age

  基本词汇  
[eɪdʒ]     [eɪdʒ]    
  • n.年龄;时代;时期;长时间
  • v.(使)变老;(使)陈化
ager aged aged aging ages
new

age是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 时代,时期
  2. 年龄,年龄段
  3. 老年,晚年
  4. 成年,法定年龄
  5. 破旧,老化
  6. 成熟,发达
  7. 【地】代
  8. (生命发展中的一个)阶段,时期
  9. [常用复数]<口>长时期,很长时间;许多年;几百年;长久
v.(动词)
  1. 变老,上年纪;显老,苍老
  2. 使显老,使变老,使苍老,使衰老,催人老
  3. 变陈,陈化
  4. 成熟,使成熟
  5. 使味道变醇,使醇化
  6. 【化】老化,使老化

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C][U]年龄,年纪 the amount of time that sb/sth has been in the world
  2. [U]人生的一个阶段 one of the periods of a person's life
  3. [U]老年,老 being old
  4. [S]时代,时期 a certain time in history
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 长大,变老; 使苍老 become old or seem old
  2. vi. 变陈,变醇厚 become fitter for use with the passage of time; have a fully-developed taste

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
age : 年龄, 使用 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
age : 使用 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
age : 年龄;时代 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
age : 年龄, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
age : 年龄;使用 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...
age : 林龄 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. how long something has existed;

    "it was replaced because of its age"

  2. an era of history having some distinctive feature;

    "we live in a litigious age"

  3. a time of life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises;

    "she was now of school age"
    "tall for his eld"

  4. a prolonged period of time;

    "we've known each other for ages"
    "I haven't been there for years and years"

  5. a late time of life;

    "old age is not for sissies"
    "he's showing his years"
    "age hasn't slowed him down at all"
    "a beard white with eld"
    "on the brink of geezerhood"

Verb:
  1. begin to seem older; get older;

    "The death of his wife caused him to age fast"

  2. grow old or older;

    "She aged gracefully"
    "we age every day--what a depressing thought!"
    "Young men senesce"

  3. make older;

    "The death of his child aged him tremendously"

age的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. What is your age?
    你多大年纪?
  2. The child is at an impressionable age.
    这孩子正处于易受影响的年龄。
  3. We are living in the age of technology.
    我们生活在工业技术时代。
  4. Rome was in its prime in the age of Augustus.
    罗马帝国的全盛期是在奥古斯都时代。
  5. Each civilization has its golden age.
    每个文明都有它的鼎盛时期。
  6. I haven't seen you for ages.
    我好久没见到你了。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Anxiety ages us.
    忧虑催人老。
  2. The death of his wife caused him to age fast.
    他妻子的死使他变老了许多。
  3. The wine is put into oak casks to age.
    酒被放进橡木桶中变陈。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. It was difficult to tell his exact age.
    很难说出他的确切年龄。
  2. At your age you should know better.
    你这个年龄,应该懂点事了。
  3. They married at a late age.
    他们年龄很大时才结婚。
  4. He became a doctor at the age of 27.
    他27岁时成了一名医生。
  5. He looks young for his age.
    他看上去比他的实际岁数小。
  6. Age was telling on him.
    他显得衰老了。
  7. I am more than sixty.but I don't feel my age.
    我已经60多岁了,但我并未觉得自己这么老。
  8. I haven't seen you for aɡes.
    我好久没见到你了。
  9. The two boys are (of) the same age.
    这两个男孩同龄。
  10. It's been ages since we met.
    我们好久不见了。
  11. They took ages to mend the bike.
    他们花了很长时间才把自行车修好。
  12. You are quite behind the age.
    你远远地落后时代了。
  13. We are living in the computer age.
    我们正生活在计算机时代。
  14. Those animals lived in the Middle Ages.
    那些动物生活在中世纪。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He is aging rapidly.
    他老得很快。
  2. The wine aged well.
    这酒陈得很好。
  3. The wine is put into oak casks to age.
    酒被放在橡木桶中让其变陈。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Fear and anxiety aged him overnight.
    恐惧和忧虑使他一夜之间变老了。
  2. The fear of what might happen aged him.
    对可能发生的事情的担忧使他变得苍老了。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. He is a boy aged ten.
    他是个10岁的孩子。
  2. He is an aged man.
    他是一个老年男子。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
be〔come〕 of age
  1. 到了成年 reach the age at which one has an adult's legal rights and obligations

