anxious

  核心词汇  
['æŋkʃəs]     ['æŋkʃəs]    
  • adj.渴望的;忧虑的
anxiously anxiousness
new

anxious是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 渴望的,急想的,切望的,热望的
  2. 令人焦虑的,使人不安的
  3. 焦急的,忧虑的,焦虑的,担心的,挂念的
  4. 流露出忧虑的

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 焦急的,忧虑的,担心的 afraid and worried
  2. [P]渴望的,急切的 wanting sth very much

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. eagerly desirous;

    "anxious to see the new show at the museum"
    "dying to hear who won"

  2. causing or fraught with or showing anxiety;

    "spent an anxious night waiting for the test results"
    "cast anxious glances behind her"
    "those nervous moments before takeoff"
    "an unquiet mind"

anxious的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The whole country was anxious for peace.
    全国上下都渴望和平。
  2. I am anxious to compare my fancy with reality.
    我焦切地把我的想象同现实作一番比较。
  3. Small businesses are anxious to experiment with computers.
    小型企业都急于试用计算机。
  4. She was anxious to enlighten me about the events that led up to the dispute.
    她急着要使我明白引起这场争执的那些事情。
  5. I'm very anxious about the speech contest.
    我对此次演讲比赛十分忧虑。
  6. The moderates have plenty to be anxious about.
    温和派有许多问题要担忧。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. She had started upstairs when the telephone rang and she recognized the anxious voice of her neighbour,Carrie Nash.
    她正要上楼时,电话铃响了,她听出是邻居卡丽·纳什焦急不安的声音。
  2. His poor health has been a very anxious business.
    他身体不好使人很担心。
  3. The period of his illness was an anxious one for us all.
    他生病期间是我们大家都很担忧的一段日子。
  4. We have had an anxious time.
    我们一直焦虑着。
  5. The week of the flood was an anxious time for all of us.
    对我们来说,发洪水的一周是十分令人焦虑的一段时间。
  6. You must have had an anxious day.
    你一定度过了一个焦虑不安的一天。
  7. Dad's illness gave us some anxious moments.
    父亲的病使我们度过一段焦虑的时光。
  8. We had a very anxious time until we knew that they were safe.
    我们一直忧虑直到得知他们是平安的。
  9. Two anxious day followed while the ship was being unloaded.
    随后是令人焦急的两天,在此期间轮船还在卸货。
  10. Her illness has long been a very anxious business to me.
    她的病情已成了我发愁的心事了。
  11. Karl was still peering round with sharp, anxious looks.
    卡尔仍然向外凝视着,带着敏锐、忧虑的表情。
  12. That is an anxious omen.
    那是个令人担忧的预兆。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. She's anxious because her daughter hasn't arrived yet.
    她女儿还没有到,她很担心。
  2. Do not be anxious if I am late.
    我要是来晚了,别担心。
  3. She is desperately anxious, you know?
    你知道吗?她忧虑极了。
  4. Why didn't you telephone?You know how anxious, how frantic,I was!
    你为什么不回电话?你知道我多担心、多着急吗?
  5. It is time to be going home, your mother will be anxious.
    该回家了,你妈妈会担心的。
  6. I shall be anxious till I hear that they have got home safely.
    我要得知他们安全到家后才放心。
  7. She looks anxious.
    她面带忧虑的神色。
  8. She seemed to grow more anxious.
    她好像更加不安了。
  9. He had been kept waiting, got a bit anxious and impatient.
    他一直在等着,变得有点焦急和不耐烦了。
S+be+~+about n./pron.
  1. I'm very anxious about my son's health.
    我极为我儿子的健康担心。
  2. The doctors are anxious about his health.
    医生们都担心他的健康状况。
  3. The mother is anxious about her son's safety.
    母亲十分担心儿子的安全。
  4. I am anxious about the parcel because it hasn't arrived.
    我对这包裹很担心,因为它还没到。
S+be+~+at n./pron.
  1. They became anxious at her delay.
    他们对她的耽搁渐渐感到不安了。
  2. She was both glad and anxious at the news.
    她听到这消息既高兴又着急。
S+be+~+for n./pron.
  1. His brother is anxious for a new bike.
    他的兄弟渴望有一辆新自行车。
  2. The boy was anxious for a personal computer.
    那男孩渴望得到一台计算机。
  3. The singer was anxious for the prize.
    那歌手渴望得到那奖品。
  4. I was anxious for your help.
    我渴望你的帮助。
  5. I am anxious for a change.
    我渴望换换环境。
  6. He was anxious for the safety of his money.
    他替他钱的安全担心。
S+be+~+on n./pron.
  1. He was anxious on the tariff question.
    他对关税问题感到担心。
S+be+~+(for sb) to- v
  1. My family are anxious to meet you.
    我家里的人非常想见你。
  2. The old man is anxious to see the manager.
    那老头急于想见经理。
  3. I'm anxious to see what the new neighbours are like.
    我非常急切想看看新邻居是什么样的人。
  4. He was anxious to ɡo and see her.
    他渴望去看她。
  5. He was anxious to please his master.
    他急于讨好主人。
  6. She's anxious to find a better job.
    她急于想找到一个较好的工作。
  7. I was anxious to hurry my work.
    我急于想早点完成我的工作。
  8. He was anxious to fulfil his task in the shortest possible time.
    他迫切想在极短的时间内完成任务。
  9. I was anxious to go to Paris.
    我极希望去巴黎。
  10. The children are anxious to go to the party.
    孩子们极想去参加舞会。
  11. She is anxious to know the result.
    她急切想知道这结果。
  12. The government is anxious to reassure everyone that the situation is under control.
    政府急于使公众相信局势已得到控制。
  13. As you know, everybody is anxious to see his article published as soon as possible.
    如您所知,所有的人都渴望尽早见到他的文章出版。
  14. He was anxious for his daughter to go abroad .
    他极希望他的女儿能去国外。
  15. She was anxious for her brother to meet you again.
    她渴望她的兄弟再次见到你。
  16. She was anxious for them to go.
    她急于让他们走。
  17. I was anxious for them to start early.
    我急于让他们早点出发。
  18. We were anxious for them to reach home before dark.
    我们盼望他们在黄昏前到家。
  19. I am anxious for nobody to know where I am going.
    我不愿任何人知道我去哪儿。
  20. I was anxious for everything to be settled.
    我渴望每一件事都安排妥当。
S+be+~+that-clause
  1. He was anxious that the meeting the following day should be a success.
    他很希望第二天的会议大获成功。
  2. We were anxious that everyone should know the truth.
    我们渴望人人了解实情。
  3. We are anxious that he (should) do his bit.
    我们极力希望他能尽到自己的本分。
  4. They were anxious that you (should) return.
    他们迫切希望你回来。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. I never knew him beforehand so anxious to see anything.
    我以前从不知道他如此渴望去看任何事情。
  2. I found his wife very anxious for the play.
    我发现他的夫人渴望看此剧。
用作状语 adj. -phrase,+S+V
  1. She gave him the overcoat, anxious to be of service.
    她递给他大衣,渴望为他服务。
  2. She made for the door, anxious to find out what had happened.
    她走向门口,急于想知道发生了什么事。
  3. Anxious to reach my goal,I rowed hard.
    我急于到达目的地,使劲地划船。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
副词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Anxious for their own safety.

