trial

  核心词汇  
['traɪəl]     ['traɪəl]    
  • n.审讯;试验;试用;尝试;预赛或选拔赛;讨厌的事;惹麻烦的人
  • v.测试
new

trial是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 试验,尝试,试
  2. 考验,磨炼
  3. 审判,审问,审讯 ,审理
  4. 艰苦, 努力
  5. 预赛,选拔赛
  6. 棘手的事,令人伤脑筋的事
  7. 比赛,表演
  8. 讨厌的人,惹麻烦的人
  9. 试用
v.(动词)
  1. 试验
  2. 试用
  3. 检测,检验
  4. 测试
  5. 参加比赛
adj.(形容词)
  1. 审讯的,审判的,审理的
  2. 试验的,尝试的,试验性的,试探性的,尝试性的
  3. 试制的
  4. 试用的
  5. 考验的

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]审判,审理 (an act of) hearing and judging a person, case, or point of law in a court
  2. [C][U]测试,试验,考验 (act or process of) testing the ability, quality, performance, etc. of sb/sth
  3. [C]讨厌的人〔事物〕,忧虑〔麻烦〕的原因 an annoying thing or person; cause of worry or trouble

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
trial : 试验 ...
在 《外教社统计学英语词典》 中查看更多...
trial : 审讯, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
trial : 尝试, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of testing something;

    "in the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately"
    "he called each flip of the coin a new trial"

  2. trying something to find out about it;

    "a sample for ten days free trial"
    "a trial of progesterone failed to relieve the pain"

  3. the act of undergoing testing;

    "he survived the great test of battle"
    "candidates must compete in a trial of skill"

  4. (law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law;

    "he had a fair trial and the jury found him guilty"
    "most of these complaints are settled before they go to trial"

  5. (sports) a preliminary competition to determine qualifications;

    "the trials for the semifinals began yesterday"

  6. an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event;

    "his mother-in-law's visits were a great trial for him"
    "life is full of tribulations"
    "a visitation of the plague"

trial的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He went through hell during the trial.
    审讯期间他吃尽了苦头。
  2. The flier is flying a new-type jet plane on trial.
    飞行员正在驾驶一架新式喷气机作试验飞行。
  3. She agreed to employ me for a trial period.
    她同意试用我一段时间。
  4. Trial and error is the source of our knowledge.
    尝试和失败同是学识之源。
  5. They succeeded in the experiment on the fifteenth trial.
    他们在第十五次尝试时获得了成功。
  6. His blindness is a great trial to him.
    眼睛瞎对他来说是非常麻烦的事。
  7. The child was a trial to his parents.
    那孩子真让他父母烦得够呛。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He's standing trial for thieving.
    他因涉嫌偷窃而正接受审判。
  2. The case is now under trial.
    案件正在审理中。
  3. We shall put the machine to further trial.
    我们将进一步试验这部机器。
  4. We'll make a trial of his intelligence.
    我们将测试他的智力。
  5. They are doing clinical trials on a new drug.
    他们正在做一种新药物的临床试验。
  6. The recorder next door is a great trial to us.
    隔壁邻居的那台录音机响得真是让人受不了。
  7. That child is a trial to his parents.
    那小孩真让他父母伤脑筋。
  8. The loss of relatives is among the most frequent trials in life.
    失去亲人是人生最常遇到的痛事之一。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
on trial
  1. 受审being judged

    He is on trial for murder. 他因谋杀而受审。

  2. 在试验〔测试〕中being examined and tested

    He is employed for two weeks on trial. 他被雇来试用两周。

trial and error
  1. 反复试验,从失败中找到解决办法process of solving a problem by trying various solutions and learning from one's failures

    They didn't know how to put in a central heating system, but they managed it by trial and error. 他们不知道怎样安装集中供暖设备,但是经过反复试验终于安装好了。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • He was brought to trial..Theramenes..became his accuser.

    出自:C. Thirlwall
  • Murray's going to stand trial charged with murder one.

    出自:H. Howard

trial的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 注意trial可作形容词或名词,但不可作动词,应避免将其作为动词的误用。

词义辨析

trial experiment test try
这些名词均有“试验”之意。
  • trial:trial指为观察、研究某事物以区别其真伪、优劣或效果等而进行较长时间的试验或试用过程。
  • experiment:experiment多指用科学方法在实验室内进行较系统的操作实验以验证、解释或说明某一理论、定理或某一观点等。
  • test:test普通用词,含义广,指用科学方法对某物质进行测试以估价其性质或效能等。
  • try:try普通用词,多用于口语或非正式场合,指试一试。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the process has been trailed by several police forces.

    纠正:the process has been tested out by several police forces.

    翻译:这个程序已经被几个警队试验过了。

    分析:trail不可作动词,只作名词和形容词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1436年进英入语,直接源自盎格鲁法语的trial,意为尝试。

trial的相关资料:

正版词典

trial : 试, 试用 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
trial : 审判;审理 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • trial:trial n. 试验, 考验, 审讯, 审判Google提供的广告习惯用语bring to trial 审判某人 审理(案件等)give a fair trial 给予公正的、合法的审判give a…

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