shorten

  常用词汇  
['ʃɔːtn]     ['ʃɔːrtn]    
  • v. 弄短;变短
shortener shortened shortened shortening shortens
new

shorten的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 缩短
  2. 使松脆
  3. 变短
  4. 变小
  5. 弄短
  6. 缩小
  7. 减少
  8. 收(帆)
  9. 缩(帆)
  10. 给(脱去长的婴孩服)改穿短衣
  11. 收缩
  12. 短接
  13. 使变短
  14. 使不足
  15. 在…上加起酥油
  16. 使更少

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)变短 to become shorter

英英释义

Verb:
  1. make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration;

    "He shortened his trip due to illness"

  2. reduce in scope while retaining essential elements;

    "The manuscript must be shortened"

  3. make short or shorter;

    "shorten the skirt"
    "shorten the rope by a few inches"

  4. become short or shorter;

    "In winter, the days shorten"

  5. edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate;

    "bowdlerize a novel"

shorten的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Ive asked him to shorten my trousers.
    我让他把我的裤子弄短点。
  2. All you need to do is to shorten the sleeves of the dress instead of picking the whole thing apart.
    你要做的只是将袖子弄短,而不是将整件衣服拆开。
  3. The days are beginning to shorten.
    白天开始变短了。
  4. The vehicles that press down on a bridge's roadway compress the top half of the road, causing it to shorten like a compressed spring.
    那些从桥上过压紧桥面的车辆会导致路面上半部分的压缩,使其想被压缩的弹簧一样变短。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The days shorten in winter.
    冬天昼短。
  2. The days are rapidly shortening.
    白昼正在很快变短。
  3. The coat shortened after washing.
    这件上衣水洗后变短了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Can you shorten this dress for me?
    你能为我把这条连衣裙改短吗?
  2. The new highway shortens the trip.
    新公路缩短旅程。
  3. They shortened the journey by telling stories.
    他们讲故事来消磨旅途时间。
  4. The letter is too long.Can you shorten it a little?
    这信太长了,你是不是把它改短一点?
  5. The bill is intended to shorten the arm of the Opposition.
    这项法案的目的在于限制反对党的力量。
  6. 1
  7. It is suggested that the steel pipe should be shortened.
    有人提议把这根钢管切短。
  8. His life was shortened by trouble.
    他的寿命因烦劳而缩短了。
  9. Their pleasures were shortened by the bad weather.
    他们因天气不好而兴致不高了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
shorten to (v.+prep.)
    (使)压缩到… (cause sth to) become shorter to
    shorten sth to sth

    Shorten the report to 2000 words.

    把这份报告压缩到2000字。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He was going to shorten the proposed two months into six weeks.

    出自: J. Galsworthy
  • I've had my fur coat shortened.

    出自: J. Rhys
  • Driving a cab tends to shorten your life span.

    出自: S. Terkel

shorten的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. shorten的基本意思是“(使)变短”,指缩减其长度或持续时间,有时不是实际地缩短,而只是表面感觉上的缩短。
  2. shorten可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
shorten, abbreviate, abridge, condense, contract
  • 这组词用于字词、段落、章节等时,都含有“删减”或“精简”的意思。它们的区别在于:
  • 1.abridge, condense和shorten都可指压缩文章、著作的篇幅而内容不变, abridge比shorten更文雅; abbreviate主要用于删除音节、字母或单词而保留词头; contract通常指省略单词的中间部分,不包括只保留词头的词。
  • 2.表示“缩略成…”时, abbreviate, condense, contract和shorten常与介词to搭配; condense也常与介词into搭配。
  • shorten,abbreviate,abridge,cut
  • 这些动词均含有“缩短”之意。
  • shorten通常指缩短时间、尺寸或过程。
  • abbreviate指省去应有的或后续的部分,从而使整体缩短。也可指缩短时间。
  • abridge多指对书籍的删节或缩短,删去不重要部分而保存其精华。
  • cut普通用词,指任何缩短而缩减的过程。
  • shorten的相关资料:

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