opposite

  核心词汇  
['ɒpəzɪt]     ['ɑːpəzət]    
  • adj.相反的;对面的;对立的
  • prep.在 ... 对面;演对手戏
  • adv.在对面地;处于相反位置地
  • n.对立物;对立者;对手
oppositely oppositeness
new

opposite是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 对面的
  2. 截然不同的,全然不同的
  3. 反对的,对立的
  4. 对应的
  5. 【棒】反向的,反手方向的
  6. 【植】对生的
  7. 【数】(顶、边等)对的
  8. <废>不利的,不相容的,有害的
prep.(介词)
  1. 在…对面
  2. 与…联袂演出
adv.(副词)
  1. 在对面,对过
n.(名词)
  1. 对立面
  2. 对立物
  3. 反义词
  4. 【数】(直角三角形直角的)对边
  5. <古>对手,敌手

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 在对面 facing
adj.(形容词)
  1. 对面的 facing
  2. 相反的,对立的 as different as possible from
n.(名词)
  1. [C]对立面,对立物,相反的人或事物 a person or thing that is as different as possible from another

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
opposite : 对立的, 对 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
opposite : 对立的, 对 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
opposite : 对立的, 对 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
opposite : 对 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a word that expresses a meaning opposed to the meaning of another word, in which case the two words are antonyms of each other;

    "to him the antonym of `gay' was `depressed'"

  2. a relation of direct opposition;

    "we thought Sue was older than Bill but just the reverse was true"

  3. a contestant that you are matched against

  4. something inverted in sequence or character or effect;

    "when the direct approach failed he tried the inverse"

Adjective:
  1. being directly across from each other; facing;

    "And I on the opposite shore will be, ready to ride and spread the alarm"
    "we lived on opposite sides of the street"
    "at opposite poles"

  2. of leaves etc; growing in pairs on either side of a stem;

    "opposite leaves"

  3. moving or facing away from each other;

    "looking in opposite directions"
    "they went in opposite directions"

  4. the other one of a complementary pair;

    "the opposite sex"
    "the two chess kings are set up on squares of opposite colors"

  5. altogether different in nature or quality or significance;

    "the medicine's effect was opposite to that intended"
    "it is said that opposite characters make a union happiest"

  6. characterized by opposite extremes; completely opposed;

    "in diametric contradiction to his claims"
    "diametrical (or opposite) points of view"
    "opposite meanings"
    "extreme and indefensible polar positions"

Adverb:
  1. directly facing each other;

    "the two photographs lay face-to-face on the table"
    "lived all their lives in houses face-to-face across the street"
    "they sat opposite at the table"

opposite的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. She hurried away in the opposite direction.
    她朝着相反的方向匆匆离去了。
  2. The fireplace flamed the opposite wall.
    炉火照亮了对面的墙壁。
用作介词 (prep.)
  1. He came in and took a seat opposite to me.
    他走进来,坐在我对面的座位上。
  2. She starred opposite Jack Nicholson in Blood and Wine.
    她在《鲜血与美酒》中与杰克·尼科尔森演对手戏。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. They sat opposite at the table.
    他们面对面地坐在桌子两旁
  2. There is a couple with a dog who live opposite.
    对面住着一对夫妇,他们养着一条狗。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Vice and virtue are opposites.
    善和恶是对立面。
  2. You are cold-blooded,she is the opposite.
    你冷酷无情,而她恰恰相反。
  3. What I detest is that she always fancies me as her opposite.
    我讨厌她总是把我想象成她的对手。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. There's a couple with a dog who live opposite.
    对面住着一对夫妇,养着一条狗。
  2. The woman sitting opposite is a detective.
    坐在对面的女子是个侦探。
  3. I cannot stand opposite.
    我没法站在对面。
  4. He sat opposite, doing nothing.
    他坐在对面什么也没干。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. He cried to his friend on the opposite side of the street.
    他朝马路对面的一位朋友大声呼唤。
  2. These are the opposite sides of the parallelogram.
    这是平行四边形的对边。
  3. He hurried away in the opposite direction.
    他急忙朝相反的方向离去。
  4. When he saw me coming he steered off in the opposite direction.
    他一看到我过来,掉头就走了。
  5. She burst in through the opposite door.
    她从对面的那扇门冲进来。
  6. The fireplace flamed up the opposite wall.
    炉光照亮了对面的墙壁。
  7. The soldiers were arrayed on the opposite hill.
    士兵被部署在对面山上。
n. +~
  1. Sad were the lights in the rooms opposite.
    对面房子里的灯光很暗淡。
  2. “Can you see where the grammar books are?”“The dictionaries are on the shelf directly opposite.”
    “你看见语法书在哪儿吗?”“词典都在正对着的书架上。”
  3. I found the child opposite looking at my red hat.
    我发现对面的孩子在看我的红帽子。
  4. I asked the man opposite if he would open the door.
    我问对面的人他愿意不愿意开门。
  5. He sat down on a sofa opposite to her.
    他在她对面的沙发上坐下。
  6. He lives in the house opposite to ours.
    他住在我们对面的那栋房子里。
  7. I took a seat opposite to her.
    我坐在她对面的席位上。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Black and white are opposite.
    黑与白是截然相反的。
S+be+~ to n./pron.
  1. Our house is opposite to theirs.
    我们的房子与他们的相对。
  2. His political position is opposite to us.
    他的政治立场与我们相左。
  3. The result was quite opposite to what we had expected.
    结果和我们所期望的完全相反。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The chief of the group has gone over to the opposite.
    那个组织的头头归降了对方。
  2. I thought she would be small and pretty but she's completely the opposite.
    我以为她娇小而漂亮,结果完全相反。
  3. He and I are the opposite of one another.
    我和他是彼此相反的两个人。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • An iron ladle with a..spout opposite to the handle.

