specific

  核心词汇  
[spə'sɪfɪk]     [spə'sɪfɪk]    
  • adj. 明确的;特殊的;具有特效的
  • n. 特效药;详情;特性
new

specific的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 明确的,具体的,详尽的
  2. 特定的,确切的
  3. 独特的,特有的,独有的
  4. 【生】种的
  5. 【医】由特种病菌引起的
  6. 专门的,仅限于…的
  7. 【细菌】专性的
  8. 【医】有特效的,仅对一种病原体有效的
  9. 【免疫学】特异型的
  10. 【商】按数量征税的
n. (名词)
  1. 特效药
  2. (尤指分类学上的)专名
  3. 详情,细节
  4. 特性,特色
  5. 详细说明书
  6. 特殊用途的事物,有特定用途的东西
  7. 详论
  8. 具体问题,具体方面

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 明确的,确切的,详尽的 detailed and exact; clear in meaning or explanation
  2. [A] 具体的,特有的,特定的 particular; fixed, determined, or named
  3. 仅限于…的,只发现于…的 limited to; found only in
n. (名词)
  1. [C] 特效药 drug used to treat a particular disease or condition
  2. [P] 具体方面,细节 particular aspect or precise detail

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a fact about some part (as opposed to general);

    "he always reasons from the particular to the general"

  2. a medicine that has a mitigating effect on a specific disease;

    "quinine is a specific for malaria"

Adjective:
  1. (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique;

    "rules with specific application"
    "demands specific to the job"
    "a specific and detailed account of the accident"

  2. stated explicitly or in detail;

    "needed a specific amount"

  3. relating to or distinguishing or constituting a taxonomic species;

    "specific characters"

  4. being or affecting a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition; used also of stains or dyes used in making microscope slides;

    "quinine is highly specific for malaria"
    "a specific remedy"
    "a specific stain is one having a specific affinity for particular structural elements"

specific的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. He gave us very specific instructions.
    他给我们做了非常明确的指示。
  2. This tells you that there is a specific distinction between the right and the wrong.
    这件事告诉你是与非是有明确的区别的。
  3. Let us take a look at three specific areas of concern.
    让我们看一看三个特殊的令人关切的领域。
  4. There is no specific remedy for the malady.
    没有医治这种病的特效药。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. This is a specific for cancer.
    这是一种治疗癌症的特效药。
  2. He never talked in specifics about his work.
    他从不谈论有关自己工作的详情。
  3. The specifics of this data are specified via a schema in the process definition.
    该数据的特性是由过程定义模式决定的。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. What's the specific time of his arrival?
    他确切的到达时间是几点钟?
  2. We haven't fixed a specific date for our meeting.
    我们会议的具体日期还没有定下来。
  3. There's a specific tool for each job.
    各工种配备特定的工具。
  4. The picture has a specific style.
    这幅画有一种独特的风格。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Will you be specific?
    请讲清楚些,好吗?
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. This disease is specific to this area.
    这种疾病只发生在这一地区。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. This is a specific for cancer.
    这是一种治疗癌症的特效药。
  2. He never talked in specific about his work.
    他从不谈论有关自己工作的详情。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • The specific operation of mercury on the constitution.

    出自: J. Abernethy
  • The training is not necessarily job-specific.

    出自:Times Educational Supplement
  • A number of narrative formulas specific to both fantasy and science fiction.

    出自: G. K. Wolfe

specific的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. specific指“特别的”时,用于指出事物的特征,比如引力是某些物体特有的性质;
  2. specific指“具体的”时,用于指出事物与其他实体的区别来分成种类,避免笼统的称谓,比如人是比哺乳动物更具体的称谓;
  3. specific指“种的”时,在生物学上指物种分类,是属的下一级;
  4. specific作名词指“特效药”时,是针对某种器官或疾病使用的药物;
  5. specific作名词指“特别声明”时,在法庭上使用,以防一方交付的违约金不能完全弥补给另一方造成损失。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
specific, concrete
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“具体的”。concrete指可以触及或感觉到的或者实际存在的,其反义词是abstract(抽象的); 而specific指详细而明确的,所指的事情不是笼统的或含糊的,而是特定的或详尽而明确的,其反义词为general(一般的,笼统的)。
  • specific, special
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“特别的”“特定的”,均无比较级和最高级。其区别是:
  • specific常后接抽象名词; 而special常后接表示具体事物的名词。例如:
  • The money is to be used for a specific purpose.这钱将用于某种特定用途。
  • I bought it for a specific purpose.我为特定的目的买了它。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 17世纪30年代进入英语,直接源自法语的spcifique;最初源自拉丁语的species,意为种,类。
    今日热词
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