sleep

  基本词汇  
[sliːp]     [sliːp]    
  • v.睡觉
  • n.睡眠;睡觉
slept slept sleeping sleeps
new

sleep是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 睡(觉),睡眠,睡着,入睡
  2. 歇夜
  3. 用睡眠消除,以睡眠度过
  4. 被埋葬着
  5. <婉>长眠,安息
  6. 麻痹,发麻
  7. 发生性关系,与...上床,到处跟人睡觉,乱搞男女关系
  8. 静止下来, 保持寂静
  9. 可供...住宿,可供…睡觉
  10. 不要没事找事
  11. 沉睡,酣睡,睡个好觉
  12. 为…提供床位
  13. 处于类似睡眠的静止状态
  14. 夜间闭合
  15. 休止
  16. 推迟作出决定(on)
n.(名词)
  1. 睡眠,一觉,睡觉
  2. 麻木,麻痹
  3. 【动】冬眠,蛰伏
  4. 长眠,永逝
  5. 静止(状态),静寂
  6. 昏迷
  7. <婉>死亡
  8. 一夜的行程
  9. 【植】夜间闭合
  10. 眼屎

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U] 睡(眠) the natural resting state of unconsciousness of the body
v.(动词)
  1. vi. 睡眠 rest in sleep
  2. vt. 为…提供床位 have enough beds for a number of people

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
sleep : 休眠 ...
sleep : 睡( ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended;

    "he didn't get enough sleep last night"
    "calm as a child in dreamless slumber"

  2. a torpid state resembling deep sleep

  3. a period of time spent sleeping;

    "he felt better after a little sleep"
    "there wasn't time for a nap"

  4. euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb);

    "she was laid to rest beside her husband"
    "they had to put their family pet to sleep"

Verb:
  1. be asleep

  2. be able to accommodate for sleeping;

    "This tent sleeps six people"

