discourage

  常用词汇  
[dɪs'kʌrɪdʒ]     [dɪs'kɜːrɪdʒ]    
  • vt. 阻碍;使气馁
discourageable discouragingly discourager discouraged discouraged discouraging discourages
new

discourage的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 使泄气
  2. 使沮丧
  3. 劝阻
  4. 阻止
  5. 使受挫折
  6. 打消
  7. 阻挡
  8. 使打断念头
  9. 防止
  10. 不允许
  11. 沮丧
  12. 灰心
  13. 失去勇气
  14. 丧失信心
  15. 令人失望
  16. 避免
  17. 失望
  18. 使扫兴
  19. 使灰心
  20. 阻拦
  21. 使气馁
  22. 阻碍
  23. 使丧失信心

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 使气馁; 使沮丧 lessen or take away the courage or confidence
  2. vt. 阻碍; 劝阻 put difficulties in one's way; make sth seem not worthwhile; try to persuade sb not to do it

英英释义

Verb:
  1. try to prevent; show opposition to;

    "We should discourage this practice among our youth"

  2. deprive of courage or hope; take away hope from; cause to feel discouraged

  3. admonish or counsel in terms of someone's behavior;

    "I warned him not to go too far"
    "I warn you against false assumptions"
    "She warned him to be quiet"

discourage的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Inflation discourages saving.
    通货膨胀阻碍储蓄的积累。
  2. A new law has been brought in to discourage racial prejudice.
    一项反对种族歧视的新法律已被提出。
  3. Try to discourage such familiarities from your subordinates.
    不要让属下对你这样不拘礼仪。
  4. I was never discouraged against learning English.
    我从未对学习英语失去信心。
  5. He is easily discouraged by difficulties and obstacles.
    他遇到困难和阻碍就容易泄气。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Don't let one failure discourage you.
    勿因一次失败而气馁。
  2. The difficult work discouraged Alan and he left school.
    难学的功课使艾伦失去信心,因此他退学了。
  3. The long winter and the lack of fuel discouraged the settlers.
    冬日漫漫,又缺乏燃料,使定居者感到泄气。
  4. The political instability of the region has discouraged investment by big companies.
    这一地区的政治不稳定已使一些大公司打消投资的念头。
  5. 1
  6. Never be discouraged with life.
    切莫对生活失去信心。
  7. We were discouraged at the bad news.
    我们听到那个消息都很沮丧。
  8. He is easily discouraged by difficulties and obstacles.
    他遇到困难和障碍时很容易气馁。
  9. If you fail your driving test the first time, don't be discouraged.
    如果你考驾驶执照第一次没有通过,别因此而泄气。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. We discourage smoking in this school.
    在这所学校里我们劝阻吸烟。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
discourage from (v.+prep.)
    阻止某人 prevent sb to do sth
    discourage sb from v-ing

    The rain discouraged us from going out.

    雨使我们不能外出。

    Lack of recognition discouraged him from publishing more novels.

    因不受欢迎,他不敢再出版小说。

    Fear of war discouraged him from going abroad .

    他因害怕战争而未出国。

    I have tried to discourage him from biting nails.

    我曾劝阻他不要咬指甲。

    We tried to discourage him from climbing the mountain without a guide.

    我们曾设法劝他在无向导的情况下不要去爬山。

    He was discouraged from going there along .

    大家劝他不要单独去那儿。

    People were discouraged from attending the parade by the bad weather.

    恶劣的天气阻挠了人们去参加游行。

    He was discouraged from marrying the girl by his mother.

    他妈妈想阻止他和那女孩结婚。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • This discouraged Schomberg, who had looked up hopefully.

    出自: J. Conrad
  • It must be dreadfully discouraging, to meet always with abuse.

    出自: A. J. Cronin

discourage的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. courage的意思是“勇气”,前缀dis-的意思是not。discourage的基本意思是“使气馁,使沮丧”,指人失去信心、失去勇气,产生恐惧,减少鼓足勇气的一切力量,主要用作及物动词,其宾语主要是人。
  2. discourage引申可作“劝阻”解,指对别人的某一举动进行劝阻,希望其能够接受,但这种劝阻或阻止未必一定会成功,如果劝阻无效,则可在discourage前加上want to, mean to, try to等。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
discourage, deject, dishearten, dispirit
  • 这组词都有“削弱继续进行的力量或反抗的力量,或减少热情、利益、活动”的意思。其区别是:
  • discourage不仅指失去信心、失去勇气,还指产生恐惧,减少鼓足勇气的一切力量; dishearten更强调灰心丧气,失去达到目的的毅力; dispirit强调失去欢乐和希望,出现起主宰作用的忧郁,也指个人或群众对他人的影响; deject语意比dispirit强,指失去欢乐和希望,因而意气沮丧,只用于个人。
  • discourage的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】
    【反义词】

    临近单词

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