special

  基本词汇  
['speʃl]     ['speʃl]    
  • adj.特别的;特殊的;专门的
  • n.特别的东西;特刊;特色菜;特价
specially specialness
new

special是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 特别的,特殊的,特设的
  2. 专门的,专用的
  3. 额外的,格外的
  4. 具体的
  5. 增设的,临时附加的
  6. 特别亲密的(朋友)
  7. 不寻常的,不一般的
  8. 重要的
  9. 格外看重的,格外关照的
  10. 有专门目的的,有专门作用的
n.(名词)
  1. 特使,特派人员
  2. 特别的东西
  3. 专车,临时(列)车
  4. 特刊,特(约)稿,特别通讯
  5. 特色菜,拿手菜
  6. 特别的人
  7. 特别警卫员
  8. 特别考试
  9. 新闻号外
  10. <美><口>特价商品
  11. 特制影片
  12. 选科生
  13. 特别生
  14. 【医】特别护士
adv.(副词)
  1. 尤其,特别地
v.(动词)
  1. 不间断地特别护理病人

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 特殊的,特别的 of a particular kind; not ordinary, regular, or usual
  2. [A] 专门的,特设的 designed, reserved or arranged, etc. for a particular purpose
  3. [A] 额外的; 格外的 exceptional in amount, degree, quality, etc.
n.(名词)
  1. [C] 特别的东西,特别的事物 sth that is not of the regular or ordinary kind
  2. [C] 特价 an advertised reduced price in a shop

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
special : 特别的, 专 ...
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special : 特别的, 专 ...
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special : 特别的, 专 ...
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special : 特殊的, 专 ...
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英英释义

Noun:
  1. a special offering (usually temporary and at a reduced price) that is featured in advertising;

    "they are having a special on pork chops"

  2. a dish or meal given prominence in e.g. a restaurant

  3. a television production that features a particular person or work or topic;

    "the last of a series of BBC specials on Iran is being shown tonight"

Adjective:
  1. unique or specific to a person or thing or category;

    "the particular demands of the job"
    "has a particular preference for Chinese art"
    "a peculiar bond of sympathy between them"
    "an expression peculiar to Canadians"
    "rights peculiar to the rich"
    "the special features of a computer"
    "my own special chair"

  2. for a special service or occasion;

    "a special correspondent"
    "a special adviser to the committee"
    "had to get special permission for the event"

  3. surpassing what is common or usual or expected;

    "he paid especial attention to her"
    "exceptional kindness"
    "a matter of particular and unusual importance"
    "a special occasion"
    "a special reason to confide in her"
    "what's so special about the year 2000?"

  4. adapted to or reserved for a particular purpose;

    "a special kind of paint"
    "a special medication for arthritis"

  5. having a specific function or scope;

    "a special (or specific) role in the mission"

  6. first and most important;

    "his special interest is music"
    "she gets special (or particular) satisfaction from her volunteer work"

  7. added to a regular schedule;

    "a special holiday flight"
    "put on special buses for the big game"

special的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. She is a special friend of mine.
    她是我一个特别的朋友。
  2. We have a special offer for our regular patrons.
    我们给予老顾客特别的优惠。
  3. This is a special case, deserving special treatment.
    这是个特殊的案件,应该获得特殊处理。
  4. But before they drive any of the buses, they will have to pass a special test.
    但在驾驶公共汽车之前,他们必须通过一项专门测验。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. There are lots of TV Christmas specials for children this year.
    今年又很多针对儿童的特别的电视圣诞节目。
  2. There will be a special on Channel 8 tonight.
    今晚第八频道有电视特别节目。
  3. The special of the day is a roast of pork.
    当天的风味菜是烤猪肉。
  4. They're doing a special on imported beer right now.
    现在他们的进口啤酒特价出售。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Before making any decision, the President usually advises with leading members of his special information committee.
    在作出任何决定之前,总统通常与其特别顾问委员会的主要成员进行磋商。
  2. He has a special way of baking bread.
    他有一套特殊的烤面包法。
  3. Dissolve the chemical in this special liquid.
    将这些化学物质溶解在特殊的溶液中。
  4. The best students are awarded special scholarships.
    最好的学生将授予特殊奖学金。
  5. There will be held a special session in the hall.
    在那个大礼堂里将要召开一次特别会议。
  6. I thought I would need a special tool, but this wrench fitted the bill.
    我以为会需要一种特殊的工具,其实这把扳手就够了。
  7. Some special measures have been introduced to help combat water pollution.
    已采取一些特别措施来帮助消除水的污染。
  8. This is a special case deserving special treatment.
    这里有个特殊情况需要特殊处理。
  9. He comes here only on special occasion.
    他只是在某些特殊情况下才到这儿来。
  10. We must pay special attention to details.
    我们必须特别注意细节。
  11. I was attached to the naval college as a special instructor for six months.
    我以六个月的专职教官身份加入了海军学校。
  12. When the library is closed, you can drop books in through the special hole in the door.
    图书馆关门后,你可以把书从门上专设的小口中投进去。
  13. The hospital has over fifty special diets for different kinds of illness.
    这家医院对各种不同的疾病备有50种专门食谱。
  14. The newspaper devoted a special column to a discussion of the problem of the world's population.
    这家报纸开辟专栏来讨论世界人口问题。
  15. In a special report the magazine details the fighting.
    那份杂志在一篇特约报道中详述了战斗情况。
  16. The success of the flight to the moon was featured in all the papers in editorial and special articles.
    各家报纸都写社论和专文特别报道了成功地飞往月球的消息。
  17. The radio station faded the music up again after the special news broadcast.
    电台在专题新闻广播之后重新逐渐增强了乐曲的音量。
  18. Meat from New Zealand is frozen and brought to England in special ships.
    新西兰的肉被冷冻起来用专用船只运到英国。
  19. He is making a special study of modern French literature.
    他专门研究现代法国文学。
  20. Take special care tonight because the roads are icy.
    路面结冰了,今晚要格外小心。
n. +~
  1. I've got an ordinary sort of car, nothing special.
    我的汽车是一辆普通牌子的车,没有什么特殊之处。
  2. Is there anything special in the papers today?
    今天报上有什么特别的消息吗?
  3. Are you doing anything special?
    你们有什么特别的安排吗?
  4. For supper we had a dish we were told was something special to that part of the country.
    晚饭时我们吃了一道据说是该国这一地区特有的菜。
  5. Tonight is a special occasion, and we have something very special for dinner.
    今晚是个重要时刻,晚餐我们有美味佳肴。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. His accent is quite special.
    他的口音非常特别。
  2. The women never drink in this manner, which is absolutely special to men.
    妇女从来不用这种方式喝酒,这完完全全是男人喝酒的方式。
  3. Why should you get more than anyone else?What's so special about you?
    为什么你就该比别人多分一些呢?你有什么特殊之处吗?
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Are you going to the football match by special or the ordinary train?
    你准备乘专车还是普通列车去看足球比赛?
  2. The train was a special for the football game.
    那班火车是为足球赛所开的专车。
  3. There is a two-hour television special on the African famine today.
    今天将有长达两个小时的关于非洲饥荒的电视特别节目。
  4. They're having a special on ice cream this week.
    他们的冰淇淋本周以特价出售。
  5. Ice cream is on special this week only!
    冰淇淋特价优惠,只限本周!
  6. Monday's special was chicken.
    星期一的特色菜是鸡肉。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • We deliberated over a rather special bottle of wine.

