even

  基本词汇  
['iːvn]     ['iːvn]    
  • adj.平坦的;平和的;偶数的;相等的
  • adv.甚至;正当;更;恰好
  • v.使平坦;相等
evenly evener evened evened evening evens
new

even是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 均匀的
  2. 平稳的,平坦的,平滑的,平的,不曲折的,无凹陷的
  3. 一致的
  4. 同样的,相等的,一样的,同一的
  5. 齐的
  6. 对等的,均等的
  7. 【数】偶数的,双数的
  8. 同一水准的
  9. 高低相同的
adv.(副词)
  1. 甚至(更),愈加,更加
  2. 还,也
  3. 即使(...也)
  4. 连(...还)
  5. 实际上
  6. 甚至可以说
  7. 尽管如此
  8. 正,恰恰,刚刚
  9. 即,就是
  10. 居然
v.(动词)
  1. 弄平,变平坦,把...弄平坦,使平坦,使拉平,整平,平
  2. (使)相等,变相等,成为相等,均等
  3. 使平均
  4. 比做
  5. 结清宿怨,摆平
  6. 稳定下来
  7. 平均分配,平均分摊
  8. 使平衡
n.(名词)
  1. 傍晚,黄昏,暮色
  2. 偶数
  3. 前夕

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 甚至,即使 which is more than might be expected
  2. 更加,愈加 still, yet
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 使平; 使相等 make even; make level or equal
adj.(形容词)
  1. 平的,平坦的 level, smooth, flat
  2. 均匀的; 有规律的; 稳定的 unchanging in quality; regular; steady
  3. 相等的,均衡的 equal, equally balanced or matched
  4. 双数的,偶数的 divisible by two with no remainder

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
even : 平(滑) ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
even : 平 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
even : 平(坦)的 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
even : 证券市场的 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the latter part of the day (the period of decreasing daylight from late afternoon until nightfall);

    "he enjoyed the evening light across the lake"

Adjective:
  1. divisible by two

  2. equal in degree or extent or amount; or equally matched or balanced;

    "even amounts of butter and sugar"
    "on even terms"
    "it was a fifty-fifty (or even) split"
    "had a fifty-fifty (or even) chance"
    "an even fight"

  3. being level or straight or regular and without variation as e.g. in shape or texture; or being in the same plane or at the same height as something else (i.e. even with);

    "an even application of varnish"
    "an even floor"
    "the road was not very even"
    "the picture is even with the window"

  4. symmetrically arranged;

    "even features"
    "regular features"
    "a regular polygon"

  5. occurring at fixed intervals;

    "a regular beat"
    "the even rhythm of his breathing"

  6. of the score in a contest;

    "the score is tied"

Adverb:
  1. used as an intensive especially to indicate something unexpected;

    "even an idiot knows that"
    "declined even to consider the idea"
    "I don't have even a dollar!"

  2. in spite of; notwithstanding;

    "even when he is sick, he works"
    "even with his head start she caught up with him"

  3. to a greater degree or extent; used with comparisons;

    "looked sick and felt even worse"
    "an even (or still) more interesting problem"
    "still another problem must be solved"
    "a yet sadder tale"

  4. to the full extent;

    "loyal even unto death"

Verb:
  1. make level or straight;

    "level the ground"

  2. become even or more even;

    "even out the surface"

