public

  基本词汇  
['pʌblɪk]     ['pʌblɪk]    
  • adj. 公众的;公共的;公开的
  • n. 民众;公众;大众
publicness
new

public的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 公众的 of or for, or concerning people in general
  2. 公共的,公用的 for the use of everyone, not private
  3. [P]公开的,当众的 (able to be) known to all or to many, not secret
n. (名词)
  1. [S]公众,大众,民众 people in general
  2. [S]某一方面的大众 any group considered in terms of its relation to a particular person, activity, etc.

英英释义

Noun:
  1. people in general considered as a whole;

    "he is a hero in the eyes of the public"

  2. a body of people sharing some common interest;

    "the reading public"

Adjective:
  1. not private; open to or concerning the people as a whole;

    "the public good"
    "public libraries"
    "public funds"
    "public parks"
    "a public scandal"
    "public gardens"
    "performers and members of royal families are public figures"

  2. affecting the people or community as a whole;

    "community leaders"
    "community interests"
    "the public welfare"

public的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Changing public perception may take some time.
    改变公众的看法需要一些时间。
  2. The pension fund owns shares in several major public companies.
    该养老基金在几家主要出售股份给公众的公司中均有股份。
  3. The government decided to promote public welfare.
    政府决定发展公共福利。
  4. The town has its own public library and public gardens.
    那城市有自己的公用图书馆和公园。
  5. She decided to make her views public.
    她决定把自己的观点公开。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The area has been fenced from the public.
    该地区为防止民众进出而围起来。
  2. The leader rarely shows herself in public.
    这位领导她很少在公众场合露面。
  3. The town gardens are open to the public from sunrise to the sunset daily.
    市立公园每天从早到晚对公众开放。
  4. This kind of programme always satisfied the public.
    这类节目总能令大众满意。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Her last public appearance was at the garden party.
    她最后一次公开露面是在那次花园招待会上。
  2. He changed his mind under the pressure of public opinion.
    他在舆论的压力下改变了主意。
  3. Smoking is not allowed in public places.
    公共场所不允许抽烟。
  4. It was in the Public Library that we came upon him.
    在公共图书馆我们偶然遇见他。
  5. The city has a fine public library and public parks.
    该市拥有一座不错的公共图书馆和几处公园。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The zoo and garden are public.
    动物园和花园是对公众开放的。
  2. Is this garden public?
    这花园是公共的吗?
  3. Let's talk in other place; it's too public here.
    咱们换个地方谈话,这里太公开化了。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. As soon as he came back, he made the king's scheme public.
    他一回来就公开了国王的阴谋。
  2. We'll make the new economic policy public early next week.
    我们下周早些时候公布新经济政策。
  3. The investigator made public his findings.
    调查员公布了他的审查结果。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The museum is open to the public.
    这家博物馆是对公众开放的。
  2. The public is requested not to leave litter in the park.
    在公园里,公众被要求不乱扔杂物。
  3. The serum is available to the general public.
    一般公众均可获得血清。
  4. This sort of punishment is applied only to nonviolent criminals who are not likely to be dangerous to the public.
    这种惩罚手段只适用于那些对公众不太可能形成危险的非施暴罪犯。
  5. The public is a best judge.〔The public are a best judge.〕
    公众是最好的裁判。
  6. The public are requested not to walk on the grass.
    请大家勿在草地上行走。
  7. Is there a public for that kind of activity?
    有人赞成那种活动吗?
  8. The newspaper enables its advertisers to reach as large a public as possible.
    报纸使其广告能拥有尽可能多的读者。
  9. His novels appeal to an immense public.
    他的小说受到广大读者的欢迎。
  10. There is a large circulation in the musical public.
    在音乐界销路很广。
  11. My public want to hear me sing.
    我的听众们想听我唱歌。
  12. This young famous singer has an admiring public;he tries to please his public by singing their favourite songs.
    这位有名的年轻歌唱家有不少崇拜者,他想要唱他们喜爱的歌来使他们满意。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
be public about
    公之于世 make known to the world
go public with
    公之于世 make known to the world
public business
    对外营业 joint for outside
用作名词 (n.)
in public
    公开地,当众 in the presence of strangers or of many people

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~

经典引文

  • A day of public rejoicing.

    出自: T. Hardy
  • The expenditure of public money.

    出自: P. Worsthorne

public的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. public用作形容词时,基本意思是“公众的”,指存在或出现在众人面前的,引申还可表示“公共的”“公用的”,往往指由中央或地方政府提供的为全社会服务的,在句中常用作定语,有时也可用作表语。
  2. public还可作“公开的”“当众的”解,指向众人公开或某事物众所周知。在句中常用作表语。
  3. public无比较级和最高级。
n. (名词)
  1. public用作名词时表示“公众,民众”,是集合名词,常与定冠词the连用,有时也可加不定冠词,但一般不指具体的人,没有复数形式,与之连用的谓语动词或代词依侧重点不同可用单数形式或复数形式(视为整体时谓语动词用单数形式,指某些群众时谓语动词用复数形式),但在美式英语中只能用单数形式。
  2. public可指某一方面的或某一部分的“大众”“群众”,尤指对某项活动有着共同兴趣的一批人,作此解时, public前可以加不定冠词,谓语动词一般用单数形式。
  3. public前可以有名词所有格、物主代词等,可以用its或their等指代,译作“他们”。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
public, people
  • 这两个词前加定冠词the都可统指“人民”“公众”。但the people多少含有一些政治色彩。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的public;最初源自拉丁语的publicus,意为公共的。
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