circle

  核心词汇  
['sɜːkl]     ['sɜːrkl]    
  • n. 圆圈;圈子;包厢
  • v. 划圈;包围;盘旋;环绕
circler circled circled circling circles
new

circle的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 圈,圈子,圆,圆圈
  2. 范围,界
  3. 轨道
  4. 环,环状物,圆形的东西
  5. 圆周
  6. 成弧形的梯级座位
  7. 包厢
  8. 集团
  9. 循环,周期
  10. 圆形场地
  11. 马戏场
  12. 阶层
v. (动词)
  1. 盘旋,旋转,迥转,转圈
  2. 画圆圈
  3. 围,围着,围绕,环绕,包围
  4. 环行,环绕…移动,绕…而行
  5. 兜圈子
  6. 回转,打转儿
  7. 迂回航行
  8. 围绕…画圈
  9. 圈出,圈起
  10. 绕过
  11. 流传,传布

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]圆,圆周; 圈,环状物 a curved line on which every point is equally distant from one fixed point inside the curve; sth having the general shape of this curve or ring
  2. [C]圈子,界,社会,集团 a group of people connected in an informal way by common interests
  3. [C]楼座 an upper floor in a theatre, usually with seats set in curved rows
  4. [C]周期; 循环 a process or chain of events which finishes where it begins
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 环绕; 盘旋 move in a circle around sth; go around in a circle

英英释义

Noun:
  1. ellipse in which the two axes are of equal length; a plane curve generated by one point moving at a constant distance from a fixed point;

    "he calculated the circumference of the circle"

  2. an unofficial association of people or groups;

    "the smart set goes there"
    "they were an angry lot"

  3. something approximating the shape of a circle;

    "the chairs were arranged in a circle"

  4. movement once around a course;

    "he drove an extra lap just for insurance"

  5. a road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island;

    "the accident blocked all traffic at the rotary"

  6. street names for flunitrazepan

  7. a curved section or tier of seats in a hall or theater or opera house; usually the first tier above the orchestra;

    "they had excellent seats in the dress circle"

  8. any circular or rotating mechanism;

    "the machine punched out metal circles"

Verb:
  1. travel around something;

    "circle the globe"

  2. move in circles

  3. form a circle around;

    "encircle the errors"

circle的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The dancers were standing in a circle around the fire.
    舞者们围着篝火站成一圈。
  2. A square has four sides but a circle has no sides.
    正方形有四条边,而圆形没有边。
  3. He has a large circle of friends.
    他有一大群朋友。
  4. He is part of an exclusive social circle and belongs to an exclusive club.
    他所处的社交圈子很排外,而且参加的又是个很排外的社团。
  5. We've booked seats in the circle.
    我们预订了楼厅包厢的座位。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Someone had circled the next paragraph in red.
    有人将下一段划了一个红圈。
  2. Our army circled the desperate enemy and wiped them out in a second.
    我们的军队包围了垂死挣扎的敌人,并很快地将其一举歼灭。
  3. The plane circled the airport before landing.
    飞机在着陆之前在机场上空盘旋。
  4. The moon circles the earth every 28 days.
    月亮每28天绕地球旋转一周。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She first drew a circle on the board.
    她首先在板上画了一个圆。
  2. The house lay in a circle of trees.
    这房子坐落在树木环抱之中。
  3. Listen to the four choices, and then draw a circle under the right one.
    听四个选择项,然后在正确的下面画一个圈。
  4. She confined her activities in educational circles.
    她把她的各项活动都限制在教育圈内。
  5. He is well-known in academic circles.
    他在学术界很有名。
  6. He occupies a prominent position in the literary circles in the capital.
    他在首都文学界占有突出的地位。
  7. He has a large circle of friends.
    他朋友多,交际广。
  8. I was welcomed to the family circle.
    那一家人都欢迎我。
  9. The reading circle had ceased its activities long ago.
    这个读书会早已停止了活动。
  10. The novel has reached a wide circle of readers.
    这本小说已拥有广泛的读者群。
  11. It is time to take a positive step to break the vicious circle.
    现在是采取积极步骤来打击这个犯罪团伙的时候了。
  12. We've booked seats in the circle.
    我们预订了楼厅包厢的座位。
  13. Are we going to sit in the circle or in the stalls?
    我们是坐楼座还是正厅前排的座位?
  14. It's January 1st, the year has come full circle.
    今天是元旦,一年又周而复始。
  15. There is a vicious circle going on—prosperity, surplus, depression.
    繁荣——过剩——萧条,一个恶性循环正在进行。
  16. He drinks to forget his problems, which center on being in debt, but the money he spends on drink only gets him deeper in debt, and so on—it's a vicious circle.
    为了忘却烦恼他喝酒,而烦恼的中心又是欠债,但他喝酒花费的钱只能使他负债更多,如此下去——那真是恶性循环。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. They saw the birds were circling again.
    他们看见鸟儿又在盘旋。
  2. A number of planes were circling overhead.
    数架飞机在上空盘旋。
  3. Rumors circled through the town.
    谣言传遍全镇。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The plane circled the airport before landing.
    飞机着陆以前在机场上空盘旋。
  2. The teacher circles the pupil's spelling mistakes in red ink.
    老师用红笔把学生的拼写错误圈出来。
  3. The moon circles the earth.
    月亮围绕地球转。
  4. The ship has circled the Cape.
    船绕过了好望角。
  5. The enemy circled the camp.
    敌人包围了营地。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
all round the circle
    绕圈子(说话) not directly (speaking)
come full circle
    兜了一圈,回到原处,恢复原状 return to the starting point
dress circle
    第一层楼厅的前排座位 balcony above the stalls in a cinema or theatre
go round in circles
    忙得团团转 be very busy
in a circle
    围成圈 forming a circle
run round in circles
    〈口〉瞎忙 be very busy
用作动词 (v.)
circle around1〔round〕 (v.+adv.)
    绕圈子; 盘旋; 传开 move circles round; fly in circles; spread out
    circle around〔round〕