  3. make even or more even

even的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. A billiard-table must be perfectly even.
    台球桌必须十分平.
  2. He spoke lightly in even tones.
    他以平和的语调温和地讲话。
  3. Cars with license plates ending in even numbers must go in this way.
    牌照以偶数结尾的汽车必须走这条路。
  4. He has an even chance of success.
    他成败的机会参半。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. He didn't even have the decency to show me the way.
    他甚至连指点我路的礼貌也没有。
  2. Even the best of men ignored that simple rule.
    甚至最优秀的人也忽略了那条简单的规则。
  3. Even as he spoke, she entered.
    正当他说话时,她进来了。
  4. He even more likes to drink wine and not to like beer.
    他更愿意喝葡萄酒而不喜欢啤酒。
  5. It was even as he said: the jewel was gone.
    正如他所说的,珠宝不翼而飞了
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The path ran steeply up the hill and then evened out.
    这条路很陡,到山上就平坦了。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. I met him in town but he didn't even acknowledge me.
    我在城里遇见他,但他竟不认识我。
  2. He never even bothered to acknowledge her presence.
    他甚至对她的在场未予理会。
  3. You can touch a hibernating animal, or even pull its tail, without causing it to move or wake up.
    你可以摸冬眠的动物,甚至拉它的尾巴,也不会使它动一动或醒来。
  4. He had not even bought himself a new suit since coming to Beijing.
    自从来到北京他甚至没给自己买一件新衣服。
  5. Even a child can answer it.
    甚至连小孩都能回答这个问题。
  6. He didn't answer even my letter.
    他连我的信都没有回。
  7. The farmers grew too little to feed even their own families.
    这些农民们种植得太少,连他们自家吃的还不够。
  8. He is ready, even eager, to help you.
    他乐于,甚至于热切地乐于帮助你。
  9. He looked depressed, even suicidal.
    他看上去很沮丧,甚至于沮丧到想自杀。
  10. She taught him to read and even to sing two or three little ballads, accompanying him on her old piano.
    她教他读书,还教他唱两三首民谣,弹着她的旧钢琴为他伴奏。
  11. He came back a real hero even in the eyes of those who had not cared for him before.
    他回来时已成了一个真正的英雄,即使在那些过去不大看得起他的人眼中也是如此。
  12. They were driven to work even when they were ill.
    病了还要逼他们干活。
  13. Thieves are afraid of being overheard even when they are talking in a whisper.
    做贼的就连在低声细语时也怕叫人听见。
  14. Ade never fetches out his best dishes even when guests arrive.
    即便来了客人,艾德也不把他最好的盘碟摆出来。
  15. I still don't believe in ghosts even after my experience at the Rose Inn.
    甚至在经历了发生在玫瑰酒店里的这件事以后,我还是不相信有鬼。
  16. You seem even more beautiful than usual today.
    你今天好像比平时更漂亮。
  17. I dare say this will exercise an even wider influence than we expected.
    我看这件事所产生的影响要比我们以前所想的还要广泛。
  18. The wind blew even harder yesterday than it did on Sunday.
    昨天的风比星期天刮得更厉害。
  19. We hope we can cooperate even more closely in the future.
    希望我们今后能更加密切地合作。
  20. On learning that her eldest son had laid down his life on the battlefield, the mother not only did her best to dam up her sorrows, but went in for her work even more energetically than ever before.
    听说大儿子在战场上牺牲了,妈妈不仅竭力抑制内心的悲痛,而且比以往更加积极地做好自己的工作。
  21. I can't even remember the name of that old friend of mine.
    我甚至连那位老朋友的名字都一点不记得了。
  22. We haven't had any rain yet this year not even a light drizzle.
    我们这儿今年一场雨都没下,甚至连一点毛毛雨都没下。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We must even this path—it's so rough.
    我们一定要平整这条路,路面崎岖不平。
  2. They evened the steep road.
    他们把陡斜的路搞平坦了。
  3. The bulldozers are evening the hill top.
    推土机在推平山头。
  4. He evened the soil with a spade.
    他用锹把土铲平了。
  5. They have evened the lawn with a roller.
    他们用滚压机压平了草地。
  6. She evened the edges by trimming them.
    她把边缘修齐了。
  7. Smith's goal evened the score.
    史密斯进的球把比分拉平了。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. In the end we arrived at the even ground at the top of the mountain.
    最后我们登上了山顶上的平地。
  2. His even breathing showed that he had gotten over his excitement.
    他的均匀的呼吸显示出他已由兴奋转为平静了。
  3. This wine cellar stays at an even temperature all year round.
    这个酒窖常年保持恒温。
  4. He cut the bread into even slices.
    他把面包均匀地分成片。
  5. 2,4,6,8,10 are even numbers.2,4,6,8,10
    是偶数。
  6. The pages on the left side of a book have even numbers.
    一本书的左页页码是偶数。
  7. Thirteen is not divisible by any even number.13
    不能被任何偶数除尽。
  8. It took a week of investigation to get an even reasonably accurate account of the accident.
    为了对这个事故作出合理准确的报道,花了一个星期的时间做调查。
  9. She is an even tempered wife.
    她是个性情平和的妻子。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Her teeth were white and even.
    她的牙齿又白又整齐。
  2. I'd say the two players are prettily even.
    我认为这两个选手不相上下。
  3. The child's pulse is now even.
    孩子的脉搏现在稳定了。
  4. Mr. Johnson has a lot of debts, but in a few years he will get even.
    约翰逊先生有很多债务,不过几年后他就会还清的。
S+be+~+in n./pron.
  1. The two horses were even in the race.
    那两匹马竞赛的成绩相等。
  2. The two boxers were even in strength and skill.
    这两个拳击手的力量和技巧都不相上下。
S+be+~+with n./pron.
  1. The picture is even with the window.
    这幅画与窗子一样高。
  2. The water was even with the rim of the basin.
    盆里的水与盆边齐了。
  3. He won the first game and I won the second, so now I'm even with him.
    他胜了第一局,我赢了第二局,现在我和他扯平了。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. He cut the bushes even with the fence.
    他把灌木丛剪得和围栏一样高。
  2. He tried to keep his voice even.
    他尽力使自己的声音保持平静。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
break even
  1. 不盈不亏 show neither profit nor loss

