and

  基本词汇  
[ənd]     [ənd]    
  • conj.和;加;接着;那么
new

and是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

conj.(连词)
  1. 和,与,同,以及
  2. 那么
  3. 然后
  4. 而,但是
  5. 及,而且
  6. 所以,因此
  7. 接着
  8. 加,加上
  9. …为了
  10. 于是
  11. 与…不同
adv.(副词)
  1. 以及,还
n.(名词)
  1. 【计】逻辑“与”
  2. 附加条件, 附加细节

双解释义

conj.(连词)
  1. 和,与,及 in addition to; plus
  2. 那么,则 as a result of this
  3. 然后,接着 then, following this
  4. 而且,还,又 also; repeatedly

行业释义

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and : 与 ...
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and的用法和样例:

例句

用作连词 (conj.)
  1. She majored in maths and physics (at university).
    她(在大学)主修数学和物理。
  2. She demonstrated that 2 and 2 are four.
    她证明2加2等于四。
  3. I drove up in front of the house and honked.
    我将车开到屋子前面然后按喇叭。
  4. Work hard and you will be successful.
    努力工作,你就会成功。

常见句型

用作连词 (conj.)
  1. Father and son attended the meeting together.
    父子俩一起出席了会议。
  2. He likes to play football and to sing popular songs.
    他喜欢踢足球和唱流行歌曲。
  3. I came here in 1964 and I have lived here ever since.
    自1964年以来,我一直住在这里。
  4. Everyone wished the speaker would stop,but he talked on and on.
    每个人都希望发言者停下来,然而他老是说个没完。
  5. Billy dived to the bottom of the lake again and again,looking for the lost watch.
    比利一次又一次地潜到湖底,寻找那块丢失的表。
  6. There are three hundred and sixty-five students in this school.
    这所学校有365个学生。
  7. This is a cup and saucer.
    这是一副茶杯与茶托。
  8. Each book and each paper is found in its place.
    一书一纸都在原处。
  9. They walked miles and miles.
    他们走了许多英里。
  10. There are good teachers and bad teachers.
    老师有好有坏。
  11. They expressed their love and loyalty to the Party.
    他们表达了对党的热爱和忠诚。
  12. He started to shout and sing.
    他开始欢呼歌唱。
  13. Let's go and see a good picture.
    让我们去看一幅好画。
  14. It came nearer and nearer.
    那东西越来越近了。
  15. Mary was tall and fair.
    玛丽是个高个子的金发女郎。
  16. Joan was rich, beautiful and proud.
    琼非常有钱、漂亮且庄重。
  17. The car is going nice and fast.
    这辆车跑得很快。
  18. I'm rare and hungry.
    我饿极了。
  19. I went and she also went.
    我去了,她也去了。
  20. He tried hard and he failed.
    他努力了,但还是失败了。
  21. Go straight on and you will see the church.
    一直往前走,你就可以看到教堂。
  22. We must do something about it,and something effective.
    我们必须采取行动,而且是有效行动。
  23. He speaks English,and that very well.
    他会说英语,并且说得极好。
  24. And because of that,they had come to look at your workroom.
    正是由于那个原因,他们来看你的工作室。
  25. She can speak English and French.
    她会说英语和法语。
  26. We don't have any food and drink.
    我们没有任何食物和饮料。
  27. He is a teacher and not a writer.
    他是教师,而不是作家。
  28. He does not speak clearly and correctly.
    他讲得清楚,但不正确。
  29. Three and two is five.
    三加二等于五。
  30. “I was born in Manchester.”“And did you like the city?”
    “我是在曼彻斯特出生的。”“那么你喜欢那个城市吗?”
  31. Don't worry—there are rules and rules.
    别担心——规则跟规则不一样。

常用短语

用作连词 (conj.)
and all
  1. 全都,等等total; complete

    Peter dipped his whole head under, hat and all. 彼得连同帽子把整个头都浸在水里。

    He jumped into the water, clothes and all. 他和衣跳进水里。

    He ate the fish, bone and all. 他吃了那条鱼,连骨头都吃了。

and so on
  1. 等等and so forth; etc.

