hurt

  基本词汇  
[hɜːt]     [hɜːrt]    
  • vt.损害;伤害;使疼痛
  • vi.疼痛;造成损失
  • n.创伤;伤害;打击
hurter hurt hurt hurting hurts
new

hurt是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 创伤,伤,痛,伤亡;伤害,苦痛,心灵创伤
  2. 委屈
  3. 损害,危害
  4. 打击
  5. 库尔提,位于中国新疆维吾尔自治区
v.(动词)
  1. 使不快
  2. 使受伤,带来痛苦,使受到伤害
  3. 疼痛,感到疼痛
  4. 造成损失
  5. 有害;损害,危害
  6. 伤...的感情,使伤心,使痛心,使悲痛,使忧伤
  7. 使烦恼, 感到不高兴
  8. 处于困境,手头拮据
  9. 冒犯,触怒

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 使受伤; 伤害 cause bodily injury or pain to; damage
  2. vi. 疼痛 produce a feeling of pain
  3. vt. & vi. 对…有害; 对…有不良影响 come to harm; have a bad effect on
n.(名词)
  1. [U]精神上的痛苦或创伤 mental pain or suffering
  2. [C]肉体上的伤害或痛苦 physical injury or pain

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
hurt : 损伤, 损害 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
hurt : 损伤, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
hurt : 损伤, 损害 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.

  2. psychological suffering;

    "the death of his wife caused him great distress"

  3. feelings of mental or physical pain

  4. a damage or loss

  5. the act of damaging something or someone

Adjective:
  1. suffering from physical injury especially that suffered in battle;

    "nursing his wounded arm"
    "ambulances...for the hurt men and women"

  2. damaged inanimate objects or their value

Verb:
  1. be the source of pain

  2. give trouble or pain to;

    "This exercise will hurt your back"

  3. cause emotional anguish or make miserable;

    "It pains me to see my children not being taught well in school"

  4. cause damage or affect negatively;

    "Our business was hurt by the new competition"

  5. hurt the feelings of;

    "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"
    "This remark really bruised my ego"

  6. feel physical pain;

    "Were you hurting after the accident?"

