guess

  基本词汇  
[ɡes]     [ɡes]    
  • v.推测;猜中;以为
  • n.猜测;猜想
guesser guessed guessed guessing guesses
new

guess是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 推测,猜测,臆测
  2. <美><口>想
  3. 认为,以为
  4. 猜(对),猜中,猜到
  5. 估计,大概
  6. 相信
  7. 看,看透
  8. 让某人捉摸不定
n.(名词)
  1. 猜测,推测,猜想,臆测
  2. 估计,估(测)值
  3. 假定值
  4. 预言,预感
  5. 想法
  6. 谁也拿不准的事

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 猜 form an opinion or make a statement about sth without definite knowledge
n.(名词)
  1. [C]猜测,估计,猜想 an attempt to guess

行业释义

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guess : 猜测, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
guess : 猜测, ...
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英英释义

Noun:
  1. a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence

  2. an estimate based on little or no information

Verb:
  1. expect, believe, or suppose;

    "I imagine she earned a lot of money with her new novel"
    "I thought to find her in a bad state"
    "he didn't think to find her in the kitchen"
    "I guess she is angry at me for standing her up"

  2. put forward, of a guess, in spite of possible refutation;

    "I am guessing that the price of real estate will rise again"
    "I cannot pretend to say that you are wrong"

  3. judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time);

    "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"

  4. guess correctly; solve by guessing;

    "He guessed the right number of beans in the jar and won the prize"

guess的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I don't really know, I'm just guessing.
    我真的不知道, 我仅仅是猜想。
  2. We could only guess at her motives.
    我们只能猜测她的动机
  3. He guessed the number of the beans in the jar.
    他猜出了缸里豆子有多少。
  4. I guess he was wrong.
    我想他错了
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I'll give you three guesses.
    我让你猜三次。
  2. My guess is that he didn't come because his parents wouldn't let him do.
    我想,他没来是因为父母不让他来。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Think and guess.
    想一想,猜一猜。
  2. I don't really know,I'm just guessing.
    我真的不知道,我仅仅是猜想。
  3. She guessed right.
    她猜对了。
  4. I believe you have guessed wrong.
    我认为你猜错了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Guess this riddle!
    猜猜这谜语!
  2. Can you guess my weight?
    你能猜出我的体重吗?
  3. She guessed my thoughts.
    她猜中了我的想法。
  4. Did you know Joe and Alice were secretly married?—Yes,I had guessed it.
    你知道乔和艾莉丝秘密结了婚吗?——嗯,我已猜到了。
  5. I should guess his age at 40.
    我看他有40岁。
  6. She guessed the right answer at once.
    她立刻猜出正确的答案。
S+~+wh-to- v
  1. Guess what to do next.
    猜一猜下一步要干什么。
  2. Can you guess how to do it?
    你能猜到怎么做吗?
S+~+(that-)clause
  1. I'd guess that she's about 30.
    我猜想她大约30岁。
  2. She guessed that the letter had something to do with her husband.
    她猜想这封信与她丈夫有关。
  3. I guess that you're tired after your journey.
    我想旅行后,你一定累了。
  4. I guess you're wrong here.
    我想你这儿错了。
  5. I don't guess he will come.
    我想他不会来了。
  6. I'm too tired to get up,so I guess I'll just go on sitting.
    我累得站不起身来,看来要一直坐下去了。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. Guess how old I am.
    猜猜我多大了。
  2. Can you guess where he has gone?
    你能猜出他到什么地方去了吗?
  3. He guessed what I was thinking about.
    他猜出了我的心思。
  4. He could hardly guess what time it was.
    他几乎猜不出是什么时间了。
  5. They are guessing when the exam will take place.
    他们在猜测什么时间考试。
S+~+so/not
  1. Is he right?—I guess so.
    他对吗?——我想他是对的。
引出直接引语
  1. “If you had come several minutes earlier, you...”said he.“I might have seen her,”I guessed.
    “如果你早到几分钟,你…”他说道。“我可能就看到她了,”我猜测道。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to be/as n.
  1. I guess you to be a retired army officer.
    我猜你是位退伍军官。
  2. I should guess her age as thirty.
    我猜她的年龄是30岁。
S+~+it+ adj./n. + v -ing
  1. I guess it most dangerous your climbing the mountain alone.
    我琢磨你一个人去爬山是很危险的。
  2. I guess it sheer waste of time arguing about it.
    看来争论这件事纯粹是浪费时间。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I guess this hall to accommodate 1000 persons.
    我猜这个大厅能容纳1000人。
  2. I guess this reading room to contain five thousand books.
    我猜想这间阅览室能放5000册书。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. One man's guess is as good as another's.
    大家都心中有数。
  2. Take a guess! how old is Mrs. Jones?
    猜猜看!琼斯太太几岁?
  3. I'll allow you three guesses.
    我将让你猜三次。
  4. Have a guess at the result.
    估计一下结果。
  5. Have a guess at the answer.
    猜一猜答案。
  6. Make a guess at the height of the building.
    猜猜这楼房有多高。
  7. You might have been able to make a guess at who she was.
    你本来能够猜到她是谁。
  8. Make a guess as so how wide the building.
    你猜猜这楼房有多宽。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
guess at (v.+prep.)
  1. 猜想 form an opinion guess at sth

    I can't guess at your name.我可猜不出你叫什么名字。

    Let us guess at the height of the building.让我们推测一下这座楼房的高度。

    Can you guess at the price?你能猜出这个价格吗?

