trail

  核心词汇  
[treɪl]     [treɪl]    
  • n. 踪迹;小径;尾;一系列
  • vi. 拖;落后于
  • vt. 追踪;拖拽;尾随
trailed trailed trailing trails
new

trail的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 足迹,踪迹,痕迹
  2. 一缕
  3. 一系列
  4. 小道,小路,小径,踏成的路
  5. 一长串
  6. 拖裾,拖曳物,长长地拖垂后头的东西
  7. 尾部,尾
  8. 臭迹
  9. 路径,路线
v. (动词)
  1. 跟踪,追踪(猎物)
  2. 蔓生,蔓延
  3. 落后于,磨蹭
  4. 拖带,拖曳,拖,曳,拉
  5. 垂下,垂地
  6. 拖沓行走,拖着走,疲惫地走,没精打采地慢走
  7. 减弱,变小
  8. 在…上踩出路
  9. 标出(路)
  10. 预告(节目)
  11. (被)拖在或跟在(…的后面),尾随,牵引
  12. 失败,输,失利
  13. 提(枪)
  14. 爬在地上,慢慢爬行
  15. 拖着尾巴
  16. 踪迹
  17. 伸展开

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 拖,拉,拽 drag or be dragged behind
  2. vt. & vi. 跟踪; 追猎 follow the tracks of; hunt by smell, sign
n. (名词)
  1. [C]足迹; 臭迹 the track or smell of a person or animal
  2. [C]小径 a path across rough country made by the passing of people or animals
  3. [C]一缕,一股 a stream of dust, smoke, people, vehicles, etc., behind sth moving

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a track or mark left by something that has passed;

    "there as a trail of blood"
    "a tear left its trail on her cheek"

  2. a path or track roughly blazed through wild or hilly country

  3. evidence pointing to a possible solution;

    "the police are following a promising lead"
    "the trail led straight to the perpetrator"

Verb:
  1. to lag or linger behind;

    "But in so many other areas we still are dragging"

  2. go after with the intent to catch;

    "The policeman chased the mugger down the alley"
    "the dog chased the rabbit"

  3. move, proceed, or walk draggingly or slowly;

    "John trailed behind his class mates"
    "The Mercedes trailed behind the horse cart"

  4. hang down so as to drag along the ground;

    "The bride's veiled trailed along the ground"

  5. drag loosely along a surface; allow to sweep the ground;

    "The toddler was trailing his pants"
    "She trained her long scarf behind her"

trail的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The dogs found the trail of the rabbit.
    猎狗发现了兔子的踪迹。
  2. I am going to meet him at the end of the trail.
    我会在小路的尽头跟他见面。
  3. The carriage left a trail of dust.
    马车后扬起了一缕烟尘。
  4. The wounded animal left a trail of blood behind it.
    受伤的动物在身后留下一道血迹。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. The bride's long skirt trailed along behind her.
    新娘的长裙拖在身后。
  2. They trailed by two goals in the second period.
    他们下半场落后两球。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. He trailed the beast to its lair.
    他追猎野兽到兽穴。
  2. The child was trailing a toy cart.
    那个孩子拖着一辆玩具车。
  3. Reporters trailed him constantly.
    记者经常跟着他。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The kite's tail trailed in the air.
    风筝的尾巴在空中飘着。
  2. A thin veil of mist trailed below.
    下边飘起一层薄雾。
  3. The ivies trail over the walls.
    常青藤蔓延于墙上。
  4. The tablecloth trails on the floor.
    台布垂到地板上。
  5. The children trailed behind their teacher.
    孩子们跟在老师后面走。
  6. Everyone else came trailing behind.
    其余的人都跟在后面尾随而来。
  7. Hunters spent long days trailing over the desert.
    猎人花了好几天在沙漠上追踪猎物。
  8. Her voice trailed away.
    她的声音越来越小。
  9. The wounded soldiers trailed past us.
    伤员们拖着步子走过我们身边。
  10. Refugees trailed from their ruined village.
    难民们拖着沉重的步子离开了他们被毁坏的村庄。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The dog trailed him constantly.
    这只狗总跟在他的后面。
  2. He came to see me and trailed a stranger.
    他来看我,还带来了一个陌生人。
  3. He is not willing to trail his classmates.
    他不甘心落后于班上同学。
  4. The police trailed the criminal.
    警察追捕逃犯。
  5. The hunter was trailing a wild animal.
    猎人正在追猎一只野兽。
  6. They trailed the thieves to their hide-out.
    他们对那些窃贼进行跟踪,一直追到他们的老窝。
  7. She trailed a toy cart on a string.
    她用绳子拉一辆玩具车。
  8. The child trailed a toy horse after him.
    那孩子身后拖了一匹玩具马。
  9. An aeroplane flew across the sky trailing white vapor.
    一架飞机从空中飞过,尾部拖着一条水汽形成的白线。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The hound found the trail of the rabbit.
    猎狗发现了兔子的踪迹。
  2. The wounded animal left a trail of blood.
    受伤的野兽留下了一条血迹。
  3. The men had followed desert trails for days.
    那些男人沿着沙漠小道走了数日。
  4. The car raised a trail of dust.
    汽车扬起了一股尘土。
  5. Trails of smoke were coming from the factories.
    缕缕烟雾从工厂飘过来。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
trail along (v.+adv.)
    跟随 follow with sb
    trail along

    Her long skirt was trailing along in the mud.