    We need to take £5200 each performance just to break even. 我们每场演出需收入5200英镑才够本。

even as
  1. 正当…的时候 just at the same moment as

    Even as she was going out, the telephone rang. 正当她要外出时,电话铃响了。

    Even as the sun was shining brightly, it began to rain. 就在阳光灿烂的时候,下起雨来了。

even if〔though〕
  1. 即使,纵然 no matter if

    Even if we could afford it, we wouldn't go abroad for our holidays. 即使我们有能力,我们也不去外国度假。

    He is determined to stick out the race even if he finishes last. 他下定决心即使跑最后一名,也要坚持跑完。

    I will help him finish his work even though I have to stay up all night. 即使要干通宵,我也要帮他把工作做完。

    She would not say a word even though the enemy threatened to burn her. 尽管敌人威胁要烧死她,但她依然只字未说。

    Bob always enjoys sailing, even though the weather is cloudy. 鲍勃总是很喜欢航行,即使空中乌云密布。

even so
  1. 虽然如此,即使如此 in spite of what has happened

    It was raining, but even so we had to go out. 天在下雨,尽管这样我们也不得不外出。

    There will probably be many people after the job but even so I'd still apply for it if I were you. 也许会有许多人想得到这份工作,但即便如此,如果我是你的话,我仍然会申请的。

    The new method is not perfect; even so, it's much better than the old one. 新的方法并不完美,但即使如此,它比老的方法要好得多。

    It has many omissions, even so, it is quite a useful reference book. 这本书有许多遗漏之处,尽管如此,尚不失为一本有用的参考书。

even then
  1. 尽管那样 though that is true

    Difficulties were increasing.Even then we did not lose heart. 尽管困难在增加,但我们毫不灰心。

用作动词 (v.)
even between( v.+prep. )
  1. 在…之间均等 be equal between two things even between sb/sth

    Odds have evened between the champions.争夺冠军的两名选手得胜的机会均等。

    Odds have evened between the contestants for the championship.锦标赛参加者之间分数拉平了。

even off〔out〕 (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 even off〔out〕通常不用于被动结构。
  2. 变平 become level even off〔out〕

    The ground evens out on the other side of the mountain.山的那边,地变得平坦了。

    even sth ⇔ off〔out〕

    He raked the soil to even it out.他把土耙平。

    The workers are busy evening out the surface of the road with a roller.工人们忙着用压路机压平路面。

  3. (使)平稳; (使)均衡 become equal even off〔out〕

    I'll pay this time, you pay next; it's evened off in the long run.这次我来付,下次你来付,最后还是大家平摊嘛。

    Prices should even out when the crops are gathered.庄稼收获时,物价应该稳定下来。

    even sth ⇔ off〔out〕

    We must even off the differences between social classes.我们一定要消灭社会各阶级之间的差别。

    The reservoir can even out the flow of the river by controlling floods in rainy seasons and releasing water in dry periods.水库通过雨季蓄洪和在旱季泄洪来调节河流的流量。

    If Jane would do some of Mary's typing, that would even the work out.如果简愿意分担玛丽的一些打字任务,她们两人的工作就一样多了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    It is much better if payments can be evened out on a monthly basis.如果能按月付款那就更好了。

even up (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)相等 make sth more equal even sth ⇔ up

    You've paid for the meal,I'll pay for the taxi to even things up.你已付了饭钱,我将付出租车费,这样就扯平了。

    Ten years had evened up their position.经过十年岁月,他们的地位已经相当。

    If you two sit at the other table, that should even up our groups.如果你们俩坐另一张桌子,我们两组人数就相等了。

