sudden

  核心词汇  
['sʌdn]     ['sʌdn]    
  • adj. 突然的;出乎意料的
  • n. 突发之事
suddenly suddenness
new

sudden的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 突然的,忽然的
  2. 意外的,意想不到的,突然而来的
  3. 迅速的,快的
  4. 急剧的,骤然的
  5. 猛烈的
n. (名词)
  1. 突然发生的事
adv. (副词)
  1. 出乎意料地

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 突然的,忽然的,迅速而意外的 happening, coming or done quickly and unexpectedly

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. happening without warning or in a short space of time;

    "a sudden storm"
    "a sudden decision"
    "a sudden cure"

sudden的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. His sudden death upset everybody.
    他的突然去世使大家深感悲伤。
  2. A sudden smile illuminated her face.
    突然的微笑使她容光焕发。
  3. She was dazzled by her sudden success.
    突然的成功使她感到迷惘。
  4. He gave me a fright by bursting into a sudden laughter.
    他突然大笑起来,吓了我一跳。
  5. Their sudden attack made us more aware of the danger around us.
    他们突然的攻击使我们更加注意我们周围的危险。
  6. His rise to power was very sudden.
    他的掌权很令人意外。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The boy began crying all of a sudden.
    那男孩忽然哭了起来。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. We were struck dumb by her sudden outburst of anger.
    她突然大发脾气,弄得我们都哑然失色。
  2. The sudden arrival of guests forced her to change her plans.
    客人们的突然到来迫使她改变了计划。
  3. He made a sudden stop.
    他突然停了下来。
  4. He requested their sudden help.
    他要求他们迅速帮助。
  5. Our clothes were saturated with the sudden heavy rain.
    突降的大雨淋湿了我们的衣服。
  6. We scrambled for cover against the sudden rain.
    我们当时都争先恐后地找地方躲避那场急雨。
  7. A sudden wind swept a pile of leaves in.
    突然吹起一阵风,刮进一堆树叶来。
  8. The birds were scared by the sudden barking of a dog.
    鸟被突然的狗叫声吓跑了。
  9. We were shattered to hear of her sudden death.
    听到她突然死了,我们都感到震惊。
  10. Her sudden death upset everybody.
    她的突然死亡令人人心烦意乱。
  11. He felt a sudden sharp pain in his heart.
    他突然感到心里一阵剧痛。
  12. He was seized with sudden chest pains.
    他突然感到胸部疼痛。
  13. He was seized with a sudden desire to leave the place.
    他突然想离开这地方。
  14. She was seized with a sudden desire to laugh, at a most unsuitable moment in the performance.
    在演出中最不该笑的时候,她突然想笑。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Your marriage was sudden.Have you thought things over properly?
    你结婚太突然了,都考虑好了吗?
  2. This marriage is very sudden—they've only known each other a few weeks.
    这桩婚事来得非常突然——他们才认识了几个星期。
S+be+~+in sth/ v -ing
  1. He was sudden in his actions.
    他行动迅速。
  2. The boy is sudden in eating.
    这个男孩吃饭很快。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
all of a sudden〔on a sudden〕
    突然地,突如其来地,猛然地 suddenly

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The sudden appearance made me start.

    出自: J. Buchan
  • On a sudden impulse, he locked a master in a classroom.

    出自: A. Thwaite
  • With a sudden switch of subject she enquired what had taken him to Perpignan.

    出自: S. Hood
  • A fashionable London fop caught by the sudden downpour.

    出自: R. Alter

sudden的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. sudden的意思是“突然的,忽然的,迅速而意外的”,指事先没有预料到事情会发生,所以当事情发生时使人感到很意外。
  2. all of a sudden的意思是“突然地,出乎意料地”,常用于口语中。也常用on a sudden,意思与all of a sudden相同,但不如all of a sudden正式或常见。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
sudden, fast, hasty, quick, rapid, swift
  • 这组词的共同意思是“快的,迅速的”。其区别是:
  • 1.quick指运动动作发生或完成的迅速、敏捷,强调的是单一动作的突然性或短暂性,也指才智和反应的敏捷和灵敏; swift意为“快”或“突然发生”,所指的运动速度最高,同时强调运动的平稳潇洒和轻捷、不费力气等,有时带文学色彩,为较正式的用语; fast多指运动的物体,位置移动的迅速,强调物体运动的方式; rapid是正式用语,多指运动本身,强调运动的高速度,所指的速度有时有“对人有益”的含义,常常可与fast互换使用,但语气比fast强; hasty指“草率,匆忙”; sudden则指“突然”。
  • 2.swift, fast和rapid一般都指运动的速度,通常动作都有持续性和连续性。hasty一般都不指运动的速度。例如:
  • He gave me a quick response to my question.他对我的问题给出了迅速的回答。
  • The swift fading of autumn into winter.秋色迅速退去,随而进入冬天。
  • The fast train was exchanged for a local one.快车被换成了慢车。
  • He made such rapid progress that his parents were very glad.他取得了如此快的进步,以至于他的父母都很高兴。
  • She's too hasty—if she would only think before speaking she wouldn't have so much trouble.她太性急了,要是她讲话之前多考虑一下,就不会有那么多麻烦了。
  • A sudden clap of thunder woke me.一阵突然的雷声把我惊醒了。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的sodain,意为立即的;最初源自拉丁语的subitaneus,意为突然的。
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