lag

  核心词汇  
[læɡ]     [læɡ]    
  • v. 落后;减退;缓慢进行
  • n. 落后;时间间隔
lagger lagged lagged lagging lags
new

lag的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 落后,落后于
  2. 走得慢,慢条斯理地走,缓慢移动,蹒跚
  3. 延迟,滞后,滞后于
  4. 【物】滞缓
  5. 给…装外套
  6. 减弱,衰退
  7. 逗留,留下来
  8. 【电】滞后于
  9. 把...关进牢里,使入狱
  10. 把押送去做苦役
  11. 使落后
  12. 发展缓慢
  13. 给加防冻保暖层,用隔热材料覆盖(锅炉等)
  14. 往地上标界掷弹子以决定(石)弹游戏的开始顺序
  15. 【台球】撞球(以决定开球顺序)
  16. <英> 逮捕
n. (名词)
  1. 落后,滞后,迟延
  2. 桶板,绞板
  3. 外套,防护套
  4. 落后程度
  5. 绝热层
  6. 衰退
  7. 迟滞量
  8. 落后者
  9. 间歇,间隔
  10. 囚犯,前科犯
  11. 减速
  12. 逗留
  13. 服刑期间,苦役期间
adj. (形容词)
  1. 最后的
  2. 迟的,慢的

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 走得极慢;落后 go too slowly;not keep up with
n. (名词)
  1. [C]滞后,(时间上的)间隔 delay;period of time separating two events

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of slowing down or falling behind

  2. the time between one event, process, or period and another;

    "meanwhile the socialists are running the government"

  3. one of several thin slats of wood forming the sides of a barrel or bucket

Verb:
  1. hang (back) or fall (behind) in movement, progress, development, etc.

  2. lock up or confine, in or as in a jail;

    "The suspects were imprisoned without trial"
    "the murderer was incarcerated for the rest of his life"

  3. throw or pitch at a mark, as with coins

  4. cover with lagging to prevent heat loss;

    "lag pipes"

lag的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Some of the runners in the race began to lag.
    参加比赛的运动员中有一些开始落後了。
  2. The children always lag behind when we go for a walk.
    我们出去散步时,孩子们总是落在后面。
  3. Interest lags in such matters.
    对这类事情的兴趣慢慢减少了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. It takes a lot of time to catch up with a cultural lag.
    文化的落后需要长时间才能赶上。
  2. There was a long lag in forwarding mail to us.
    转寄给我们的邮件晚了很久才拿到。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The child lagged because he was tired.
    那孩子因累了而走得很慢。
  2. Ten minutes later, some of runners in the race began to lag.
    十分钟后,有些参赛的人开始落后了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. This work must go forward without lag.
    这项工作必须毫不迟延地进行。
  2. There is a time lag of about fifteen years.
    时间上有一段约15年的间隔。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
lag behind1 (v.+adv.)
    逾期付款be late, as with the payment of money
lag behind2 (v.+prep.)
    落后于fail to remain level with sb/sth

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • A..lag must occur between the dates when..losses are incurred and compensation is paid.

    出自:Economist
  • A..lag between the addition of bicarbonate and the..attainment of the maximum rate.

    出自:Nature
  • A season..behind, but that small lag was death.

    出自: M. Gordon
  • Very soon they lagged on the steep upward track.

    出自: K. Lines
  • Britain had lagged behind the Germans in philological study.

    出自: K. M. E. Murray
  • Liquid oxygen tanks..have to be lagged to reduce the loss of oxygen by boiling.

    出自:Science News

lag的详细讲解:

词义辨析

v. (动词)
lag, dawdle, delay, loiter, procrastinate
  • 这组词都可表示因行动或动作缓慢而使进步受阻或工作没有完成。它们之间的区别是:delay常指拖延某事(如出发、完成必要的工作等); procrastinate常指因懒惰、匆忙、冷淡或拖拉的习惯造成耽搁; lag主要指不能保持应有的速度去达到某个目的; loiter主要指进行中或完成工作时的耽搁,也可指因闲逛而落后; dawdle语义比loiter稍弱,侧重闲散、思想不集中而多花时间或浪费时间。例如:
  • He procrastinated in making an appointment to see his doctor.他迟迟不与他的医生预约看病。
  • The small boy soon became tired and lagged far behind.这小男孩一会儿就累了,远远地落到了后面。
  • We don't increase our earnings by loitering over our work.我们靠磨洋工是不会增加收入的。
  • Ade dawdled all the way to school.艾德在上学途中磨磨蹭蹭的。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1520年左右进入英语,直接源自中古荷兰语的lakke,意为缓慢行走。
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