jump

  基本词汇  
[dʒʌmp]     [dʒʌmp]    
  • n. 跳跃;跳动;上涨
  • v. 跳越;暴涨
jumped jumped jumping jumps
new

jump的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 猛增,暴涨,激增,突升
  2. 跳跃,跳,跃
  3. 障碍物,障碍
  4. 心惊,震颤,心神不定
  5. 突然转变
  6. 惊跳
  7. 跳跃运动
  8. 一跳的距离
  9. 中断
  10. 矿脉的断层
  11. 急转
  12. 短程
v. (动词)
  1. 暴涨,猛增,(使)猛升
  2. 跃起,跳,(使)跳跃,跳起,弹跳,跳动,跳出
  3. 猛跳
  4. 突然变动,突然改变,突然转换(话题、题目)
  5. 逃离,逃避
  6. 匆匆作出
  7. <美俚>突然离开
  8. <口>猛地扑向
  9. 使颤动
  10. 猛烈地移动,快速移动,猛地一动
  11. 积极行动
  12. 奔忙
  13. 活跃
  14. (使)惊起,惊跳
  15. 跳过,越过,跨越
  16. 突然袭击
  17. 略去
adj. (形容词)
  1. 急拍子的
  2. 节奏强而快的爵士乐的
  3. 跳伞的,降落伞的
  4. 跳伞兵的
adv. (副词)
  1. 精确地,确切地

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 跳,跃 rise suddenly (from a seat, etc.); move quickly (into sth)
  2. vi. 惊跳 move with a jerk or jerks from excitement, joy, etc.; start suddenly
  3. vi. 暴涨 rise suddenly in price
n. (名词)
  1. [C]跳,跃 an act of jumping; sudden spring from the ground
  2. [C]猛长,激增 sudden rise in amount, value, etc.

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a sudden and decisive increase;

    "a jump in attendance"

  2. an abrupt transition;

    "a successful leap from college to the major leagues"

  3. (film) an abrupt transition from one scene to another

  4. a sudden involuntary movement;

    "he awoke with a start"

  5. descent with a parachute;

    "he had done a lot of parachuting in the army"

  6. the act of jumping; propelling yourself off the ground;

    "he advanced in a series of jumps"
    "the jumping was unexpected"

Verb:
  1. move forward by leaps and bounds;

    "The horse bounded across the meadow"
    "The child leapt across the puddle"
    "Can you jump over the fence?"

  2. move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm;

    "She startled when I walked into the room"

  3. make a sudden physical attack on;

    "The muggers jumped the woman in the fur coat"

  4. increase suddenly and significantly;

    "Prices jumped overnight"

  5. be highly noticeable

  6. enter eagerly into;

    "He jumped into the game"

  7. rise in rank or status;

    "Her new novel jumped high on the bestseller list"

  8. jump down from an elevated point;

    "the parachutist didn't want to jump"
    "every year, hundreds of people jump off the Golden Gate bridge"
    "the widow leapt into the funeral pyre"

  9. run off or leave the rails;

    "the train derailed because a cow was standing on the tracks"

  10. jump from an airplane and descend with a parachute

  11. cause to jump or leap;

    "the trainer jumped the tiger through the hoop"

  12. start (a car engine whose battery is dead) by connecting it to another car's battery

  13. bypass;

    "He skipped a row in the text and so the sentence was incomprehensible"

  14. pass abruptly from one state or topic to another;

    "leap into fame"
    "jump to a conclusion"
    "jump from one thing to another"

