- [P]害怕,畏惧 feeling fear; frightened
- [P]担忧,忧虑 worried or anxious about the possible result of sth
- [P]担心 frightened or worried about things that may put sb/sth in danger
filled with fear or apprehension;
"afraid even to turn his head"
"suddenly looked afraid"
"afraid for his life"
"afraid of snakes"
"afraid to ask questions"
filled with regret or concern; used often to soften an unpleasant statement;
"I'm afraid I won't be able to come"
"he was afraid he would have to let her go"
"I'm afraid you're wrong"
feeling worry or concern or insecurity;
"She was afraid that I might be embarrassed"
"terribly afraid of offending someone"
"I am afraid we have witnessed only the first phase of the conflict"
having feelings of aversion or unwillingness;
"afraid of hard work"
"afraid to show emotion"
- I'm afraid we can't come.
- I'm afraid I didn't quie catch what you said.
- I didn't mention it because I was afraid of upsetting him/afraid (that) I might upset him.
- Are you afraid of snakes?
- Children feel afraid when they are at home alone.
- Don't be afraid.
- It's hard to be afraid with you.You're a very reassuring person.
- She suddenly looked afraid.
- The mother is very much afraid for her son who is seriously ill.
- I was afraid for her. I thought something was going to happen to her.
- He is afraid for himself.
- The mayor was secretly afraid for his position.
- As the economic crises became worse, everyone was afraid for his job.
- Are you afraid of him?
- People refer the man who was afraid of his wife as henpecked.
- Our teacher is strict with us, but we are not afraid of her.
- The little girl is afraid of that policeman.
- I am more afraid of him than you.
- What are you afraid of? I am afraid of snakes.
- Don't be afraid of the dog.
- Some women are afraid of mice.
- Napoleon was deadly afraid of a razor.
- He is afraid of the dark.
- We are not afraid of the difficulties.
- Most people are afraid of death.
- We are not afraid of hardships nor death.
- That is what I was afraid of.
- There is nothing to be afraid of.
- I am afraid of hurting her feelings.
- They were afraid of going out.
- I am afraid of going through that wood.
- Don't be afraid of asking for help.
- He always seems awfully afraid of losing his job.
- She was probably afraid of embarrassing me.
- I was afraid of making you uneasy, too.
- She is afraid of hurting her teacher.
- He never climbed trees as a boy because he was afraid of falling.
- She speaks English slowly, as she is afraid of making mistakes.
- They were talking quietly, because they were afraid of disturbing others.
- He is afraid of waking up late, and so he always has an alarm clock on his bedside table.
- In threading my way through a packed bus,I am afraid of treading on somebody's toes.
- She closed the door very quietly, as she was afraid of wakening her baby.
- The boy was afraid of being late.
- Thieves are afraid of being overheard even when they are talking in a whisper.
- The farmer felt the cow, went away, returned, sorely perplexed, always afraid of being cheated.
- They are eager to be understood but afraid of opening their hearts to others.
- She was afraid of what he might say.
- He is afraid to jump.
- That little girl is afraid to go out alone.
- The little boy was afraid to go near the dog.
- Are you afraid to sleep in this room alone?
- Lea was afraid to stay alone at the house with the treasure.
- I am afraid to tell her.
- I'm afraid to ask him for a raise.
- He was afraid to take even a drink of water.
- I was much afraid to break the news to him.
- The little girl was afraid to ask for help.
- Shy people are often afraid to speak up.
- Don't be afraid to ask questions.
- People having backaches are afraid to bend over.
- My God,I am afraid to swim now that I had that accident.
- I am afraid to do business with double-dealers. They are capable of any dirty tricks.
- She is afraid to go through the wood but she has to.
- Neither beasts nor birds would have the bat as their friend, so he was afraid to leave his home.
- I am not afraid to say what I think.
- Our frontier soldiers are not afraid to lay down their lives for the motherland.
- We are never afraid to lay down our lives for our great revolutionary cause.
- She was afraid to be seen speaking to me.
- The little girl was afraid that she will die.
