hole

  基本词汇  
[həʊl]     [hoʊl]    
  • n.洞;孔;穴;漏洞;困境
  • v.挖洞;掘坑;进洞
holed holed holing holes
new

hole是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 漏洞,破洞
  2. 洞穴,洞, 坑,穴
  3. 缺陷
  4. 窝,窝巢
  5. 狭小的住处
  6. 地牢
  7. <口>为难的处境
  8. 【高尔夫】球洞
  9. 孔眼,孔
  10. 空子
  11. 伤口
  12. 水流的深凹处,缓流洼
v.(动词)
  1. 进入洞中
  2. 把…放入洞中, 把...赶入洞中
  3. 凿洞于,穿孔于
  4. 开,挖,筑
  5. 把(高尔夫球)打入穴中
  6. 造成破洞
  7. 躲藏

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]洞,孔; 窝 an empty space within sth solid; the home of small animal
  2. [C]破洞,裂口; 漏洞,破绽 a space or opening going through sth; gap; a fault in reasoning
  3. [C]〈非正〉困境,窘境 a position of difficulty
  4. [C]球穴 a hollow place in the ground into which the ball must to be hit
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (在…上)打洞或穿孔 make a hole or holes in
  2. vt. & vi. (把…)打入球穴 hit (the ball) into a hole

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
hole : 空穴 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
hole : 炮眼, 洞, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
hole : 孔 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
hole : 内多 ...
在 《外教社测绘学英语词典》 中查看更多...
hole : 空穴 ...
在 《外教社材料学英语词典》 中查看更多...
hole : 空穴 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
hole : 漏洞, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
hole : 孔,槽;炮 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an opening into or through something

  2. an opening deliberately made in or through something

  3. one playing period (from tee to green) on a golf course;

    "he played 18 holes"

  4. an unoccupied space

  5. a depression hollowed out of solid matter

  6. a fault;

    "he shot holes in my argument"

  7. informal terms for a difficult situation;

    "he got into a terrible fix"
    "he made a muddle of his marriage"

  8. informal terms for the mouth

Verb:
  1. hit the ball into the hole

  2. make holes in

hole的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. There is a hole in my sock.
    我的袜子上有个洞。
  2. The dog skins through the small hole in the wall.
    那条狗勉强钻过小小的墙洞。
  3. He chiseled a hole in the door to fit a new lock.
    他在门上凿了个孔,以便装一把新锁。
  4. The hunters blocked up the hole of the beast.
    猎人堵住了兽穴。
  5. He tried hard to pick a hole in what I said, but to no avail.
    他极力想从我的话里找出漏洞, 可是没有得逞。
  6. He was in a hole with his finances.
    他财政陷入困境。
  7. Having lost my money puts me in rather a hole.
    丢了钱使我陷于困境。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. She holed out from forty yards.
    她从四十码远的地方把球打入洞中。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I've a hole in my left sock.
    我左脚袜子上有个洞。
  2. In the steel plate five holes were drilled an inch apart.
    在这块钢板上钻了五个相距一英寸的孔。
  3. The prisoner escaped through a hole in the wall.
    那囚犯从墙上的缺口处逃跑了。
  4. They found serious holes in his reasoning.
    他们在他的推理中找出了严重的破绽。
  5. You've put me in a devil of a hole.
    你使我的处境很困难。
  6. I'm in a bit of a hole because my mother-in-law is coming for a visit and I've just broken the vase she gave us as a wedding present.
    我感到很为难,因为我岳母就要来访,而我却刚把她送给我们当作结婚礼物的花瓶打碎了。
  7. The old man spent his last years in a hole of a room.
    这老汉在阴暗的斗室中度过余生。
  8. What a hole that town is!
    那个小城真没意思!
  9. The next hole is 100 feet long.
    下一个球穴在100英尺远的地方。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He wants to hole on the wall.
    他想在这堵墙上打个洞。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He was holing the fence posts to take the crosspieces.
    他在栏柱上打洞以便装上横档。
  2. The golfer holed the ball from a distance of ten feet.
    这位高尔夫球运动员从十英尺距离处将球打入穴中。
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. The boat was holed by a large rock.
    这只船在一块大礁石上撞了一个洞。
  5. The buildings were holed by shells.
    建筑物被炮弹打穿。
  6. The ship was holed along the waterline by enemy fire.
    这只船被敌人的炮火沿着吃水线处击穿。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
eat holes in
  1. 把(某物)蚀了几个洞 (cause to) decay sth into holes

    Acid ate holes in my coat. 我的衣服被酸蚀烂了几个洞。

    The moths have eaten holes in my wool coat. 蛀虫将我的羊毛衫蛀蚀了几个小洞。

in a hole
  1. 处于困境 in difficulties

    I'm in a hole, can you help me? 我正处在困境,你能帮我忙吗?

like the Black Hole of Calcutta
  1. 又挤又热 very crowded and hot

    Open a window!It's like the Black Hole of Calcutta. 打开一个窗户吧!这里又挤又热。

    It was like the Black Hole of Calcutta on the underground this morning. 今天早晨地铁里又挤又热。

make a hole in
  1. 大量消耗 use the largest part of

    That last round of drinks made a large hole in ten pounds. 那最后一巡酒喝掉了10磅之多。

    Going out for a meal really made a hole in the week's money for food. 到外面吃饭当真花掉我们这星期伙食费中的一大笔钱。

need like a hole in the head
  1. 绝对不需要 not need sth at all need sth like a hole in the head