sleep的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He have to sleep by day and work by night.
    他只好白天睡觉,晚上工作。
  2. He'd been sleeping rough for a week, in ditches and haystacks.
    他在沟里和草堆里露宿了一个星期。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I haven't had enough sleep lately.
    最近我睡眠不足。
  2. A growing child needs plenty of sleep.
    正发育的孩子必须睡眠充足。
  3. Lack of sleep is detrimental to one's health.
    缺乏睡眠有害健康。
  4. She stirred now and again in her sleep.
    她睡觉时不时翻来覆去。
  5. A good sleep may help you pick up flesh.
    好好睡觉可以帮助你病愈后恢复体重。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Sleep was out of the question.
    睡眠不成问题。
  2. His sleep was broken by a strange noise.
    他被奇怪的声音吵醒了。
  3. Most people need eight hours' sleep a day.
    大部分人一天需要8小时睡眠。
  4. I packed, then snatched four hours' sleep.
    我整理好行装后抓紧时间睡了四个小时。
  5. I didn't get much sleep.
    我睡得不多。
  6. I haven't had enough sleep lately.
    我最近睡眠不足。
  7. He says there might be trouble, but I'm not going to lose any sleep over it.
    他说可能会出麻烦,但我不会为此操心而睡不着。
  8. I'll go upstairs and have a sleep.
    我要上楼睡一会儿。
  9. Having had a good sleep, she was fully recovered.
    好好睡一觉后,她完全恢复了。
  10. I could not have a good sleep last night because of my headache.
    我因为头痛,所以昨天晚上没睡好。
  11. She passed away in her sleep.
    她在睡眠中逝世了。
  12. I heard you talk in your sleep.
    我听见你在睡觉时说梦话。
  13. He talks in his sleep.
    他睡觉时常说梦话。
  14. Once he walked in his sleep.
    他曾经梦游过。
  15. I was in a sound sleep when you called.
    你打电话来时我正在酣睡。
  16. She cried herself to sleep.
    她哭着睡着了。
  17. He is never idle saving sleep.
    他除睡觉时外从不闲着。
  18. Every morning I rose my daughter from her sleep.
    每天早晨我把熟睡的女儿唤醒。
  19. The last sleep means death.
    最后的睡眠意思是死了。
  20. Her mother went to her eternal sleep.
    她妈妈永远地安息了。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. It is the proper time to sleep.
    是该去睡觉的时间了。
  2. The hours pass slowly when you can't sleep.
    你睡不着时感到时间过得很慢。
  3. They were unable to sleep because of the din coming from the bar.
    酒吧里传来的喧闹声吵得他们不能入睡。
  4. The river roared him to sleep.
    河流的奔腾声使他入睡了。
  5. She is still sleeping.
    她还在睡觉。
  6. Though he slept soundly, he awoke instantly.
    他虽然睡得很香,但是马上就醒了。
  7. I slept very badly.
    我睡得很不好。
  8. The old woman slept little.
    这位老太太觉睡得很少。
  9. He eats a little and then sleeps a little.
    他吃一点儿,然后再睡一会儿。
  10. Did you sleep well?
    你睡得好吗?
  11. He is able to relax and always sleeps well.
    他能够放松,并且经常睡得很好。
  12. I could scarcely sleep last night.
    我昨晚几乎没睡。
  13. He likes to sleep for an hour in the afternoon.
    他喜欢在午后睡1小时。
  14. I usually sleep late on Sunday.
    我通常在星期天睡懒觉。
  15. I never sleep on New Year's eve.
    除夕夜晚我从来不睡。
  16. Of course,I don't always sleep in the afternoons.
    当然,我并不总是在下午睡觉。
  17. He likes to sleep on a soft bed.
    他喜欢睡软床。
  18. Don't sleep between damp sheets.
    不要睡在潮湿的被褥中。
  19. He slept the night in a roadside inn.
    他在一家路边小店过的夜。
  20. As he'd missed his train, we invited him to sleep the night with us.
    由于他没赶上火车,我们请他到我们家过夜。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. The room was air-conditioned so that you slept cool on the hottest nights.
    这间屋子装了空调,目的是在最热的夜晚睡觉时凉爽一点。
  2. He began to drink, drank himself to intoxication, till he slept obliterated.
    他一直喝,喝到他快要迷迷糊糊地睡着了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The room sleeps four.
    这间屋子能睡4个人。
  2. The boat sleeps a family of eight.
    这艘船可供一家8口人住宿。
  3. Our caravan sleeps six in comfort.
    我们居住的拖车可舒舒服服地睡6个人。
  4. The back seat of the car folds down to sleep two people.
    汽车的后座可以展开睡两个人。
  5. The baby slept the peaceful sleep last night.
    婴儿昨天夜里睡得很平静。
  6. After such a long walk, he slept the sleep of the dead.
    走了那么长的路后,他睡得很沉。
  7. She slept the sleep of exhaustion.
    她因疲劳而酣睡。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ pron. + adj.
  1. She slept herself sober.
    她睡了一觉清醒了。
  2. Get up!You will sleep yourself foolish.
    起来吧,你都快睡傻了。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
have one's sleep out
  1. 睡足而自行醒来 continue sleeping until one wakes up naturally

    Don't wake her up.Let her have her sleep out. 别叫醒她,让她睡足自己醒。

get off to sleep
  1. 入睡 fall asleep

    I had a bad night,I went to bed early enough , but for some reason I couldn't get off to sleep. 我夜里睡得很不好,上床相当早,可是不知为什么睡不着。

get to sleep
  1. 睡着,入睡,设法睡着 manage to fall asleep , succeed in passing into the condition of sleep

    I can't get to sleep. 我睡不着。

    It's too noisy outside,I can't get to sleep. 外面太吵了,我睡不着。

    He couldn't get to sleep because he was too excited. 他不能入睡,只因为他太激动了。

    He managed to get two or three hours' sleep. 他设法睡了两、三个小时。

    I went to bed and quickly got to sleep. 我上了床,立刻就睡着了。

go to sleep
  1. 睡着 fall asleepGo to sleep now, it's late.快睡吧,很晚了。

    Please go to sleep. 请去睡觉吧。

    I went to sleep earlier last night. 昨晚我比平时睡得早。

    As I was reading,I went to sleep. 我读着读着就睡着了。

    You didn't go to sleep, did you? 你没睡着,对吗?

