dirty

  核心词汇  
['dɜːti]     ['dɜːrti]    
  • adj.脏的;肮脏的;下流的;卑鄙的;腐败的;不正当的
  • v.弄脏;玷污
dirtily dirtier dirtiest dirtiness dirtied dirtied dirtying dirties
new

dirty是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 下流的,污秽的,卑鄙的,猥亵的,肮脏的,龌龊的,令人厌恶的
  2. 不诚实的,不鲜明的,欺骗的
  3. 暗淡的
  4. 吸毒的
  5. 黄色的,色情的
v.(动词)
  1. 弄脏,(使)变脏,沾污,弄脏,弄污,沾染
  2. 玷污,败坏,毁谤,中伤,贬损
adv.(副词)
  1. 很大地,非常大地
  2. 卑鄙地,肮脏地
n.(名词)
  1. 肮脏,龌龊,下流,卑鄙,不雅,恶劣
  2. 脏话
  3. 难听
  4. 蓬头垢面

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 肮脏的 not clean, covered with dirt
  2. 下流的,淫秽的 obscene
  3. 卑劣的,不公平的 unfair, underhand
  4. 恶劣的 rough
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 弄脏 make sth dirty
  2. vi. 变脏 become dirty

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
dirty : 混 ...
dirty : 肮 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. soiled or likely to soil with dirt or grime;

    "dirty unswept sidewalks"
    "a child in dirty overalls"
    "dirty slums"
    "piles of dirty dishes"
    "put his dirty feet on the clean sheet"
    "wore an unclean shirt"
    "mining is a dirty job"
    "Cinderella did the dirty work while her sisters preened themselves"

  2. (of behavior or especially language) characterized by obscenity or indecency;

    "dirty words"
    "a dirty old man"
    "dirty books and movies"
    "boys telling dirty jokes"
    "has a dirty mouth"

  3. vile; despicable;

    "a dirty (or lousy) trick"
    "a filthy traitor"

  4. spreading pollution or contamination; especially radioactive contamination;

    "the air near the foundry was always dirty"
    "a dirty bomb releases enormous amounts of long-lived radioactive fallout"

  5. contaminated with infecting organisms;

    "dirty wounds"
    "obliged to go into infected rooms"

  6. (of color) discolored by impurities; not bright and clear;

    "dirty"
    "a dirty (or dingy) white"
    "the muddied grey of the sea"
    "muddy colors"
    "dirty-green walls"
    "dirty-blonde hair"

  7. (of a manuscript) defaced with changes;

    "foul (or dirty) copy"

  8. obtained illegally or by improper means;

    "dirty money"
    "ill-gotten gains"

  9. expressing or revealing hostility or dislike;

    "dirty looks"

  10. violating accepted standards or rules;

    "a dirty fighter"
    "used foul means to gain power"
    "a nasty unsporting serve"
    "fined for unsportsmanlike behavior"

  11. unethical or dishonest;

    "dirty police officers"
    "a sordid political campaign"

  12. unpleasantly stormy;

    "there's dirty weather in the offing"

Verb:
  1. make soiled, filthy, or dirty;

    "don't soil your clothes when you play outside!"

dirty的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The clothes on the floor are dirty.
    地板上的那些衣物是脏的.
  2. The tourist complained that the room was too dirty.
    游客抱怨说房间太脏了。
  3. They sat drinking and telling dirty stories.
    他们坐在那里,边喝酒边讲下流故事。
  4. They have been playing all sorts of dirty tricks.
    他们一直在耍弄种种卑鄙的伎俩。
  5. The progress of that country is hindered by dirty politics.
    那个国家因腐败的政治而停滞不前。
  6. This campaign was dirty and contentious.
    这次的竞选活动充满阴谋并让人争论不已。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. You'll dirty your hand if you play in the dirt.
    如果你去玩泥巴,手会弄脏。
  2. He will dirty his reputation by following bad people and doing bad things.
    和坏人一起做坏事,这将玷污他自己的名声。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. It was a dirty room.
    这是一个很脏的房间。
  2. Mother cleared the dirty dishes away when we had finished eating.
    当我们吃完饭时,妈妈撤走了脏盘子。
  3. Do you think that dirty mark will come out?
    你说那块污迹能去掉吗?
  4. Keep your dirty fingers off the wet paint.
    油漆未干,别用脏指头乱摸。
  5. Repairing cars is a dirty job.
    修汽车是件脏活。
  6. They left me with a stack of dirty dishes.
    他们留给我一摞脏盘子。
  7. The main street was edged on both sides with dirty decaying buildings.
    那条主要街道的两边都是肮些脏、破败的房子。
  8. I was hurt by his dirty trick.
    我被他的卑鄙手段伤害了。
  9. They were telling dirty stories.
    他们在讲下流事。
  10. You've got a dirty mind.
    你满脑子下流事。
  11. The company published dirty books.
    这家公司出版淫秽书籍。
  12. They sat up drinking and telling dirty stories.
    他们坐着边喝酒边说荤段子。
  13. Don't scribble dirty words on lavatory walls.
    别在厕所墙上乱写下流话。
  14. He got involved in some dirty dealing in the stock market.
    他卷入股票市场的一些肮脏交易中。
  15. War is a dirty business.
    战争是卑鄙的事。
  16. He was willing to use any dirty trick to get what he wanted.
    他愿意使用任何卑鄙的手段来得到他所要的东西。
  17. I'm sick of her dirty cracks about my work.
    我憎恶她对我的工作所散布的流言蜚语。
  18. Even in the dirtiest weather, they were driven to go out to sea.
    即使是最恶劣的天气,他们也被迫出海。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The boy's hands were dirty.
    这男孩的双手很脏。
  2. My dress is getting dirty and needs washing.
    我的连衣裙脏了,需要洗。
  3. Children playing in mud get dirty.
    在烂泥中玩的孩子弄得很脏。
  4. See how dirty your hands are!
    瞧你的手多脏啊!
  5. They were hot, dirty, and exhausted.
    他们又脏又热,疲惫不堪。
  6. I was very dusty and dirty and went up to my room to wash.
    我满身灰尘和污秽,就进自己房间去洗浴。
  7. It was very dirty, and covered with mould.
    太脏了,用泥土把它盖上。
  8. It became dirty.
    它变脏了。
  9. It was found dirty.
    它被发现是污秽的。
  10. It was made dirty.
    它被弄脏了。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. I saw the book dirty.
    我见这本书脏了。
  2. Don't keep it dirty and wash it.
    不要让它脏下去,洗洗它。
其他 as n.
  1. She used a fair cloth to clean away the dirty on the table.
    她用一块干净的布擦去了桌子上的脏东西。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. White shoes dirty very quickly.
    白鞋脏的很快。
  2. White gloves dirty easily.
    白手套易弄脏。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Don't dirty your hands.
    别弄脏你的手。
  2. Don't dirty the floor.
    别把地板弄脏了。
  3. Don't dirty your new dress.
    别弄脏了你的新裙子。
  4. You will dirty his honoured name.
    你会败坏他的名誉。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
be a dirty word
  1. 不喜欢的或不正经的事物或想法 thing or idea that is disliked or not respected