    Our main force was ordered to circle around and attack the enemy's rear.

    我军主力奉命迂回,然后从背后袭击敌人。

    The enemy's planes circled round and round above our heads.

    敌机在我们头上不停地盘旋。

    The happy news soon circled round.

    喜讯很快就传开了。

circle around2 (v.+prep.)
    围绕 move round sb/sth
    circle around sb/sth

    They circle around the king.

    他们围绕着国王。

    The hawk circled around its prey.

    老鹰在它的猎物周围盘旋。

circle over (v.+prep.)
    在…上空盘旋 fly in circles over sth
    circle over sth

    Vultures circled over a dead animal.

    秃鹫在动物尸体上空盘旋。

    The aircraft circled over the landing-field.

    飞机在起落场上空盘旋。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • The circle of the year.

    出自: A. H. Sayce
  • It went round us once in a wide circle.

    出自: J. B. Priestley
  • White lilacs circled the brim of her straw hat.

    出自: B. Plain

circle的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. circle的基本意思是“圆,圆周; 圈; 环状物”,是可数名词。
  2. circle还用于指“…界”(多用复数),也可指具有共同利益或兴趣的人形成的“圈子”(多用单数)。作此解时,circle前一般不用冠词。
  3. circle也可指剧院、电影院、音乐厅等之内的半圆形“楼座”。
  4. circle还可指“周期,循环”。
v. (动词)
  1. circle用作及物动词的意思是“绕,绕过,围”。
  2. circle用作不及物动词时表示“盘旋,环行”,引申可作“流传”解。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
circle, band, crowd, gang, group, herd, host, mass, mob, multitude, set
  • 这组词的共同意思 是“一伙人”。其区别在于:
  • 1.从组成上说:band常指有共同目的的、有领导者的一群人。 circle指因志同道合而形成的圈子或结成的团体,聚会频繁,文明高雅。crowd指毫无秩序地挤在一起的人群, 含有混乱、拥挤的意味。gang指为一个目标而聚在一起的一伙人, 常指在一起干坏事的人。group既可指有组织、有秩序的一群人, 也可指为一定目的临时聚在一起的一伙人;可指志趣相投的人,也可指社会团体;关系可密切,也可以是泛泛之交。herd 指有盲目追随心理的一群人。host指散落开来的一群人,也指军队或备有武装的人。mass指群众, 民众。mob指乌合之众或心怀不满而聚在一起寻衅滋事的一群人。multitude常指人数庞大的人群。set指有共同社会地位或相同目的的社会团体,也可泛指广泛的人群, 有时可指势力集团。
  • 2.从用法上说:mass常用于复数形式;set常用于单数形式。
  • 3.从修辞色彩上说:band, gang, herd, mob多含贬义;set指势力集团时也含有贬义。
  • 4.从语体上说:host, set是口语用词;multitude是正式用词或较陈旧用词。
  • circle, globe
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“圆”。其区别在于:
  • 1.globe指圆球状实心体,如天体、地球仪、眼球等,尤其常用来指世界、地球; circle指圆等环状物体,如戒指、王冠、光环等。例如:
  • The astronauts in an earth space station circle the globe many times a day.地球太空站里的宇航员每天要绕地球转许多圈。
  • Can you describe a circle within a square?你能在正方形里做一圆圈吗?
  • 2.circle还可引申指“…圈子”或“…界”。例如:
  • This discovery is highly appreciated in the circle of science.这个发现在科学界得到很高的评价。
  • v. (动词)
    circle, encompass, environ, gird, girdle, hem, ring, surround
  • 这组词的共同含义是“围绕”。其区别是:
  • surround指成环状包围,有时也指形成某种环境或边界; environ强调永久或长期地被包围; circle强调合围成一个实在的封圈,也指环绕某物、某处运行; encompass指出于保护、尊敬或敌视等动机把某人或某地包围起来; gird指围成一道牢固或不可突破的屏障; girdle则暗示形成带状围绕; ring指围成一个圈。
  • 常见错误

    n. (名词)
      这位青年作家在文学界很活跃。

      The young writer is quite active in literary circle.

      The young writer is quite active in literary circles.

      circle作“…界”解时,习惯用复数形式。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 1300年进入英语,直接源自古典拉丁语的circulus,意为小戒指。
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