  15. go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions

jump的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. If a horse refuses a jump,penalty points are added to the score.
    如果马拒绝跳跃,是要扣分的。
  2. The athlete made a superb jump.
    运动运做了一个出色的跳跃。
  3. The loud bang made me jump.
    砰的一声巨响吓了我一跳。
  4. The jump in food prices gave rise to a lot of complaint.
    食品价格的猛涨引起了许多不满。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The horse was behaving fractiously and refused to jump.
    这匹马很倔强,拒绝跳越。
  2. He jumped to his feet and ran out of the office.
    他一下子跳了起来,跑出了办公室。
  3. The horse jumped the fence.
    那匹马跃过了栅栏。
  4. Last week, the price of food jumped.
    上星期食品价格突涨。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. She jumped when she heard the news.
    她听到那消息时,跳了起来。
  2. He waited until the last minute before jumping on the train.
    直到最后一分钟,他才跳上火车。
  3. My heart jumped as I heard the news.
    听到这消息时,我的心咚咚直跳。
  4. Last week, the price of food jumped.
    上星期,食品价格暴涨。
  5. Gold prices on Western markets jumped.
    西方市场上的黄金价格暴涨。
  6. The price of oil jumped sharply in 1973.
    石油的价格在1973年暴涨。
  7. The number of students in universities has jumped.
    大学学生的数量已大幅度增加。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The stream was so broad that nobody could jump it.
    小溪太宽了,没人能跳得过去。
  2. He jumped quite a few chapters in the book.
    他把这本书的好几章都跳过没看。
  3. She jumped the fourth grade in primary school.
    她跳过了小学四年级。
  4. 1
  5. Birds were jumped by a stone and flew over the house.
    小鸟被一块石头惊起,掠过房子飞走了。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. The man jumped the rail to run after a red car.
    那人跃过栏杆,去追一辆红车。
  2. I always jump introduction to read books.
    我看书时常常略去绪论。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The jump was a very difficult one.
    这种跳跃是个非常难的动作。
  2. One jump and you'll be over the fence.
    跳一下,你就可以跃过栅栏。
  3. He made 135 jumps in half a minute.
    他在半分钟内跳了135下。
  4. The dog cleared the stream with one jump.
    这只狗一跃就跳过了小溪。
  5. There were five jumps in the race.
    这项比赛要求跳五次。
  6. There has been a jump in the price of food.
    食品价格暴涨。
  7. In May there was a considerable jump in sales.5
    月,销售额猛涨许多。
  8. Prices went up with a jump.
    物价猛涨。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
jump at (v.+prep.)
    急于接受 accept an offer, invitation, opportunity, etc. eagerly and without hesitation
    jump at sth

    When someone suggested a bath in the cool stream, we all jumped at the idea.

    有人建议到清凉的溪水里去洗个澡,大家都欣然接受了这个主意。

    To my surprise, he jumped at the offer, though it did not seem very attractive to me.

    使我惊奇的是,他很乐意接受这个提议,尽管在我看来并不十分可取。

    Many person would have jumped at such an opportunity as this.

    许多人都会迫不及待地抓住这样的机会。

    Everyone was surprised when Jim didn't jump at his father's offer of a partnership.

    对于吉姆不急于接受他父亲让他合伙干事的提议,大家都感到惊奇。

    She jumped at the chance to meet the famous author.

    她欣然接受了去会见那位名作家的机会。

jump into (v.+prep.)
    急于做某事; 急速行动 be eager to do sth; act urgently
jump off (v.+adv.)
    开始行动; 发起进攻 start; advance
jump on (v.+prep.)
    袭击 make a sudden attack on
    jump on sth

    The boy jumped on a moving truck.

    那男孩跳上一辆正在行驶的卡车。

    It was necessary to jump on the ice coated mounds of brush several times before they could flush.

    你得在这些被冰覆盖的树丛跳上好几下,才能把鸟群惊飞。

    jump on sb/sth

    The teacher jumped on the inattentive pupil in class.

    老师责备那个在课堂上不注意听讲的学生。

    I'm afraid the teacher will jump on me if I am late.

    如果我迟到了,恐怕老师会骂我。

    Her driving instructor jumped on every little mistake, which made her very nervous.

    她的驾驶教练对她的每个细小的错误都严加指责,这使她非常紧张。

    Alfred was jumped on by his father for coming back late.

    阿尔弗莱德由于回家晚而被父亲狠狠地说了一顿。

    jump on sb for sth/v-ing

    If the boss is in one of his bad moods, he'll jump on you for the slightest thing.

    碰上老板情绪不好的时候,他会为了一丁点小事对你大骂一通。

    The teacher jumped on him for handing in untidy homework.

    由于作业潦草,老师严厉地批评了他。

    jump on sb

    The dog jumped on the stranger.

    狗突然向那个陌生人猛扑过去。

jump out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
    突然离开; 跳离 leave a place suddenly, with a springing movement
    jump out of sth

    He jumped out of bed as soon as he was called.

    一听到有人叫他,他立即跳下床去。

jump over (v.+prep.)
    (使)跳过 (cause to) pass over sth by jumping
    jump over sth

    Can you jump over the fence?

    你能跳过那个栅栏吗?