    My children think that work is a dirty word. 我的孩子都觉得工作顶讨厌。

dirty work
  1. 苦活 the tasks that sb else does not like or can't face

    He got the credit, and we did the dirty work. 他得荣誉,我们做不讨好的工作。

    You left the dirty work for me. 你把苦活留给了我。

give sb a dirty look
  1. 厌恶地看着某人 look at sb disapprovingly or in disgust

    He gave me a dirty look. 他瞪了我一眼。

make dirty with
  1. 被…弄脏 be dirty by

    He made his hands dirty with mud. 他的手被污泥弄脏了。

play a dirty trick on sb
  1. 以卑鄙的手段对付某人 play a mean trick on sb

    He played a dirty trick on me by refusing to do what he had promised. 他拒绝做他所许诺的事,用这种卑鄙的手段对付我。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • His nappy may be dirty at every feed.

    出自:H. Jolly
  • Dark blue morocco..which won't dirty in a hurry.

    出自:J. Carlyle

dirty的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. dirty的基本意思是“肮脏的”,可引申形容人的行为、语言或思想的不健康,常译为“下流的”“卑劣的”“淫秽的”,形容天气时往往表示“恶劣的”。
  2. dirty在句中可用作定语、表语或宾语补足语,其比较级为dirtier,最高级为dirtiest。
  3. dirty可用very或really来修饰,但不可用completely或absolutely修饰。
  4. dirty前加定冠词the可用作名词,表示“肮脏的东西”。
v.(动词)
  1. dirty用作及物动词时,基本意思是“弄脏”,引申还可表示“败坏某人的名声”,接名词或代词作宾语。
  2. dirty用作不及物动词时,意思是“变脏”。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
dirty, filthy, foul, nasty
这组词都可表示“脏的”“恶心的”。其区别是:
dirty是最普通用词,意思是“肮脏的”; filthy比dirty强烈一些,表示“令人厌恶的”; foul是这几个词中语气最强烈的词,形容人时表示“令人作呕地讨厌”,形容物时表示“恶臭的”“很肮脏的”“味道难闻的”; nasty指“极其令人厌恶的”,常用来修饰人,表示“爱挑剔的”“令人厌恶的”。例如:
My coat is dirty.我的上衣很脏。
I ought to sell maximum out like that,I would be utterly filthy.我应把它们大部分卖掉,我太讨厌它们了。
The air in this room is foul, open the window.这屋里的空气令人作呕,把窗户打开。
He is a nasty man, don't talk with him.他是一个令人厌恶的人,不要和他说话。
dirty foul nasty
这些形容词均有“脏的,污秽的”之意。
  • dirty:dirty普通用词,泛指被玷污或弄脏。
  • foul:foul指由于腐烂、恶臭等造成的不干净,令人恶心。
  • nasty:nasty主要指特别讲究清洁的人感到讨厌的东西。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古英的语drit,意为脏,排粪。

dirty的相关资料:

正版词典

dirty : 肮脏的,污 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

  • dirty:dirty adj. 肮脏的, 卑鄙的, 下流的, 暴风雨的, 恶劣的(天气)vt. 弄脏vi. 变脏习惯用语do the dirty on sb. [俚]用卑劣手段中伤某人…

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