    The boy has been of age. 这男孩已经长大成人了。

    He will come of age a week from today. 他再过一个星期就达到成年年龄了。

under age
  1. 未成年 not yet adult

    You shouldn't sell cigarettes to teenagers who are under age. 你不应该把香烟卖给未成年的青少年。

    He was rejected by the conscription office because he was under age. 征兵办公室没有接受他,因为他还未成年。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词

经典引文

  • One man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages.

    出自:As You Like It,Shakespeare

age的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. age前加at,in或of,表示不同意思。

    He died at the age of ninety.(age指“年龄”)
    He died in his old age.(age指“人生的某段时间”)
    He died in an age of general unrest.(age指“年代”)

  2. 下列各句均表示相同意思:

    I am twenty years of age.
    I am aged twenty.
    My age is twenty.

  3. 注意下面的表达方式均不正确:

    I am twenty of age.
    My age is twenty years old.
    I am aged twenty years old.

  4. at the age of ...结构中用the,不用an;
  5. advanced age指“高龄”,old age指“老年”。表达方式at an extremely old age和at a good old age是正确的;

    He died at an advanced age.(NOT He died at an old age.)
    He died in his old age.(NOT He died in his advanced age.)

  6. age所在的表达方式when I was of your age,a man of twice my age,of what age he is等中,可省略of;
  7. middle age指“中年”,大概是四十到六十岁,而指“少年”时,常用youth,而不是young age
  8. 不能说My age is young,而是说I am young;
  9. Middle Ages(或the middle ages)指“中世纪”,不可与middle age混用,而old age也不可指“古代”,应用ancient times表示;
  10. of an age指“同年龄的”,of the age指“当代的”,of age指“成年的”;
  11. 若从你出生到现在为十八年和几个月,可说eighteen,但实际已是第十九年,也可说 in my nineteenth year;
  12. for ages和for an age都指“经过了很长时间”。

    He kept me waiting for ages.
    他让我等了好久。

    He kept me waiting for an age.