    出自:W. H. Smyth
  • The opposite bank of the Seine.

    出自:H. James
  • We undressed on opposite sides of the bed.

    出自:J. Diski

opposite的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. opposite作形容词表示“对面的”时,后常加介词to,不过句子中的to常被省略。

    I live opposite (to) the post office.
    我住在邮局的对面。

  2. 当表示“相对的,相反的”时,opposite to中的to可以更改为from,但是不普遍。

    My view is opposite to/from yours.
    我的看法和你的相反。

  3. opposite后有时可加of。

    My view is the very opposite of yours.
    我的想法和你的非常相反。

  4. opposite表示“对面的”时,在句子中一般放在被修饰的名字的后面,作后置定语。有时,opposite也可放在被修饰名词的前面,作前置定语。

    The house opposite is an old one.
    对面的房子是旧的。

    The opposite house is an old one.
    对面的房子是旧的。

  5. contrary,converse和opposite的区别:以句子All men are mortal(所有人都是凡人。)为例,该句子的contrary是Not all men are mortal.(不是所有的人都是凡人。)该句子的converse是All mortal beings are men.(所有的凡人都是人。)而该句子的opposite则是No men are mortal.(没有人是凡人。)contrary包含了opposite,作为它的极端形式。

    It is white.
    只有一个opposite,那就是It is black。
    但是有多个contraries如It is not white.It is coloured.

adv.(副词)
  1. opposite用作副词时意思是“在对面”,在句中多用作状语。
adj.(形容词)
  1. opposite可指空间位置上的“对面的”,也可指两件东西被认为位于一直线的两端,在地位、性质、意义等方面“对立”或“相反”。
  2. opposite用作定语时,主要指空间位置上的关系,作“对面的”解,可前置,也可后置。前置时表示一对相对的物体或事物中的一个,两者有相互依存的关系,这种关系是客观的,永久的; 而后置时则表示暂时的空间关系或在讲话人或被谈论的人的对面。opposite作“相反的”解时可作前置定语,也可作表语。
  3. opposite无比较级和最高级。
n.(名词)
  1. opposite用作名词时意思是“对立面,对立物,相反的人或事物”,是可数名词,通常与of连用。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
opposite, contrary
这两个词的共同意思是“相反的”。其区别在于:
1.opposite指位置、方向、性质、意义等对立、相反,不一定有对抗的意味,强调分离。
2.contrary指“对立的”,常有对抗的含义,强调敌对矛盾和冲突。例如:
I am of a contrary opinion.我有相反的意见。
opposite contrary adverse reverse converse
这些形容词均含“相反的、对立的”之意。
  • opposite:opposite指位置、方向、行动或想法等完全相反。
  • contrary:contrary一般指与某种主张、看法或行为等正好相反,隐含否定一方并不意味着肯定另一方的意味。
  • adverse:adverse通常指违害利益的、无生命的势力或条件等,侧重分歧。
  • reverse:reverse指朝相反方向的或反面(背面)的。
  • converse:converse指在方向、行动或意见上相反的。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:they live opposite of the theatre.

    纠正:they live opposite to the theatre.

    翻译:他们住在戏院的对面。

    分析:opposite作形容词表示“对面的”时,后常加介词to,不加of。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1391年进入英语,直接源自古法语的oposite;最初源自拉丁语的oppositus,意为对相的,站在对面的。

opposite的相关资料:

正版词典

opposite : 相反的,不 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • opposite:opposite adj. 相对的, 对面的, 对立的, 相反的, 对等的, 对应的n. 相反的事物 英英解释:名词opposite:1. a word that expresses a meanin…

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