careful

  基本词汇  
['keəfl]     ['kerfl]    
  • adj.小心谨慎的;慎重的;精心的
carefully carefulness
new

careful是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 精心的,细致的,周到的
  2. 仔细的,小心的,谨慎的,慎重的,注意的,严密的
  3. 彻底的
  4. 花钱精打细算的,不乱花钱的
  5. 重视...的
  6. 忧虑的

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 仔细的,小心的 taking care with the intention of avoiding loss or danger; cautious

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. exercising caution or showing care or attention;

    "they were careful when crossing the busy street"
    "be careful to keep her shoes clean"
    "did very careful research"
    "careful art restorers"
    "careful of the rights of others"
    "careful about one's behavior"

  2. cautiously attentive;

    "careful of her feelings"
    "heedful of his father's advice"

  3. unhurried and with care and dignity;

    "walking at the same measured pace"
    "with all deliberate speed"

  4. full of cares or anxiety;

    "Thou art careful and troubled about many things"

  5. mindful of the future in spending money;

    "careful with money"

careful的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Be careful in dealing with such people.
    与这种人打交道要小心谨慎。
  2. You should be more careful with your money.
    你花钱要慎重一些。
  3. After careful consideration, we've decided to accept their offer.
    经过慎重的考虑,我们决定接受他们的提议。
  4. He is extremely careful about his appearance.
    他十分讲究外表。
  5. The sick boy came round with careful nursing.
    那个生病的男孩经过精心护理已经康复了。
  6. Her careful make-up hid the signs of age beneath.
    她的精心化妆掩饰了脂粉下面岁月刻下的痕迹。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. He took careful aim and fired at the rabbit.
    他仔细瞄准,然后向兔子开枪射击。
  2. This problem calls for careful thinking.
    这个问题需要仔细考虑考虑。
  3. It isn't enough just to cast your eyes over this blue-print; you should make a careful study of it.
    这份图纸只是草草过一眼是不够的,你得仔细地推敲推敲。
  4. Without careful investigation you're liable to come to wrong conclusions.
    不仔细调查研究,你就会得出错误结论。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. He was careful as ever.
    他和以前一样仔细。
  2. —Is that lobster alive?—Yes, be careful.It's very much alive.——
    那只龙虾是活的吗?——是的,当心!它还是活生生的呢!
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. Be careful in money matters.
    在钱方面要特别小心。
  2. Be careful in doing this.
    做这件事一定要细心。
  3. Be very careful with fire.
    要特别小心火。
  4. Be careful with the glassware, don't get cut.
    接触玻璃器皿要当心,别让其划破。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. Be careful not to bind off too tightly, or the work will lose its shape.
    注意收针时别太紧,否则会走样的。
  2. Be careful not to crease up the pages.
    当心,不要把书弄皱了。
  3. Be careful not to get eaten up with pride.
    注意不要骄傲自满。
S+be+~+ v -ing
  1. You should be careful crossing deep forests.
    从森林穿行时你应特别小心。
S+be+~+(that/)wh-clause
  1. Be careful that you don't drop the vase.
    当心别把那花瓶打了。
  2. Be careful you don't ask for any more.
    注意,你不要再要了。
  3. Be careful how you hold it.
    你要注意怎么样拿着它。
  4. Be careful how you walk in this field. There are lots of rocks cropping out.
    你在这块地行走时要小心,地面上有许多露出来的石头。
  5. Be careful how you answer, or you might furnish an advantage to your opponent.
    要谨慎作答,否则你可能给对手以可乘之机。
  6. Be careful when you're crossing the road.
    过马路时要小心。
S+be+~+as to wh-clause
  1. You must be careful as to what you say or do.
    对你所说或所做的一切要小心。
  2. You have to be careful as to how you spend the money.
    对于如何花这笔钱你必须谨慎。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
careful about
  1. 讲究; 小心,当心 cautious

    She is too careful about her dress. 她过分讲究衣着。

    Let me warn you to be particularly careful about not mentioning this to anyone. 我警告你要特别小心不要对任何人提起这件事。

    You'll have to be careful about what to say; you really caught him on the raw when you mentioned his first wife. 你以后说话必须注意点,你提到他第一个妻子,这确实触到了他的痛处。

    Be careful about what you say. 要当心你说的话。

careful for
  1. 关注 precautious

    The captain is careful for the safety of the passengers. 船长关注旅客们的安全。

    You cannot be too careful for your health. 你越注意健康越好。

careful of
  1. 当心 taking care with the intention of avoiding loss or danger

    We must be careful of public property. 我们必须爱护公共财物。

    You will be careful of her now if I trust you? 如果我信赖你的话,你会好好关心她吗?