- I am afraid it may hurt you.
- I was afraid it might hurt your feelings.
- He was afraid what he had done might have disastrous effect on his career.
- I am afraid (that) it is true.
- I am afraid the train will be late.
- I am afraid the information is not reliable.
- I am afraid there's some sort of misunderstanding.
- I am afraid I can't stay here any longer.
- I am afraid (that) they have gone out.
- “I'm afraid it was a waste of time,” Fred said.
- I am afraid that he will not succeed.
- I'm afraid (that) it will be too late to go there.
- I'm afraid we shall be late for the meeting.
- You'll come up, won't you? I'm afraid the servants are in bed.
- I am afraid this won't work.
- I'm afraid I've spilled my coffee.
- I am afraid I've broken your pen.
- I'm afraid I can't do that today.
- I am afraid I can't help you.
- Excuse me,I am afraid you can't smoke in here.
- I am very much afraid you can't visit him on weekdays.
- I am afraid I don't have the book.
- I'm afraid it's going to be difficult to arrange.
- I'm afraid your wife had an accident.
- I'm afraid your account is overdrawn.
- Sorry,I'm afraid she's gone to town.
- You didn't see my point,I'm afraid.
- You have failed in the English examination,I am afraid.
- “Do you think it'll rain again today?”“Yes,I am afraid so.”
- “Did you lose?”“I'm afraid so.”
- “It'll rain.”“I am afraid so.”
- “Are we on time?”“I am afraid not.”
- “Are you coming to our party?”“I am afraid not.”
- “Do you think he will come?”“I am afraid not.”
- “Can you lend me a pound?”“I'm afraid not.”
- Nothing can make me afraid.
- Afraid for their own lives,Duncan's two sons fled.
- Afraid that I couldn't finish up the work on time, they came to help me.
- half afraid 有点怕
- not a bit afraid 一点不怕
- awfully afraid 非常害怕
- cautiously afraid 怕得谨小慎微
- childishly afraid 非常幼稚地怕
- constantly afraid 一直怕
- curiously afraid 怕得叫人难以理解
- deadly afraid 怕得要命
- distressingly afraid 怕得令人痛苦
- dreadfully afraid 怕得要死
- extraordinarily afraid 特别害怕
- faint-heartedly afraid 怕得毫无勇气
- foolishly afraid 怕得非常愚蠢
- frightfully afraid 非常害怕
- genuinely afraid 真怕
- horribly afraid 极其害怕
- idiotically afraid 非常愚蠢地害怕,怕得荒唐
- incomprehensibly afraid 莫名其妙地怕,怕得让人不可思议
- incredibly afraid 怕得难以置信
- intensely afraid 非常怕
- mortally afraid 极其怕
- mysteriously afraid 怕得让人费解
- nervously afraid 非常紧张地怕,怕得让人不安
- obviously afraid 很明显地怕
- oddly afraid 怕得出奇
- perpetually afraid 永远害怕
- queerly afraid 怕得令人费解
- really afraid 真怕
- secretly afraid 暗自害怕
- starkly afraid 怕得要命
- strangely afraid 莫名其妙地害怕
- superstitiously afraid 因迷信而害怕
- surprisingly afraid 出人意料地害怕
- suspiciously afraid 怕得疑神疑鬼
- temperamentally afraid 怕得直发脾气
- terribly afraid 非常害怕
- timidly afraid 怕得令人胆小
- timorously afraid 怕得令人胆小
- unquestionably afraid 毫无疑问地怕
- unusually afraid 异常地害怕
- unwontedly afraid 异常地害怕
