particular

  核心词汇  
[pə'tɪkjələ(r)]     [pər'tɪkjələr]    
  • adj.特定的;专指的;特殊的;特别的;挑剔的
  • n.详情;细节
new

particular是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 特殊的;特定的;特别的;特有的;独特的;不寻常的,异常的
  2. 详细的
  3. 苛求的;讲究的;挑剔的
  4. 格外的
  5. 特指的,专指的
  6. 个别的,个人的
  7. 分项的,列举的
n.(名词)
  1. 细节,细目,详情
  2. 特色,特点
  3. 详细资料,详细介绍材料,详细情节,详细数据
  4. 项目,个别的项目,某一事项,单独事项
  5. 一项,一点,一条
  6. 【逻】特称,特称的命题

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 特定的,某一的 one only, and not any other
  2. 特殊的,特别的,特有的 special or more than usual
  3. (过分)讲究的,挑剔的 if sb is particular, sb wants sth to be exactly right
  4. 详细的,详尽的 careful and exact
n.(名词)
  1. [P]详情,细目 a small single part of a whole; detail

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
particular : 特殊的, 独 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
particular : 特殊的, 独 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
particular : 细节, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a fact about some part (as opposed to general);

    "he always reasons from the particular to the general"

  2. a small part that can be considered separately from the whole;

    "it was perfect in all details"

  3. (logic) a proposition that asserts something about some (but not all) members of a class

Adjective:
  1. unique or specific to a person or thing or category;

    "the particular demands of the job"
    "has a particular preference for Chinese art"
    "a peculiar bond of sympathy between them"
    "an expression peculiar to Canadians"
    "rights peculiar to the rich"
    "the special features of a computer"
    "my own special chair"

  2. separate and distinct from others of the same group or category;

    "interested in one particular artist"
    "a man who wishes to make a particular woman fall in love with him"

  3. surpassing what is common or usual or expected;

    "he paid especial attention to her"
    "exceptional kindness"
    "a matter of particular and unusual importance"
    "a special occasion"
    "a special reason to confide in her"
    "what's so special about the year 2000?"

  4. first and most important;

    "his special interest is music"
    "she gets special (or particular) satisfaction from her volunteer work"

  5. exacting especially about details;

    "a finicky eater"
    "fussy about clothes"
    "very particular about how her food was prepared"

  6. providing specific details or circumstances;

    "a particular description of the room"

particular的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. They depend on a particular historical situation.
    它们取决于特定的历史境况。
  2. I have nothing particular to do this evening.
    今晚我没有什么特殊的事要做。
  3. Clouds must be given a particular attention.
    必须对云给予特别的注意。
  4. She's very particular about what she wears.
    她对衣著很讲究。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He gave full particulars of the stolen property.
    他详细列出全部被盗的财物。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. I'm in a particular hurry.
    今天我特别忙。
  2. It happened on that particular day.
    事情就发生在那一天。
  3. I don't like this particular hat, but the others are quite nice.
    我不喜欢这种帽子,其他样式还挺别致。
  4. Is there any particular colour you would prefer?
    你有什么特别喜欢的颜色?
  5. There was nothing in the letter of particular importance.
    信里没什么特别重要的东西。
  6. He refused my offer for no particular reason.
    他没有提出什么特别的理由,就拒绝了我的建议。
  7. This game holds no particular interest for me.
    这种游戏我觉得并不特别有趣。
  8. You should do it with particular care.
    你做这件事时要特别小心。
  9. This invitation gave him particular joy.
    这一邀请使他特别高兴。
  10. This is a particular account of the accident.
    这是一份全面而详尽的事故报告。
n. +~
  1. I have nothing particular to do this evening.
    今天晚上我没有什么特别的事要做。
用作表语 S+be+~+ prep. -phrase
  1. The coconut is particular to the tropics.
    椰子是热带地区的特产。
  2. The doctor had been particular in examining her.
    医生对她进行了仔细的检查。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Your mother must be anxious to know the particulars.
    你的母亲一定急于了解详情。
  2. They agreed as to the grand outlines, but quibbled over particulars.
    他们对重大要点表示同意,但对细节却含糊其词。
  3. I only know there is to be a party;I don't know any particulars.
    我只知道有一个集会,但不知道具体的情况。
  4. This work must be correct in every particular.
    这项工作的每一个细节须很准确。
  5. I'd like to give full particulars of the incident.
    我想详述那一事件。
  6. I inquired into the particulars of his punishment.
    我查问了他受惩罚的详情。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
particular about
  1. 对…特别讲究 giving close attention to detail; difficult to please

    I am not particular about my clothes. 我不怎么讲究我的穿着。

    He is very particular about having his breakfast at exactly 8 o'clock. 他对8点钟准时吃早餐这一习惯非常认真。

    Don't be too particular about what you eat and wear;pay more attention to your study and work. 不要太讲究吃穿,应该多注意学习和工作。