  7. feel pain or be in pain

hurt的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The rumors hurt his reputation badly.
    流言语大大地损害了他的名誉。
  2. She hurt my feelings.
    她伤害了我的感情。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. It hurts when I try to move my leg.
    当我移动我的腿,感到疼痛。
  2. It won't hurt to postpone the meeting for a few more days.
    会议再延迟几天也无妨。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The experience left me with a feeling of deep hurt.
    这段经历给我心灵上留下了严重的创伤。
  2. Did he suffer any hurt?
    他有过什么痛苦吗?
  3. It was a real hurt to her vanity.
    这对她的虚荣心真是一个打击。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. My feet hurt when I walk.
    我走路时脚痛。
  2. My right arm hurts.It hurts right here.
    我右胳膊疼,就这儿疼。
  3. Nothing hurts more than toothache.
    没有比牙疼更让人难受的了。
  4. Her hand hurt from lugging the suitcase.
    她吃力地提着手提箱,手都提痛了。
  5. My stomach hurts because I have eaten too many apples.
    由于吃了太多苹果,我的胃很疼。
  6. He was certainly hurting, but how badly it was impossible to guess.
    他确实给刺痛了,但刺痛到什么程度却很难说。
  7. The criticism touched me where it hurt.
    批评击中了我的要害。
  8. We must hit the aggressors where they will hurt most.
    我们必须向侵略者的要害处猛击。
  9. It keeps hurting whenever you remember it.
    一想起这件事,你就还会感到不好受。
  10. So when we hurt, we go to find help.
    所以每当我们受挫时,我们就去寻求援助。
It won't+~+to- v
  1. It won't hurt to postpone the matter for a few days.
    此事耽搁几天没有关系。
  2. The rain may hold off but it won't hurt to take your umbrella.
    雨可能下不来,不过带把伞总没有坏处。
  3. It won't hurt to stay home another week.
    在家里再呆上一个星期也没有坏处。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She hurt her back when she fell down.
    她跌下来时摔伤了背。
  2. He fell out of a tree and hurt his arm.
    他从一棵树上跌下,摔伤了胳膊。
  3. He hurt his leg while playing football.
    他踢足球时伤了腿。
  4. The shoes are too small.They hurt my feet.
    这双鞋太小了,我穿着脚痛。
  5. The wound still hurts the patient.
    创伤仍使那位病人感到疼痛。
  6. The driver hurt himself badly in the accident.
    那位司机在这起事故中伤得很重。
  7. He was a soft-hearted man. He wouldn't hurt an ant.
    他是一个软心肠的人,连一个蚂蚁都不愿伤害。
  8. They do no harm to anyone; it's wrong to hurt them.
    它们对谁都没害处,伤害它们是不对的。
  9. I hope I haven't hurt you.
    我希望我没有使你难过。
  10. I didn't hurt your pride on purpose.
    我不是故意伤害你的自尊心。
  11. Your sharp words hurt me greatly.
    你尖刻的话语使我心里受到了极大的伤害。
  12. Another glass won't hurt you.
    再喝一杯又有何妨呢。
  13. I am sure smoking hurts you.
    我肯定吸烟会损害你的健康。
  14. The higher prices have not hurt sales.
    昂贵的价格至今未曾影响到销售。
  15. The drought hurt the crops this year.
    今年的干旱使庄稼受了损失。
  16. Dirty oil can hurt a car's engine.
    不清洁的汽油会损害汽车发动机。
  17. 用于be ~ed结构
  18. His internal organs were hurt.
    他内脏受了伤。
  19. He was hurt by a falling brick.
    他被一块落下的砖头砸伤了。
  20. He was hurt in a traffic accident.
    他在一次交通事故中受了伤。
  21. The two cars collided, but luckily no one was seriously hurt.
    这两辆车相撞,幸好没有人严重受伤。
  22. He was more frightened than hurt.
    与其说他伤着了,倒不如说他吓着了。
  23. I was very much hurt at his behaviour.
    他的行为使我很痛心。
  24. I tried to talk him out of the idea of a Fireball, but he was very hurt and said that he was a real sailor now.
    我劝他放弃买“火球快艇”的念头,但是他很不高兴,并说他现在已是一名地道的航行家了。
  25. She was a bit hurt that we had left in such a hurry.
    我们这么匆忙走掉,她有点不高兴。
  26. He was rather hurt by their criticisms.
    他们的种种批评使他很伤心。
  27. I was deeply hurt by the way she just ignored me.
    她根本就不睬我的样子深深地刺痛了我的心。
  28. The submarine was hurt by heavy depth charges.
    重型深水炸弹的攻击使这艘潜艇受创。
  29. The story is hurt by many long descriptive passages.
    很多冗长描写的段落使故事减色。
  30. A lot of companies will be hurt by these new tax laws.
    这些新的税法会给许多公司造成损害。
  31. Lisbon's foreign earnings have been badly hurt by the drastic drop in tourism.
    由于旅游业的严重滑坡,里斯本的外汇收入大受影响。
  32. She was hurt to find that no one admired her performance.
    她发觉无人赏识她的表演,她为此感到伤心。
  33. He was hurt to find that few had voted for him.
    他发现很少有人投他的票,感到痛苦。
It ~s+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. It hurts me to think I should have failed him when he needed my help.
    想到在他需要我帮助的时候,我竟没有帮上忙,我感到难过。
  2. It hurts me to learn that my daughter had failed in the entrance examination.
    我听说女儿没有考取,感到难受。
  3. It hurts eyes to read in the sun.
    在阳光下看书对眼睛有害。
  4. It won't hurt you to miss breakfast for once.
    误了一次早餐对你不会有什么害处。
  5. It won't hurt your car to leave it in the rain.
    把你的汽车停在雨中不会淋坏。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. No one suffered any hurt in the accident.
    事故中没有人受伤。
  2. This lotion will make the hurt go away.
    这种护肤液能使疼痛消失。
  3. I told him it might help to ease his hurts.
    我告诉过他那会有助于减轻他的伤痛。
  4. It will do you no hurt to eat this one little cake.
    吃这么一小块蛋糕对你不会么有什害处的。
  5. You are prone to get hurt if you're not careful.
    你要不当心,很可能就会受伤。
  6. Her sympathy eased his hurt.
    她的同情减轻了他的痛苦。
  7. He never got over his hurt at being rejected.
    他一直没能从求婚被拒绝的痛苦中解脱出来。
  8. The experience left me with a feeling of deep hurt.
    这次经历给我留下了深深的创伤。
  9. It was a severe hurt to her pride.
    这对她的自尊心是一次严重的伤害。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • You admire this tower of granite, weathering the hurts of so many ages.

