capital

  基本词汇  
['kæpɪtl]     ['kæpɪtl]    
  • n. 首都;资本;大写字母;[建筑]柱顶
  • adj. 资本的;大写的;一流的;首要的;极其严重的;涉及死亡的
new

capital的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 首都,首府,省会,京城;重要都市
  2. 资本,本钱,资金
  3. 资方
  4. 大写字母
  5. 资源
  6. 资本家;资产阶级
  7. 【建】柱头
  8. 基金,股款
adj. (形容词)
  1. 资本的
  2. 首位的
  3. 致命的
  4. 基本的,根本的
  5. 第一流的
  6. 可处死刑的,应处死刑的
  7. 主要的,最重要的
  8. 大写字母的
  9. 优秀的,上好的,顶好的

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]首都,首府 a city or town serving as the seat of government
  2. [S][U]资本,资金 the funds invested in a business by the owners or stockholders
  3. [C]大写字母 any large letter, such as A,B,C,D,E, etc.
adj. (形容词)
  1. [A]资本的,与资本有关的 of capital; having to do with capital
  2. [A]主要的 very important; leading; most serious
  3. 极好的 of the best kind; excellent
  4. [A]大写的 standing at the head
  5. [A]可处死刑的 punishable by death

英英释义

Noun:
  1. assets available for use in the production of further assets

  2. wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value

  3. a seat of government

  4. one of the large alphabetic characters used as the first letter in writing or printing proper names and sometimes for emphasis;

    "printers once kept the type for capitals and for small letters in separate cases; capitals were kept in the upper half of the type case and so became known as upper-case letters"

  5. a center that is associated more than any other with some activity or product;

    "the crime capital of Italy"
    "the drug capital of Columbia"

  6. the federal government of the United States

  7. a book written by Karl Marx (1867) describing his economic theories

  8. the upper part of a column that supports the entablature

Adjective:
  1. first-rate;

    "a capital fellow"
    "a capital idea"

  2. of primary importance;

    "our capital concern was to avoid defeat"

  3. uppercase;

    "capital A"
    "great A"
    "many medieval manuscripts are in majuscule script"

capital的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Beijing is the capital of China.
    北京是中国的首都。
  2. All the government offices are in the capital.
    所有的政府机关都在首都。
  3. The main impediment to growth is a lack of capital.
    影响发展的主要障碍是缺乏资本。
  4. In this essay, some punctuations and capitals have been left out.
    在这篇文章里,一些标点和大写字母已经不在了。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Capital and output ratios, especially in those industries which imports technologies, tend to decline.
    资本与产出的比率,尤其是在引进技术的企业中呈下降趋势!
  2. Telegrams are usually typed out in capital letters.
    电报通常都用大写字母打出。
  3. That's really a capital idea!
    那真是个绝妙的想法!
  4. "Dapi" meant "capital punishment" in ancient China.
    一个头等重要的决定呼之欲出。
  5. You shouldn't have made such a capital blunder.
    你真不该犯这么严重的错误。
  6. He was sentenced to capital punishment because of murder.
    他因杀人而被处以极刑。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. His influence hasn't reached the capital yet.
    他的影响还没到达首都。
  2. The general decided to concentrate his forces near the capital.
    这位将军决定把他的部队集中在首都附近。
  3. Shenyang is the capital of Liaoning Province.
    沈阳是辽宁的省会。
  4. The teacher recited the names of all the capital cities of Europe.
    这位老师说出了欧洲所有国家首都的名称。
  5. London was dubbed “the insurance capital of the world”.
    伦敦被称为“世界保险之都”。
  6. It was the former capital of Turkey.
    这是土耳其过去的中心城市。
  7. He'll supply the technology if you put up 80,000 yuan capital.
    如果你出80,000元资金,他将提供技术。
  8. Shortage of capital was a factor holding back economic development.
    缺乏资金是阻碍经济发展的一个因素。
  9. They have locked up all their capital in that enterprise.
    他们已把他们的所有资本都质押在那家企业了。
  10. The man supplying the capital expected to gain considerably by the enterprise.
    提供资金的人期望从企业中得到相当大的收益。
  11. They exhausted the capital in a week.
    他们一周内耗尽了资金。
  12. Their appeals for capital didn't elicit much of a response.
    他们征集资金的呼吁并没有引起多大的反应。
  13. In this sentence, the word BIG is in capitals.
    本句中BIG一词用的是大写字母。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Capital gain should be charged tax.
    资本盈余应交税。
  2. In investing money some people go for more or less assured dividends, others for capital increase.
    拿钱投资,有的人打算得到多少有点保障的股息,有的人则为了增加资本。
  3. He made a capital error.
    他犯了一个重大的错误。
  4. You can hardly fancy what a capital hand she is at embroidery.
    你简直不能想象她是一个多么出色的绣花能手。
  5. A capital letter is used to begin a sentence or the name of a person or place.
    在开始写一个句子或一个人名或一个地名时,要用到大写字母。
  6. You will note that proper nouns begin with a capital letter.
    你会注意到专有名词的第一个字母是大写的。
  7. The parliament members split on capital punishment.
    议员们对死刑看法不同。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. That's capital!
    那好极了!

