ground

  基本词汇  
[ɡraʊnd]     [ɡraʊnd]    
  • n.地面;地方;根据;主题;立场;水平;背景
  • v.使停飞;困在家中;放在地上;使 ... 搁浅;打基础
  • 动词grind的过去式和过去分词形式
grounded grounded grounding grounds
new

ground是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 场地,场所
  2. 地,地面
  3. 土地,土壤
  4. 根据,理由
  5. 范围
  6. 渣滓,沉淀物
  7. 地域,水域
  8. 基础
  9. 庭园
  10. 阵地
  11. 底子
  12. 底,海底
  13. 立场
  14. 背景
  15. 【电】地线;接地;接地装置
  16. <主英>地板
  17. 【矿】脉石
  18. 【橄榄球】跑动进攻打法
v.(动词)
  1. 【海】使搁浅,触海底,搁浅
  2. 使停飞, 阻止…起飞
  3. 罚(儿童)不准出门
  4. 以某事物为基础,根据,基于,把...建立在牢固的基础上,把...基于,在...基础上树立
  5. 【电】把...接地,使接地
  6. 给...以基础训练,给...打基础,教给...基本知识
  7. 依靠
  8. 【空】着陆,落地
  9. 把...放在地上,使落地
  10. 放下(武器)
  11. 给上底色,加底子
  12. 【棒球】击地滚球,击出内场地滚球后在一垒被杀出局(常与out连用)
adj.(形容词)
  1. (食物)磨碎的,磨成粉的,碾碎的
  2. 磨平的
  3. 磨过的
  4. 土地的,地面上的
  5. 接近地面的
  6. 生长在地里的
_null.
  1. 动词grind的过去式和过去分词形式

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [S]地面 solid surface of the earth
  2. [U]泥土,土地 soil; earth
  3. [C]场地 piece of land used for a particular purpose
  4. [C]地域,水域 large area of land or sea used for the stated purpose
  5. [C]建筑物四周的土地或花园; 庭园 land or gardens round a building, often enclosed with walls, hedges or fences
  6. [C]理由 reason
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 搁浅; 停飞 touch the sea bottoms; (of aircraft, airmen) compel to stay on the ground
  2. vt. 使接地 earth
  3. vt. 将…放在地上 lay on the ground

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
ground : 接地 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
ground : 地面, 战场 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
ground : 地, 地面( ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
ground : 地面 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
ground : 地 ...
在 《外教社测绘学英语词典》 中查看更多...
ground : 地, 地面( ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the solid part of the earth's surface;

    "the plane turned away from the sea and moved back over land"
    "the earth shook for several minutes"
    "he dropped the logs on the ground"

  2. a rational motive for a belief or action;

    "the reason that war was declared"
    "the grounds for their declaration"

  3. the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface;

    "they dug into the earth outside the church"

  4. a relation that provides the foundation for something;

    "they were on a friendly footing"
    "he worked on an interim basis"

  5. a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle);

    "they gained ground step by step"
    "they fought to regain the lost ground"

  6. the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground;

    "he posed her against a background of rolling hills"

  7. material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use);

    "the land had never been plowed"
    "good agricultural soil"

  8. a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused

  9. a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)

  10. (art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting

  11. the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface

Verb:
  1. fix firmly and stably;

    "anchor the lamppost in concrete"

  2. confine or restrict to the ground;

    "After the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot"

  3. place or put on the ground

  4. instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject

  5. bring to the ground;

    "the storm grounded the ship"

  6. hit or reach the ground

  7. throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage

  8. hit a groundball;

    "he grounded to the second baseman"

  9. hit onto the ground

  10. cover with a primer; apply a primer to

  11. connect to a ground;

    "ground the electrical connections for safety reasons"

  12. use as a basis for; found on;

