poor

  基本词汇  
[pʊə(r)]     [pʊr]    
  • adj.可怜的;贫穷的;低劣的
  • n.穷人
poorer poorest poorness
new

poor是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 不幸的,可怜的, 令人同情的
  2. 贫穷的,贫寒的,清贫的
  3. 差的,粗劣的,劣质的,次的
  4. 缺乏的,缺少的
  5. 贫乏的,远远落后的
n.(名词)
  1. 穷人(the poor)
v.(动词)
  1. 值得同情

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 贫困的,贫穷的 having very little money and therefore a low standard of living
  2. 低劣的,次等的 rather far below the usual standard, low in quality
  3. 贫乏的 rather far less than is needed or expected, small in size or quantity
  4. (身体)衰弱的 (of health) rather weak, not good
  5. [A]可怜的,不幸的 deserving or causing pity , unlucky

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
poor : 穷的, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
poor : 穷的, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. people without possessions or wealth (considered as a group);

    "the urban poor need assistance"

Adjective:
  1. deserving or inciting pity;

    "a hapless victim"
    "miserable victims of war"
    "the shabby room struck her as extraordinarily pathetic"
    "piteous appeals for help"
    "pitiable homeless children"
    "a pitiful fate"
    "Oh, you poor thing"
    "his poor distorted limbs"
    "a wretched life"

  2. having little money or few possessions;

    "deplored the gap between rich and poor countries"
    "the proverbial poor artist living in a garret"

  3. characterized by or indicating poverty;

    "the country had a poor economy"
    "they lived in the poor section of town"

  4. lacking in specific resources, qualities or substances;

    "a poor land"
    "the area was poor in timber and coal"
    "food poor in nutritive value"

  5. not sufficient to meet a need;

    "an inadequate income"
    "a poor salary"
    "money is short"
    "on short rations"
    "food is in short supply"
    "short on experience"

  6. unsatisfactory;

    "a poor light for reading"
    "poor morale"
    "expectations were poor"

poor的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. He was too poor to buy a new coat.
    他穷得无法买新衣。
  2. Sparkling white wine is the poor man's champagne.
    白葡萄汽酒算是廉价的香槟。
  3. Some people may regard radio as the poor relation of broadcasting.
    有些人可能认为无线电广播在广播事业中稍逊一筹。
  4. My eyes were tired from reading in a poor light.
    因在不良的光线下阅读,我的眼睛很疲劳。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Conditions in poor quarters were horrible.
    城里穷人居住区条件十分糟糕。
  2. She works hard for the welfare of the poor.
    她为了穷人的福利而辛勤工作。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Many poor people gathered at the gate.
    许多穷苦人聚集在门口。
  2. A poor man came to the house this morning, begging for food.
    今天上午有个穷人到这户人家来讨东西吃。
  3. If a poor man inherits a large fortune and dies a month later, one might call it one of life's ironies.
    要是一个穷人继承了一大笔财产,一个月后就死了,人们倒可以把这称为生活的嘲弄。
  4. The boy comes of a poor family.
    这小孩出身于贫穷人家。
  5. It is one of the poorest countries in the world.
    这是世界上最贫穷的国家之一。
  6. The farm is a very poor one.
    这个农场贫瘠得很。
  7. An actor who mouths his words is a poor actor.
    装腔作势背台词的演员不是好演员。
  8. The creature is physically feeble, with poor vision and dull senses.
    这种动物体质虚弱,视力差,感觉迟钝。
  9. The poor man always wants to have a really comfortable home.
    这个可怜的男人一直想拥有一个真正舒适的家。
  10. The poor child burst into tears when he found himself lost.
    这可怜的孩子发觉自己迷路时突然放声大哭。
  11. Your poor father and I have suffered very much of late.
    你可怜的父亲和我近来都受了不少苦。
  12. The poor old man had lost both his sons in the war.
    这位不幸的老人在战争中失去了两个儿子。
  13. It was wicked of you to torment the poor cat.
    你折磨那只可怜的猫真缺德。
  14. The poor cat was kicked downstairs by the children.
    那可怜的猫被孩子们踢下了楼。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Other things being equal,Alice would marry Jim, not Tom, but Jim is poor, and Tom is rich.
    如果其他条件都一样,艾丽丝就会嫁给吉姆而不是汤姆,但是吉姆贫穷,汤姆富有。
  2. The village used to be poor.
    这个村庄过去很穷。
  3. The light in this room is poor.
    这房间里的光线不充足。
  4. It's cheap, but on the other hand the quality is poor.
    它是便宜,但另一方面质量差。
  5. The food at this inn is very poor.
    这家旅店的饭食很糟。
  6. My German is rather poor, and I couldn't make myself understood.
    我的德语很蹩脚,我无法使人听懂我的话。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He is poor in money, but rich in knowledge.
    他贫于金钱,但富于学问。
  2. We were very poor in our family.
    我们的家境很贫寒。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. She is too poor to satisfy her family's material needs.
    她太穷了,无法满足家人的物质需要。
  2. He was too poor to buy shoes for his family.
    他穷得无法替家人买鞋子。
其他 as n.
  1. The rich ought to help the poor.
    富人应该帮助穷人。
  2. The poor were looked down upon in the old days.
    旧社会穷人受歧视。
  3. The poor are always with us.
    每个社会总有穷人。
  4. They distributed food and clothing to the poor.
    他们把食物和衣服分发给穷人。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • My parents, though poor, were religious and honest.