    He told me that he could not go to sleep that night because he heard a strange noise coming from the bar. 他告诉我他那天晚上不能入睡是因为听见了从酒吧里传来了奇怪的声音。

    He doesn't know when he went to sleep. 他不知道他是什么时候睡着的。

    I lay in bed for a few minutes and went to sleep. 我躺在床上几分钟就睡着了。

    Sally went to sleep after taking the medicine. 莎丽服了药后便睡着了。

  2. (肢体)麻木 both sb's hands and feet have gone numbI've been sitting on the floor and my foot's gone to sleep.我一直坐在地板上,脚都麻木了。
put to sleep
  1. 使某人安眠 make sb sleep peacefullyThis medicine will put you to sleep.这种药能使你安眠。
  2. (人)使动物失去知觉 make a person or animal without consciousnessDon't worry, your dog will be put to sleep for the operation.别担心,做手术时会让你的狗麻醉的。
  3. (人)由于怜悯而杀死动物 kill a suffering animal deliberatelyStray dogs are usually put to sleep.迷路的狗如果没有人认领,常被杀掉。
用作动词 (v.)
sleep around (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈口〉和很多人有性关系 have sexual relations with a lot of different people sleep around

    Her friends don't approve of her since she started sleeping around.自从她到处跟别人睡觉,她的朋友就不和她好了。

    She finally got married and stopped sleeping around.她终于结婚了,不再与男性乱交了。

    sleep sb ⇔ around

    She slept around with a lot of people before she got married.她在结婚前和很多人有过两性关系。

sleep away (v.+adv.)
  1. 继续睡,连着睡 sleep continuously sleep away

    When I last looked in the bedroom, he was still sleeping away.我最后一次进卧室去看时,他还在睡觉。

  2. 以睡觉度过(时间) pass (time) in sleep sleep sth ⇔ away

    Are you going to sleep the whole morning away?你打算把整个上午睡过去吗?

    Tom often sleeps away the hours.汤姆常以睡觉来消磨时间。

  3. 以睡眠摆脱(烦恼) get rid of (sth such as trouble) by sleeping sleep sth ⇔ away

    Go and have a good rest, you might be able to sleep your troubles away.去好好休息一下,你也许能以睡眠消除烦恼。

sleep in (v.+adv.)
  1. 睡过头 sleep until later than usualHe stayed up too late and decided to sleep in the next morning.他睡得太晚了,因此打算第二天早晨多睡一会儿。

    I slept in by mistake and was very late for work. 由于我睡过了头,上班迟到了。

  2. 〈口〉住宿在工作的地方 sleep in the place where you workThey have two maids who sleep in.他们有两个住在他们家里的女仆。

    She will sleep in the hotel tonight. 今晚她要歇住在她上班的旅馆里。

    She employs a gardener who lives in the village, but the maid is required to sleep in. 她雇了一个住在村子里的园丁,可侍女却要住在她家里。

sleep off (v.+adv.)
  1. 用睡觉消除 get rid of a bad feeling or emotion by sleeping sleep sth ⇔ off

    He slept off the effects of all the drink he had at the party the previous night.他睡了一觉,把前一天晚上在聚会上喝酒后所带来的不舒服感觉都消除了。

    George had too much drinks last night and is now sleeping off the effects.乔治昨晚喝酒过度,现在正在睡觉醒酒。

    You'd better sleep off your fatigue after working.你最好用睡觉来消除工作的疲劳。

    She is in bed sleeping off the effects of the party.她躺在床上睡大觉,消除晚会的疲劳。

    I have a slight infection, but I think I'll manage to sleep it off.我有点儿不舒服,我想睡一会儿我就会好的。

sleep on (v.+adv.)
  1. 先睡一晚上再对…作出决定 have a night's sleep before making a decision about sleep on it

    We asked Judy if she would join our club and she answered that she would sleep on it.我们问朱迪是否愿意加入我们的俱乐部,她回答说要考虑一下再决定。

sleep out (v.+adv.)
  1. 未住在工作的地方 sleep away from the place where you work sleep out

    The cruel boss told the boy to sleep out.那狠心的老板让那个男孩睡在外面。

  2. 在户外睡 sleep out of doors sleep out

    It's so hot tonight, can't we sleep out in the garden?今晚这么热,我们难道不能出去在花园里睡吗?