I was affraid of trampling on every traveller that I met.出自： Swift
Willing to wound, and yet afraid to strike.出自： Pope
I am afraid you do not like your pen.出自： J. Austen
Afraid lest the poetical spirit should be swept away.出自： G. H. Lewes
A man who is not afraid of the sea will soon be drowned.出自： J. M. Synge
I have seen the eternal Footman hold my coat, and snicker, And in short, I was afraid.出自： T. S. Eliot
I was afraid..that my house was on fire.出自： Scott Fitzgerald
Mother was afraid I should freeze in the Parisian hotels.出自： W. Stevens
- afraid是表语形容词,即一般不用在名词前面作定语。作“害怕”解时其后可接of (sb/sth/ v -ing)引起的短语,也可接动词不定式和that(常省略)从句,从句中的谓语动词常用虚拟式。作“担心”解时其后可接for引起的短语。
- I am afraid...是口语中常见的一种固定搭配(只用单数第一人称一般现在时)。可用来表示推测(suppose)、歉意(Excuse me…)、婉拒(I'm sorry but…)或者引出不好的消息(sorry to have to say)。其作用在于使语气婉转和缓。其位置可在句首,也可在句末。
- afraid不可用very修饰,但可用much或very much修饰。
- afraid的比较级和最高级是more afraid和most afraid。
- much afraid, very much afraid和very afraid都指“很害怕”，但因afraid是表语形容词，very afraid的表达方式不妥当。使用最普遍的是very much afraid，等同于afraid的定语形容词是frightened；
afraid后可加不定式，of和动名词，that或lest引导的从句：加不定式时，指“怕……”，如afraid to die指“怕死”，afraid to see him指“怕见他”。加of和动名词时，除了指“怕。。。”，还常指“恐怕将。。。”，如afraid of dying指“恐怕将死”或“怕死”，afraid of seeing him指“（不想见而）恐怕难免要见到他”或“怕见他”。that从句中，常省略开首的that。
I am afraid (that) we shall be late.
I am afraid有时指“I am sorry”。
I am afraid I cannot tell you.
注意I am afraid不能单独代替I am sorry.
- 不可用在名词名词前，如可以说John is afraid，或John is a frightened man，不可说John is an afraid man；
- 在非正式表达方式下，be afraid要比fear使用得更普遍，如Don’t be afraid，而不是Don’t fear。
- be afraid of v-ing, be afraid to-v
- afraid 后面可接动名词(其前加of),也可接动词不定式,一般说,这两种说法的意思没有多少区别。例如：
- I'm afraid of flying〔to fly〕.我害怕坐飞机。
- I'm afraid of diving〔to dive〕 into the swimming-pool.我不想在游泳池里跳水。
- He is afraid to see〔of seeing〕 you again.他怕再见到你。
- She was afraid of waking her husband up.
- She was afraid to wake her husband up.
- 正是因为有上述差别,所以,当谈论那些我们自己并不希望也不能决定而突然降临到我们头上的事情时,只能用 v -ing形式,而不能用不定式。例如：
- I'm afraid of crashing.我害怕撞车。
- 如果说 I'm afraid to crash,则意味着“我不敢撞车。”再如：“我们害怕被抢劫。”只能说We are afraid of being robbed.“我不爱讲法语,因为我怕讲错。”只能说I don't like to speak French because I'm afraid of making mistakes.“我怕摔进游泳池里。”也只能说I'm afraid of falling into the swimming-pool.
- be afraid of, be afraid for
- 这两个短语含义不同,前者的含义是“害怕”,后接的名词是令人害怕或具有危险的事物; 而后者的含义是“替…担心”,后接的名词是令人担心或处于危险之中的事物。试比较以下两组例子：
- I am afraid of that old man.
- I am afraid for that old man.
- She was afraid of the job.
- She was afraid for her job.
- afraid, fear
- 1.afraid 是形容词, fear是动词(也可作名词)。be afraid of=fear, be afraid of v -ing = fear to- v 。例如：
- There is nothing to fear〔to be afraid of〕.没有什么好怕的。
- I fear offending him.〔I am afraid of offending him.〕我怕得罪他。
- We are not afraid of difficulties.〔We fear no difficulty.〕我们不怕困难。
- 2.在非正式场合, be afraid (of)比fear常用得多。例如：
- Are you afraid of the dark?天这么黑了,你害怕吗?
