deserve

  核心词汇  
[dɪ'zɜːv]     [dɪ'zɜːrv]    
  • vt. 应受;值得
deserved deserved deserving deserves
new

deserve的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 应受,该得,值得,应得
  2. 应受赏,应受报答,应得报酬,值得受赏
  3. 当,配,配上, 配得到,配得上
  4. 贴切
  5. 应当
  6. 无愧于,受之无愧 ,当之无愧
  7. 该娶
  8. 有资格匹配

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 应受,应得,值得 have earned by one's actions or character; be worthy of

英英释义

Verb:
  1. be worthy or deserving;

    "You deserve a promotion after all the hard work you have done"

deserve的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. He has done nothing to deserve death.
    他没做过该受死刑的事。
  2. You deserve a reward for being so helpful.
    你帮了这么大的忙,理应受到奖励。
  3. These proposals deserve careful study.
    这些建议值得认真研究。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He deserves a reward for his efforts.
    他积极努力,值得奖赏。
  2. You've been working all morning—you deserve a rest.
    你已做了一个上午——该休息一下了。
  3. The question deserves consideration.
    这个问题值得考虑。
S+~+to- v
  1. He deserved to be punished.
    他应受惩罚。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. The boy richly deserves whipping.
    这孩子活该挨鞭。
S+~+(that-)clause
  1. He didn't really deserve she should be so kind to him.
    他确实不值得她对他那么好。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
deserve of (v.+prep.)
    应该受到某人〔某团体〕好的〔坏的〕待遇 be worthy of good〔bad〕 treatment by sb or a group
    deserve well〔ill〕 of sb/sth

    He deserves well of his employers.

    他应当受到雇主善待。

    The student has deserved ill of this school, and must be asked to leave.

    这个学生应受学校处罚,必须让他退学。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • We had suffered too little To deserve all the flowers, the kisses, the wine and the thanks.

    出自: P. Dehn
  • I don't know what I've done to deserve a daughter like you.

    出自: O. Manning
  • They are really citizens of mark, whose opinions..deserve to be heard and attended to.

    出自: H. L. Mencken
  • What crime can so deserve such pain?

    出自: F. Warner

deserve的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. deserve指某人因行为,品行,才干而“应受,应得”,其宾语常是奖赏、批评、惩罚等词,也可指某物因具有某些特点而“值得…”,其宾语常是关注、研究、考虑等词, deserve通常不用于进行体。
  1. deserve后常跟不定式,也可跟表示被动意义的名词。

    He deserves to succeed.
    The old man deserves looking after.

  2. deserve后可跟名词,但中间不加介词of。

    He deserves a reward.

  3. deserving现在分词作形容词时,后面必须要跟介词of。

    He is deserving of a reward.

  4. deserve well of和deserve ill of均为习惯用于,两者中的of都不可省略。

    He deserves well of the people.
    他为人民立了功。

  5. deserve后可跟that从句,从句中用should。

    Does he deserve that you should treat him like this?
    他值得你那样对他吗?

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的deservir;最初源自古典拉丁语的deservire:de (完全的) + servire (服务),意为因服务而享受的权力。
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