general

  基本词汇  
['dʒenrəl]     ['dʒenrəl]    
  • adj.普遍的;全面的;一般性的;大致的;笼统的;常规的;总的;首席的
  • n.将军;一般
generalness
new

general是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 总的,全体的
  2. 一般的,普通的
  3. 普遍的,通常的,通用的
  4. 笼统的,大体的,大概的
  5. 首席的
  6. 全面的,广泛的,综合的
  7. 非专业性的,非专门的
  8. 公众的
  9. 将军级的
  10. 概括的,简略的
n.(名词)
  1. 将军,上将,陆军上将,团长,最高司令
  2. 一般,大体
  3. 战略家
  4. 【宗】会长,耶稣会的会长
  5. 全体
  6. 庶民;大众,公众,民众
  7. 通则,一般原则
  8. 主要的事实、情况、概念等,一般的事
  9. 上将(美国海军陆战队、空军、陆军军衔)
v.(动词)
  1. 指挥
  2. 作…将军

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 普遍的,全面的; 总的,整体的 affecting all or most people, places or things
  2. 非专门的,一般的 not specialized in subject, matter
  3. 正常的,常规的; 通常的 normal; usual
  4. 大致的,笼统的 showing the chief aspects of sth; vague
  5. [A]总的,首席的 chief, head
n.(名词)
  1. [C]普通〔遍〕的事或物 the common thing
  2. [C]将军 army officer of very high rank

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
general : 一般的, 广 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
general : 将军, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
general : 一般的, 总 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
general : 普通的, 综 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a general officer of the highest rank

  2. the head of a religious order or congregation

  3. a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular);

    "he discussed the general but neglected the particular"

Adjective:
  1. applying to all or most members of a category or group;

    "the general public"
    "general assistance"
    "a general rule"
    "in general terms"
    "comprehensible to the general reader"

  2. not specialized or limited to one class of things;

    "general studies"
    "general knowledge"

  3. prevailing among and common to the general public;

    "the general discontent"

  4. affecting the entire body;

    "a general anesthetic"
    "general symptoms"

  5. somewhat indefinite;

    "bearing a general resemblance to the original"
    "a general description of the merchandise"

  6. of worldwide scope or applicability;

    "an issue of cosmopolitan import"
    "the shrewdest political and ecumenical comment of our time"
    "universal experience"

Verb:
  1. command as a general;

    "We are generaled by an incompetent!"

general的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The announcement was met with general rejoicing.
    该项宣布受到普遍的欢迎。
  2. Her predictions are so general that they could apply to anybody.
    她的预测很全面,放之四海而皆准。
  3. As a general rule, prices follow demands.
    一般而言,物价随需求而变化。
  4. They gave a general description of the man.
    他们对这个男人作了大致的描述。
  5. The general practice in such cases is to apply for a court order.
    处理这类案件的常规做法是请求法院发出指令。
  6. The general manager presided at the meeting.
    总经理主持了会议。
  7. The attorney general will prosecute in trial for serious crime.
    首席检查官将在严重犯罪案的审判中作公诉人。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The general is a respectable man.
    那位将军是个令人肃然起敬的人物。
  2. In general, no one would like a man who speaks ill of others behind their back.
    一般说来,没有人会喜欢一个背后说人坏话的家伙。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The general opinion is in favor of us.
    普遍的舆论对我们有利。
  2. This will demonstrate the general principle.
    这将论证那个普遍原理。
  3. The price of food is a matter of general anxiety.
    食物价格是人们普遍担心的事。
  4. What is the general impression it makes on you.
    它给你留下总的印象是什么?
  5. His general state of health is fairly satisfactory.
    他的总的健康状况相当令人满意。
  6. There should be a general trend toward a stable population rather than one that will continue to increase.
    总的趋势应当是人口稳定,而不是继续增长。
  7. They'll soon be having another general strike.
    不久他们将再次举行总罢工。
  8. The serum is available to the general public.
    一般公众均可获得血清。
  9. He preferred the general approach.
    他喜欢一般性的处理方法。
  10. The general opinion is that he is a good chairman.
    一般舆论认为他是一个好主席。
  11. I have a general idea of how a car works.
    我对汽车怎样工作有一个大概的了解。
  12. The committee has settled on him as secretary general.
    委员会决定选他为秘书长。
  13. The employees had another general strike.
    雇员们又举行了一次总罢工。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The fog was general.
    到处都是雾。
  2. At first, only a few people wanted to go, but now, interest has become general.
    起初,只有少数几人想去,但现在这种兴趣已变得非常普遍。
  3. His statement was too general and should have been qualified with phrase “in most cases”.
    他的话太笼统,本应加上“在大多数情况下”加以限制。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. These difficulties are general among people of his age.
    这些困难在他那个年龄的人中普遍存在。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Here is the report,General.
    将军,这是您要的报告。
  2. The general made a stupid decision.
    将军作出了一个愚蠢的决定。
  3. The general had a severe manner.
    那位将军态度严肃。
  4. The general presented a sound analysis of the situation.
    将军对形势作出了合理的分析。
  5. The general wore a decoration on his left breast.
    那位将军在左胸前佩戴了一枚勋章。
  6. The deceased general was a great soldier.
    这位已故的将军曾是一位伟大的战士。
  7. He was many things, but he was primarily a general.
    他一人兼多种身份,但首先他是一位将军。
  8. The guard saluted the general smartly.
    卫兵向将军行了个漂亮的军礼。
  9. He fancies himself as a great general.
    他想象自己是个大将军。
  10. Hitler's generals were dubious about the success of an offensive in the West.
    希特勒的将领们对于在西部战场发动攻势能否成功表示怀疑。
  11. It was found necessary to retire several generals who lacked energy and enterprise.
    使几位缺乏精力和上进心的将军解职是必要的。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
as a general rule
  1. 一般说来 usually

