pleasure

  核心词汇  
['pleʒə(r)]     ['pleʒər]    
  • n.愉快;高兴;快事;(用于回答对方的感谢)荣幸
  • vt.使高兴
  • vi.高兴;享受快乐
pleasureless pleasured pleasured pleasuring pleasures
new

pleasure是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 娱乐,消遣
  2. 乐事,乐趣,愉快的事情
  3. 愉快,高兴,快乐,欢乐
  4. 满足,满意
  5. 放荡(行为)
  6. <书>意愿,愿望,希望
  7. 肉体上的快乐
  8. 享受
  9. 声色之娱
v.(动词)
  1. 寻欢作乐,沉溺于享乐,外出玩乐,享受快乐
  2. (使)高兴,(使)满意,愉快
  3. 喜欢
  4. 游荡
  5. 游览
  6. 使获得性满足,与…性交

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]愉快,快乐,满足 the state or feeling of happiness or satisfaction resulting from an experience that one enjoys
  2. [U]娱乐,消遣 doing things for fun rather than as work
  3. [C]快乐的事物,乐事 a cause of happiness, enjoyment, or satisfaction
  4. [U]荣幸 polite enjoyment gained by doing or having sth
  5. [U]方便而乐意做的事 sth that is not inconvenient and that one is happy to do
  6. [U]愿望,意愿 wish

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a fundamental feeling that is hard to define but that people desire to experience;

    "he was tingling with pleasure"

  2. something or someone that provides a source of happiness;

    "a joy to behold"
    "the pleasure of his company"
    "the new car is a delight"

  3. a formal expression;

    "he serves at the pleasure of the President"

  4. an activity that affords enjoyment;

    "he puts duty before pleasure"

  5. sexual gratification;

    "he took his pleasure of her"

pleasure的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She took no pleasure in her work.
    她觉得自己的工作毫无乐趣。
  2. She seemed to take pleasure in our suffering.
    她似乎对我们的痛苦幸灾乐祸。
  3. It is a pleasure to work with you.
    和你一起工作真是件乐事。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. I really don't know how to pleasure him.
    我真不知道如何让他高兴。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. I pleasure in your company.
    和你在一起我感到高兴。
  2. When a trainer uses positive training the animal comes on the set feeling that it will be a moment of pleasure and appreciation, of fun and grace.
    当驯兽师用奖赏的方法对待他的动物时,动物对拍摄现场的感觉将是享受快乐,被人欣赏,是有趣和美妙的瞬间。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He didn't show any pleasure when I offered to go with him.
    我提出和他一起去,他并没有表示出高兴的样子。
  2. Bert could scarcely conceal his pleasure at my resignation.
    伯特几乎无法掩饰他对我的辞职感到高兴。
  3. His grandchildren afforded him his greatest pleasure in his old age.
    他的孙子和孙女们在他晚年的时候给了他最大的欢乐。
  4. Business before pleasure.
    先工作,后玩乐。
  5. Pleasure has its sting in its tail.
    乐极生悲。
  6. Has she gone to Paris on business or for pleasure?
    她到巴黎是办公事还是游玩去了?
  7. I'm going to Hawaii for pleasure combined with business.
    我准备去夏威夷玩玩,也办点事。
  8. He writes not only to make money but also for pleasure.
    他写作不仅是为了赚钱,也是为了消遣。
  9. It is one of my greatest pleasures.
    这是我最高兴的事之一。
  10. Work is a pleasure to him.
    工作对他来说是乐事。
  11. We await your pleasure.
    我们等您的意思。
  12. She hasn't made known her pleasure yet.
    她还没有表明她的意愿。
  13. His life is spent in the pursuit of pleasure.
    他一生都在寻欢作乐。
  14. I know him to be nothing but a man of pleasure, a dandy who has given himself up to the relentless pursuit of sensual pleasure.
    我知道他是一个放荡的人,一个不顾一切、死心塌地地追求情欲之欢的花花公子。
~+to- v
  1. It gave me no pleasure to have to tell them they were fired.
    非得由我去告诉他们已被解雇,我并不为此感到愉快。
  2. It gave me great pleasure to welcome the delegation.
    我很高兴欢迎代表团的到来。
  3. It's a pleasure to teach her.
    教她真是件乐事。
  4. It's been a great pleasure to talk to you.
    和你交谈真是天大的乐事。
  5. It's a pleasure to hear of your success.
    听说您获得了成功,这真是一件让人高兴的事。
~+that-clause
  1. Is it your pleasure that I sign the minutes of the last meeting as correct?
    你希望我在上次会议记录上签字,证明所记无误吗?
~+in n./v -ing
  1. I find great pleasure in going to the theatre.
    我觉得看戏很开心。
  2. He finds pleasure in reading.
    他从阅读中得到乐趣。
~+of n./v -ing
  1. I had the pleasure of your husband's acquaintance in the States when he was there some years ago.
    几年前您的丈夫旅美时,我荣幸地认识了他。
  2. May I have the pleasure of the next dance with you?
    你肯赏光跟我跳下一个舞吗?
  3. I had the pleasure of meeting your parents yesterday.
    我昨天有幸遇见你的父母。
  4. Are we to have the pleasure of seeing you again?
    我们是不是有幸能再见到你?