    Others are interested in art,music,books and so on. 其他人对艺术、音乐、书籍等感兴趣。

and that
  1. 而且,并且and also, but also

    You must tell him, and that at once. 你必须告诉他,并且立即告诉他。

and therefore
  1. 因此,为此and so

    He lost his health, and therefore his difficulties increased. 他身体虚弱,因此更增加了他的困难。

and to spare
  1. 用之不尽的,绰绰有余enough and to spare

    There is wit enough, and to spare. 有用之不尽的智慧。

and vice versa
  1. 反之亦然on the other hand; whereas

    We gossip about them and vice versa. 我们议论他们,他们也议论我们。

and what not
  1. 此外还有and others; and other things

    Children love to have toys, pictures and what not. 孩子一般喜欢玩具、图片和其他的东西。

and which
  1. 而且and also

    The house, which was empty and which was likely to remain empty, stood on the hill. 坐落在山坡上的这所空房子,一直是空着的。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • My master and his man are both broke loose.

    出自:Comedy of Errors,Shakespeare
  • The dayes of our yeres are threescore yeeres and ten.

    出自:Bible (AV): Psalms
  • My three-and-twentieth year.

    出自:Milton
  • We do in our Consciences believe two and two make four.

    出自:Addison
  • Six hundred and eighty-five ways to dress eggs.sssss Keats

    出自:T. Moore
  • Oh it's Tommy this, an' Tommy that, an' 'Tommy, go away'.

    出自:R. Kipling
  • My lunch will cost me one [shilling] and sixpence.

    出自:G. B. Shaw
  • The present holders of power are evil men, and the present manner of life is doomed.

    出自:B. Russell
  • He saw the priest bend down and kiss the altar and then face about and bless all the people.

    出自:Joyce
  • Allgood was quiet, thoughtful, and fond of watching birds.

    出自:S. Sassoon
  • Susy removed the mirror and only set it up again when she had finished.

    出自:P. Scott

and的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 在表达两个或者两个以上的相似观念时,常用and放在最后一个观念之前。

    We drank, talked and danced.

  2. and常用在阿拉伯数字百位和十位或个位中间,或千位和十位或个位中间,如two hundred and forty-eight,seven hundred and four, two thousand and fifty-two和eight thousand and seven。但and不用在千位和百位中间,能说five thousand four hundred,不能说six thousand and four hundred;
  3. and在习惯上被认为不可以用在句首;
  4. 当用两个形容词去描述一个物体时,通常不会用and去连接这两个形容词。

    Thanks for your nice long letter.
    (NOT Thanks for your nice and long letter.)

  5. A, B, and C(and前有逗号)的用法比A, B and C (and前没有逗号)普遍。另外,A, B, and C属于常用结构,A,B,C和A and B and C结构只在为了加强口语势气才出现,但是应尽量避免使用,如I keep a cat, a dog, a horse和I keep a cat and a dog and a horse;
  6. Come and see me,Go and look at it等句子结构中,and表达的意思是“Come以see me做目的,Go以look at it 做目的”,不是并列关系存在,常出现在口语中。要注意的是这种结构只适用于现在时态和不定式里,不能用在过去时态、分词或动名词中。

    Come and see me.
    I ask you to come and see me.
    I hope you will come and see me.

    He came and saw me.
    He is coming and seeing me.
    He has come and seen me.

  7. and的有一种习惯用法: 这个时候and后面的动词基本属于将来时态,不过也有其他事态的用法。 还有些时候,and前只有名词,没有动词。

    Ask him again, and he will tell you.(=If you ask him again, he will tell you)
    句中Ask属于祈使语气。

    Hesitate,and the chance is gone.

    Another attempt, and success is assured.

  8. andand that有时指“而且”。

    My fan is a present from a friend, and (that) a recent present.
    我的风扇是来自一个朋友的礼物,而且,还是最近收到的。

  9. and连接的两个或两个以上的名词等,常因合成一个概念,而作单数看待。

    Going to bed early and getting up early is a good habit.

  10. and/or指“and或or”,如A and/or B = A and B, or A or B。常用在表格和商业文件里,也可用A or B or both来替换。A and/or B后接的动词可用单数,也可用复数,分别表达不同的意思。

    Henry and/or Peter is to be admitted.(Heny和Peter中大概只取一人)
    Henry and/or Peter are to be admitted.(大概取两人)

  11. 在有些句子中,and可以省略使用。

    There were few people who had not heard of the practical eccentric,purposeful joker,(and)fabulous showman.
    There is always the delicate music with its sug-gestions of passion, alarm,(and)tragedy.