    I don't give interviews as a general rule, but in this case I will make an exception. 通常我不会见别人,不过,这次我会破例的。

general knowledge
  1. 常识 common knowledge

    In our general knowledge lessons, we learn the people around us and the things that are happening. 在常识课上,我们了解了周围的人及发生的事情。

  2. 人所共知的事 thing which all know

    It is general knowledge that he will come tomorrow. 大家都知道他明天来。

用作名词 (n.)
in general
  1. 一般而言,总的来说 in a word

    In general,I agree to what you said. 总的说来,我同意你的讲话。

    In general, the two accounts agree. 一般说来,这两个报告是一致的。

    But in general they were all with her. 但一般说来他们都同意她的意见。

    I like fish in general, and salmon in particular. 总的说来我喜欢吃鱼,尤其喜欢吃鲑鱼。

    Women in general like to shop for new clothes. 一般而言,女人喜欢购买新衣服。

    He doesn't like to care about things in general. 他不在意一般的东西。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 名词+~
用作名词 (n.)
形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • If it once became general, wealth would confer no distinction.

    出自:G. Orwell
  • To the general agitation a particular one of my own was added.

    出自:W. Plomer

general的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. general的基本含义是“普遍的,全面的; 总的,整体的”,该词侧重牵涉人人或绝大多数地方。引申可表示“非专门的,一般的”“正常的,常规的; 通常的”“大致的,笼统的”。
  2. general也可表示“总的,首席的”,只用作定语,多与定冠词the连用,首字母常大写。
  3. general在句中可用作定语、表语或宾语补足语。
n.(名词)
  1. general用作名词的意思是“将军”,在英国尤指“陆军上将”,是可数名词。
  2. in general的意思是“大体上”,可用在复数名词后作定语,或用作状语修饰全句。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
general, common, normal, ordinary
这四个词都有“普通的”“常见的”意思。其区别是:
common强调许多事物具有某种共同点而“不足为奇”; general指普遍于大多数人或事物中,有“较少例外”的含义; normal形容人或物“符合常态或常规”; ordinary指与一般事物的性质标准相同,强调“平常”而无奇特之处。例如:
  • Colds are common in winter.
  • 感冒在冬天很常见。
  • This is a matter of general interest.
  • 这是人们普遍感兴趣的问题。
  • A normal heart beats around seventy-six times a minute.
  • 正常的心脏每分钟跳动76次左右。
  • He worked neither for fame nor fortune and always fought at his ordinary post.
  • 他不为名、不为利,始终战斗在平凡的 岗位上。
common ordinary commonplace general usual popular universal
这些形容词均含有“普通的,普遍的”之意。
  • common:common多用于指物,侧重很常见,不稀奇。
  • ordinary:ordinary用于物,指每天发生,十分平淡无奇;用于人,指无特别之处,很一般。
  • commonplace:commonplace强调缺少新意。
  • general:general语气强于common,侧重大多如此,很少有例外情况。
  • usual:usual指常见常闻和常做的事或举动,强调惯常性。
  • popular:popular指适应大众爱好、需要,为大家所公认或接受。
  • universal:universal与general同义,但语气较强,侧重对每个人或事物都适用,根本没有例外。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 一般说来,父母是爱他们的孩子的。

    General speaking, parents love their children.

    Generally speaking, parents love their children.

    表示“一般说来”,应该说generally speaking,其中generally是副词,修饰speaking。

  2. 老百姓对这项政策的普遍看法如何?

    What is the general attitudes of the people towards this policy?

    What is the general attitude of the people towards this policy?

    general是“总的,大体的”意思,它所修饰的名词一律用单数。

n.(名词)
  1. 总的来说,你的计划是好的。

    For general, your plan is good.

    In general, your plan is good.

    in general是一个固定搭配,意思是“总的来说”,没有for general的用法。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进英入语,直接源自拉丁语的generalis,意为关系到全体人的。

general的相关资料:

正版词典

general : 将军 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
general : 总的;普遍 ...
在 《外研社西班牙语词典》 中查看更多...
general : 普遍的;总 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

  • general:general n. 普通, 将军, 概要adj. 一般的, 普通的, 综合的, 概括的, 全面的, 大体的 n. 常规习惯用语in (the) general 总之, 通常, 一般说来, 概括地(说…

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