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
at (one's) pleasure
  1. 随便 so as one wishes or decides

    Eat at pleasure; drink by measure. 多吃菜,少喝酒。

    I can make my horse go fast or slow at pleasure. 我可以随便让我的马跑快或跑慢。

    You are free to come and go at your pleasure. 来去自由,悉听尊便。

It is/was my/a pleasure
  1. 不客气,不用谢 not at all
take pleasure in
  1. 以某事为乐,喜欢做某事 enjoy sth; like to do sth

    She seemed to take pleasure in our suffering. 她似乎对我们的痛苦幸灾乐祸。

    They take great pleasure in reminding us of our poverty. 他们特别喜欢向我们提到我们穷。

    She took no pleasure in her work. 她觉得自己的工作毫无乐趣。

with pleasure
  1. 愉快地,高兴地,没问题 very happy

    I have read your paper with great pleasure. 我已经非常愉快地阅读了你的论文。“Could you put me up tonight?” “With pleasure.”“今晚你可以留我住一宿吗?”“非常乐意。”

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • A little girl..laughing wildly..shrieking with pleasure.

    出自:M. Gee
  • He was grateful to have been given the chance of pleasuring her.

    出自:K. Amis

pleasure的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. pleasure后可接不同的介词,如in,of,to等,前面两个后加动名词,第三个是to的不定式;
  2. 注意可以说take (a) pleasure in,其中a可省略,表示一样的意思,但是不可说take one's pleasure
  3. pleasure较为客气的表达方式:

    Will you do me the pleasure of dining with me?
    我有这个荣幸请你一起吃饭吗?

  4. have the pleasure of doing同it is a pleasure to do均表达很高兴去做某事。
n.(名词)
  1. pleasure的基本意思是“愉快,快乐,满足”,指某事使人在感情上得到满足或愉快,也可指使人快乐的各种活动,即“娱乐,消遣”; 还可指能够使人感到快乐或高兴的事,即“快乐的事,乐事”。用于物主代词之后, pleasure还可指“意愿”。
  2. pleasure多用作不可数名词,当作“快乐的事,乐事”解时用作可数名词。
  3. pleasure有特指含义时其前要加定冠词the,而泛指时其前不用定冠词the。
  4. the pleasure (of)常可用作表示“荣幸,光彩”等客套话。pleasure还可用于回答感谢的客套答语,表示“方便而乐意做的事”。
  5. pleasure作“意愿”解时,常用于it's sb's pleasure to- v 或it's sb's pleasure that...结构, that从句中的谓语动词一般用虚拟语气。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
do the pleasure, have the pleasure
这两个短语都可用来表示向人请求,并且都用于疑问结构。两者的区别是:have the pleasure是从自己着想,而do the pleasure则是从对方着想。试比较:
  • My I have the pleasure of dancing with you?
  • 我能同你跳个舞吗?
  • Will you do the pleasure of dancing with me?
  • 你能同我跳个舞吗?
pleasure, delight, joy
这三个词的共同意思是“愉快”或“高兴”。其区别是:
1.delight指“喜悦”或“高兴”,多表示突然、短暂的喜悦; pleasure指“愉快”,是一般交际性的礼貌用语,还可指外界对头脑或感官刺激而引起的快感; joy指“欢乐”或“愉快”,有时可替代delight和pleasure。例如:
She grinned her delight.她露齿一笑表示高兴。
I have the pleasure of presenting our opening speaker.我很荣幸地介绍一下我们的开场发言人。
A smile often denotes pleasure.微笑常常是愉快的表示。
This afforded him great joy〔pleasure〕.这使他感到快乐。
2.joy在程度上比pleasure强; delight语气上要比pleasure更强。
下面两句意思略有不同:
  • It is a pleasure to hear of your presence.
  • 听到你光临真是高兴。
  • It gave us pleasure to hear of your presence.
  • 听到你光临,真叫我们高兴。
下面两句意思相同:
  • I have the pleasure of meeting you here.
  • I have pleasure in meeting you here.
  • 在这里碰到你我感到很高兴。
下面两个短语意思不同:
  • at one's pleasure 随便
  • with pleasure 欣然,乐意
pleasure delight rapture enjoyment joy fun
这些名词均含“愉快、快乐、高兴”之意。
  • pleasure:pleasure最普通常用词,常指不表露出来的满意或喜悦情绪,也指强烈的愉快或兴奋感。
  • delight:delight指强烈的、活泼的、显而易见的快乐和高兴。
  • rapture:rapture书面语用词,指极端的欣喜、大喜或狂喜。
  • enjoyment:enjoyment比pleasure, joy和delight的语气轻,但更着重行为或乐事的本身,而不是感情。
  • joy:joy语气弱于rapture,强于pleasure,多指情感充溢,喜形于色的强烈的欢乐情绪。
  • fun:fun普通用词,指任何能给予喜悦的娱乐,或指娱乐本身。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 收到你的邀请我很高兴。

    It gives me many pleasures to receive your invitation.

    It gives me much pleasure to receive your invitation.

    pleasure表示“愉快,高兴”,是不可数名词,没有复数形式,不能用many修饰,应改为much。

  2. 帮助你是件乐事。

    It's pleasure to help you.

    It's a pleasure to help you.

  3. 有些老年人生活的乐趣很少。

    Some old people have very few pleasure in life.

    Some old people have very few pleasures in life.

    当pleasure表示“乐事,乐趣”时,为可数名词,可以有复数形式,也可加不定冠词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的plesir,意为愉快,高兴;最初源自古典拉丁语的plcaere,意为使愉悦。

pleasure的相关资料:

正版词典

pleasure : 愉快,快乐 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

  • pleasure:pleasure n. 愉快, 快乐, 乐事, 乐趣, 意志, 愿望 英英解释:名词pleasure:1. a fundamental feeling that is hard to define b…

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