    她的长裙在泥地里拖着。

    His sister trailed along after him.

    他的妹妹慢吞吞地跟在他后面走。

    The tired children trailed along behind their parents.

    孩子们累了,无精打采地跟在父母后面。

trail off (v.+adv.)
    逐渐减弱或变小等; 离题而变得无效 to change gradually or wander from a course so as to become weak, ineffectual, etc.
    trail off

    The crowd began to trail off when the speaker continued for over an hour.

    发言的人接连不断地讲了一个多小时,听众开始无精打采地走开了。

    Her interest in the work soon trailed off.

    她对这项工作的兴趣很快就减退了。

    trail off to〔into〕 sth

    Her voice trailed off to a whisper.

    她的声音越来越低,最后成了耳语。

    The discussion trailed off into futilities.

    讨论离题越来越远,变成了空谈。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Cheeks..Which a trail of golden hair Keeps from fading.

    出自: E. B. Browning
  • The curtain..is..so long that it trails on the ground.

    出自: P. Norman
  • Leaning back in the..boat with his hand trailing in the water.

    出自: E. Figes

trail的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. trail的基本意思是物体被拖拉于地。引申可指“拖着沉重步伐”“无精打采地走开”“声音、兴趣等逐渐变小〔减弱〕”。trail还可表示“跟踪”,指按着某人或动物的足迹追踪。
  2. trail既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. trail常与off连用,表示“逐渐减弱或变小等”“离题而变得无效”; 与along连用表示“跟随”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
trail, chase, follow, pursue, tag, tail
  • 这组词都有“跟随,追踪”的意思。它们的区别是:
  • 1.follow指跟随起引导作用的人或物或遵循他人的计划; 而pursue指为达到某个目的而坚持不懈地紧跟、追赶或追求某人、某物或某种事业。跟随他人的计划时用follow,追随自己的计划时用pursue。例如:
  • She has pursued the goal of perfection in her art.在艺术中,她追求完美。
  • She pursued the study of French for four years.她坚持学了四年法语。
  • The country has always pursued a policy of peace.该国一直奉行和平政策。
  • 2.chase指迅速追赶在逃的目标以便将其抓获或赶走,而follow则指继之而来或去。tag指不断地纠缠或恼人的尾随某人; tail指紧密尾随并监视; trail指跟踪追击。例如:
  • The dog chased a mouse, but could not catch it.这狗追赶老鼠,但没有捉住。
  • The policeman chased the thief.警察追赶小偷。
  • What are you tagging along for?You aren't invited.你怎么跟着我?又没邀请你。
  • The detective tailed the thief through the crowd.侦探在人群中跟踪小偷。
  • The hunter trailed the wounded buffalo through the bush.猎人穿过灌木林追猎受伤的水牛。
  • 3.chase较follow, pursue更具感情色彩,除常表示不友好之外,其行动也可能是出于嬉戏或高兴。还可表示一种热切的,为满足情欲而进行的搜寻。例如:
  • The boy chased his playmate around the block.那个男孩绕着街区追逐他的玩伴。
  • He is the man who chased after woman all his life.他就是那个一生都在追求女人的男子。
  • path,road,way,street,highway,avenue,motorway,route,lane,pavement,trail
  • 这些名词均有“路”之意。
  • path多指由人或动物在田间、小丘或树丛中经常走动而踩出的小路,也指公园或花园等供人走的小径。
  • road指连接两地间供行人或车辆使用的广阔平坦的大道,多指公路,也可用于引申意义。
  • way普通用词,含义广泛,可指各种路、道或通道,也可指抽象的道路。
  • street尤指城市中的道路,往往一侧或两侧有高大建筑物;还可指城市小镇、近郊可供人、车、马行走的平坦道路。
  • highway通常指市区外可以通行各种机动车辆的交通干线。
  • avenue在美国,指城市中一侧或两侧建筑物林立的大道或马路;而在英国则常指通往乡村大住宅、私人大庄园或两旁栽树的道路。
  • motorway高速公路,特指为车辆快速通行而修的专线,美语为freeway或expressway。
  • route指从此处通往彼处的路线、路程等。
  • lane指农村或城镇的小道或小径,也指小巷。
  • pavement在英国,多指街道两旁的人行道,而美国人常用sidewalk表示人行道。
  • trail指人或兽在森林、荒野或山中踩出的小径或崎岖小道。
  • pursue,follow,chase,hunt,trace,track,trail
  • 这些动词均含“跟随、追踪”之意。
  • pursue指坚持不懈、毫不动摇地紧跟、追赶某人、某物或某个事业。
  • follow普遍用词,含义最广,多指跟随起引导作用的人或物,跟随的动机可以是善意的,也可能是恶意的。
  • chase指快速追赶或决心追踪,褒义贬义均可用。
  • hunt原义为“追猎、猎取”,现用于指追捕或搜寻逃犯等。
  • trace指根据线索或足迹进行跟踪。用于抽象意义时指找到某事物的根源。
  • track指沿着人或动物留下的印迹或行迹追踪。
  • trail一般指跟踪追击。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的trailler,意为拖;最初源自古典拉丁语的tragula,意为拖,拉。

    trail的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】

    派生词

    n.(名词)
    • trailer n. 拖车,挂车;(电影或电视节目的)预告片

    临近单词

    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史