  12. 注意and的错误用法,有时候在没有联系的两者之间错误使用了and

    He plays good cricket, likes golf and a rubber of bridge.
    该句中,golf and a rubber of bridge属于有关联的,但是和cricket则搭不上关系,因此,可以把and用在golf和rubber of bridge之间,但不要和cricket连用。

conj.(连词)
  1. and用作连词,主要用来连接两个或两个以上的词、短语或句子。
  2. and连接两个相同的词语可用以加强语气或表示动作的反复或一再发生。
  3. 常用and连接十位数和百位数。
  4. 两个名词被and连接,如前一名词带冠词,后一名词不带冠词,则整个结构表示一个整体。
  5. and所连接的两个名词之前有each,every修饰时,其谓语动词用单数形式。
  6. and连接两个相同的复数名词可以表示不同的种类或者用来加强语气。
  7. and连接两个名词,其后共用一个介词时,以后一个名词决定使用什么介词。
  8. and通常可代替动词不定式符号to,表示目的; and连接两个动词不定式,后面的不定式符号to常省略。
  9. and连接go,come,try等动词和另外一个动词,可表示动作的目的或意图。
  10. 在go, get, become等动词后,用and连接两个比较级的形容词或副词,可表示“越来越…”。
  11. 在一个名词之后,如果有两个形容词(即作表语时),这两个形容词则要用and连接; 而在一个名词的前面,如果有两个或两个以上的形容词(即作定语时),这些形容词通常不用and连接。
  12. 如果在名词后面有三个或三个以上的形容词,则最后的两个形容词要用and 连接。
  13. nice,big,fine,rare等形容词之后接and再加另外的形容词时,相当于quite,very,前面的形容词都是用来加强语气的。
  14. and连接两个并列句时,意为“而,而且”,汉语中常不译出。
  15. and连接两个相反的分句, and的意思相当于but。
  16. and连接两个句子,后一个句子常常表示结果。这些句子在大多数情况下是祈使句。
  17. and常可连接一个句子和一个名词、代词且名词或代词之后常有形容词或副词修饰,以强调前面句子所述的内容。
  18. and放在句首,可用以承上启下,使上下文联系更为紧密,常不必译出。
  19. and一般用于肯定句中,否定句中则用or。在少数情况下,and也用于否定句中,这时,not否定的是后者而不是前者。
  20. and作“加”解时,相当于plus,连接两个数字,这时谓语动词多用单数形式。
  21. and可用来对前面一个人刚说过的话提问。
  22. and可用来表示与同一事物的不同种类相对照。

词义辨析

conj.(连词)
and, or
and与or的区别在于:and一般用于肯定句中,否定句中则用or。在少数情况下,and也用于否定句中,这时not否定的是后者而不是前者; 而or所连接的两个部分都是否定。

常见错误

conj.(连词)
  1. 她既会弹钢琴,也常常去游泳和跳舞。

    She plays the piano, goes swimming and dancing.

    She plays the piano and goes swimming and dancing.

    注意不要在不该省略and时省略了and,也不要在不该加and的地方加了and。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:we want all our children to be a picture of health and to make sure that we are giving them a nutritious diet.

    纠正:we want all our children to be a picture of health and we want to make sure that we are giving them a nutritious diet.

    翻译:我们都希望孩子们健康,而且,我们也希望自己能确保做到,给他们提供营养的饮食。

    分析:错句中and的使用,使得make sure后的事情好像是孩子们的职责一样,应重复强调是we。

  • 错句:the things you can still buy and still care about the environment are reducing every day.

    纠正:the things you can still buy while caring about the environment are being reduced every day.

    翻译:你能买的到的,同时环保的东西,每天都在递减。

    分析:可以说still buy and sell(能买卖的东西),但是不可说能卖的东西和关心环境。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自英古语的ond,意为下一个。

and的相关资料:

正版词典

and : 和,及,与 ...
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缩略词

and的相关缩略词,共有22

互动百科

  • and:and (连接并列的名词、代词或数词)同, 和, 与, 如: Father and I went to Xinhua bookstore yesterday. 父亲和我昨天到新华书店去过。习惯用语an…

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