    "base a claim on some observation"

ground的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. You shouldn't sit on the ground when it's wet.
    地面潮湿时就不应该坐在地上。
  2. The expedition covered a lot of ground.
    探险队到过很多地方。
  3. Boredom is not a ground for divorce.
    日久生厌不能成为离婚的理由。
  4. There is no point in going over the same ground twice.
    把同样的主题重温两遍根本就没有什么意义。
  5. It said that they were all trying to find the common ground.
    据说他们都在努力找到共同立场。
  6. Most stock markets lost ground after their recent gains.
    大多数证券市场在最近的盈利之后出现了水平下滑的趋势。
  7. Germany in the 1920s and 30s was fertile ground for such ideas.
    20世纪二三十年代的德国以这些观念的盛行为背景。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. All aircrafts at London Airport were grounded by fog today.
    因大雾天气,今天伦敦机场的所有飞机都被迫停飞。
  2. His parents grounded him for two weeks.
    他父母把他关在家里两个星期。
  3. They grounded their arms to show surrender.
    他们把武器放在地上以示投降。
  4. She grounded her pupils well in arithmetic.
    她给自己的学生打下良好的算术基础。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He slipped off the ladder and fell to the ground.
    他从梯子上滑下来摔在地上。
  2. The bird fell to the ground.
    鸟落到地上。
  3. The branch broke and fell to the ground.
    树枝断了,落到了地上。
  4. The dead man was lying flat on the ground.
    死者直挺挺地躺在地上。
  5. The aircraft hadn't enough power to get off the ground.
    那架飞机的升空动力不足。
  6. The ground is dry.
    地是干的。
  7. In winter the ground is too hard to dig.
    在冬季,地硬得挖不动。
  8. The builders broke ground for a new shopping centre.
    建筑工人们动工建筑一座新的购物中心。
  9. They own all the ground in front of you as far as the next hill.
    你面前一直到前面那座山之间的所有土地都归他们所有。
  10. This is one of the world's best fishing grounds.
    这是世界上最好的渔场之一。
  11. The cheers of the fans echoed round the ground as the team appeared.
    球队刚一上场,球迷们的欢呼声立即响遍全场。
  12. They entered the grounds ahead of us.
    他们在我们前面走进了院子。
  13. Now that you've seen the house,I'll show you the grounds.
    屋子你已看过了,我领你参观一下庭园。
  14. The house has large and pleasant grounds.
    这座房屋的庭园宽敞宜人。
  15. The grounds around his house are beautiful.
    他房子周围的庭园很美。
  16. They managed to cover quite a lot of ground in a short programme.
    他们设法在一个短小的节目中包罗了多方面的内容。
  17. This graduate course covers the same ground as the undergraduate degree course in Educational Administration.
    这门研究生课程与教育管理学的本科学位课程内容相同。
  18. It was absurd to try to cover so much ground in such a short lecture.
    在这么短的一次演讲中,想要涉及如此广泛的知识领域是不明智的。
  19. You're on dangerous ground when you criticize his daughter.
    你批评他女儿就要惹出是非了。
  20. The curtains have white flowers on a blue ground.
    窗帘是蓝底白花的。
  21. The ship touched ground a few yards from the shore.
    船在距海岸几码处搁浅了。
  22. Their ship touched the ground.
    他们的船搁浅了。
  23. Throw out the coffee grounds.
    把咖啡渣滓倒掉。
  24. They had no ground to arrest him.
    他们没有理由逮捕他。
  25. We had sufficient grounds to sue.
    我们有充足的理由提起诉讼。
  26. Her claim was disallowed on the grounds that she had not paid her premium.
    她要求赔款遭到拒绝,原因是她事先没有交纳保险费。
  27. You have no grounds for complaint.
    你没有抱怨的理由。
  28. If you continue to behave like this you will give them grounds for dismissing you.
    你照这样下去就让他们找到辞退你的理由了。
  29. The grounds for his action was never clearly stated.
    他从未清楚地说明过采取这一行动的根据。
  30. There is no grounds for anxiety.
    没有理由值得焦虑。
  31. Desertion is a ground for divorce.
    被配偶遗弃是离婚的充分理由。
  32. I had to retire on medical grounds of ill health.
    我因健康状况不得以才退休了。
  33. On what grounds do you make that accusation?
    你根据什么提出那项指控。
  34. They don't give me much ground for complaint.
    他们使我感到没什么可抱怨的。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The ship has grounded.
    这船已搁浅了。
  2. All the planes today have grounded.
    今天所有的飞机都停飞了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The fog grounded the airliners.
    大雾迫使班机停飞。
  2. He grounded a boat.
    他把船停在一个地方。
  3. The enemy grounded arms.
    敌人放下武器投降了。
  4. 用于be ~ed结构
  5. He was a pilot in the air force but was grounded because of an eye injury.
    他原是空军的一名飞行员,但因眼睛受伤而被迫停飞了。
  6. Our ship was grounded in shallow water.
    我们的船在浅水中搁浅了。
  7. The boxer was grounded by his opponent.
    那个拳击手被对手打倒在地。
  8. The theory is ill grounded.
    这学说的基础不稳固。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
below ground
  1. 地面之下,在地下 beneath the surface of the earth