    They planned to sleep out during their journey.他们准备在途中露宿。

    There were all kinds of reasons why they slept out.他们完全有理由睡在户外。

    The inspector went round asking why the men slept out in this weather.检察官巡视了一周,并问那些男人为何在这样的天气里还在外面露宿。

    The children love sleeping out in tents when we go camping.我们野营时,孩子们喜欢睡在帐篷里。

  3. 不在家睡,在外借宿 spend the night away from home sleep out

    Their children are always going to parties and seem to sleep out nearly every night.他们的孩子们总去参加晚会,几乎每天夜晚都在外借宿。

  4. 以睡眠打发(日子); 睡下考虑(问题) pass (time) or consider (an idea) in sleep sleep sth ⇔ out

    Sometimes he feels that he would like to sleep out the rest of his days without having to work or think any more.有时他觉得自己很想一睡了之,再不用干活或想任何事。

sleep rough
  1. 将就着睡 sleep without a proper bed

    I often went without food and slept rough. 我经常在外边风餐露宿。

sleep through (v.+prep.)
  1. 在…中酣睡不醒 fail to be woken by a noise, clock, etc. sleep through sth

    I was a small child at the beginning of the war, and soon learned to sleep through heavy bombing.战争开始时我还是一个小孩子,没多久就习惯了在猛烈的轰炸中酣睡。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • You look tired, are you getting enough sleep?

    出自:I. Murdoch
  • He..went to bed, but did not sleep for a long time.

    出自:G. Gissing
  • I slept..at this..inn at Chedsholme.

    出自:W. F. Harvey
  • Gertrude would sleep late, rising at noon.

    出自:H. Carpenter

sleep的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. sleep的意思是“睡眠”,是不可数名词; 加不定冠词时,表示“一段时间的睡眠”。
  2. sleep也可指“死亡”。
  3. sleep与介词to连用时一般都省略冠词。
v.(动词)
  1. sleep的基本意思是“睡眠”,也可作“为(某数量的人)提供床位”解。
  2. sleep既可以用作及物动词,也可以用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时可接名词作宾语,也可接同源宾语。其同源宾语前通常有形容词修饰,一般不用于被动结构。sleep接反身代词作宾语时,可接形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. sleep可用作系动词,接形容词作表语。
  4. sleep的进行时可以表示按计划、安排或打算即将发生的动作,这时句中往往有表示将来的时间状语或特定的上下文。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
sleep, get to sleep, go to bed
这三者在意思上有所区别:sleep意为“睡着,入睡”; get to sleep意为“设法睡着”; go to bed意为“上床,就寝”。例如:
I have slept for seven hours.我睡了7个小时了。
I couldn't get to sleep last night.昨天晚上我无法入睡。
I usually go to bed at ten.我通常10点就寝。
sleep late, go to bed late
这两个短语在意思上有所差别:前者表示“起床晚”; 后者表示“睡得迟”。例如:
He often sleeps late.他时常很晚才起床。
I often go to bed late.我时常很晚才就寝。
sleep, fall asleep
这两个词(组)的共同意思是“睡着,入睡”。其区别是:
前者含有“持续”的意义,而后者则是表示一时的动作。例如:
I have slept for seven hours.我已睡了7个小时了。
Bob was so tired that he fell asleep the moment his head touched the pillow.鲍勃累极了,一碰到枕头就睡着了。
sleep doze nap slumber
这些动词均含“睡”之意。
  • sleep:sleep普通用词,指一般的睡眠。可用作引申指长眠或静止不动。
  • doze:doze多用于口语中,指轻微的小睡或处于半睡状态。
  • nap:nap指白天的小睡。
  • slumber:slumber多指人安详地或长时间地睡。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 昨夜他10点睡觉。

    He slept at ten last night.

    He went to sleep at ten last night.

    sleep是个延续性动词,通常不与表示某一具体时间的状语连用。

sleep的相关资料:

正版词典

sleep : 睡眠 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
sleep : 睡觉;入睡 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

sleep的相关缩略词,共有3

互动百科

  • sleep:介绍 1.英文中是睡觉的意思,在计算机键盘上有这个键是用来将计算机一键进入休眠状态用的. 相关信息 睡觉…

临近单词

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