- adj. 公民的；文明的；国内的；民用的；民事的；【建】土木的
- [A]公民的,平民的; 文职的; 尘俗的,凡俗的; 国内〔家〕的,民间的 of, belonging to, or consisting of the ordinary population of citizens; not military or religious
- [A]民事的,民法的 belonging to, or judged under, civil law
- 文明的,有教养的; 客气的,有礼貌的 polite enough to be acceptable
applying to ordinary citizens as contrasted with the military;
not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others;
"even if he didn't like them he should have been civil"
of or occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state;
"civil branches of government"
of or relating to or befitting citizens as individuals;
(of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary affairs of life;
"the civil calendar"
"a civil day begins at mean midnight"
of or in a condition of social order;
- The law shall strictly protect civil rights.
- The presence of the army should act as a check on civil unrest.
- The boy was so cold and even didn't return a civil greeting.
- The America Civil War broke out during the presidency of Lincoln.
- I am working on a master's degree in civil architecture.
- It was a civil case so there was no question of him being sent to prison.
- Voting is the exercise of a civil right.
- We were married in a civil ceremony, not in church.
- It was a civil case.
- A civil war is one between people of the same country.
- Man is a civil creature.
- He said a civil good morning.
- He was not at all civil.
- The rude sea grew civil at her song.
- The courteous boy was civil to everybody.
- It was civil of them to do so.
- civil action 民事诉讼
- civil affairs 民政事务
- civil answer 有礼貌的回答
- civil duties 公民义务
- civil life 公民生活
- civil servants 文职人员,公务员
- civil service 文官(总称)
- civil society 文明社会
- civil war 内战
- civil to offer the help 有礼貌的提供帮助
- civil to strangers 对陌生人有礼貌
To exercise civil dominion of their own.出自： R. Hooker
The instruction of heathen children in..civil knowledge.出自： Horace Walpole
Compelled by civil troubles to go into banishment.出自： Ld Macaulay
- civil的基本含意是“公民的,平民的”,也可作“非军职的,非宗教的; 国民间的,民用的; 民事的,民法的”解,常用作定语,无比较级和最高级形式。
- civil, courteous, polite
- Be civil in your speech.讲话要客气。
- He was very civil to us when we went to see him.我们去见他的时候,他待我们非常客气。
- She was pleased at the courteous way in which he addressed her.他跟她讲话时的那种谦恭的样子令她十分愉快。
- It was courteous of him to give his seat to my mother.他把座位让给我母亲真有礼貌。
- ☆ 14世纪晚期期进入英语，直接源自古典拉丁语的civilis，意为和公民有关的，有利于民众的。