    Ordinary people can only guess at the causes of the sharp rise in the cost of living.普通百姓对生活费用急剧上涨的原因只能猜测。

    guess at wh-clause

    Just guess at what he means.猜猜他是什么意思。

    I can't even guess at what you mean.我甚至连你是什么意思都猜不出。

guess what
  1. 你看(引起听话者的注意) see

    He's a great fan of the Beatles—and, guess what, he's called his boys John,Paul,George, and Ringo! 他是披头士摇滚乐队的狂热崇拜者——你看看,他给他的孩子都起名为约翰、保罗、乔治和林戈!

用作名词 (n.)
at a guess
  1. 猜一下,粗略估计 without being certain or exact

    At a guess I should say we are speeding fifty miles an hour. 我估计我们正以每小时50英里的速度前进。

    At a guess there are a hundred people here. 估计这里有100人。

    At a guess,I should say she is about fifty. 据推测,我该说她大约50岁。

by guess
  1. 靠猜 depend on guess

    Don't answer by guess. 不要凭推测作答。

    She got the answer by guess. 她凭猜测得到了答案。

    We drove by guess and by God. 我们盲目驾驶。

It's anybody's guess
  1. 谁也说不准 no one knows

    It's anybody's guess who will win. 谁也说不准谁会赢。

    It's anybody's guess who she'll eventually marry. 她最终将嫁给谁,还是谁也拿不准的事。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Mere guess, supposition and possibility, when opposed to historical evidence, prove nothing.

    出自:J. Butler
  • I don't need three guesses to know what you're talking about.

    出自:M. Shadbolt
  • He had no guess-idea of what bemused his vision.

    出自:Blackwood's Magazine
  • The eye being liable to be grossly deceived in guessing the direction of a perpendicular.

    出自:J. Tyndall
  • Guess my surprise when..I received a mysterious note.

    出自:T. Hardy

guess的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. guess的基本意思是从不肯定的、不充足的或模糊的含义中“猜”,可表示“猜”的动作“猜测”,也可表示“猜”的结果“猜出”“猜中”。
  2. guess可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词如answer, riddle, thought, age, outcome, result等作宾语,还可接that或疑问词引导的从句。guess也可接以动词不定式或“to be/as n./adj. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. guess用作不及物动词时,常与介词at连用,有“猜猜看”的意思,但并不表示“猜中”。guess后也可加right〔wrong〕,表示“猜对〔错〕”。
  4. 在美国口语中,I guess(一般现在时)常用以表示“认为,想”,相当于I think或I suppose。后面跟从句,语气较婉转,也可以用so或not来替代前面句中肯定式或否定式的宾语。
  5. guess可用于两种否定形式:否定主句或否定从句。现代英语中多否定主句,即用于转移否定句型。
n.(名词)
  1. guess作名词的意思是“猜测”“估计”“猜想”,是可数名词。其单数形式前面通常要用不定冠词a。
  2. guess常与介词at连用,表示“对…的猜测”,在书面语中也可接as so。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
guess, guess at
guess和guess at都可表示“猜测”“猜”。其区别是:
1.guess at更强调“猜”的动作本身,含有“试猜一下”“猜猜看”的意思; 而guess无此含义。例如:
I can't even guess at her age.我甚至连她的年纪也猜不着。
2.当表示“猜中”时,通常用guess,而不用guess at。
guess, conjecture, surmise
这组动词都有“猜想”“想象”“料想”的意思。其区别是:
guess指对某事并未确知的情况下,只凭想象的可能性来猜测; conjecture指凭经验从不完善、不肯定的证据中进行推断; surmise指凭直觉观察推断出有效结论,暗含具有客观态度和冷静思考的能力,往往有较充分的推测根据。例如:
The old peasant conjectured that it would be an unusually cold winter.那老农推测冬天将会异常地寒冷。
He surmised from their looks that he had called on them at an inopportune time.他可以从他们的面部表情推测出他的来访不是时候。
guess, imagine, suppose
这三者均可表示“猜想”。其区别是:
imagine指没有事实根据,仅凭主观想象进行猜想; guess指未经认真思索而进行猜想,有时指不着边际地瞎猜; suppose指依据某些事实进行探索性的推测。例如:
I guess you've already known the answer.我想你已经知道答案了。
I suppose he is late again.我想他又迟到了。
下列四句意思相同:
  • I guess his age as fifty.
  • I guess his age at fifty.
  • I guess him to be fifty.
  • I guess that he is fifty.
  • 我猜想他是50岁。
下列两个句子意思不同:
  • He guessed at her age.
  • 他试着猜她的年龄。
  • He guessed her age.
  • 他猜中了她的年龄。
assume presume suppose guess postulate
这些动词均含为“假设,猜想,推测”之意。
  • assume:assume指有很少或完全无根据的武断推测或不合逻辑的推理。
  • presume:presume侧重以过去经验或根据现实的某些感觉把某事认定为是事实。
  • suppose:suppose常用词,意义较广泛,指缺乏确切事实,根据一些现象进行的推测,也可指为论证而提出合乎逻辑推理的某种假定,有时仅表示自己的意见。
  • guess:guess常用词,指毫无根据仅凭个人主观臆断或碰运气的猜测。
  • postulate:postulate指为证实一个理论的正确性而进行的假设。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我想我们该走了。

    I'm guessing that we are leaving now.

    I guess that we are leaving now.

  2. 我进去时他们正在猜谜语。

    They guessed riddles when I came in.

    They were guessing riddles when I came in.

    guess作“认为”“想”解时,一般不用于进行体。作“猜”解时,可用于进行体。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300左右年进入英语,直接源自斯堪地那维亚语g的essen,意为猜想。

guess的相关资料:

正版词典

guess : 推测;猜测 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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