desperate

  核心词汇  
['despərət]     ['despərət]    
  • adj. 绝望的;不顾一切的;极其想要的
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desperate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 危急的
  2. 拼命的,不顾一切的,不顾死活的
  3. 铤而走险的,孤注一掷的,不惜冒险的
  4. 险恶的
  5. 绝望的
  6. 极度渴望的
  7. 极端的
  8. 悲观失望的
  9. 穷途末路的
  10. 令人绝望的

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 不顾一切的,拼命的 ready to do anything regardless of danger
  2. [A]铤而走险的,孤注一掷的 tried when all else has failed
  3. [P]极想望的,极需要的 in great need
  4. 危急的,极严重的 extremely difficult and dangerous

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a person who is frightened and in need of help;

    "they prey on the hopes of the desperate"

Adjective:
  1. arising from or marked by despair or loss of hope;

    "a despairing view of the world situation"
    "the last despairing plea of the condemned criminal"
    "a desperate cry for help"
    "helpless and desperate--as if at the end of his tether"
    "her desperate screams"

  2. desperately determined;

    "do-or-die revolutionaries"
    "a do-or-die conflict"

  3. (of persons) dangerously reckless or violent as from urgency or despair;

    "a desperate criminal"
    "taken hostage of desperate men"

  4. showing extreme courage; especially of actions courageously undertaken in desperation as a last resort;

    "made a last desperate attempt to reach the climber"
    "the desperate gallantry of our naval task forces marked the turning point in the Pacific war"
    "they took heroic measures to save his life"

  5. showing extreme urgency or intensity especially because of great need or desire;

    "felt a desperate urge to confess"
    "a desperate need for recognition"

  6. fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless;

    "a desperate illness"
    "on all fronts the Allies were in a desperate situation due to lack of materiel"
    "a dire emergency"

desperate的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The situation is desperate.
    情况令人感到绝。
  2. I had no money left and was desperate.
    我一点钱都没有了,简直绝望了。
  3. They made a desperate plea for help.
    他们不顾一切地恳求帮助。
  4. His failure made him desperate.
    他因失败而铤而走险。
  5. The man lost in the desert was desperate for water.
    在沙漠中迷失方向的人极度渴望得到水。
  6. He is desperate to get a job.
    他非常渴求得一职。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. He is a desperate criminal.
    他是个亡命之徒。
  2. They made a desperate attempt to save the company.
    他们为挽救公司作孤注一掷的努力。
  3. The city is suffering a desperate shortage of water.
    这个城市严重缺水。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The prisoners become desperate in their attempts to escape.
    囚犯们孤注一掷企图越狱。
  2. The state of that country is desperate.
    那个国家的形势非常危急。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He's desperate for money.
    他极渴望得到钱。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. They're desperate to escape.
    他们急于想逃跑。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
副词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • I am desperate of obtaining her.

    出自:Two Gentlemen of Verona , Shakespeare

desperate的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. desperate的基本意思是因绝望而“不顾一切的,拼命的”。
  2. desperate作“极想要的,极需要的”解时,在句中常作表语,且与for连用。
  3. desperate还可指在别无选择的情况下而作出的最后努力,即“铤而走险的,孤注一掷的”,但这种努力成功的希望却很渺茫,此时在句中常作定语。
  1. 与hopeless相比,desperate的语气要轻些。

    The situation was desperate but not hopeless.
    这个情形是令人绝望的,但也不全无希望。

  2. desperate后可接不定式,表示“发疯似地想要……”。be desperate at ...属于固定搭配,表示“因……而绝望”。

    When the war was over, Tom was desperate to return to civilian life.
    当战争结束的时候,汤姆发疯似的想要回到平民的生活。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的desperare,意为绝望的。
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