pretend

  核心词汇  
[prɪ'tend]     [prɪ'tend]    
  • v. 假装;装作;自以为
pretended pretended pretending pretends
new

pretend的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 假装,装作,佯装
  2. 自称,自命,以...自居,自封,
  3. 要求,妄求,妄想,觊觎
  4. 假扮,装做,装扮
  5. 假托,借口
  6. 求婚
  7. 诈,骗...说,借口说,托词说,言不由衷
  8. <口>妄称,敢于
  9. 模拟
adj. (形容词)
  1. 假装的
  2. 假想的,想象的
  3. 自命的
n. (名词)
  1. 假装,假扮

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 假装,伪装 give an appearance of sth that is not true, with the intention of deceiving

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the enactment of a pretense;

    "it was just pretend"

Adjective:
  1. imagined as in a play;

    "the make-believe world of theater"
    "play money"
    "dangling their legs in the water to catch pretend fish"

Verb:
  1. make believe with the intent to deceive;

    "He feigned that he was ill"
    "He shammed a headache"

  2. behave unnaturally or affectedly;

    "She's just acting"

  3. put forward a claim and assert right or possession of;

    "pretend the title of King"

  4. put forward, of a guess, in spite of possible refutation;

    "I am guessing that the price of real estate will rise again"
    "I cannot pretend to say that you are wrong"

  5. represent fictitiously, as in a play, or pretend to be or act like;

    "She makes like an actress"

  6. state insincerely;

    "He professed innocence but later admitted his guilt"
    "She pretended not to have known the suicide bomber"
    "She pretends to be an expert on wine"

pretend的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. She pretends that she likes them so that she can get their help.
    她假装很喜欢他们,借以获得他们的帮助。
  2. The young actor pretended to be Hamlet.
    那个年轻演员扮演哈姆雷特。
  3. She closed her eyes and pretended to be asleep.
    她闭上眼睛,装作睡着了。
  4. Surely he doesn't pretend to any understanding of music!
    谅他不会自以为懂得什麽音乐吧!

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He wasn't really crying; he was only pretending.
    他并不是真的在哭,他只是装装样子。
  2. The time has come to stop pretending.
    够了,别装蒜了。
用作系动词 S+~+as if/like-clause
  1. When I asked her, she pretended as if she had not idea at all about it.
    当我问她时,她假装似乎对此事一无所知。
  2. She pretended,I believe, like she was poor and desperate.
    我相信她是假装的,好像她是又贫穷又绝望的。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He pretended illness.
    他假装病了。
  2. Don't pretend ignorance.
    别装蒜。
  3. They pretended indifference.
    他们假装出漠不关心的样子。
  4. He pretended sleep when his mother called him.
    他母亲叫他时他假装睡着了。
  5. She pretended a headache so she wouldn't have to go.
    她佯称头痛,这样她就不必去了。
S+~+to- v
  1. Let's pretend to be policemen.
    让我们扮演警察吧。
  2. I don't pretend to be a scholar.
    我没自命为一位学者。
  3. He pretended to be ill.
    他假装有病。
  4. She pretends to be deaf, but hears all we are saying.
    她假装听不见,但是我们说的她听得清清楚楚。
  5. He pretended to fall over.
    他假装跌倒。
  6. I can't pretend to judge between them.
    我无法为他们仲裁。
  7. As he pretended not to see me,I pretended not to see him.
    他假装没看见我,我也装作没看见他。
  8. It is rather too much for her to pretend to know him very well.
    她自称很了解他,未免言过其实。
  9. I don't pretend to understand these technical terms.
    我承认我不懂这些专业术语。
  10. He pretends to admire me, though privately he hates me.
    他假装敬佩我,虽然他私下仇恨我。
  11. We mustn't pretend to know what we don't know.
    我们不要不懂装懂。
  12. He politely pretended not to have heard this remark.
    他有礼貌地假装没有听到这句话。
S+~+that-clause
  1. Cage pretended that she was asleep.
    凯奇假装睡着了。
  2. They pretended that they were tourists.
    他们假装是旅游者。
  3. Her father tried to pretend that nothing unusual had happened.
    她的父亲强装没什么不平常的事发生。
  4. Tom pretended that he didn't know the old man.
    汤姆假装不认识那位老人。
  5. He wanted to pretend that he had not recognized him.
    他想假装他以前不认识他。
  6. He pretended that he has nothing to do with it.
    他自称他与那事无关。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ pron. + adj.
  1. They pretended themselves innocent.
    他们假装自己是无辜的。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
pretend to (v.+prep.)
    〈书〉觊觎 covet

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Occasionally I play a game of pretend in this hut..imagining it to be the palace in Jundapur.

    出自: P. Scott
  • Poor, petty, pitiful persons who pretended themselves princes.

    出自: T. Fuller

pretend的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. pretend的基本意思是“伪装”“假装”,强调明显地表露出是假的。多用作及物动词,可接名词、代词、动词不定式或that从句作宾语,还可接以形容词充当宾语补足语的复合宾语。
  2. pretend也可用作不及物动词,常与介词to连用,表示“自称应该享有(所有权、权利)或自称有才能、学问”等,也可表示“觊觎”。一般用于疑问句或否定句中。
  3. pretend在口语中还可接as if或like引导的从句,表示“装…的样子”,此时pretend用作系动词,从句的谓语动词要用陈述式。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
pretend, assume, feign
  • 1.feign和pretend作“假装”解时,可互换使用。
  • 2.pretend指佯装成某身份或伪装成正在做某事,其目的是出于嬉戏或欲欺骗他人,多用在坏的意味上; assume指为了掩饰自己而“假装”“装出”,通常指表面上的装腔作势,未必含有坏的意味; feign指作为借口或理由想避免危险、困难等而“伪称”“假装”“冒充”。
  • 3.pretend后可接动词不定式,也可接that从句。
  • 下面两个句子意思不同:
  • He didn't pretend to know.
  • 他没有假装知道。(其实不知道)
  • He pretended not to know.
  • 他假装不知道。(其实知道)
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      当我走进房间时,她假装在读一本小说。

      She pretended reading a novel when I came into the room.

      She pretended to be reading a novel when I came into the room.

      pretend作为及物动词可以接动词不定式,但不可以接动名词作宾语。

      他母亲进来时,他假装在做作业。

      When his mother came in, he pretended to do his homework.

      When his mother came in, he pretended to be doing his homework.

      pretend后的不定式有时须用进行或完成时态来表达“假装正在做”或“假装已做了…”。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 1380年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的pretendre,意为主张,要求;最初源自古典拉丁语的prtendere,意为提出,辩解。

    pretend的相关资料:

    近反义词

    派生词

    v.(动词)
    • pretence n. 假装,作假,做作;自命,自称,自吹,炫耀‖pretended adj. 假装的,伪装的

    临近单词

    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史