deduce

  常用词汇  
[dɪ'djuːs]     [dɪ'duːs]    
  • vt. 演绎;推断
deducible deduced deduced deducing deduces
new

deduce的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 演绎,推论,推出,导出,推导,推知,归算,引出,推理,推断,断定
  2. 追溯,追溯根源,沿着…的路找

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 推论,演绎 determine or decide sth from general principles in relation to a particular thing, fact, or event

英英释义

Verb:
  1. reason by deduction; establish by deduction

  2. conclude by reasoning; in logic

deduce的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. He will deduce a conclusion from premises.
    从前提推导出结论。
  2. If a = b and b = c, we can deduce that a = c.
    设a = b,b = c,可以推断a=c。
  3. The police were able to deduce where the fugitive was hiding.
    警方成功地推断出那逃亡者躲藏的地方。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+that-clause
  1. On the basis of evidence we deduced that he was guilty.
    根据这些证据我们推断他是有罪的。
  2. Because there was no cloud, he deduced that it was going to be a cold night.
    由于天上无云,他推断将会有一个寒冷的夜晚。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. The police were able to deduce where the fugitive was hiding.
    警方成功地推断出那逃亡者躲藏的地方。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
deduce from (v.+prep.)
    从(所给事实)推论出… reach (an answer) by reasoning from (given facts)
    deduce sth from sth

    What do you deduce from the facts?

    你从事实中推论出什么?

    We can deduce a conclusion from the premises.

    我们可以从这个前提推出结论。

    deduce from sb/sth that-clause

    I deduce from the small crowd that the speaker is not very popular.

    从这一小点儿听众人数来看,这个演讲者声望不很高。

    I deduced from the noise that the dog had woken up.

    我从这些噪音中判断这只狗醒了。

    From her conversation,I deduced that she has a large family.

    我从她的谈话中推断出她有很多孩子。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Ye case once graunted, ye deduce your conclusion very surelye.

    出自: Sir T. More
  • From that..I deduce that you are a painter in oils.

    出自: N. Marsh
  • The existence of the antielectron was first deduced theoretically by..Dirac.

    出自: S. Weinberg

deduce的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. deduce的基本意思是“推论”“演绎”,指在证据的基础上通过有条理的逻辑思维,从一般原则中得出特殊推断。
  2. deduce是及物动词,接名词或名词从句作宾语。
  3. deduce常接介词from,表示“从…推断出”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
deduce, conclude, gather, infer, judge
  • 这几个词的共同意思是“推断”。其区别在于:infer指从不太充分的论据或前提中推断出结论; conclude指通过推理或判断而得出结论; deduce指有充分根据地推论或逻辑上地演绎; gather指综合事物得出印象或感想等; judge通常指经过仔细鉴定或评价之后作出的决断。例如:
  • From his a manner of dress and style of living,I gather that he is man of considerable means.从他的穿着式样和生活方式,我揣想他是个相当富有的人。
  • She had concluded from that her grandmother did not like her.她已从那一点得出结论,断定她祖母不喜欢她。
  • If you saw a doctor leaving a house, you might deduce the fact that someone in the house was ill.你要是看到医生从一家出来,你就可以推想那家有人生病。
  • We see smoke and infer fire.我们看到烟,从而推断有火。
  • Judging from what you said, they ought to succeed.从你说的情况看来,他们应当能成功。
  • deduce, deduct
  • 这组词的区别是:deduce的意思是“演绎、推理”,而deduct的意思是“扣除”。两词意思截然不同,可它们的名词形式却都是deduction。
  • infer,deduce,conclude,gather,judge
  • 这些动词均含“推断”之意。
  • infer指从已提供的论据或从已接受的前提出发而推断出的结论。
  • deduce指有充分根据的推论,也指逻辑学上的演绎。
  • conclude指得出符合逻辑的结论。
  • gather指从听到的情况推测、判定。
  • judge多指经过仔细鉴定或评价之后作出决断。
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