    The wall is high; you can't jump over it.

    这堵墙太高,你跳不过去。

    The stream is so wide that you couldn't jump over it.

    这条小溪太宽,你可能跃不过去。

    I often jump over a line or two in rapid reading.

    我快速阅读时常常跳越过一两行字。

    jump oneself/sth over sth

    The thief jumped himself over a fence and escaped.

    贼纵身跃过篱笆逃走了。

    He jumped the horse over the fence.

    他纵马跃过栅栏。

jump to (v.+prep.)
    猛增到 increase rapidly up to
    jump to sth

    The price of the color TV has jumped to five thousand yuan .

    彩电的价格已突升到5000元。

    The membership of these associations jumped to two million.

    这些协会的会员人数猛增到两百万人。

jump to it
    赶快; 快 be quick
jump together (v.+adv.)
    与…一致〔相称〕 accord with
    jump together

    Great wits will jump together.

    智者所见略同。

    His tastes and his means do not jump together.

    他的爱好与他的收入不相称。

jump up (v.+adv.)
    大幅上涨 increase rapidly
用作名词 (n.)
all of a jump
    在心情紧张中; 心惊胆战地 in a state of being nervous
at a full jump
    全速地,迅速地 at full speed
at one jump
    一下子,立即 at once
be for the high jump
    一定要受到处罚,一定要被责骂 sure to be punished or scolded
from the jump
    从一开始 from the beginning
get〔have〕 the jump on
    抢在…之前行动,对…占优先地位 get an advantage by standing quicker than
on (the) jump
    坐立不安,神经紧张 be upset

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The dancer holds a particular pose,..and progresses in a series of hops or small jumps.

    出自: G. B. L. Wilson
  • The sea was beginning to jump.

    出自: H. Caine
  • The car jumped forward, the man obviously having some trouble with the clutch.

    出自: C. Phillips

jump的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. jump用作及物动词时,意为“使…跳跃,使…惊起”,着重从地面、其他表面或地点跳起,可指往高处跳,也可指往低处跳,还可指跳过什么; 强调的是猛然跳起或跳跃的动作,其后接名词、代词或反身代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。
  2. jump也可用作不及物动词,意为“跳,跃”,通常不与表示延续的时间状语连用,也不用于进行体,除非表示的是重复的动作。
  3. jump还可以作“暴涨”解,一般指数量突然迅猛地增长,用作不及物动词。
n. (名词)
  1. jump作名词解是“跳,跃”的意思,可指一种抽象的行为,也可指具体的一次动作,是可数名词,其前可加不定冠词或数量词修饰。
  2. jump引申可作“猛长,激增”解,一般指物品的数额、价格或价值在一个较短的时间内相对于以前大幅度地提高,用作可数名词。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
jump, bound, hop, leap, skip, spring
  • 这组词都可以表示“跳”。其区别是:
  • jump表示从地面或其他平面上跳起或跳下,也可指从一点跳过另一点,即垂直方向,是最普通用词。bound多用以表示“跳着往前运动”,即水平方向,强调跳动的连续性。例如:
  • A herd of antelope bound gracefully across the plain.一群羚羊优雅地跳过了平地。
  • leap则强调腾空跳起或跳至某地点,即从一点越过相当距离跳到另一点,暗示动作优美、轻捷,含有“连跑带跳”的意思。例如:
  • She leaped lightly to the opposite bank of the stream.她轻盈地跳到小溪的对岸去了。
  • spring指突然而迅速地从某处跳起,强调跳得轻、快或突然,给人一种弹性感。例如:
  • He sprang to his feet.他突然一跃而起。skip指轻快地跳,两脚相互交叉地跳。例如:
  • The children skipped down the street to the sweet shop.孩子们蹦蹦跳跳地上街买糖去了。
  • hop用于人时,指单足跳; 用于动物时,指所有的足一齐跳。例如:
  • The wounded soldier hopped across the street.受伤的士兵跳过了大街。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      火车还没有完全停稳,他就跳了下来。

      He jumped off from the train before it had quite stopped moving.

      He jumped off the train before it had quite stopped moving.

      说“跳离…”是jump off, off在这里是介词,其后接宾语,不需再接from。

      听到这个消息,我们高兴得跳起来。

      We jumped with joy at the news.

      We jumped for joy at the news.

      “高兴得跳起来”是jump for joy, for在这里表示原因,不可换为with。

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