    Be careful of what you are doing. 注意你的所作所为。

    Her mother was careful of what to show. 她的妈妈对她展示的物品很小心。

    Be careful not to bend that spoon. 当心别把汤匙弄弯。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词

careful的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. careful的基本意思是“仔细的”“小心的”,含有靠认真实践来避免错误的意味。
  2. careful和about连用,通常后接指物的名词、动名词或从句。
  3. careful用作表语时,其后也可跟动词不定式、that/wh-从句。
  4. careful和of连用,通常后接指人或事物的名词,也可接从句。接从句时,of常省略。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
careful of, careful for
这组短语意思并不同:careful of的意思是“注意”,指由于某种原因如利害关系或责任而加以注意; careful for的意思是“关心”,指由于关心挂念而表示关注。试比较:
  • He is careful for her prospects.
  • 他关注她的前途。
  • He is careful of her prospects.
  • 他注意她的前途。
careful, attentive, cautious, precautious
这组形容词都有“细心的”“谨慎的”意思。其区别在于:
1.careful修饰具有动作概念的名词时,可译为“细致的”“精心的”,含有靠认真实践来避免错误的意味。例如:
One can never be too careful in his work.工作越细心越好。
She was careful enough to find this mistake of mine.她相当仔细,发现了我的这一差错。
2.attentive指为了理解或改变事物而采取“注意的”或“聚精会神”的态度,有时含有谦恭有礼的意味。例如:
Please be more attentive to your studies.请多用点儿心读书。
A speaker likes to have an attentive audience.演讲者喜欢聚精会神的听众。
She was very attentive to her sick sister.她非常关心生病的妹妹。
3.cautious指对待某事物时,要仔细考虑各种可能性,所持的态度是“细心的”“谨慎的”,含有要避免危险、谨慎留意、以防出现差错的意味。例如:
The students are cautious not to make any mistakes in spelling.学生们在拼写时非常小心。
He is a cautious driver.他开车很谨慎。
Papa, intensely cautious, never made a decision lightly.爸爸非常谨慎小心,从来不轻易作出决定。
She was cautious of strangers.她对陌生人很戒备。
4.precautious指对待某事物是“有防备的”“戒备的”“警惕的”,尤指社会场合的谨慎,除非对知己者,否则不愿对他人谈及自己的个人问题,也指担心出差错而事先做好各种防范准备。例如:
He was precautious in crossing the rickety bridge.走过这座摇摇晃晃的桥时他小心翼翼。
careful cautious attentive prudent
这些形容词均含有“小心的,谨慎的”之意。
  • careful:careful侧重做事谨慎、留心,特别注意一些细节地方。
  • cautious:cautious着重考虑事情的后果,谨慎留意,防止出差错。
  • attentive:attentive指认真地注意地倾听别人的意见,留心别人的需要等。
  • prudent:prudent指遇事审慎,思考计划周密,不贸然行事。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 你做练习时必须细心。

    You must be careful of your exercises.

    You must be careful with your exercises.

    be careful of 是“提防”“当心”的意思; be careful with则是“认真做某事”“慎重对待某事”的意思。

  2. 你应该更加注意自己的健康。

    You should be more careful for your health.

    You should be more careful about〔of〕 your health.

    be careful for表示“对…挂念”“对…惦记”,表示“注意”“关心”要用be careful about〔of〕。

careful的相关资料:

正版词典

careful : 小心的;谨 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

互动百科

  • careful:careful adj. 小心的, 仔细的…

临近单词

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