expended

  常用词汇  
[ɪk'spend]     [ɪk'spend]    
  • vt. 花费;消耗
expended expended expending expends
new

expend的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 用(钱),花费,消费
  2. 消耗,用尽,用光,耗尽
  3. 【海】把(暂时不用的绳)绕在桅杆上

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 花费,使用(钱等)做某事 spend, use (money, etc.) in doing sth
  2. vt. 用光; 耗尽 use up

英英释义

Verb:
  1. use up, consume fully;

    "The legislature expended its time on school questions"

  2. pay out;

    "spend money"

expend的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. He lived high and expended largely.
    他生活讲究,花费很大。
  2. He has expended much time and energy on that experiment.
    他已经花费许多时间、金钱在那实验上。
  3. The soldiers expended all their ammunition in that fight.
    士兵在那场战斗中用尽了所有的弹药。
  4. I had expended much time on the work but they told me it's useless.
    我花了很多时间在这件工作上,他们却告诉我说这是无用的。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Don't expend all your time on such a useless job.
    不要把时间消耗在这种无用的工作上。
  2. The newly-married couple expended too much money on decorating their apartment.
    这对新婚夫妇把过多的钱花费在装饰他们的那套房间上。
  3. They have already expended 12,000 dollars in advertisement.
    在广告上,他们已经花费了12000美元。
  4. He expended all his strength in trying to climb out.
    他用尽全力,试图爬出来。
  5. The enemy had expended all their ammunition.
    敌人已耗尽所有的弹药。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The promoter had expended nearly $300,000 in securing the legislation.

    出自: L. Steffens
  • He had expended much thought on the subject.

    出自: P. G. Wodehouse
  • Freud expended much ink and energy trying to prove that artists are neurotics.

    出自: C. Rycroft

expend的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. expend的基本意思是“花费,使用(钱等)做某事”,其宾语可以是钱、时间、精力等,常与in或on连用。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
expend, spend
  • 这两个词的意思相同,前者为较正式用词,强调所消耗的时间、金钱或精力等是巨大的。
  • cost,expend,spend,take,pay
  • 这些动词均含“花费”之意。
  • cost指花费时间、金钱、劳力等。其主语是物,而不能由人充当,也不用被动形式。
  • expend较正式用词,通常指为某一专门目的而花费大量金钱、时间或精力。
  • spend普通用词,与cost基本同义,但主语必须是人。
  • take普通用词,指需要占用空间、时间或精力等,其主语可以是人,也可以是一件事情。
  • pay“付款、给……报酬”,它可作及物动词也可作不及物动词。pay常用于以下几种句型:①Sb.pay(s)sb.money意为“某人付款给另一个人或某人给另一个人多少报酬”。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的expendere,意为付出钱。
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