    A little more weight on this side will even up the balance.这边再加重一点,两边就平衡了。

    John did better in the maths exam than Jim and that evened up their marks.这次数学考试约翰的分数比吉姆高,他们的得分就拉平了。

    The visitors evened up the score with an unexpected goal two minutes before half-time.在上半场结束前两分钟,客队意外地进了一个球,把比分拉平。

    This payment should even up our account.这次付款可以把我们的账还了。

even up on( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 〈美·非正〉回报 return a favour to sb even up on sb

    We can even up on Bill and Alice by look-ing after their children next week.我们下周可以给比尔和艾丽斯照看孩子来回报他们。

用作形容词 (adj.)
an even chance
  1. 可能性相等 an equally balanced probability

    I'd say he has an even chance of winning the match. 我认为他赢这场比赛有一半的机会。

be (get) even with
  1. 向某人报复 have〔get〕 one's revenge on sb

    Bill swore he'd get even with his brother, who'd played a dirty trick on him. 比尔上了哥哥的当,发誓要报复。

    He cheated me, but I'll get even with him one day. 他骗了我,有朝一日我会报复他的。

on an even keel
  1. (生活等)稳定 maintaining steady undisturbed progress (in life)

    It took him a long time to get back on an even keel after his wife died. 妻子死后很久,他的情绪才稳定下来。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ 动词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Bring it to my house this even.

    出自:R. Kipling
  • The even rhythm of the breathing.

    出自:T. H. Huxley
  • Every tale was told in the even, passionless voice of the native-born.

    出自:R. Kipling
  • Would ye even a beast to a man?

    出自:C. Reade
  • Let your love even with my life decay.

    出自:Sonnets,Shakespeare
  • The souls even while you speak Have slipped out of our bond.

    出自:Yeats
  • He made his prayer (Even as you and I!).

    出自:R. Kipling
  • I looked back at Flora..and even as I looked I saw that she was starting to cry.

    出自:I. Murdoch

even的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. even常被用来表示极度的惊讶,如别人做了超乎我们想象的事。

    He's even rude to the police.
    他甚至对警察都很粗鲁。

  2. not even则表示否定的惊讶。

    He can't even write his own name.
    他甚至连自己的名字都不会写。

  3. even属副词,不作连接词。

    Even you try again, you may not succeed.
    这个句子是错误的,需在Even后加if。

  4. even处于句中不同位置时,整句意思不同。

    Even I have not heard of her for a year.
    即使我一年没有听到她的消息了。

    I have not even heard of her for a year.
    我竟然一年来都没有听到她的消息。

    I have not heard of her even for a year.
    我没有听到她的消息竟然有一年了。

  5. even so指“但是,尽管”,这个短语通常作为一个提醒,指前面所说的那个论点还不是最强的,是可以被改进的。

    Even so,she will do well not to be over-nervous.
    尽管如此,她会努力不让自己过于紧张。

adv.(副词)
  1. even作“确实是”“甚至是”解时主要用在表示意外的词语前加强语气,可用来修饰动词或名词。
  2. even也可放在形容词或副词的比较级前加强语气,意思是“更加”“愈加”“还”。
  3. even的位置应靠近它所强调的词或短语。一般须置于系动词be或助动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前。在句中位置的不同影响整个句子的意思。
  4. not even表示一种反面的意外事情,指连最低级限度的情况或最小的事物都不存在。
  5. 在下面的用法中, even可作“甚至可以说”解。例如:He is willing, even eager, to do it.他很乐意,甚至可以说迫不及待地想做这件事。
  6. 在表达让步的最高级结构中,由于句中含有“虽则”的意味,所以不再用even。但在比较级结构中则可以用even。试比较:

    In the coldest day he will go skiing.即使在最冷的日子,他仍要去滑雪。It was cold yesterday, but it's even colder today.昨天冷,今天更冷了。

  7. even有时可插在动词不定式符号to和动词原形中间,即所谓分裂不定式。例如:It is too heavy for me to even lift.它很重,我都掀不动它。
v.(动词)
  1. even用作形容词意思是“平坦的”,转化为动词意思是“使变平”,引申可作“使相等,使平衡”解。
  2. even是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. even out的意思是“(使)平稳〔衡〕,压平”; even up的意思是“拉平,使相抵,使相等,使平衡”; even up on sb 的意思是“向某人报答”。
adj.(形容词)
  1. even的基本含义是“平的”,指物体在同一平面上或同一线上的各点保持均匀,即表面平整,水平线平直。even作“均匀的,有规律的,稳定的”解时既可指事物的运动,也可指人的性格毫无变化。even作“相等的,均衡的”解时指质量、距离、价值等,也可指人或事物的不相上下。even还可作“双数的,偶数的”解,通常用于数学方面。
  2. even在句中可用作定语,表语或补语。其比较级和最高级有evener, evenest和more even, most even两种形式。