    出自:R. W. Emerson
  • Thone hurted the other soo harde thei felle doun.

    出自:Caxton
  • The Elizabeth Dorcas..being hurt upon a rock..lost sixty passengers at sea.

    出自:J. Winthrop

hurt的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. hurt的基本意思是“伤痛”,主要指由于碰撞、刺伤、打击等造成的肉体伤害,或由此引起的疼痛或内伤。引申可指精神上或感情上的“伤害”,含有较强烈的“疼痛”意味。
  2. hurt作“伤害”解时是及物动词,后接名词或代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. hurt作“疼痛”解时是不及物动词,特指人身体某部位的疼痛。
  4. hurt指身体上的伤害时,其程度可以用 slightly, badly等修饰。但如指精神上的创伤,则常与 very, very much, rather等搭配。
  5. hurt作“受损”“影响到”解时,多用于否定结构。
  6. be hurt表示主语的感觉和情绪时是系表结构,不是被动结构。
n.(名词)
  1. hurt用作名词时的意思是“痛苦,创伤”,指重大打击。
  2. hurt在表示精神上的“痛苦,创伤”时为不可数名词,表示肉体上的“痛苦,创伤”时为可数名词。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
hurt, damage, harm, impair, injure, wound
这组词的共同意思是“损害,损伤”。impair表示损伤某人〔物〕而导致削弱、缩小或减少其使用价值,也可指情绪的损伤; damage表示损害了表面,损害了人或物的某个部分或使之完全失掉用途; harm表示人的心理、健康、权力或事业上的损害,程度较轻; hurt多用来表示伤害身体或某一部位,或表示剧烈的疼痛或精神上受到伤害; injure表示身体或精神上各种性质及任何程度的伤害,多表示意外受伤; wound主要指在战斗中武器或凶器等造成的外伤或剧烈的痛苦。
hurt, offend
这组词都有“伤害他人的感情”的意思。它们的区别是:前者多接人作宾语,而后者多接感情(one's feeling)等作宾语。
hurt injure wound cut
这一组动词都有“受伤”的意思。
  • hurt:hurt为普通用语,既可指肉体上的伤害(可被badly, slightly, seriously等修饰),也可指精神上、感情上的伤害(被very much/rather/deeply修饰),多指伤痛。
  • 在那场足球赛中,我的腿受了重伤。
  • I hurt my leg badly in the football match.
  • 你的话使他很难过。
  • He felt rather hurt at your words.
  • injure:injure比hurt正式,主要指意外事故中损害健康、容貌等,强调功能的损失。
  • 一颗子弹伤了他的左眼。
  • A bullet injured his left eye.
  • wound:wound指枪伤、刀伤、刺伤等皮肉之伤,是出血的、严重的伤,尤其指用武器有意造成的伤口、伤疤或战场上受伤。也可指人们精神上的创伤。
  • 那小偷用刀刺伤了他。
  • The thief wounded him with a knife.
  • 你伤害了他的自尊心。
  • You have wounded his pride.
  • cut:cut指无意中造成的轻伤。
  • 你手上的伤口是怎么弄的?
  • How did you get that cut on your hand?

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他从桌子上掉了下来,受了伤。

    He fell off the table and hurt.

    He fell off the table and hurt himself.

    He fell off the table and was hurt.

    hurt表示“伤害”时,是及物动词,要接宾语。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1200年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的urhter,意为埋实,击打,相撞;最初源自法兰克语的urht,意为跑向,冲撞。

hurt的相关资料:

正版词典

hurt : 使(身体等) ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

hurt的相关缩略词,共有3

互动百科

  • hurt:hurt v. 刺痛, 伤害, (使)痛心, (使)伤感情, 危害, 损害, 受伤n. 伤痛, 伤害 英英解释:名词hurt:1. any physical damage to the body ca…

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