    Their missile silos are below ground. 他们的导弹发射井在地下。

break fresh ground
  1. 开辟新天地,开始新的事业 introduce or discover a new method, system, etc.; innovate

    This physics book breaks fresh ground. 这本物理学著作探讨了新的课题。

cover ground
  1. 行过一段距离,完成一定量的工作 walk a long distance; finish a lot of work

    Did you cover much ground on the hike? 你们徒步行走了很多路吗?

    We've covered a lot of ground at this morning's meeting. 在今天上午的会上我们讨论了很多问题。

cut the ground from under
  1. 先发制人地破坏某人的计划,拆某人的台 spoil sb's plan, argument, defence, etc. by anticipating it

    We mustn't allow these people to cut the ground from under us while we sit looking on. 我们绝不能坐视这些人拆我们的台。

    I was about to raise my offer for the farm when a neighbour cut the ground from under my feet by offering a sum that I couldn't possibly match. 我正要出价买下那农场时,我旁边的一个人报出了一个我绝对无法竞争的价钱,破坏了我的计划。

from the ground up
  1. 从头开始 start from the beginning

    He came to work for Uncle Julian and learn the business from the ground up. 他来替朱利安伯伯干活,从头学习做生意。

  2. 完全地,彻底地 completely

    He changed everything from the ground up. 他使一切彻底改观了。

gain ground
  1. 前进,有进展,越来越为人们所接受 forward; be accepted by people little by little

    The movement rapidly gained ground. 运动进展很快。

    The People's Party is gaining ground in this country. 人民党在这个国家正壮大起来。

    The sick man gained ground after being near death. 那病人在生命垂危之后又有所好转。

    He has had a hard time in his new business but he is gaining ground now. 他起初干这一行时吃了一些苦头,现在有进展了。

    The idea of equal pay for women is gaining ground. 男女同工同酬的思想正日益被人们所接受。

    Acupuncture anesthesia is rapidly gaining ground in surgical operations. 针刺麻醉在外科手术上正在得到广泛应用。

  2. 占优势 gain the advantage

    Godley's views are gaining political ground. 戈德利的观点正在取得政治上的优势。

    This big contract will help us to gain ground on our competitors. 这个重要的合同将会有助于我们在对付竞争对手时取得优势。

    The soldiers fought hard and began to gain ground. 士兵们奋勇作战,开始占领敌军阵地。

  3. 逼近 get gradually closer to sb/sth going in the same direction as oneself

    The police car was gaining ground on the robbers. 警车正在逼近抢劫犯。

    A glance behind confirmed his fears. His pursuer was gaining ground on him rapidly. 往后看使他越发害怕,追他的人很快就要赶上来了。

get off the ground
  1. 起飞 take off

    The aircraft hadn't enough power to get off the ground. 那架飞机的动力不够,无法起飞。

    How does such a heavy plane get off the ground? 这样一架重型飞机怎样起飞?

  2. 顺利开始 make a successful start

    Lack of money meant the plan didn't even get off the ground. 缺乏资金意味着我们甚至无法开始实施计划。

give ground
  1. 退却,让步 retreat

    The army was forced to give ground when the enemy started its new offensive. 当敌人发动新的攻势时,部队被迫撤退。

    If we cancel this autumn's big publicity drive, it'll give ground to our main competitors. 如果我们取消今年秋季的大型推广运动,这就如同向我们的主要对手让步。

go to ground
  1. 潜伏,躲藏 at somewhere that people couldn't find

    The criminals went to ground in a deserted old farm house. 罪犯们逃到一间废弃的破旧农舍中躲藏起来。

    The criminals have gone to ground somewhere, waiting until it is safe to complete their escape. 罪犯在某处藏身,等安全时才逃走。

hold one's ground
  1. 坚守阵地; 坚持立场 not go away; keep one's idea

    Although many were killed, the soldiers held their ground. 虽然很多人阵亡了,士兵们仍然坚守阵地。

    Albert managed to hold his ground in that field. 艾伯特力图在那个领域站稳脚跟。

    We hold our ground that the struggle for disarmament must be combined with fight against hegemonism. 我们坚持原来的主张,那就是裁军的斗争必须同反霸斗争结合起来。