- 虽然Do you fear the dark?也是可以的,但是在口语里不大这么说。
- afraid, frightened
- 1.afraid是形容词,或泛指一种恐惧心理,或用于习惯的、经常的“惧怕”; frightened是过去分词用作形容词,故仍保存着强烈的动作意味,表示为某一突然的特殊事物所“吓着”。例如：
- She was frightened by a strange noise outside the window.她被窗外一声怪叫吓了一跳。
- The boy was almost frightened out of his life.那小孩被吓得魂不附体。
- She was very much frightened at the sight of the traffic accident.她一看到那次交通事故,心里害怕极了。
- The child was frightened by the thunder and started to cry.这孩子被雷声吓得哭起来了。
- 2.afraid一般只作表语; 而frightened既可作表语,又可作定语。例如：
- a frightened child受惊的孩子
- a frightened bird一只受惊的小鸟
- 3.搭用的介词也有所不同, afraid后只能用of; 而frightened后除可用of外,还可用at, by, about。例如：
- frightened of dogs怕狗
- frightened at〔by〕 the arrival of the police害怕警察的到来
- frightened about difficulty怕困难
- frightened to death被吓死
- frightened out of one's life吓得要命
- frightened into submission被吓得屈服了
- afraid, awful, fearful, frightful, horrible, scared, terrible
- 这组词都有“可怕的”“害怕的”意思。其区别在于:afraid泛指一种“恐惧心理”,多用于习惯地、经常地“惧怕”; awful指由于过分的崇敬或畏惧而引起的害怕,但不厌恶,有较庄严的含义; fearful指预感到危险、失败或麻烦时而恐惧,也指担心可能发生的结果,侧重于主体的心里感觉,而与外界关系不大; scared主要指因身心遭受伤害而恐惧,也指不明根源的无形恐惧; frightful指巨大的或令人意外的事件给人带来的害怕或惊骇; terrible和horrible都可指感情上的厌恶,令人感到不舒服, horrible更甚,指碰到的怪诞的、丑陋的、危险的事物或道德上腐败堕落的行为所引起的强烈的情绪波动,还特指依靠恐怖的或可怕的事物取得吓人的效果。例如:
- We are afraid to walk in the park at night since the woman was killed there.我们害怕夜里在那公园里走路,因为那个女人是在那儿被害的。
- The old man believed that God has an awful power.这位老人相信上帝具有令人敬畏的能力。
- The playwright was fearful that the opening night would be a failure.剧作家担心首场演出会失败。
- Frightful earthquakes occur somewhere on the earth every year.每年地球上常不定期在什么地方发生可怕的地震。
- A horrible sight met her eyes.一幅令人毛骨悚然的景象出现在她的眼前。
- Nothing can erase from her mind the memory of that terrible day.没有什么东西可以消除她头脑里对那可怕的一天的记忆。
- I am afraid,I regret
- I am afraid〔I regret〕 that I shall not be able to attend the party.我恐怕不能参加这次聚会〔很遗憾,我不能参加这次聚会〕。
- 但一般情况下,这两者在含义上还是多少有些差别的。I am afraid...表示说话人多少有些不情愿的情绪,而I regret则重在表示说话人感到遗憾的心理。例如：
- I am afraid she didn't tell the truth.
- I regret that she didn't tell the truth.
- He was afraid of dying.
- They shouted to me to jump the ditch but I was afraid.
- They shouted to me to jump the ditch but I was afraid to.
误 I afraid of dogs.
正 I am afraid of dogs.
误 He was very afraid of being late.
正 He was much afraid of being late.
析 afraid表示“很害怕”时,可以加much修饰,但不可加very。不过,在much afraid之前却可以再加very进一步加强语气,特别是在I'm afraid 相当于I'm sorry 时,更常用very much修饰。例如：I'm very much afraid he's out.非常抱歉,他不在家。 我比你更怕他。
误 I am afraider of him than you.
正 I am more afraid of him than you.他的儿子中小的最怕黑。
误 The youngest of his sons is afraidest of dark.
正 The youngest of his sons is most afraid of dark.
- ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语，直接源自盎格鲁法语的afrayer，意为惊恐；最初源自古法语的esfreer。