n.(名词)
  1. age的基本意思是“年龄”“年纪”,引申还可指“长时间”, age还可指具有某种显著特征,或以杰出人物命名的历史时代,也指地质学、考古学中的“时代”。
  2. age表示“年龄”,可用作可数名词或不可数名词,表示“时代”,是可数名词,多用作单数形式,且以大写字母开头。
  3. age笼统指个人或多人的年龄时常用单数。但如果分别指各人的年龄,或age后面跟各个具体的年龄,这时常用复数。
  4. age表示“年龄”“年纪”时,与介词at连用,当表示“时代”“时期”时,与介词in连用,表示“长时间”时,要用介词for,表示“同龄”时,要用介词of, of可省略。
  5. 当复数物主代词修饰“年龄”时,可用ages,也可用age。后者着眼于个体。例如:
  6. Array
  7. “他18岁。”的说法:可说He is eighteen.He is eighteen years.He is eighteen years old.He is eighteen years of age.He is aged eighteen.His age is eighteen.不宜说He is eighteen of age.He is of eighteen years old.He is at the age of eighteen.His age is eighteen years old.近年来美国报刊上常有用“age+数词”表示年龄。例如:John Smith, age 17, was arrested for drug-pushing.约翰·史密斯,17岁,因贩毒而被捕。
  8. 一般问“你多大年纪?”是How old are you?但也可说What is your age?只是后者是相当正式的语体。
v.(动词)
  1. age的基本意思是在不长的时间内“长大,老化,变老” “使苍老”。
  2. age还可指“(酒等)变陈”或“存一段时间再用”,往往表示因历时长久而变好,尤其指味道变醇厚。
  3. age可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。
  4. age的现在分词有两种形式:ageing和aging,前者更常见些。
  5. age的过去分词可用作前置形容词,表示“…岁的”“年老的”。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
old age, advanced age
这两个短语都可表示“老年”,但前面使用的介词不同。例如:
  • Her father died in his old age.
  • 她的父亲在他老年时去世。
  • Her father died at an advanced age.
  • 她的父亲在高龄时去世。
of age, of an age, of the age
这三个短语的意思并不相同。of age的意思是“成年的”; of an age的意思是“同年的”; of the age的意思是“当代的”。例如:
  • The girl has been of age.
  • 这姑娘已经成年了。
  • They are of an age.
  • 他们同龄。
  • He is one of the great poets of the age.
  • 他是当代伟大诗人之一。
for age, in age
这两个短语都表示“长时间”。区别是:后者主要用于美式英语。
age, generation, period
这三个词的共同意思是“时期”。其区别是:
period是这组词中最一般的常用术语,用于任何时限,时间可长可短; age意为“时代,寿命”,常用来表示以一个中心人物或显著特征而闻名的时期; generation意为“代、世代”,用于上辈出世与下辈出世之间的时段,对人类来说这段时间有时可算作20年或25年,也可用于下辈本身。例如:
The period in which people learnt to make tools of iron is called the Iron Age.人类学会用铁制造工具的时代,我们称为“铁器时代”。
My generation behaves differently from my father's and grandfather's.我这一代人和我父辈及祖辈表现不同。
v.(动词)
age, develop, mature, mellow, ripen
这组词的共同含义是“成熟,长成”。其区别是:
mature不仅指身体上,也指精神、智力方面“成熟”; age则侧重“变老,老化”,可指人,也可指物; develop意为“生长,成长”,可指局部的,也可指整体的变化; mellow则指水果成熟、酒酿成,也可指人因年龄的增长,经验的积累而变得老练成熟; 而ripen的意思是“使…成熟”,着重指无生命的东西。
age epoch era period times
这些名词均含“时期、时代”之意。
  • age:age常指具有显著特征或以某杰出人物命名的历史时代或时期。
  • epoch:epoch正式用词,侧重指以某重大事件或巨大变化为起点的新的历史时期。
  • era:era书面语用词,指历史上的纪元、年代,可与epoch和age互换,侧重时期的延续性和整个历程。
  • period:period最普通用词,概念广泛,时间长短不限,既可指任何一个历史时期,又可指个人或自然界的一个发展阶段。
  • times:times侧重某一特定时期。
mature ripen age develop
这些动词均有“成熟、长成”之意。
  • mature:mature指生物自然发育成熟或丰满或使其能起正常作用,还可指人获得智慧、经验或变得世故。
  • ripen:ripen侧重已到生长成熟的顶点。
  • age:age一般指使人过早成熟,强调已走向衰老。
  • develop:develop侧重使某一种类或个体潜在本能进化完全,词义比mature广泛。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我们不知不觉进入中年。

    We reach the middle age before we know it.

    We reach middle age before we know it.

    old age(老年)和middle age(中年)之前均不用冠词。

  2. 我在那个年龄经常放学后去打乒乓球。

    I used to play table tennis after school when I was in that age.

    I used to play table tennis after school when I was that age.

    that age作“那个年龄”讲,可以直接作表语或定语,不必加任何介词。

  3. 他年老背驼。

    His back is bent with ages.

    His back is bent with age.

    age在作“年老”解时是抽象名词,即是不可数名词,因此不能用复数形式。

  4. 我十六岁。

    I am at the age of sixteen.

    I am sixteen of age.

    My age is sixteen years.

    at the age of在句中一般不可用作表语。

  5. 我们的老师是个年轻人。

    Our teacher is a young-aged man.

    Our teacher is a young man.

    “年轻人”和“老年人”应说a young〔old〕 man,只有“中年人”才可说a middle-aged man.

  6. 我儿子5岁。

    My son's age is five years old.

    My son is five years old.

    age与old是同义词,不可在一个句子中同时出现。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世进纪入英语,直接源自古法语的aage;最初源自拉丁语的aetatm,意为生命,生命力。

age的相关资料:

正版词典

age : 年龄 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
age : 年龄,成年 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

age的相关缩略词,共有45

互动百科

  • age:名称 AGE 相关信息中文名:世纪报 《AGE》创刊于1854年,已有百年以上的历史,是澳大利亚一家具有全国影响的报纸,在维多利亚州首府墨尔本出版,发行量25万份,分平日版和星期日版。平日版为32版…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词