    The workers held their ground in the long strike, and finally wages were raised. 工人们在漫长的罢工中坚持不让步,最后终于增加了工资。

    He could not hold his ground in the face of relentless opposition. 在遭到激烈反对的情况下,他无法再坚持自己的立场。

lose ground
  1. 败退,退却,失去地盘,失利 retreat

    The gas lamp gradually lost ground to electric lighting. 煤气灯逐渐为电灯所代替。

    The general sent in reinforcements when he saw that his troops were losing ground. 将军看到自己的军队退却,便派出增援部队。

    Our opponents have lost ground on this point in debate. 对方在这个论点上站不住脚。

    Superstition and illiteracy are losing ground as people become more educated. 由于人们受的教育更多了,迷信和文盲便逐渐减少。

on (the) ground〔grounds〕 of
  1. 根据…,以…为理由 depend upon sth

    He was always declining their invitations on ground of ill health. 他总是以身体不好为理由而谢绝他们的邀请。

    Mrs. Snavely got a divorce on the grounds of desertion. 史内夫利太太以被遗弃为由而获准离婚。

prepare the ground
  1. 使…能够或容易发展 make the development of sth possible or easier

    Early experiments with military rockets prepared the ground for space travel. 早期军用火箭的试验为太空旅行奠定了基础。

run into the ground
  1. 把…搞得精疲力竭 wear sb/sth out completely; exhaust sb/sth run oneself/sb into the ground

    By working 13 hours a day she is running herself into the ground.她一天工作13个小时,把自己搞得精疲力竭。

shift one's ground
  1. 改变立场 change the basis of one's argument, claim, etc.

    It's impossible to prove him wrong because he keeps shifting his ground. 要证明他错是不可能的,因为他不断地改变立场。

    It's difficult to argue with her— she's constantly shifting her ground. 很难与她辩论,她总是变换论点。

    Just when I thought I had won the argument she shifted her ground and put forward a whole new set of objections. 正当我觉得已经赢得这场辩论的时候,她改弦易辙,提出了一连串新的反对意见。

suit down to the ground
  1. 完全适合 completely, utterly suit sb down to the ground

    Mary's new job suits her down to the ground.玛丽的新工作正合她的心意。

to the ground
  1. 夷为平地 destroying completely

    Many villages were razed to the ground. 许多村子被夷为平地。

用作动词 (v.)
ground in( v.+prep. )
  1. 训练…,打好…的基础 give the basic exercise; be well trained in ground sb/oneself in sth

    The teacher grounded his pupils in English.老师使学生们在英语方面打下良好的基础。

    He grounded himself thoroughly in mathematics.他在数学方面接受过全面的基础训练。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The class is well grounded in grammar.这个班的学生语法基础好。

    Every educated man of the 19th century was well grounded in Latin and Greek.19世纪凡是受过教育的人在拉丁语和希腊语方面都有很好的基础。

    I don't know how well this young lawyer performs in court, but at least he's well grounded in the principles of such cases.我不知道这位年轻的律师在法庭上的表现如何,不过,他起码精通处理这类案件的原则。

ground on( v.+prep. )
  1. 根据…作出结论,以…为基础 base sth on sth

    He grounded his arguments on experiences. 他根据经验立论。

    Always ground your opinion on fact. 要永远根据事立而实论。

    I grounded my opinion on facts. 我的观点是基于事实的。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Our development plans are grounded on the result of our market research. 我们的开发计划是以对市场的研究结果为依据的。

    Your fears were grounded on nothing but superstition. 你的恐惧只不过是以迷信为依据。

    His argument is grounded on a series of wrong assumptions. 他的论点是以一系列的错误假设为依据的。

    Your accusation must be grounded on facts. 你的指责必须以事实为依据。

    The insurance is grounded on trust. 保险业立足于信用。

  2. 搁浅在… stop the ship at somewhere

    A storm grounded the ship on a sandbar. 一场风暴使船搁浅在沙洲上。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • We praised God from the ground of the heart.

