civil

  核心词汇  
['sɪvl]     ['sɪvl]    
  • adj.公民的;文明的;国内的;民用的;民事的;【建】土木的
civilly
new

civil是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 公民的,市民的,国民的,国民间的
  2. 文明的,开化的
  3. 客气的,有礼貌的
  4. 国内的,国家的,政府的
  5. 民用的,民间的,一般平民的,世俗的
  6. 文职的
  7. 【律】民事的,法定的

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. [A]公民的,平民的; 文职的; 尘俗的,凡俗的; 国内〔家〕的,民间的 of, belonging to, or consisting of the ordinary population of citizens; not military or religious
  2. [A]民事的,民法的 belonging to, or judged under, civil law
  3. 文明的,有教养的; 客气的,有礼貌的 polite enough to be acceptable

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
civil : 民事的, 文 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
civil : 市民的, 国 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
civil : 民用的;土 ...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. applying to ordinary citizens as contrasted with the military;

    "civil authorities"

  2. not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others;

    "even if he didn't like them he should have been civil"

  3. of or occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state;

    "civil affairs"
    "civil strife"
    "civil disobedience"
    "civil branches of government"

  4. of or relating to or befitting citizens as individuals;

    "civil rights"
    "civil liberty"
    "civic duties"
    "civic pride"

  5. (of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary affairs of life;

    "the civil calendar"
    "a civil day begins at mean midnight"

  6. of or in a condition of social order;

    "civil peoples"

civil的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The law shall strictly protect civil rights.
    法律应严格保护公民的权利。
  2. The presence of the army should act as a check on civil unrest.
    军队的存在应能制止民间的动乱。
  3. The boy was so cold and even didn't return a civil greeting.
    那个男孩是那么的冷淡,他甚至都没有回敬一个礼貌的问候。
  4. The America Civil War broke out during the presidency of Lincoln.
    在林肯就职其间,美国爆发了内战。
  5. I am working on a master's degree in civil architecture.
    我在攻读民用建筑专业的硕士学位。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Voting is the exercise of a civil right.
    投票是行使一项公民权利。
  2. We were married in a civil ceremony, not in church.
    我们结婚采用了非宗教仪式,没有去教堂举行婚礼。
  3. It was a civil case.
    这是一起民事案件。
  4. A civil war is one between people of the same country.
    内战是同一国家内的战争。
  5. Man is a civil creature.
    人是文明的动物。
  6. He said a civil good morning.
    他彬彬有礼地说了声早安。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. He was not at all civil.
    他一点礼貌也没有。
  2. The rude sea grew civil at her song.
    波涛汹涌的大海在她的歌声下也变得温顺了。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. The courteous boy was civil to everybody.
    这个谦恭的男孩对每一个人都很有礼貌。
It is/was+~+of sb+to- v
  1. It was civil of them to do so.
    他们这样做是通情达理的。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+动词不定式 ~+介词

经典引文

  • To exercise civil dominion of their own.

    出自:R. Hooker
  • The instruction of heathen children in..civil knowledge.

    出自:Horace Walpole
  • Compelled by civil troubles to go into banishment.

    出自:Ld Macaulay

civil的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. civil的基本含意是“公民的,平民的”,也可作“非军职的,非宗教的; 国民间的,民用的; 民事的,民法的”解,常用作定语,无比较级和最高级形式。
  2. civil还可作“文明的,有教养的”解,常与介词of或to连用,可用于比较等级。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
civil, courteous, polite
这组词的共同意思是“有礼貌的”。其区别在于:
1.polite指教养良好而举止谈吐彬彬有礼。
2.civil指仅仅满足社会交往的一般要求,有时仅指不粗野。例如:
Be civil in your speech.讲话要客气。
He was very civil to us when we went to see him.我们去见他的时候,他待我们非常客气。
3.courteous则指考虑更为周到,举止更为高雅。例如:
She was pleased at the courteous way in which he addressed her.他跟她讲话时的那种谦恭的样子令她十分愉快。
It was courteous of him to give his seat to my mother.他把座位让给我母亲真有礼貌。
polite civil courteous
这些形容词均含“礼貌的、客气的”之意。
  • polite:polite普通常用词,指言论举止无论何时均严谨有礼,很有教养。
  • civil:civil语气弱于polite,着重只达到社交的一般要求,避免粗鲁。
  • courteous:courteous指言谈举止典雅,谦恭有礼,更侧重考虑他人的感情与尊严。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期期进入英语,直接源自古典拉丁语的civilis,意为和公民有关的,有利于众民的。

civil的相关资料:

正版词典

civil : 公民的,国 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
civil : 城市的;公 ...
在 《外研社西班牙语词典》 中查看更多...
civil : 公民的,公 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • civil:civil adj. 全民的, 市民的, 公民的, 国民的, 民间的.民事的, 根据民法的, 文职的, 有礼貌的习惯用语be civil to 对...有礼貌say sth. civil 说奉承[恭维…

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