    出自:Westminster Magazine
  • Warren Hastings was poor, but his ancestors had once owned large estates.

    出自:W. S. Churchill
  • We were as poor as church mice once, but I would have every minute of it again.

    出自:Milton Keynes Express
  • The poet was so poor he was in bed, for his clothes were pawned.

    出自:A. Thwaite

poor的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. poor的基本意思是“贫困的,贫穷的”,用于描写长期或临时处于贫困状态的人,也可指那些被认为没有足够钱的人所具有的卑劣、无知和不道德; 用于物时,还可作“低劣的,次等的”“贫乏的”“贫瘠的”解,主要指在数量上、质量上不足或低于期望值。可用作表语,也可用于名词前作定语,可用于比较等级。
  2. poor作“可怜的,不幸的,遗憾的”解时,指对境遇表示怜悯和同情,没有比较级和最高级,在句中只用作定语。
  3. poor前可加定冠词the而用如名词,表示一类人,意思是“穷人”,可以作主语、宾语,但不能加不定冠词,也不能在词尾加 -s 。the poor做主语时,谓语动词应用复数形式。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
poor, hard up, lower classes
这三个词(组)都用于描写一些人,这些人不能获得足够的钱物以保证像样的生活水平。其区别是:
poor是其中最广义的词,可指长期或临时的物质或精神的匮乏; hard up是poor的口头用语,常指短期物质的匮乏,例如发工资前借钱买午餐或庄稼歉收时的农民,都可用hard up; lower classes习惯上用于指在任何社会中社会地位和经济地位最低的一些人,那些所谓lower classes的人通常是穷的,然而如今该词常用作带贬义的势利语,指那些胸无大志,缺少教养的人,这些人经济上也许贫也许富。例如:
If prices continue to advance, poor people will find it hard to live.如果物价继续上涨,穷人的日子就更不好过了。
I am hard up for money this month.我这个月手头拮据。
He is a member of lower classes.他是下层社会的一员。
下面两个句子意思不同:
  • The poor John died last night.
  • 穷苦的约翰昨晚死了。
  • Poor John died last night.
  • 可怜的约翰昨晚死了。
下面两个短语意思不同:
  • the poor 穷人们
  • the poor men 那些穷人们
bad evil ill poor wicked
这些形容词均含“坏的”之意。
  • bad:bad含义广泛,指任何不好的或不合需要的品质。
  • evil:evil语气比bad强,强调道德上的邪恶不良,含狡猾凶险或危害他人的意味。
  • ill:ill与evil意义接近,但语气弱一些,常指道德或性质方面的不良。
  • poor:poor普通用词,侧重指事物的质量或数量低于标准或不合要求。用于指天气与食品时可与bad通用。
  • wicked:wicked语气比evil强,指居心叵测,任意违反道德标准,有意作恶。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 汤姆的汉语水平不高。

    Tom's Chinese level is low.

    Tom's Chinese level is poor.

    Tom is poor in Chinese

    误句是汉式英语。

  2. He is a poor liar.

    他是个可怜的说谎者。

    他是个不高明的说谎者。

    本句中poor实际上是修饰与施事名词有关的动作,而不是修饰施事名词本身的固有特征。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1200年进入英语,直接源自古法语的poure;最初源自古典拉丁语的paepur,意为贫穷的,可怜的。

poor的相关资料:

正版词典

poor : 贫困的,穷 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

互动百科

  • poor:poor adj. 贫穷的, 可怜的, 乏味的, 卑鄙的 英英解释:名词poor:1. people without possessions or wealth (considered as a gr…

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