    出自:fig.
  • A large part of altruism,..is grounded upon the fact that it is uncomfortable to have unhappy people about.

    出自:H. L. Mencken
  • Culture itself is grounded in man's highly specific psycho-biological nature.

    出自:P. Fuller

ground的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. ground的基本意思是“地面”,指相对于天空而言的地球的表面; 也可指“泥土,土地”。ground也可指陆上或海上一片特殊的“地域,水域”,作“庭园,花园”解时常指建筑物周围的空地。ground还可以指做一件事情的原因,即“理由”。引申可指“内容”“背景”“渣滓”等。
  2. ground通常用作可数名词,作“场地,庭园”“理由”“渣滓”等解时常以复数形式出现,作“地面”解时一般只用单数形式。ground在作“土地,泥土”“范围,内容,话题”等解时可用作不可数名词,“一块地”说a piece of ground。
  3. ground作“理由,根据,原因”解时,有时用作复数,可接单数谓语,有时也可用作单数,有时甚至用作不可数名词。
  4. 在作“庭园”解时, grounds前通常加介词in,而不加介词on。
v.(动词)
  1. ground用作名词时的意思是“地面”,转化成动词意为“将…放在地上”,常指“搁浅,停飞”,即由于自然条件的影响或机械故障等原因而造成船只“搁浅”,飞机“停飞”。
  2. ground可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词或代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. ground接介词in可表示“在…(方面)打基础”; 接介词on可表示“根据…作出结论”“以…为基础”。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
grounds, cause, excuse, reason
这组词都有“理由,原因”的意思。其区别在于:cause指造成一种事实或现象的比较直接的“原因,根源,起因”,它表示的原因是指导致某种结果的客观条件、情况、事件、力量等; reason强调“推理”,指对于某个情况或看法从逻辑推理上引出结论的“理由”; excuse指为了避免责任而设法辩解过错或设法使之显得轻微,指找出的“理由,原因”或“借口”; grounds指一种有根据的“理由”,有时可译作“原因”。例如:
Give your reason for changing the plan.把你改变计划的理由讲一下。
He is always late, and always has an excuse.他总是迟到,而且总有借口。
I have not much grounds for believing the information.我没有充分的依据去相信这个消息。
ground, earth, land, soil
这组词的共同意思是“地面,陆地”。其区别是:
earth是相对于天空或太空而言的“地面”; land是指地球表面相对于海洋而言时的“地面”,有时还可指“地产”。例如:
After working at sea for several years,I got a job on land.在海上工作数年之后,我在陆地找了一份工作。
The duke's lands stretch for many miles in all directions.方圆许多英里之内都是公爵的地产。
ground指人们在上面行走的地面或具有一定面积限度的空地。例如:
The apple fell to the ground.苹果掉落到地上。
soil主要表示栽培植物的“土壤”,也可引申为“国土,国度”。例如:
This soil is good for growing things.这土壤很适合种植。
They trod on this country's soil.他们在这个国度里做买卖。
ground, floor
两者都可以表示“地面”,但floor指室内的地面; 而ground则指室外的地面。试比较:
  • There was a cat lying on the floor.
  • 有只猫躺在地板上。
  • There was a cow lying on the ground.
  • 有头牛躺在地上。
下面三个短语都是“以…为理由”的意思:
  • on the grounds of
  • on the ground of
  • on grounds of
base basis foundation ground
这些名词均含有“基础”之意。
  • base:base侧重指构成或支撑某一具体物体的基础,也可指军事基地或用作比喻意义。
  • basis:basis主要用作抽象或引申意义。
  • foundation:foundation用于具体意义时,侧重指坚固结实的建筑物的基础或地基;用作比喻意义时,与basis基本相同。
  • ground:ground含义与basis和foundation接近。一般指某种决定、论点或关系的基础,也可指某种原因的基础。

ground的相关资料:

正版词典

ground : 地面(与空 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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互动百科

  • ground:ground n. 地面, 土地, 战场, 场所, 范围adj. 土地的, 地面上的vt. 把...放在地上, 使搁浅, 打基础vi. 具有基础, 着陆, 搁浅vbl. grind的过去式习惯用语ab…

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