    I'll be seeing him just now. 我一会儿就去看他。

just so
  1. 有条理的,井然 performed or arranged with precision

    She cannot bear an untidy desk. Everything must be just so. 她就怕书桌上凌乱,样样东西都必须井井有条。

    If everything isn’t just so, he gets angry. 如果事情不料理得井井有条,他会生气的。

    I like to keep these books just so. 我喜欢把书放得整整齐齐的。

  2. 精确地 precisely

    You think that muggers should be punished more severely?Just so,I'm in total agreement. 你认为行凶抢劫者应该受到更严厉的制裁?完全正确,我举双手赞成。

just the same
  1. 同样的,完全相同的 identical

    These two pictures are just the same. 这两幅画完全相同。

    You can hand in your paper now or leave it till later; it's just the same to me. 你可以现在交作业或留待以后交,对我来说随便怎么都行。

  2. 仍然,还是 nevertheless

    The sun's out, but I'll take a raincoat just the same. 尽管是晴天,但我还是要带上雨衣。

not just yet
  1. 并非现在,但可能不久 not at this present moment but probably quite soon

    I’m not through just yet; I should be finished in an hour. 我还没做完,再过一小时就可做完了。

    I think it wouldn't be wise to mention it to her just yet. 我认为,现在向她提起这件事不明智。

one might just as well be〔do〕 sth
  1. 这样也好 one would not benefit from being or doing otherwise

    The weather was so bad on holiday we might just as well have stayed at home. 假日的天气很坏,我们呆在家里也不错。

词汇搭配

用作副词 (adv.)
~+动词不定式 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He had decided, as he was a just and logical person, that her sex was immaterial.

    出自:D. Francis
  • Twelve jurors who had seemed..to be just and upright and unprejudiced men.

    出自:J. C. Oates
  • They had been standing just by the drawing-room door.

    出自:T. Hardy
  • It is impossible to say just what I mean!

    出自:T. S. Eliot
  • Someone dropped a ruler just then.

    出自:C. P. Snow
  • You are just the person I was looking for.

    出自:R. K. Narayan
  • He remembered now: it was just three years ago.

    出自:G. Greene
  • He looked just like an ordinary boy.

    出自:J. Simms

just的详细讲解:

词语用法

adv.(副词)
  1. just用作副词时可修饰动态动词、静态动词或系表结构,置于实义动词之前,助动词、情态动词或系动词之后。
  2. just作“刚刚”解时,如时间较短(a moment ago),英式英语中动词用现在完成时,美式英语中动词用一般过去时,有时也可用一般现在时。如时间稍长(a short time ago),无论英美语均用一般过去时。作“很快”“一会儿”(very soon)解时,可用现在时或将来进行时。just now作“刚才”解时动词用一般过去时; 作“现在”“此刻”解时动词用一般现在时或现在进行时; 作“立刻”“马上”解时动词用现在进行时、一般将来时或将来进行时。
  3. just作“恰好,正是”解时,一般不用于否定句,表示此意的否定句要用not quite。just也可作“刚好,勉强地,好容易才…,仅仅”等解,前面可加only。在非正式文体中, just可作“非常,简直,太”解。just可与疑问副词或疑问代词连用,以加强疑问效果,意为“究竟,到底”。just还可用在表示将来动作的进行时、将来时的句中,作“就要,正要”解。
  4. 美式英语中常用right now代替just now。
  5. just作副词时有时还可修饰名词。例如:Just two days ago I saw him.就在两天前,我还见过他。
adj.(形容词)
  1. just用作形容词时的基本意思是“正义的,公正的”,指在社会生活中严格按照公正合理的客观标准,不受个人感情的影响,判定某事是合理合法的。just还可作“合理的,有充分根据的”解。
  2. just在句中可作定语或表语。
  3. just在句中的位置不同,所强调的成分也不同。例如:

    We didn't want just any baby.(强调any)任何孩子我们都不要。We just didn't want any baby.(强调didn't)我们就是不要孩子。

词义辨析

adv.(副词)
just not, not just
这两个同构异序的短语意思并不相同:just not作“差一点儿不,根本不”解,而not just...(but)的意思是“不仅…(还…)”。 试比较:
  • He is not just tall, but strong.
  • 他不仅个子高,身体还壮。
  • He is just not as tall as his brother.
  • 他差一点就和他的哥哥一般高了。
just, justly
justly是由just(形容词)派生来的副词,作“公正地,正当地”解。不能把它和just(副词)混淆。试比较:
  • Our representative has just spoken.
  • 我们的代表刚发了言。
  • He has spoken justly.
  • 他讲得有理。
adj.(形容词)
impartial just fair neutral objective
这些形容词均有“公正的、公平的、不偏不倚的”之意。
  • impartial:impartial侧重对任何人或任何一方没有成见或偏袒。
  • just:just多用于庄重场合,指不受个人利益得失或感情倾向的影响,侧重按照公认的准则或标准处理问题。
  • fair:fair普通常用词,指不偏不倚地对待人和物,侧重不受个人感情、偏见或利益所影响。
  • neutral:neutral强调持中立态度,不偏袒任何一方,甚至不作最后的裁决。
  • objective:objective着重客观、真实,不为个人偏见、兴趣、感情或看法所左右。
very right just
三者都含有“正好;就是”之意。
  • very:very是形容词,用来修饰名词,位于the, this,my等限定词后。
  • 就在学期开始的时候,他们举行了一次考试。
  • At the very beginning of this term, they took an exam.
  • right:right作副词,用来修饰谓语(常为动词be)或作状语的介词短语等,须放在the, this,my等限定词之前。
  • 警察目不转睛地盯着小偷。
  • The police looked at the thief right in the eye.
  • just:just作副词与right类似。
  • 他正是我所想要的演员。
  • He is just the actor I want.

常见错误

adv.(副词)
  1. 这不是他所很想要的。

    It is just not what he wanted.

    It is not quite what he wanted.

    just作“恰好,正是”解时,一般不用于否定句,表示此意的否定句要用not quite。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1382年进入英语,直接源自古法语的just;最初源自古典拉丁语的juusts,意为正直的,公平的。

just的相关资料:

正版词典

just : 正好,恰好 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

  • just:just adj. 正义的, 公正的, 正确的, 应得的, 有充分根据的adv. 正好, 仅仅, 刚才, 只是, 不过习惯用语just about 差不多, 几乎(要), 就要 刚好 就在这一带, 大…

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