sour

  核心词汇  
['saʊə(r)]     ['saʊər]    
  • adj. 酸的;酸腐的;刻薄的
  • v. 变酸
sourish sourly sourer sourest sourness soured soured souring sours
new

sour的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 酸的,酸味的,酸腐的,酸臭的
  2. 发酵的
  3. 乖戾的,脾气坏的,刻薄的
  4. 乏味的
  5. 敌对的,敌意的
  6. 拙劣的
  7. 讨厌的
  8. 刺耳的
  9. <口>扫兴的,令人失望的
  10. 湿冷的,阴湿的
  11. 愠怒的
  12. 不毛的
v. (动词)
  1. 厌烦
  2. (使)变酸,弄酸
  3. (使)发酵
  4. (使)变得不愉快,使变得讨厌无趣
  5. 使失望
  6. 变坏,(使)酸败,败坏,酸腐,变味,变馊
  7. 性情变乖僻,情绪不好,阴郁
  8. 用弱酸处理
  9. 使冷湿
  10. 使不毛
  11. 损害
  12. 减退
adv. (副词)
  1. 乖戾地
n. (名词)
  1. 酸味
  2. 酸的东西,酸物,酸味酒,酸味鸡尾酒,酸味饮料
  3. 不愉快的事,苦事
  4. 讨厌的东西
  5. 痛苦,苦恼
  6. 发酵
  7. 损害

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 有酸味的,酸的 having a sharp taste (like that of vinegar, a lemon or unripe fruit)
  2. 有发酵味道的,酸腐的,馊的 having the taste of fermentation
  3. 坏脾气的,别扭的 having or showing a bad temper; disagreeable in manner
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)变酸 (cause to) become sour or bad
  2. vt. 使产生反感 cause to dislike

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a cocktail made of a liquor (especially whiskey or gin) mixed with lemon or lime juice and sugar

  2. the taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice is taken into the mouth

  3. the property of being acidic

Adjective:
  1. smelling of fermentation or staleness

  2. having a sharp biting taste

  3. one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of vinegar or lemons

  4. in an unpalatable state;

    "sour milk"

  5. inaccurate in pitch;

    "a false (or sour) note"
    "her singing was off key"

  6. showing a brooding ill humor;

    "a dark scowl"
    "the proverbially dour New England Puritan"
    "a glum, hopeless shrug"
    "he sat in moody silence"
    "a morose and unsociable manner"
    "a saturnine, almost misanthropic young genius"
    "a sour temper"
    "a sullen crowd"

Verb:
  1. go sour or spoil;

    "The milk has soured"
    "The wine worked"
    "The cream has turned--we have to throw it out"

  2. make sour or more sour

sour的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Most green fruit is sour.
    大多数未熟的水果都是酸的。
  2. The dish's gone sour.
    这菜已经变质了。
  3. He's always got a sour look on his face, and he has never said anything friendly.
    他总是板着脸,从来不说一句好听的话。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The hot weather has soured the milk.
    炎热的天气使牛奶变酸了。
  2. Relations between the two countries have soured.
    这两个国家之间的关系变得恶化了。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Lemons have a sour taste.
    柠檬有股酸味。
  2. The baby's clothes have a sour odor.
    这个婴儿的衣服有酸味。
  3. He has a sour face.
    他有一张难看的脸。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Most green fruit is sour.
    大多数未熟的水果都是酸的。
  2. She really looks sour this morning.
    她今天上午脾气的确有些坏。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He is very sour to the children.
    他对孩子很刻薄。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. His disappointments have made him sour.
    失望使他的脾气变坏了。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The milk soured when it was left in the hot sun.
    牛奶放在炎热的太阳下会变酸。
  2. Her temper has soured.
    她的脾气变坏了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The hot weather has soured the milk.
    热天气使牛奶变酸了。
  2. Their clumsy performance soured us on the play.
    他们拙劣的表演使我们对该剧产生反感。
  3. Poverty has soured the old man.
    贫困使那位老人变得厌烦。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
go〔turn〕 sour
    变得令人不愉快,变坏,变糟become unfavorable or unpleasant; turn out badly

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 动词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • No matter how sour and sharp the apples.

    出自: E. Hyams
  • A bowl of milk was souring in the sun.

    出自: H. E. Bates
  • When Dick left the Air Force the marriage soured.

    出自:New Yorker

sour的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. sour用作形容词时的意思是“酸的”,转化为动词时意思是“变酸”,指由于某些外部因素使某物变酸或变坏,引申可表示“使产生反感”。
  2. sour可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
sour, acid
  • 这两个词的区别是:acid用于那些在自然或正常状态下有酸味的东西; sour则含有变质难闻的意味。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的sur,意为酸的。
    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史