    I need extra work today like a hole in the head.今天我绝对不需要加班。

    They've got a billion dollars in it already.But,I must say, we need it like a hole in the head.他们在这件事上已经花费了10亿美元,但是,我必须说,我们根本不需要。

pick a hole in
  1. 〈非正〉挑毛病,找出破绽 find fault or the weak point (in sth)

    As soon as I presented my argument, they began to pick holes in it. 我一提出我的论点,他们就开始吹毛求疵了。

    It was easy to pick holes in his flimsy argument. 在他那番站不住脚的论点中找漏洞是很容易的。

    Facer is angry that the newspapers have picked so many holes in his book. 报纸对费塞的书很挑剔,这使他很气恼。

    It's easy for an outsider to pick holes in our programme. 一个局外人从我们的节目中挑出毛病来是很容易的。

square peg in a round hole
  1. 不适合于其职位的人 sb who is unsuited to his or her position

    I've declined the invitation to the Royal Garden Party; I'd just to be a square peg in a round hole among all those posh people. 我已谢绝参加皇家游园会的邀请,同那些显赫要人在一起,我觉得实在格格不入。

用作动词 (v.)
hole through (v.+prep.)
  1. 打穿 make a hole through sth hole sth through sth

    They will hole a tunnel through the mountain.他们将穿山打隧道。

hole up (v.+adv.)
  1. 躲藏起来 hide as a means of escape hole up

    This is the cottage where the bandits once holed up.这就是土匪曾经藏过身的房子。

    After the bank robbery, the criminals holed up in a disused factory.那些罪犯在抢劫银行之后,躲进一个废弃的工厂里。

    Bears hole up for the winter to go by.熊蛰伏在穴中过冬。

    hole sb/sth ⇔ up 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The police think the bank robbers are holed up in Chicago.警方认为抢银行的人藏在芝加哥。

    The plan has been holed up.计划已被搁置起来。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I came to know..the holes and corners, where each of them deposited her eggs.

    出自:Day Lewis
  • If you poke your tongue into a hole in..your teeth, the hole feels enormous.

    出自:Jonathan Miller
  • Mendoza has seen to it that you have more water holes.

    出自:B. Emecheta
  • After the boards have been cut to size, they are holed-out and laced onto the book.

    出自:E. Diehl
  • I've got to get him before we get holed by a Russian submarine.

    出自:Snoo Wilson

hole的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. hole的基本意思是指物体中的“开口、穿孔”或“洞穴”。可以是天然的,也可以是人工的; 也可大可小,可深可浅,可穿透也可不穿透。正常的一般译为“洞,洞穴”; 不正常的则是“破洞,裂口,漏洞”。
  2. hole还可作“困难,为难的处境”解。
v.(动词)
  1. hole的基本意思是“凿洞”“打洞”,指在山上或平地上通过人工或机器,打一个比较大的洞,引申可表示“穿孔”。有时也可指“把…打入球穴”。
  2. hole用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构; 用作不及物动词时,多与介词构成短语。
  3. hole后接副词up表示“藏匿”。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
in a hole, in holes, in the hole
这三个短语的意思不尽相同:in a hole的意思是“处于困境”; in holes的意思是“破了”; in the hole的意思是“经济困难,亏空”。例如:
  • He is rather in a hole.
  • 他处境极为困难。
  • His shoes were in holes.
  • 他的鞋子已经破烂不堪。
  • Jack was 100 dollars in the hole last month.
  • 杰克上个月亏损100美元。
hole, cave, cavity
这组词都有“洞”“孔”“穴”的意思。其区别在于:hole指任何物体中的开口、穿孔或洞穴; cave指山洞、洞穴或地窖; cavity是科技术语或专门用语,只指坚硬物体上的洞穴,通常表面有开口可见。例如:
The men have dug a hole in the road.那些人在路上挖了一个洞。
The cliff dwellers found that natural caves gave them warmth and protection during the Ice Age.悬岩洞人发现在冰河时代天然的洞穴不仅温暖,还能借以自卫。
The pleural cavity is a body where the lungs are situated.胸膜腔是人体内肺脏所在的地方。
hole, den, hollow
这组词都有“孔,洞,穴”的意思。其区别在于:hole可指正常的“洞,洞穴”,也可指不正常的“破洞,裂口”; hollow主要指凹地、洼地或任何物体的“凹陷部分”,如洞、穴、坑等; den特指“兽穴”,也指动物园中的“兽笼”,有时也可指“匪窝”等。例如:
  • We got into the cellar through a round hole covered by a metalplate.
  • 我们从一个有金属盖板的圆洞进入地 下室。
  • More gravel is needed to fill the hollow in the driveway.
  • 在车道的凹地上需要填更多的沙砾。
  • The policeman happened to find a den of thieves in the suburb of the city.
  • 警察在市郊发现了一个贼窝。
hole, tear
这两个词都有“洞”的意思,其区别在于:tear多指织物由于磨损所造成的“裂口”,无深度; 而hole所指的洞多指纵深状的,如树洞,山洞等。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 墙上有个洞,我们能钻过去。

    There is a hole on the wall, we can get through it.

    There is a hole in the wall, we can get through it.

    在表示“…上有个洞”时,用a hole in...,这里的介词in不能改用on。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的ohl,意为中空的。

hole的相关资料:

正版词典

hole : 洞 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
hole : 洞,孔眼, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • hole:hole n. 洞, 孔, 突破口v. 凿洞 英英解释:名词hole:1. an opening into or through something2. an opening deliberately…

临近单词

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