词义辨析

adv.(副词)
even as, even when
这两者都引导时间状语从句,但前者比后者更具有偶然性,有“碰巧”的意味。
even if, even though
这两个短语都可作“即使,纵使”解,用来引导让步状语从句,一般可以换用。其细微差别是:
1.even if多用于口语中,而even though多用于书面语中。例如:
  • Even if you don't like wine, try a glass of this.
  • 即使你不喜欢喝酒,也喝一杯试试。
  • They will stand by you even though you don't succeed.
  • 纵然你不成功,他们也会支持你的。
2.even if引导的让步从句,所说的是一种假设兼让步; 而even though引导的让步从句所指的则是事实兼让步。试比较:
  • Even if he loves her, he can't marry her.
  • 即使他爱她,他也不能和她结婚。
  • Even though he loves her, he can't marry her.
  • 尽管他爱她,他也不能和她结婚。
下面句子中even位置的不同而引起的句子的侧重点不同:
  • Even I am not disturbed by Joe's threats.
  • 连我也没有被乔的威吓所烦扰。
  • I am not even disturbed by Joe's threats.
  • 乔的威吓我连一点不安的感觉都没有。
  • I am not disturbed even by Joe's threats.
  • 连乔的威吓都没有使我不安起来。
  • Even I have not heard of him for two years.
  • 连我也有两年没听到他的消息了。
  • I have not even heard of him for two years.
  • 我已经两年连听都没听到他的消息了。
  • I have not heard of him even for two years.
  • 我没听到他的消息都两年了。

常见错误

adv.(副词)
  1. 即使他亲自来,我也不会把车借给他。

    Even he comes in person,I won't lend him my car.

    Even if〔though〕 he comes in person,I won't lend him my car.

    作“即使”解时, even常与if〔though〕连用,引导让步状语从句。

  2. 尽管他不会游泳,但他毫不迟疑地跳入水中。

    Even although he couldn't swim, he jumped straight into the water.

    Even though he couldn't swim, he jumped straight into the water.

    even后可跟though,不可跟although。

  3. 所有赛车中2号车跑得最快。

    Of all the racing cars, the No. 2 is running even fastest.

    Of all the racing cars, the No. 2 is running fastest by far.

    even是修饰比较级的程度副词,不可用作最高级的修饰语。

  4. 就算那是真的,也没有关系。

    Even if that's true, but it doesn't make any difference.

    Even if that's true, it doesn't make any difference.

    even if引导状语从句时,不可受汉语影响而赘用连词but。

  5. 他的妹妹把所有的玩具都弄坏了,甚至把自行车也弄坏了。

    His sister broke all her toys. She even has broken her bike.

    His sister broke all her toys. She has even broken her bike.

  6. 他对大家都不礼貌,甚至对他父亲也不礼貌。

    He's rude to everybody. He even is rude to his father.

    He's rude to everybody. He's even rude to his father.

    even在句中应位于be或助动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前。

adj.(形容词)
  1. 她那均匀的呼吸声告诉我们她睡熟了。

    Her breathing even told us that she was fast asleep.

    Her even breathing told us that she was fast asleep.

    even作形容词应该放在所修饰的名词前面。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:she got very angry;even she told me to get out of the house.

    纠正:she got very angry;she even told me to get out of the house.

    翻译:她非常的生气,甚至叫我滚出这个房子。

    分析:表示对某事觉得惊奇时,常将even同动词放在一起使用。

  • 错句:even i was about to leave,they arrived.

    纠正:even as i was about to leave,they arrived.

    翻译:就在我要走时,他们到了。

    分析:even不可作连接词,连接两句子,需加连接副词如as。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的eefn;最初源自古日耳曼语的ebnaz,意为平的,相等的。

even的相关资料:

正版词典

even : 即使…,连…, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

互动百科

  • even:even adj. 平的, 平滑的, 偶数的, 一致的, 平静的, 恰好的, 平均的, 连贯的adv. [加强语气]甚至(...也), 连...都, 即使, 恰好, 正当vt. 使平坦, 使相等vi.…

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