    出自:Ld Macaulay
  • The most anxious man in a prison is the governor.

    出自:G. B. Shaw
  • She was anxious about Leonard, for whom they certainly were responsible.

    出自:E. M. Forster

anxious的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. anxious后接about或concerning时,指“忧虑的”。

    I am anxious about/concerning your health.
    我很担心你的健康。

  2. anxious后面接for或不定式时,指“急切的”。

    I am anxious for your safety.

  3. 意为“急切的”时,anxious后接的that从句里应用shall或should或虚拟现在式。

    I am anxious that he shall/should avoid the mistake.
    I am anxious that he avoid the mistake.

  4. anxious后可接for和宾语和不定式。

    I am anxious for him to try his best。

adj.(形容词)
  1. anxious是与anxiety同根的形容词,其含义与anxiety相同。
  2. anxious表示“忧虑的,担心”时,可用作定语和表语; 用作表语时,其后多接介词 about , at或for,有时可跟状语从句,还可跟that从句。
  3. anxious表示“急于,渴望”时,只用作表语,其后多接动词不定式(或其复合结构)、介词短语或that从句。
  4. anxious后接的that从句中,谓语部分要用虚拟式“should+动词原形”,美式英语中有时可省去should,表示说话时本该实现却还未实现的愿望。
  5. anxious之前常可用very修饰,但在其比较级more anxious之前则只能用加强比较语气的much,而不能用very。
  6. anxious后的补足语有时可采用全隐不定式的形式,例如:Do you want to know the result?Yes. I'm anxious.“你想知道结果吗?”“是的,我想知道。”

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
be anxious about, be anxious for, be anxious at
1.这三个短语中, be anxious about和be anxious for两个短语较易混淆,其实他们的含义和用法都是不同的:be anxious about 表示的是“担心”的“内容”,而be anxious for表示的却是“渴望(得到)”的“目标”,试比较下面两个句子:
  • I am anxious about him.
  • 我为他担心。
  • I am anxious for him.
  • 我等着他。
  • 有时宾语既是“担心”的“内容”,又是“渴望”(得到)的“目标”,则此时about和for可以通用。例如:
  • We were anxious about 〔for〕 her safety.我们盼望她平安无事。
  • 从用法上说, anxious about后可接sth 也可接sb,而anxious for后一般只接sth,很少接sb。
2.be anxious at的意思是“因…而忧虑”, at的宾语是引起忧虑的“刺激源”,例如:
He was anxious at her absence.她的缺席使他忧虑不安。
anxious, eager
这两个词都可表示“担心”“焦急”,其区别是:
anxious着重消极的“担心”或“焦急”, eager着重积极的“对成功的期望”“急于”或“进取的热情”,带有更多的焦虑情绪。例如:
The doctors are anxious about his health.医生们都担心他的健康状况。
He is eager about his studies.他对学习很热心。
下面两个句子的含义是一样的:
  • He was very anxious that help should be sent promptly.
  • He was very anxious for help to be sent.
  • 他渴望立即派人去救助。
anxious eager keen
这些形容词均有“急切的,渴望的”之意。
  • anxious:anxious强调因忧虑、关注或害怕而产生的急切心情。
  • eager:eager侧重于急于成功的迫切心情。
  • keen:keen强调因兴趣强烈或欲望而急于做某事。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 我们急切地想知道他是否已安全地到达。

    We were anxious for knowing whether he had arrived safely.

    We were anxious to know whether he had arrived safely.

    be anxious for后通常接名词或代词,不接动名词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 17世纪20年代进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的anxuis,意为焦急的。

anxious的相关资料:

正版词典

anxious : 忧虑的;挂 ...
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近反义词

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【反义词】

派生词

adj.(形容词)
  • anxiously adv. 焦急地;渴望地

互动百科

  • anxious:anxious adj. 观念的, 担忧的, 渴望的, 盼望的 英英解释:形容词anxious:1. eagerly desirous同义词:dying2. causing or fraught wi…

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