persists

  核心词汇  
[pə'sɪst]     [pər'sɪst]    
  • v. 坚持;执意;继续;持续
persister persisted persisted persisting persists
new

persist的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 坚持,固执
  2. 坚持说
  3. 持续,继续
  4. 继续存在,持续存在,依然存在
  5. 存留,残留
  6. 宿存
  7. 反复说,主张
  8. 顽强地坚持
  9. 执着地做
  10. 保持
  11. 持久

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 坚持,固执 refuse to make any change in what one is doing, one's beliefs, etc.

英英释义

Verb:
  1. continue to exist;

    "These stories die hard"
    "The legend of Elvis endures"

  2. be persistent, refuse to stop;

    "he persisted to call me every night"
    "The child persisted and kept asking questions"

  3. stay behind;

    "The smell stayed in the room"
    "The hostility remained long after they made up"

persist的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I hope you'll persist in your efforts.
    我希望你们再接再励。
  2. He will persist in riding that dreadful bicycle.
    他执意要骑那辆破自行车。
  3. If you persist, you will annoy them even more.
    你若固执,他们就更恼火了。
  4. If you persist in breaking the law you will go to prison.
    如果你再继续违法的话,你会坐牢的。
  5. They persist with the agricultural reform, despite opposition from the farmers.
    他们不顾农民反对,仍继续进行农业改革。
  6. The cold weather will persist for the rest of the week.
    这种寒冷的天气将持续到本周末。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. On the tops of very high mountains snow persists throughout the year.
    高山顶上,积雪终年不化。
  2. The bad weather will persist all over the country.
    这种坏天气将在全国各地持续下去。
  3. His strength of will enabled him to persist.
    他的意志力使他能坚持下去。
  4. The tendency still persists.
    这种倾向一直存在。
用作及物动词 S+~+that-clause
  1. He persisted that he (should) walk there.
    他坚持要步行去那里。
  2. He persisted that he did the work alone.
    他坚持他一个人做那件事。
  3. She persisted that she was strong enough to go back to work.
    她反复地说她身体已经好了,可以去上班了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
persist in (v.+prep.)
    坚持 keep on sth with patience
    persist in sth/v-ing

    Why does the boy persist in his some trouble behaviour?

    这个男孩怎么老在捣乱?

    He persists in his bad habit.

    他仍然改不掉坏习惯。

    She persisted in her opinion.

    她固执己见。

    They persisted in going there in spite of the bad weather.

    尽管天气很坏,他们还是坚持去那里。

    She persisted in singing although I asked her not to.

    尽管我叫她别唱歌,她还是坚持要唱。

    Most of them persist in setting strict demands on themselves.

    他们大多数人坚持严格要求自己。

    He persists in reading in bed.

    他偏要在床上看书。

    We must persist in doing what is right and correct what is wrong.

    我们要坚持对的,改正错的。

    Dan persisted in making things hard for me.

    丹老是与我作对。

    This line of conduct, if persisted in, could only get him deeper into debt.

    他要是坚持这样干下去,只会在债务中陷得更深。

persist with (v.+prep.)
    坚持… keep on sth with patience
    persist with sth

    The salesman is still persisting with his demands.

    那店员仍在坚持他的要求。

    He persisted with his interrogation.

    他一直在坚持问此事。

    She persisted with her work.

    她坚持做她的工作。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Why do you persist in writing such things?

    出自: J. London
  • The dogs were fierce..but he persisted.

    出自: A. Paton
  • Rutland..had already once refused, and did so again; still Pulteney persisted.

    出自: L. Namier
  • Having bound themselves by marriage, they persist with it.

    出自: M. Bradbury

persist的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. persist的基本意思是尽管遭到反对,受到警告或遇到失败,还是固执地坚持自己的信念、行为,导致令人遗憾的后果,用于不好或不正确的一面。
  2. persist一般用作不及物动词,有时也可用作及物动词。作及物动词时,可接that从句,意思是“继续说,坚持说,反复说”。若表示“坚持该怎么做”时,从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即(should)+动词原形; 作不及物动词时,可表示尽管有不利条件,非常艰难,但还顽强地继续存在。persist与in而不与on连用,与in连用,表示“坚持继续做某事”, in后可接 v -ing; 与with连用,表示“坚持…”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
persist, insist, stick to
  • 三者都可作“坚持”解。其区别在于:
  • 1.insist常用于坚持意见、看法、主张等; persist一般用于坚持行动,偶尔用于对某种意见坚持不变; 而stick to多用于坚持原则、计划、决定、诺言、意见等。例如:
  • I insist on telling him how great you are.我一定要告诉他你是多么了不起。
  • I persisted that we should walk there.我坚持我们步行去。
  • Jack always sticks to his promise.杰克总是信守自己的诺言。
  • 2.insist后接介词on+名词或动名词,也可接that从句; 而persist后接介词in〔with〕加名词或动名词构成的短语,而不接不定式。例如:
  • He insisted on trying again, regardless of the consequences.他不顾后果,执意要再试一试。
  • He persisted in saying so.他坚持这样说。
  • persist, last, survive
  • 这组词的共同含义是“持续存在”。其区别是:
  • survive指继续生存,有时含有经历艰险之义; persist可以指人持续超过了预料的时间,也可以指坚持,还可指令人厌恶地持续; last专指继续存在,而这种存在并不是当然的,往往附有表明时间长短的状语。
  • insist,persist,persevere,adhere,cling
  • 这些动词均有“坚持”之意。
  • insist通常用于对意见、主张等的坚持。
  • persist用于褒义指坚持继续做某事,但更常用于贬义,指不听劝告,顽固坚持。
  • persevere含褒义,强调坚持不懈的努力。
  • adhere与to连用,指坚持意见、计划或承诺等,含坚持不懈之意。
  • cling和to连用,指对信仰、意见、习惯等的坚持。
  • persist,last,endure,continue
  • 这些动词均含有“持续”之意。
  • persist强调超过了指定的或正常的时间。
  • last着重存在的时间相当长,超过正常的或所期望的时间。
  • endure与last同义,但还指经受住,有能耐忍受而并不受损。
  • continue多指过程,强调持续而无终止,常含不间断之意。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 16世纪30年代进入英语,直接源自中古法语的persister;最初源自古典拉丁语的persistere:per- (彻底地) + sistere (停顿,站着不动),意为坚持。

    persist的相关资料:

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