tail

  核心词汇  
[teɪl]     [teɪl]    
  • n. 后部;尾巴;尾部;辫子;跟随者
  • (复)tails: 燕尾服;(硬币的)反面
  • vt. 跟踪;盯 ... 的梢;为 ... 装尾巴
  • vi. 尾随;附于其后;逐渐减少
tailless tailed tailed tailing tails
new

tail的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 燕尾服,男子晚礼服
  2. 后部,尾部,尾状后部,末尾部份
  3. 尾状物,尾巴,尾
  4. 钉梢人,暗探
  5. 硬币文面或反面(没有头像的一面)
  6. 尾随,钉梢
  7. 大权旁落
  8. 主次颠倒,喧宾夺主
  9. 临阵脱逃
adj. (形容词)
  1. 限嗣继承的,限制继承的,限定继承的
  2. 尾部的,后部的
  3. 从后面来的,在后面的
v. (动词)
  1. 钉梢,盯梢,跟踪,尾随,跟在后头
  2. 逐渐消失
  3. 为...装尾巴,装上尾巴
  4. 变少,缩小,变得越来越小,逐渐减少
  5. 拖着尾巴,尾巴似地垂下,尾巴似地拖在后面
  6. 添上,接上,连结上
  7. 切去尾巴,切去末端,截短...的尾巴
  8. 【建】把(砖、木板的一端)嵌入
  9. 排成队,位于…的后面,排在…后面
  10. 船尾搁浅(在暗礁上),船尾朝前停上浅滩
  11. 把船尾掉向顺风方面
  12. 摘除…
  13. 形成尾部,成为尾部
  14. 使尾部连接
  15. 使架住,使搭牢
  16. 成为散乱的行列,以散乱的行列前进
  17. 嵌进,搭上
  18. 附于其后

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]尾,尾巴 the movable long growth at the back or end of a creature's body
  2. [C]尾巴似的东西,尾状物; 尾部 sth like this in appearance, shape, or position
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 跟踪 follow sb closely, follow close behind moving in a file

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the posterior part of the body of a vertebrate especially when elongated and extending beyond the trunk or main part of the body

  2. the time of the last part of something;

    "the fag end of this crisis-ridden century"
    "the tail of the storm"

  3. any projection that resembles the tail of an animal

  4. the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on;

    "he deserves a good kick in the butt"
    "are you going to sit on your fanny and do nothing?"

  5. a spy employed to follow someone and report their movements

  6. (usually plural) the reverse side of a coin that does not bear the representation of a person's head

  7. the rear part of an aircraft

  8. the rear part of a ship

Verb:
  1. go after with the intent to catch;

    "The policeman chased the mugger down the alley"
    "the dog chased the rabbit"

  2. remove or shorten the tail of an animal

  3. remove the stalk of fruits or berries

tail的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He drove into the back of my truck and smashed the tail light.
    他开车撞进我卡车的后部,把我的尾灯撞得粉碎。
  2. Lizards have four legs and a long tail.
    蜥蜴有四条腿和一条长尾巴。
  3. The sting of a scorpion is in its tail.
    蝎子的毒钩在其尾部。
  4. She braids her hair in little tails.
    她把头发编成一根根小辫。
  5. She can not figure out who put a tail on her.
    她猜不透谁派人盯她的梢。
  1. A coin has two sides,a head and a tail.
    硬币有正反两面。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. I have notified them to watch and tail him.
    我已通知了他们监视跟踪他。
  2. He tailed the spy to his hotel.
    他跟踪那间谍到他住的旅馆。
  3. Would you tail the kite for me?
    你能帮我给风筝装个尾巴吗?
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. The children tailed after the parade.
    孩子们跟在游行队伍后面。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. A fox cannot hide its tail.
    狐狸的尾巴是藏不住的。
  2. You can touch a hibernating animal, or even pull its tail, without causing it to move or wake up.
    你可以摸冬眠的动物,甚至拉它的尾巴,也不会使它动一动或醒来。
  3. The tiger lashed its tail about whenever anyone came near its cage.
    一有人走近笼子,老虎就不停地甩尾巴。
  4. We knew the animal was in there, because it left its tail poking out.
    我们知道这动物在那里面,因为它的尾巴还露在外面。
  5. The bird is colored yellowish on its back, wings and tail.
    这鸟的背部、翼、尾羽呈淡黄色。
  6. This bird is easily recognized from its size and the unusual shape of its tail.
    通过体形的大小和形状特别的尾巴,可以容易地认出这是只什么鸟。
  7. Some guinea pigs lack tails.
    有些豚鼠没有尾巴。
  8. Cows use their tails to keep away flies.
    牛常用尾巴驱赶苍蝇。
  9. I prefer to sit towards the tail of the plane.
    我喜欢坐在靠尾部的机舱。
  10. The tail won't come off the toy plane, it's fixed on with nails.
    玩具飞机的机尾掉不下来,它是用钉子钉住的。
  11. We saw the tail of the procession disappearing round the bend.
    我们看着游行队伍的尾部消失在转弯处。
  12. A crowd of small boys formed the tail of the procession.
    一群小男孩走在队伍的尾部。
  13. The police have put a tail on me so they know my every move.
    警方雇了一个暗探盯我的梢,所以我的一举一动他们都清楚。
  14. For a formal occasion at the palace you must wear tails.
    在宫廷正式的场合中,你应该穿燕尾服。
  15. A coin has two sides, a head and a tail.
    硬币有正反两面。
  16. Twice the coin came down tails.
    硬币两次落下时都是反面朝上。
  17. Heads you do the dishes, tails I do them.
    你猜正面还是反面?正面你洗盘子,反面我来洗。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The ship tailed down stream.
    那船船尾朝下游停着。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The police have been tailing me.
    警察一直在跟踪着我。
  2. The detective tailed the thief through the crowd.
    侦探在人群中穿梭,尾随着小偷。
  3. The secret agent tailed the spy to his hotel.
    该特工跟踪那个间谍到他住的旅馆。
  4. He tailed the car until it had driven beyond the city boundary.
    他一直跟踪到那辆汽车驶出该城市的边界。
  5. I tailed the model plane.
    我给模型飞机装了尾翼。
  6. 1
  7. You are being tailed.
    有人在盯你的梢。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
make head or tail of
    〈非正〉看懂 understand; find a meaning in
the tail wag the dog
    尾巴摇狗; 〈喻〉本末倒置 situation in which a minor part of sth is controlling or determining the course of the whole
turn tail
    转身(逃走),逃跑 turn round defeated (and run away)
with one's tail between one's legs
    夹着尾巴,垂头丧气,灰溜溜地 in a sad〔ashamed〕 manner
用作动词 (v.)
tail after (v.+prep.)
    尾随,跟踪 follow close behind
    tail after sb/sth

