cave

  核心词汇  
[keɪv]     [keɪv]    
  • n. 洞穴;山洞
  • v. 挖空;塌落;屈服
caver caved caved caving caves
new

cave的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 岩洞,山洞,窑洞,洞穴,洞窟,洞,穴
  2. 地窖,小室
  3. 【英史】分离派
  4. 脱党(者)
  5. 塌落(处)
  6. 警告,警示
v. (动词)
  1. <口>(使)屈服,投降,让步,认输,屈从
  2. (使)塌落,(使)倒坍,塌陷,倒塌
  3. 使内陷,使陷下,(使)凹陷,凹落
  4. 在...挖洞穴,在...挖(窑)洞,在...下挖坑道,挖洞,挖空
  5. 使崩溃,垮掉
  6. 停止抵抗
  7. 暗中破坏
  8. 勘探
int. (感叹词)
  1. 小心!

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]洞穴 hollow place in the side of a cliff or hill, or underground
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)塌陷; 倒塌 (cause to) fall in; give way to pressure
  2. vi. 屈服 give in

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a geological formation consisting of an underground enclosure with access from the surface of the ground or from the sea

Verb:
  1. hollow out as if making a cave or opening;

    "The river was caving the banks"

  2. explore natural caves

cave的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. This cave was used by smugglersin the eighteenth century.
    这个洞穴是十八世纪走私的人使用的。
  2. The cliffs are riddled with caves.
    岩壁上布满洞穴。
  3. We kindled a firebrand in the cave.
    我们在山洞里点燃火把。
  4. The boys huddled together in the cave to keep warm.
    男孩子们在山洞里挤成一团取暖。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The roof of the old house caved in.
    那栋旧房子的屋顶塌下了。
  2. The enemy had to cave in and surrender.
    敌人只好屈服投降。
  3. They refused to cave in to the terrorists'demands.
    他们拒绝向恐怖分子的要求屈服。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The pupal cave was very big.
    那蛹洞很大。
  2. The children found a cave in the side of the mountain.
    孩子们在山坡上发现了一个岩洞。
  3. They picked a cave for their night camp.
    他们选了一个山洞作为过夜的营地。
  4. She evaded her pursuers by hiding in a cave .
    她藏到洞里避开了追赶她的人。
  5. They buried the treasure in the cave.
    他们把宝物埋在山洞里。
  6. He asked me to hide it at the bottom of the cave.
    他要我把它藏在洞穴底部。
  7. The force of the blast dashed him against the wall of the cave.
    气浪的力量使他撞到窑洞的墙上。
  8. A winding path leads to the cave.
    一条曲折小道通向山洞。
  9. They blocked up the entrance to the cave with big rocks.
    他们用大石头堵住了洞口。
  10. He said it was called pupal caves.
    他说这称为蛹洞。
  11. Many, many years ago man lives in caves.
    很久很久以前,人类住在山洞里。
  12. Bears hibernate in caves during the winter.
    冬季熊在洞穴中冬眠。
  13. The cave men lived in a period of history antecedent to written records.
    穴居人生活在有文字记载之前的一个历史时期。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. His cellar caved.
    他的地窖塌陷了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Cave the dog!
    当心狗!

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
cave in (v.+adv.)
    投降; 屈服 fail; yield
    cave in

    The roof of the tunnel caved in.

    隧道的顶部塌陷了。

    The roof is dangerous and could cave in at any time.

    屋顶很危险,任何时候都可能坍塌。

    The mine which caved in during the earthquake was soon repaired and resumed production.

    在地震中坍陷的矿井很快修复了,并恢复了生产。

    cave sth ⇔ in

    Who has caved my hat in?

    谁把我的帽子弄塌下去了?

    They caved in the roof of the underground passage with powerful explosives.

    他们用强大的炸药把地下通道的顶部炸塌陷了。

    cave in

    Why do you want to appoint this man as manager?The last firm he worked for caved in.

    你为什么要任命此人为经理?他所服务的前一个商行倒闭了。

    cave in

    The children begged their father to take them to the circus until he caved in.

    孩子们请求父亲带他们去看马戏,直到他让步为止。

    As we set forth facts and reasoned things out the criminal could not but cave in and admit his crime.

    由于我们摆事实、讲道理,那个犯罪分子不得不低头认罪。

    They refused to cave in to the terrorists' demands.

    他们拒绝向恐怖分子的要求屈服。

    The opposition caved in before our superior argument.

    反对者在我们强有力的辩论之下屈服了。

    The challenger caved in during the seventh round.

    竞争进入第七轮那位挑战者就一蹶不振了。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+名词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词

经典引文

  • The earth caved in, so as to leave a vacant space.

    出自: W. Irving
  • Men caved all around, but the women were firm.

    出自: L. Steffens
  • The front of the building caved in.., seeming to collapse in slow motion.

    出自: D. Bagley

cave的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. cave可指天然的山洞、崖洞或动物的地下洞穴,也指人工开凿的窑洞或地窖。
v. (动词)
  1. cave作为名词的意思是“洞穴”,转化为动词时指“挖洞”,现代英语中主要作“(使)坍塌”解,用于比喻可指抵抗压力直至筋疲力尽,突然瓦解。
  2. cave偶尔可用作及物动词,作“当心”解,接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. cave作“坍塌; 屈服”解时,主要用作不及物动词,多与副词in连用。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
cave, cavity, hole
  • 这组词都有“洞”“孔”“穴”的意思。其区别在于:hole指任何物体中的开口、穿孔或洞穴; cave指山洞、洞穴或地窖; cavity是科技术语或专门用语,只指坚硬物体上的洞穴,通常表面有开口可见。例如:
  • The men have dug a hole in the road.那些人在路上挖了一个洞。
  • The cliff dwellers found that natural caves gave them warmth and protection during the Ice Age.悬岩洞人发现在冰河时代天然的洞穴不仅温暖,还能借以自卫。
  • The pleural cavity is a body where the lungs are situated.胸膜腔是人体内肺脏所在的地方。
  • cave, cavern
  • 这两个词都可作“洞穴”解。其区别在于:cave表示天然的或人为的“洞穴,山洞,窑洞”; cavern则指地下的巨穴或大的钟乳石岩洞,尤指巨大而昏暗的深穴。
  • v. (动词)
    cave, cavern
  • 这两个词并非同义词。cave的意思是“挖洞,塌陷”,常用作不及物动词; 而cavern作“将…置入洞中,将…挖掘出来”解,用作及物动词。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的cava,意为洞穴。
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