用作名词 (n.)
go into particulars
  1. 详细说明 acquire detailed knowledge of the situation

    This is only a rough idea; I'll go into top particulars later on. 这只是初步想法,以后我将详加说明。

in particular
  1. 尤其,特别 especially or specifically

    She likes fruit and tomatoes in particular. 她喜欢水果,尤其是西红柿。

    The whole meal was good but the wine in particular was excellent. 整顿饭都很好,尤其是葡萄酒更好。

    “Is there anything in particular you'd like for dinner?”“No, nothing in particular.” “正餐你有什么特别喜欢的菜吗?”“没有,什么都行。”

particulars about
  1. 有关…的细节或详情 details on sth

    I had better give a few particulars about myself. 我最好还是详细讲一下我自己的情况。

    I know clearly all the particulars about her. 我对有关她的一切情况都了如指掌。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
介词+~

经典引文

  • In the trenches a subaltern's business was rather general than particular.

    出自:E. Blunden
  • Painters with different aims can find in him inspiration..for their own particular endeavours.

    出自:K. Clark
  • Everyone should receive the training appropriate to his particular aptitude.

    出自:Times

particular的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. paticular作为形容词,解释为“特定的”,“特别的”,强调之所以与连接的其他名词区别开来的原因。

    That performance brings "Music at Night"to a close for this particular Thursday.
    这表明所带来“音乐之夜”在特定周四结束。

  2. in particular(particularly),与in general(generally)形式相同,但是意思相反,通常用在名词之后。两者从意思上来看,有形容词的性质,实际上却为副词。

    I like to read book in general and English book in particular.

  3. be particular about表示“过于讲究的”,“苛求的”。
adj.(形容词)
  1. particular指从众多事例中选出一个“个别的”“特殊的”,强调作为个体的独特性。
  2. particular作“讲究的,挑剔的”解时,后常与介词about连用,表示“对…特别讲究”。
  3. particular在句中多用作定语,偶尔也用作表语。
  4. particular作“特定的,某一的”解时,无比较级和最高级形式。
n.(名词)
  1. particular用作名词的意思是“细节,详情”,指一个事件的具体事实。常与介词of连用。
  2. particular常用于复数形式。
  3. in particular的意思是“尤其,特别”。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
particular, especial, special
这三个词的共同意思是“特殊的”。其区别是:
especial强调特别的、非同寻常的; special强调专门的或特意的; particular强调事物的独特性。special和especial作“特别的”解时,意思相同,两者可以换用,但special比especial更常用。例如:
This is a matter of especial〔special〕 importance.这是件特别重要的事。
There is a special〔especial〕 case deserving special treatment.这里有个特殊情况需要特殊处理。
Don't break the rules for your especial benefit.不要为了你的特殊利益而违反规定。
He comes here only on special occasion.他只是在某些特殊情况下才到这儿来。
He has a particular interest in English.他对英语有特殊的兴趣。
下面三个句子的意思相同,其中第一句是最普通的:
  • He is too particular about what he eats and drinks.
  • He is too particular over what he eats and drinks.
  • He is too particular as to what he eats and drinks.
  • 他过分讲究吃喝。
n.(名词)
particular about, particulars about
这两个短语意义和用法都不相同。前者是形容词短语,指人对某事物“特别讲究”,在句中可用作表语; 后者是名词短语,意思是“有关…的细节和详情”。
special especial specific particular exceptional extraordinary peculiar
这些形容词均含“特殊的,特别的”之意。
  • special:special普通用词,指不同于一般、与众不同,着重事物的专门性,突出与一般不同。
  • especial:especial和special含义很接近,较正式,但侧重有特殊的意义或重要性。
  • specific:specific着重指某种、某类事物具有的特殊或特定的属性,也可指专门提出作特别考虑的事物。
  • particular:particular侧重不同于普遍性的个性或特殊性。
  • exceptional:exceptional指不同于一般,本身是特别的或异常的事物。
  • extraordinary:extraordinary语气比exceptional强,指极大地超过一般或正常情况。
  • peculiar:peculiar强调指与众不同或独特的意思。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:i must be careful with my work; my teacher is very particular with spelling.

    纠正:i must be careful with my work; my teacher is very particular about spelling.

    翻译:我必须很小心我的作业,我老师在拼写上很讲究。

    分析:be particular about属于固定搭配,表示“过去讲究的”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期入英进语,直接源自古法语的particuler;最初源自拉丁语的particularis,意为部分。

particular的相关资料:

正版词典

particular : 特殊的;私 ...
在 《外研社西班牙语词典》 中查看更多...
particular : 特定的,特 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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互动百科

  • particular:particular n. 细节, 详细adj. 特殊的, 特别的, 独特的, 详细的, 精确的, 挑剔习惯用语be particular about 讲究be particular over 讲究(…

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