    That dog is always seen tailing after its master.

    老是可以看见那条狗紧紧地跟在它主人后面。

    An ambulance tailed after the marathon runners.

    一辆救护车跟在马拉松运动员的后面。

tail back (v.+adv.)
    造成交通阻塞 form a traffic jam
    tail back

    The traffic was tailing back all the way to the city centre.

    道路交通一直阻塞到市中心。

    Traffic tailed back for 15 miles when the road was blocked by an accident.

    当公路因事故受阻时,后面停下的车辆长达15英里。

tail off (v.+adv.)
    变得越来越轻〔分散〕 grow progressively fainter or more scattered

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+名词 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Tails of birds of paradise and peacocks.

    出自: R. Dawkins
  • The long rat-like tail was quite..robust.

    出自: A. Hardy
  • What is this but to tail one folly to another?

    出自: J. Scott

tail的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. tail用作名词的基本意思是“尾巴”“尾部”“后部”,常指动物的尾巴,也可指具体物的尾部,是可数名词。
  2. tail用于比喻指人时可作“尾随的人”“暗探”解,指物时可作“尾巴似的东西,尾状物”解。
  3. tail在口语中可作“燕尾服”解,此时通常用复数形式。
  4. tail还可作“硬币的反面”解,与“head(正面)”相对,是可数名词。
v. (动词)
  1. tail用作名词是“尾巴”的意思,转化为动词作“跟踪,盯梢”解,指跟踪的人像尾巴一样紧紧地尾随着目标,观察其所作所为。这种跟踪可以表示较短暂的、较远距离的行动,含有动机不良的意味或暗示一种尾随而一直不被察觉的愿望。
  2. tail有时也可作“给(某物体)装尾部〔巴〕”解。
  3. tail可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作不及物动词时,常与off连用; 用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
tail, chase, follow, pursue, tag, trail
  • 这组词都有“跟随,追踪”的意思。它们的区别是:
  • 1.follow指跟随起引导作用的人或物或遵循他人的计划; 而pursue指为达到某个目的而坚持不懈地紧跟、追赶或追求某人、某物或某种事业。跟随他人的计划时用follow,追随自己的计划时用pursue。例如:
  • She has pursued the goal of perfection in her art.在艺术中,她追求完美。
  • She pursued the study of French for four years.她坚持学了四年法语。
  • The country has always pursued a policy of peace.该国一直奉行和平政策。
  • 2.chase指迅速追赶在逃的目标以便将其抓获或赶走,而follow则指继之而来或去。tag指不断地纠缠或恼人的尾随某人; tail指紧密尾随并监视; trail指跟踪追击。例如:
  • The dog chased a mouse, but could not catch it.这狗追赶老鼠,但没有捉住。
  • The policeman chased the thief.警察追赶小偷。
  • What are you tagging along for?You aren't invited.你怎么跟着我?又没邀请你。
  • The detective tailed the thief through the crowd.侦探在人群中跟踪小偷。
  • The hunter trailed the wounded buffalo through the bush.猎人穿过灌木林追猎受伤的水牛。
  • 3.chase较follow, pursue更具感情色彩,除常表示不友好之外,其行动也可能是出于嬉戏或高兴。还可表示一种热切的,为满足情欲而进行的搜寻。例如:
  • The boy chased his playmate around the block.那个男孩绕着街区追逐他的玩伴。
  • He is the man who chased after woman all his life.他就是那个一生都在追求女人的男子。
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