    出自:J. Simms
  • The special excellence of this novel lies in its..subtle depiction.

    出自:Punch
  • I used to take photographs..but they're nothing special.

    出自:A. Hollinghurst
  • Hardy paid special attention to passages of..description.

    出自:J. Halperin

special的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 参见:especial
  2. special和especial的比较:两者有相似又有区别,很多情况下可以通用。special是指“特别的,专门的”,而especial指“特别的,非同寻常的”,不过人们在习惯上更偏向于使用specialspecially表示“特别地,专门地”,而especially表示“特别的”,意思相近。前者常表示“一个特定的目的”,而后者表示的是“尤其的”。

    We went there specially to see him.
    我们专程赶去看他。

    It is especially hot today.
    今天尤其炎热。

  3. special用在辩护中,有“尽力呈现有利证据、掩盖不利证据”的意味。
adj.(形容词)
  1. special用作形容词的基本意思是“特殊的,特别的,独特的”,常形容人或物在品质、用途等方面与同类显得不同,作此解时常作定语,也可作表语。
  2. special也可表示“专门的,特设的”,指需要特别对待或处理。special还可表示“额外的; 格外的”,作此解时只用作定语。
  3. special修饰不定代词anything,nothing等词时常后置。
n.(名词)
  1. special用作名词的意思是“特别的东西”,指不同于常规或一般的东西。也可作“特价”解,常用于广告词中。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
special, especial, particular
这三个词的共同意思是“特殊的”。其区别是:
especial强调特别的、非同寻常的; special强调专门的或特意的; particular强调事物的独特性。special和especial作“特别的”解时,意思相同,两者可以换用,但special比especial更常用。例如:
This is a matter of especial〔special〕 importance.这是件特别重要的事。
There is a special〔especial〕 case deserving special treatment.这里有个特殊情况需要特殊处理。
Don't break the rules for your especial benefit.不要为了你的特殊利益而违反规定。
He comes here only on special occasion.他只是在某些特殊情况下才到这儿来。
He has a particular interest in English.他对英语有特殊的兴趣。
special, specific
这两个词的共同意思是“特别的”“特定的”,均无比较级和最高级。其区别是:
specific常后接抽象名词; 而special常后接表示具体事物的名词。例如:
The money is to be used for a specific purpose.这钱将用于某种特定用途。
I bought it for a specific purpose.我为特定的目的买了它。
special, extraordinary, singular, unparalleled
这组词意思相近。singular指被描述的物体是这一类中唯一的; unparalleled指人〔事物〕没有匹敌者或平等者,是无双的,该词并不指某事物中唯一的,而多指压倒一切的优势或数量; extraordinary指大大超过了一般与正常的,它是个中性词,在赞扬和批评的描绘中都可用; special指人或事物具有某些可明辨的、独有的特性,指物有可能是为某个特殊目的而设置的,或与某个特殊目的有关,还可指不常见的或独一无二的,该词还可用来形容数量、程度上的不一般。
special especial specific particular exceptional extraordinary peculiar
这些形容词均含“特殊的,特别的”之意。
  • special:special普通用词,指不同于一般、与众不同,着重事物的专门性,突出与一般不同。
  • especial:especial和special含义很接近,较正式,但侧重有特殊的意义或重要性。
  • specific:specific着重指某种、某类事物具有的特殊或特定的属性,也可指专门提出作特别考虑的事物。
  • particular:particular侧重不同于普遍性的个性或特殊性。
  • exceptional:exceptional指不同于一般,本身是特别的或异常的事物。
  • extraordinary:extraordinary语气比exceptional强,指极大地超过一般或正常情况。
  • peculiar:peculiar强调指与众不同或独特的意思。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的especial;最初源自拉丁语的specialis,意为个单的,特别的。

special的相关资料:

正版词典

special : 特殊的;特 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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缩略词

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互动百科

  • special:special n. 特派员, 专车, 专刊adj. 特别的, 特殊的, 专门的, 专用的 英英解释:名词special:1. a special offering (usually temporar…

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