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
make capital (out) of
    利用 take advantage of

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • To have capytal sentence be beheded.

    出自: Caxton
  • In the outset, he seems to have fallen into a capital error.

    出自: fig.

capital的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. capital的基本意思是“首都”“首府”,主要指政治中心,引申可表示处于领导地位的都市,常可用在其他名词前作定语,是可数名词。
  2. capital的另一个意思是“资本”“资金”,即创建企业或维持企业生产所需的资金,是抽象名词,不可数。可用于“a capital of+金额”结构,引申可指“资源”“力量之源泉”等。
  3. capital还可作“大写字母”解,为可数名词。
adj. (形容词)
  1. capital用作形容词时,可作“大写的”“资本的”“可处死刑的”“主要的”“基本的”等解,在句中多用作定语。作“极好的”解时,既可用作定语也可用作表语。
  1. captial常与of连用,后面加国家,表示“……的首都”,如capital of China;
  2. capitals可表示大写的,注意与介词in连用。

    Write your name and address in capitals.
    你的名字和地址都需要大写。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
capital, metropolis
  • 这两个词都可译为“首都”。其区别在于:
  • 1.词源不同, capital源于拉丁语,原意为“优越的”“杰出的”“影响生命的”; metropolis源于希腊语,含有“母亲城”的意思,即领导着小城市的中心城市。
  • 2.capital含有政治意味,而metropolis则主要指商业和重要城市。例如Shanghai,New York等。既是政治中心,也是商业中心的也可称作metropolis,如Tokyo。
  • 3.metropolis可含有“宗主国”的意思, the Metropolis即指London,如the Metropolis Railway伦敦地下铁道
  • capital, capitol
  • 这两词虽一个字母之差,意思却不同:capital的意思是“首都”; 而capitol的意思是指“美国国会大厦”。
  • adj. (形容词)
    capital, chief, main, principal
  • 这组词均可表示“首要的”“重要的”。其区别在于:
  • 1.capital, principal和chief既可修饰人,也可修饰物, main多修饰物,很少修饰人。例如:
  • He acted the principal hero in the play.他在那出戏中演主角。
  • It is allowed that pronunciation is one of the principal things in English.大家都认为发音是英语的一个重要方面。
  • We must focus on our sales force as the chief means of improving trade. 我们必须集中精力把广开销路作为促进贸易的主要手段来抓。
  • The chief cadres in charge should bear greater responsibility. 主要负责干部要多承担一些责任。
  • The annex has been built on to the main building.主楼配建有附属的建筑物。
  • 2.capital指“一流的”,但不是“第一的”; chief指物时是“最重要的”,指人时是“职位最高的”; main和principal既可指“一流的”,也可指“第一的”。例如:
  • The trade union chief comrade boiled over when the men voted against him.那位工会首领在工人投他反对票时大发雷霆。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古典拉丁语的capitalis,意为首要的,与人头相关的。
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